2004年6月大学英语四级B卷考试试题、答案

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2004年6月大学英语四级B卷考试试题、答案

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there Will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D)~ and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Example: You will hear.'

You will read:

A) At the office.

B) In the waiting room.

C) At the airport.

D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

 

1.   A) Mark and the woman had not been in touch for some time.

     B) The man saw Mark on the street two months ago.

     C) The woman made a phone call to Mark yesterday

D) The woman had forgotten Mark's phone number.

2.   A) The woman is glad to meet Mr. Brown in person.

     B) The woman feels sorry that Mr. Brown is unable to come.

     C) The man is meeting the woman on behalf of Mr. Brown.

     D) The man is late for the trip because he is busy.

3.   A) At 10:25.                         

     B) At 10:30. 

C) At 10:45.                       

D) At 10:40.

4.   A) The man refuses to listen to his doctor's advice.

     B) The man is under pressure from his wife.

     C) The man usually follows his wife's advice.

     D) The man no longer smokes.

5.   A) Become a teacher.                    

     B) Go back to school.  
C) Move to a big city.                

D) Work in New York.

6.   A) Quit delivering flowers.               

     B) Leave his job to work for her.  
C) Work at a restaurant.       
D) Bring her flowers every day.

7.   A) She can find the right person to help the man.

     B) She picked up the book from the bus floor.

     C) She can help the man out.

     D) She's also in need of a textbook.

8.   A) The man can't come for the appointment at 4:15.

     B) The man is glad he's got in touch with the doctor.

     C) The man wants to change the date of the appointment.

     D) The man was confused about the date of the appointment.

9.   A) The man is worded about his future.

     B) The two speakers are seniors at college.

     C) The two speakers are at a loss what to do.

     D) The woman regrets spending her time idly.

10.  A) She also found the plot difficult to follow.

     B) She has learned a lot from the novel.

     C) She usually has difficulty remembering names.

     D) She can recall the names of most characters in the novel.

Section B Compound Dictation
The Library of Congress is America’s national library. It has millions of books and other objects. It has newspapers,  S1    publications as well as letters of   S2    interest. It also has maps, photographs, art   S3    , movies, sound recordings and musical      S4   . All together, it has more than 100 million objects.
    The Library of Congress is open to the public Monday through Saturday, except for public holidays. Anyone may go there and read anything in the collection. But no one is    S5    to take books out of the building.

The Library of Congress was   S6      in 1800. It started with eleven boxes of books in one room of the Capitol Building. By 1814, the collection had increased to about 3,000 books. They were   S7 that year when the Capitol was burned down during America’s war with Britain.

To help re-build the library, Congress bought the books of President Thomas Jefferson. Mister Jefferson’s collection included 7,000 books in seven languages.

    S8                                                     . Today, three buildings hold the library’s collection.
    S9                              . It buys some of its books and gets others as gifts. It also gets materials through its copyright office.             S10                    . This means the Library of Congress receives almost everything that is published in the United States.

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

Sign has become a scientific hot button. Only in the past 20 years have specialists in language study realized that signed languages are unique - a speech of the hand. They offer a new way to probe how the brain generates and understands language, and throw new light on an old scientific controversy: whether language, complete with grammar, is something that we are born with, or whether it is a learned behavior. The current interest in sign language has roots in the pioneering work of one rebel teacher at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., the world's only liberal arts university for deaf people.

When Bill Stokoe went to Gallaudet to teach English, the school enrolled him in a course in signing. But Stokoe noticed something odd: among themselves, students signed differently from his classroom teacher.

Stokoe had been taught a sort of gestural code, each movement of the hands representing a word in English. At the time, American Sign Language (ASL) was thought to be no more than a form of pidgin English (混杂英语 ). But Stokoe believed the "hand talk" his students used looked richer. He wondered: Might deaf people actually have a genuine language? And could that language be unlike any other on Earth? It was 1955, when even deaf people dismissed their signing as "substandard". Stokoe's idea was academic heresy (异端邪说 ).

It is 37 years later. Stokoe - now devoting his time to writing and editing books and journals and to producing video materials on ASL and the deaf culture - is having lunch at a café near the Gallaudet campus and explaining how he started a revolution. For decades educators fought his idea that signed languages are natural languages like English, French and Japanese. They assumed language must be based on speech, the modulation (调节) of sound. But sign language is based on the movement of hands, the modulation of space. "What I said," Stokoe explains, "is that language is not mouth stuff- it's brain stuff."

