Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of
each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only 8once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1． A）Phillips will not be in this office at all this week.
B) He will be here on Tuesday only.
C) He’ll be here on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
D) He’ll be at this office on Tuesday and Thursday.
2．A）She has never eaten such delicious oranges before.
B) She bets there are better oranges available.
C) She doesn’t understand why the man likes the oranges.
D) She has had the same oranges before.
3．A) She didn’t go to Chicago.
B) She had a good time in Chicago.
C) She spent his vacation here.
D) She didn’t enjoy her trip.
4．A) She will type it next week.
B) She would rather work on it than do nothing.
C) It took her an entire week to type it.
D) She still isn’t quite finished with it.
5．A) It is the only book for her philosophy class.
B) All the classes have a lot of reading.
C) She just has to read for her philosophy class.
D) Only the philosophy class has a lot of reading.
6．A) If Phil is lucky, he might get a scholarship.
B) There is no way in which Phil can win a scholarship.
C) Phil is not going to chance his luck and try for a scholarship.
D) Phil is not being given a chance to get a scholarship.
7．A) Jack was expected to pass the exam.
B) Jack surprised everybody by taking his exam again.
C) No one really expected Jack to pass exams.
D) Jack wasn’t expected to fail his exams again.
8．A) Better. B) Sick.
C) Fine. D) Tired.
9．A) The man shouldn’t be so anxious.
B) He’s already one hour late.
C) The man shouldn’t wait to be interviewed.
D) She’s too nervous to calm down.
10．A) In a restaurant.
B) In a cafeteria.
C) In a hotel lobby.
D) At the airport check-in.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, some questions will be asked. Both the passage and the questions will be
spoken only once. After you hear a question, read the four choices marked A), B
), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
B) Southern Alaska.
12．A) 5,400,000 years.
B) 65,000,000 years.
C) 8,400,000 years.
D) 75,000,000 years.
D) Some animals.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14．A) Government and taxes.
B) Work and taxes.
C) Freedom and taxes.
D) Death and taxes.
15．A) Two. B) Three.
C) Four. D) Five.
16．A) They begin paying federal taxes from that day.
B) It is the last day for people to pay the city tax.
C) It is the deadline for paying federal taxes.
D) The state tax is due on that day.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17．A) Taking notes.
B) Oiling the gate.
C) Singing high notes.
D) Overcoming her weakness.
18．A) He was attracted by Mrs Jones.
B) He had heard a noise.
C) He had run out of gas.
D) His tyres were punctured.
19．A) The tyres.
B) Another car passing by.
C) The brakes.
D) Mrs Jones’s singing.
20．A) She was fond of singing.
B) She lived in a small house.
C) She was a shy person.
D) She was not conscious of her weakness.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
It is natural for young people to be critical of their parents at times and to blame them for most of the misunderstandings between them. They have always complained, more or less justly, that their parents are out of touch with modern ways; that they are possessive and dominant; that they do not trust their children to deal with crises; that they talk too much about certain problems -and that
they have no sense of humour, at least in parent-child relationships.
I think it is true that parents often underestimate their teenage children and also forget how they themselves felt when young.
Young people often irritate their parents with their choices in clothes and hairstyles, in entertainers and music. This is not their motive. They feel cut off from the adult world into which they have not yet been accepted. So they create a
culture and society of their own. Then, if it turns out that their music or entertainers or vocabulary or clothes or hairstyles irritate their parents, this gives them additional enjoyment. They feel they are superior, at least in a small
way, and that they are leaders in style and taste.
Sometimes you are resistant, and proud because you do not want your parents to approve of what you do. If they approve, it looks as if you are betraying your own age group. But in that case, you are assuming that you are the underdog; you cannot win but at least you keep your honour. This is a passive way of looking at things. It is natural enough after long years of childhood, when you were completely under your parents’ control. But it ignores the fact that you are now beginning to be responsible for yourself.
If you plan to control your life, cooperation can be part of that plan. You can
charm others, especially your parents, into doing things the way you want. You can impress others with your sense of responsibility and initiative, so that they
will give you the authority to do what you want to do.