11. The study of sign language is thought to be        .

        A) an approach to simplifying the grammatical structure of a language

        B) an attempt to clarify misunderstanding about the origin of language

        C) a challenge to traditional views on the nature of language

        D) a new way to look at the learning of language

12.The present growing interest in sign language was stimulated by       .

        A) a leading specialist in the study of liberal arts

        B) an English teacher in a university for the deaf

        C) some senior experts in American Sign Language

        D) a famous scholar in the study of the human brain

13. According to Stokoe, sign language is        .

         A) an international language           C) an artificial language

         B) a substandard language            D) a genuine language

14. Most educators objected to Stokoe's idea because they thought       .

         A) a language should be easy to use and understand

         B) sign language was too artificial to be widely accepted

         C) a language could only exist in the form of speech sounds

         D) sign language was not extensively used even by deaf people

15. Stokoe's argument is based on his belief that       .

          A) language is a product of the brain

          B) language is a system of meaningful codes

          C) sign language is derived from natural language

          D) sign language is as efficient as any other language

Passage Two

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

A is for always getting to work on time.

B is for being extremely busy.

C is for the conscientious ( 勤勤恳恳的 ) way you do your job.

You may be all these things at the office, and more. But when it comes to getting ahead, experts say, the ABCs of business should include a P, for politics, as in office politics.

Dale Carnegie suggested as much more than 50 years ago: Hard work alone doesn't ensure career advancement. You have to be able to sell yourself and your ideas, both publicly and behind the scenes. Yet, despite the obvious rewards of engaging in office politics - a better job, a raise, praise- many people are still unable or unwilling - to "play the game."

"People assume that office politics involves some manipulative (工于心计的) behavior," says Deborah Comer, an assistant professor of management at Hofstra University. "But politics derives from the word 'polite'. It can mean lobbying and forming associations. It can mean being kind and helpful, or even trying, to please your superior, and then expecting something in return."

In fact, today, experts define office politics as proper behavior used to pursue one's own self-interest in the workplace. In many cases, this involves some form of socializing within the office environment - not just in large companies, but in small workplaces as well.

"The first thing people are usually judged on is their ability to perform well on a consistent basis," says Neil P. Lewis, a management psychologist. "But if two or three candidates are up for a promotion, each of whom has reasonably similar ability, a manager is going to promote the person he or she likes best. It's simple human nature."

Yet, psychologists say, many employees and employers have trouble with the concept of politics in the office. Some people, they say, have an idealistic vision of work and what it takes to succeed. Still others associate politics with flattery 奉承), fearful that, if they speak up for themselves, they may appear to be flattering their boss for favors.

Experts suggest altering this negative picture by recognizing the need for some self-promotion.

16. "Office politics" (Line 2, Para. 4) is used in the passage to refer to       .

        A) the political views and beliefs of office workers

        B) the interpersonal relationships within a company

        C) the various qualities required for a successful career

        D) the code of behavior for company staff

17. To get promoted, one must not only be competent but       .

        A) avoid being too outstanding

        B) get along well with his colleagues

        C) honest and loyal to his company

        D) give his boss a good impression

18. Why are many people unwilling to "play the game" (Line 4, Para. 5)?

         A) They are not good at manipulating colleagues.

         B) They feel that such behavior is unprincipled.

         C) They think the effort will get them nowhere.

         D) They believe that doing so is impractical.

19. The author considers office politics to be       .

         A) unwelcome at the workplace

         B) bad for interpersonal relationships

         C) an important factor for personal advancement

         D) indispensable to the development of company culture

20. It is the author's view that       .

         A) self-promotion does not necessarily mean flattery

         B) hard work contributes very little to one's promotion

         C) many employees fail to recognize the need of flattery

         D) speaking up for oneself is part of human nature

Passage Three

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

It came as something of a surprise when Diana, Princess of Wales, made a trip co Angola in 1997, to support the Red Cross's campaign for a total ban on all anti-personnel landmines. Within hours of arriving in Angola, television screens around the world were filled with images of her comforting victims injured in explosions caused by landmines. "I knew the statistics," she said. "But putting a face to those figures brought the reality home to me; like when I met Sandra, a 13- year-old girl who had lost her leg, and people like her."

The Princess concluded with a simple message: "We must stop landmines". And she used every opportunity during her visit to repeat this message.

But, back in London, her views were not shared by some members of the British government, which refused to support a ban on these weapons. Angry politicians launched an attack on the Princess in the press. They described her as "very ill-informed" and a "loose cannon (乱放炮的人) .”

The Princess responded by brushing aside the Criticisms: "This is a distraction ( 干扰) we do not need. All I'm trying to do is help."

Opposition parties, the media and the public immediately voiced their Support for the Princess. To make matters worse for the government, it soon emerged that the Princess's trip had been approved by the Foreign Office, and that she was in fact very well-informed about both the situation in Angola and the British government's policy regarding landmines. The result was a severe embarrassment for the government.

To try and limit the damage, the Foreign Secretary, Malcolm Rifkidnd, claimed that the Princess's views on landmines were not very different from government policy, and that it was "working towards" a worldwide ban. The Defence Secretary, Michael Portillo, claimed the matter was "a misinterpretation or misunderstanding."

For the Princess, the trip to this war-torn country was an excellent opportunity to use her popularity to show the world how much destruction and suffering landmines can cause. She said that the experience had also given her the chance to get closer to people and their problems.

21. Princess Diana paid a visit to Angola in 1997       .

        A) to clarify the British government's stand on landmines

        B) to establish her image as a friend 'of landmine victims

        C) to investigate the sufferings of landmine victims there

        D) to voice her support for a total ban of landmines

22. What did Diana mean when she said "... putting a face to those figures brought the reality home to me" (Line 5, Para. 1)?

        A) Meeting the landmine victims in person made her believe the statistics.

        B) She just couldn't bear to meet the landmine victims face to face.

        C) The actual situation in Angola made her feel like going back home.

        D) Seeing the pain of the victims make her realize the seriousness of the situation.

23. Some members of the British government criticized Diana because       .

        A) she had not consulted the government before the visit

        B) she was ill-informed of the government's policy

        C) they were actually opposed to banning landmines

        D) they believed that she had misinterpreted the situation in Angola

24. How did Diana respond to the criticisms?

        A) She made more appearances on TV.

        B) She paid no attention to them.

        C) She rose to argue with her opponents.

        D) She met the 13-year-old girl as planned.

25. What did Princess Diana think of her visit to Angola?

        A) It had caused embarrassment to the British government.

        B) It had greatly promoted her popularity.

        C) It had brought her closer to the ordinary people.

        D) It had affected her relations with the British government.

Passage Four

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

As soon as it was revealed that a reporter for Progressive magazine had discovered how to make a hydrogen bomb, a group of firearm ( 火器 ) fans formed the National Hydrogen Bomb Association, and they are now lobbying against any legislation to stop Americans from owning one.

"The Constitution," said the association's spokesman, "gives everyone the right to own arms. It doesn't spell out what kind of arms. But since anyone can now make a hydrogen bomb, the public should be able to buy it to protect themselves."

"Don't you think it's dangerous to have one in the house, particularly where there are children around?"

"The National Hydrogen Bomb Association hopes to educate people in the safe handling of this type of weapon. We are instructing owners to keep the bomb in a locked cabinet and the fuse (导火索 ) separately in a drawer."

"Some people consider the hydrogen bomb a very fatal weapon which could kill somebody."

The spokesman said, "Hydrogen bombs don't kill people - people kill people. The bomb is for self-protection and it also has a deterrent effect. If somebody knows you have a nuclear weapon in your house, they're going to think twice about breaking in."

"But those who want to ban the bomb for American citizens claim that if you have one locked in the cabinet, with the fuse in a drawer, you would never be able to assemble it in time to stop an intruder ( 侵入者)"

"Another argument against allowing people to own a bomb is that at the moment it is very expensive to build one. So what your association is backing is a program which would allow the middle and upper classes to acquire a bomb while poor people will be left defenseless with just handguns."

26. According to the passage, some people started a national association so as to       .

        A) instruct people how to keep the bomb safe at home

        B) coordinate the mass production of the destructive weapon

        C) promote the large-scale sale of this newly invented weapon

        D) block any legislation to ban the private possession of the bomb

27. Some people oppose the ownership of H-bombs by individuals on the grounds   that

        A) they may fall into the hands of criminals

        B) people's lives will be threatened by the weapon

        C) most people don't know how to handle the weapon

        D) the size of the bomb makes it difficult to keep in a drawer

28. By saying that the bomb also has a deterrent effect the spokesman means that it       .

        A) can kill those entering others' houses by force

        B) will threaten the safety of the owners as well

        C) will frighten away any possible intruders

        D) can show the special status of its owners

29. According to the passage, opponents of the private ownership of H-bombs are very much worried that       .

        A) the cost of the weapon will put citizens on an unequal basis

        B) the wide use of the weapon will push up living expenses tremendously

        C) poorly-educated Americans will find it difficult to make use of the weapon

        D) the influence of the association is too powerful for the less privileged to overcome