21. The author is primarily addressing ____.
A) parents of teenagers
B) newspaper readers
C) those who give advice to teenagers
22. The first paragraph is mainly about ____.
A) the teenagers’ criticism of their parents
B) misunderstandings between teenagers and their parents
C) the dominance of the parents over their children
D) the teenagers’ ability to deal with crises
23.Teenagers tend to have strange clothes and hairstyles mainly because they ____.
A) want to show their existence by creating a culture of their own
B) have a strong desire to be leaders in style and taste
C) have no other way to enjoy themselves better
D) want to irritate their parents
24. Teenagers do not want their parents to approve of whatever they do because they ____.
A) have already been accepted into the adult world
B) feel that they are superior in a small way to the adults
C) are not likely to win over the adults
D) have a desire to be independent
25. To improve parent-child relationships, teenagers are advised to be
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
He was a funny looking man with a cheerful face, good natured and a great talker. He was described by his student, the great philosopher Plato, as “the best and
most just and wisest man”. Yet this same man was condemned to death for his beliefs.The man was the Greek philosopher, Socrates, and he was condemned for not believing in the recognized gods and for corrupting young people. The second charge stemmed from his association with numerous young men who came to Athens from all over the civilized world to study under him.
Socrates method of teaching was to ask questions and, by pretending not to know
the answers, to press his students into thinking for themselves. His teachings had unsurpassed influence on all the great Greek and Roman schools of philosophy.
Yet, for all his fame and influence, Socrates himself never wrote a word.
Socrates encouraged new ideas and free thinking in the young, and this was frightening to the conservative people. They wanted him silenced. Yet, many were probably surprised that he accepted death so readily.
Socrates had the right to ask for a lesser penalty, and he probably could have won over enough of the people who had previously condemned him. But Socrates, as
a firm believer in law, reasoned that it was proper to submit to the death sentence. So, he calmly accepted his fate and drank a cup of poison hemlock in the presence of his grief-stricken friends and students.
26. In the first paragraph, the word “yet” is used to introduce____.
A) contrast B) a sequence
C) emphasis D)an example
27. Scorates was condemned to death because he ____.
A) believed in law
B) was a philosopher
C) published radical philosophical articles
D) advocated original opinions
28. The word “unsurpassed” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to ____.
A) untold B) unequalled
C) unnoticed D) unexpected
29. By mentioning that Socrates himself never wrote anything, the writer
implies that ____.
A) it was surprising that Socrates was so famous
B) Socrates was not so learned as he is reputed to have been
C) Socrates used the work of his students in teaching
D) the authorities refused to publish Socrates’ works
30. Socates accepted the death penalty to show ____.
A) his belief in his students
B) his contempt for conservatives
C) his recognition of the legal system
D) that he was not afraid of death
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
To be “historically minded” is to see things in relation and in perspective, and to judge tolerantly. We must remember how differently men have thought and acted in different times. We must always keep an open mind, ready to receive and weigh new evidence. If we grasp this idea, we will never think that a historian is
someone who can remember dates. That childish idea is like calling a man a statesman because he can remember the names of voters in his district. A waiter could
remember more names and a telephone operator more numbers than the greatest historian.
The true historian is not content to take all his facts from other historians. Today he makes sure that his statements are based on sound “documents” or “sources” which go back to the time of the facts themselves.
But the historian needs always to be in his guard not to be misled by his sources. A document may not be a real one. Its author may be lying on purpose for
some reasons. He may be so greatly influenced by national, religious, party or personal backgrounds as to be totally unfair to the other side. If honest, he may
be misinformed as to the facts and mistaken in his inferences.
Anyone who reads the accounts published in the different countries concerning the causes and results of wars will realize that the historian needs caution and training in handling these sources. The trained historian asks first: “Did th
is writer mean to tell the truth?” and second; “Was he in a position or frame of
mind to tell the truth even if he wants to?” Every statement must be patiently
weighed and tested and combined with all other available information in order to
get at the truth.
3l.A “historica1ly minded” researcher ____.
A) always keeps an open mind to history
B) looks at one historical event without relating it to another
C) sees things from a single point of view
D) refuses to accept new evidence
32.In Paragraph l the author means to illustrate that ____.