30. From the tone of the passage we know that the author is       .

        A) not serious about the private ownership of H-bombs

        B) concerned about the spread of nuclear weapons

        C) doubtful about the necessity of keeping H-bombs at home for safety

        D) unhappy with those who vote against the ownership of H-bombs

Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

31. This is not an economical way to get more water;         , it is very expensive.

           A) or else                           C) on the contrary

           B) in short                          D) on the other hand

32. First published in 1927, the charts remain an         source for researchers.

           A) intelligent                       C) inevitable

           B) indispensable                     D) identical

33. You should try to         your ambition and be more realistic.

          A) restrain                          C) reserve

          B) retain                            D) replace

34. There is a         of impatience in the tone of his voice.

          A) dot                               C) notion

          B) hint                              D) phrase

35. Deserts and high mountains have always been a         to the movement of people from place to place.

          A) jam                               C) fence

          B) barrier                           D) prevention

36. Joe is not good at sports, but when it         mathematics, he is the best in the class.

          A) comes up to                       C) comes to

          B) comes around to                   D) comes on to

37. Please         dictionaries when you are not sure of word spelling or meaning.

          A) search                           C) inquire

          B) seek                             D) consult

38. Critics believe that the control of television by mass advertising has

             the quality of the programs.

         A) affected                          C) lessened

         B) effected                          D) declined

39. She keeps a supply of candles in the house in case of power         .

         A) drop                              C) failure

         B) lack                              D) absence

40. For more than 20 years, we've been supporting educational programs          that from kindergartens to colleges.

A) spread                           C) move

B) shift                              D) range       

41. I was so         in today's history lesson. I didn’t understand a thing.

          A) confused                           C) amused

          B) neglected                          D) amazed

42. I must congratulate you         the excellent design of the new bridge.

          A) with                               C) on

          B) at                                 D) of

43. Now that spring is here, you can         these fur coats till you need them again next winter.

          A) put over                           C) put down

          B) put off                            D) put away

 44. I went along thinking of nothing         only looking at things around me.

          A) in brief                           C) in harmony

          B) in doubt                           D) in particular

45. In order to make things convenient for the people, the department is planning to set up some          shops in the residential area.

          A) flowing                            C) drifting

          B) mobile                             D) Unstable

46. The lecture which lasted about three hours was so          that the audience couldn't help yawning.

          A) tedious                            C) bored

          B) clumsy                             D) tired

47. It         you to at least 50% off the regular price of either frames or lenses when you buy  both.

          A) credits                            C) presents

          B) entitles                           D) tips

48. When carbon is added to iron in proper         the result is steel.

          A) rates                             C) proportions

          B) densities                         D) thicknesses

49. There is a fully         health center on the ground floor of the main office building.

          A) equipped                          C) provided

          B) projected                         D) installed                                                          

50. Nancy is only a sort of         of her husband's opinion and has no ideas of her own.

          A) shadow                            C) reproduction

          B) sample                            D) echo

51. Mr. Smith says: "The media are very good at sensing a mood and then         it."

          A) exaggerating                      C) widening

          B) overtaking                        D) enlarging

52. The         at the military academy is so rigid that students can hardly bear it.

          A) confinement                      C) discipline

          B) convention                       D) principle

53. Doctors warned against chewing tobacco as a          for smoking.

          A) succession                        C) revival

          B) substitute                        D) relief

54. It was the first time that such a         had to be taken at a British nuclear power station.

          A) presentation                      C) prediction

          B) preparation                       D) precaution

55. The board of the company has decided to          its operations to include all aspects of the clothing business.

          A) multiply                           C) lengthen

          B) stretch                            D) expand

56. The test results are beyond         ; they have been repeated in labs all over the world.

          A) conflict                          C) bargain

          B) dispute                           D) negotiation

57. The group of technicians are engaged in a study which         all aspects of urban planning.

          A) embraces                          C) inserts

          B) performs                          D) grips

58.          that he wasn't happy with the arrangements, I tried to book a different hotel.

          A) Puzzling                          C) Perceiving

          B) Penetrating                       D) Preserving

59. His business, was very successful, but it was at the         of his family life.

          A) exhaustion                        C) credit

          B) consumption                       D) expense

60. At yesterday's party, Elizabeth's boyfriend amused us by          Charlie Chaplin.

          A) modeling                          C) following

          B) imitating                         D) copying

Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Historians tend to tell the same joke when they are describing history education in America. It's the one   61   the teacher standing in the schoolroom door   62    goodbye to students for the summer and calling    63    them, "By the way, we won World War II."

   The problem with the joke, of course, is that it's   64    funny. The recent surveys on  65

illiteracy (无知) are beginning to numb(令人震惊): nearly one third of American 17-year-olds

cannot even   66   which countries the United States   67   against in that war. One third have no   68   when the Declaration of Independence was   69  . One third thought Columbus reached the New World after 1750. Two thirds cannot correctly   70   the Civil War between 1850 and 1900.   71   when they get the answers right, some are  72   guessing.

   Unlike math or science, ignorance of history cannot be  73   connected to loss of international  74  . But it does affect our future   75   a democratic nation and as individuals.

   The   76   news is that there is growing agreement   77   what is wrong with the 78   

of history and what needs to be   79   to fix it. The steps are tentative (尝试性的)   80   yet

to be felt in most classrooms.

61. A) in        B) by         C) for            D) about
62. A) waving    B) nodding    C) shaking        D)speaking
63. A) in        B) up         C) after          D) for 
64. A) not       B) too        C) so             D) rarely
65. A) political B) cultural   C) educational    D) historical
66. A) convey    B) identify   C) acknowledge    D) distinguish
67. A) struck    B) attacked   C) fought         D) defeated
68. A) doubt     B) idea       C) reason         D) sense
69. A) signed    B) edited     C) marked         D) printed
70. A) get       B) judge      C) place          D) lock
71. A) Thus      B) So         C) Though         D) Even
72. A)just       B) ever       C) still          D) hardly
73. A) shortly   B) directly   C) exclusively    D) practically
74. A) community B) commitment C) comprehension  D)competitiveness
75. A) with      B) for        C) as             D) of
76. A) good      B) fine       C) surprising     D) nice
77. A)of         B) to         C) on             D) with
78. A) coaching  B) teaching   C) consulting     D) instructing
79. A) dealt     B) done       C) met            D) reached
80. A) and       B) or         C) as             D) therefore

Part V  Writing  (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction. You should write at least 120 words according to the following guidelines:

Your role: a tour guide

Your audience: a group of foreign tourists

Your introduction should include:

● some welcoming words

● the schedule for the day

● a description of the place the tourists will be visiting

(e.g. a scenic spot or a historical site, etc.)

A brief introduction to a tourist attraction

答案:

听力

1-5 ACDDA

6-10 BCDBA

 

S1. popular

S2. historical

S3. prints

S4. instruments

S5. permitted

S6. established

S7. destroyed

S8. In 1897, the library moved into its own building across the street from the Capitol

S9. The library provides books and materials to the US Congress and also lends books to other American libraries, government agencies and foreign libraries.

S10. Anyone who wants copyright protection for a publication in the US must send two copies to the library.

 

阅读理解

11-15 CBDCA

16-20 BDBCA

21-25 DDCBC

26-30 DBCAB

 

词汇

31-35 CBABB

36-40 CDACD

41-45 ACDDB

46-50 ABCAD

51-55 ACBDD

56-60 BACDB

 

完形填空

61-65 DACAD

66-70 BCBAC

71-75 DABDC

76-80 ACBBA

 

作文:

[参考范文]

A brief introduction to a tourist attraction

Good morning, ladies and gentleman, welcome to Beijing. To begin with, I would like to introduce myself: I am the tourist guide from China Travel Service and it’s great honor to stay here with all of you for a whole day. Just as the old saying goes, “It is always a pleasure to greet a friend from afar”, I wish all of you to enjoy yourselves during this trip.

The following is schedule of the day. The first spot we are going to visit is the Great Wall, the grandest fortification in ancient China. The next sight to look around is the Ming Tombs, which is one of the best-preserved tombs for 13 emperors in Ming Dynasty more than one thousand years ago. In the afternoon, we will go for the Summer Palace, the royal park for Chinese ancient emperors.

Currently we are on the way to the Great Wall. Dating back to the seven century B.C., the Great Wall is constructed by respective states for fortifying against invasion of neighboring states. By the reasons of long history and its length, it becomes one of the eight wonders in the world and represents the highest wisdom and crafts. From the top of the Great Wall, we can enjoy a magnificent view of continuous mountains, green trees and blooming wild flowers. It is no doubt that one says, “He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man”.

Above is my introduction to the Great Wall. If any of you have questions, please feel free to ask me at any time.

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