A) different men think and act differently
B) the study of history is not merely a matter of remembering dates
C) a statesman can remember the names of voters in his district
D) a waiter can remember more names than the great historians
33.The true historian should base his statements on ____.
A) findings of other historians
B) documents created at the present time
C) his own inferences
D) sound historical materials
34.Which of the following is the topic of Paragraph 3?
A) Some historical documents may not be real.
B) Some authors may not be honest.
C) Historians should be careful about their sources.
D) Historians may be influenced by their own backgrounds.
35. It is emphasized in the last paragraph that ____.
A) wars are accounted for differently in different countries
B) the historian needs caution and training in dealing with his sources
C) some writers may not be telling the truth
D) some writers may not be in a position or frame of mind to tell the truth
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Friedrich Dobl, a Yugoslav working in Germany, was fed up with traffic jams. At
long weekends and holiday times when he wanted to get him quickly he always found himself behind hundreds of other cars moving slowly along the notorious foreign workers’ route through Germany and Austria.
How easy it all was for police and emergency services. A siren, a flashing light
? And like magic everyone was out of the way. Going home from work one night he
passed a garage. And there in front of him was the answer to his problem. An old
ambulance was for sale. The red cross had been removed. But not the flashing light, and the siren. He tried the light. It flashed magnificently. He tried the siren. That too sounded impressive. He bought the ambulance and opened up for himself a dream world of motoring.
It began early in the morning, all his luggage in the back of the ambulance and
motorway in Germany looking reasonably clear. Soon, as always, a long line of traffic appeared ahead. He switched on the flashing light and set off the siren. Cars swiftly slowed and pulled off the fast lane. Other cars stopped and drivers waved him ahead to an open road all his own. In record time he crossed the border into Austria. The big bluff was working. Police even waved him through the confusion caused by an accident.
But then the Yugoslav made his beg mistake. Until then he had only stopped for petrol. Now he was driving past a real accident, lights flashing, too late to realize that it was not another traffic jam as he assumed. They stopped him, and after hearing the story of his ride across two countries fined him 12.5 pounds.
36. At long weekends and holidays Friedrich Dobl used to____ .
A) drive home in Germany
B) meet other foreign workers
C) get caught in terrible traffic jams
D) get to the place where he worked by a special quick route
37. Why did he decide to buy the ambulance?
A) Because he had always wanted one.
B) Because he wanted to resell it at a higher price.
C) Because he liked the siren and the flashing light.
D) Because he knew that other traffic would get clear of the way for an ambulance.
38. The red cross had been removed ____.
A) but he soon put up a new one
B) but the siren and the flashing light still worked
C) so he asked the garage to paint another one on
D) because the vehicle did not look like an ambulance any more
39. When the police stopped him,____.
A) he was driving dangerously
B) he had just driven straight past an accident
C) they found 12.5 pounds in his pocket
D) they told him they had followed him all the way
40. Which of the followings might be the best title for the passage?
A) How to Drive Quickly.
B) How to Avoid Accidents.
C) A Quick Way Home? By An Ambulance.
D) A Safe Way Home? Non-Stop.
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are for choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41.____ all behaviour is learned behaviour is a basic assumption of social scientists.
A) Nearly B) That nearly
C) It is nearly D) When nearly
42. On cloudy nights it is not possible to see the stars with ____ eye.
A) naked B) bare
C) flesh D) pure
43. During the storm we took ____ in the doorway of a shop.
A) rescue B) shelter
C) shield D) proof
44. The ship’s captain and members of the ____welcomed us on board.
A) staff B) crew
C) team D) chain
45. At the first ____ of twelve everyone stopped for lunch.
A) sound B) stroke
C) moment D) minute
46. The map was drawn to the standard____ of 1/100,000 so there was not much detail.
A) base B) line
C) rate D) scale
47. Her skirt had been so ____ in packing that she had to iron it
before going out.
A) crushed B) torn
C) dirty D) untidy
48. We are taking ____a collection to buy flowers for John because he is in the hospital.
A) to B) up
C) over D) off
49. It’s not what she says that bothers me. It’s the reason she says it. You’ve got to read ____ the lines with her.
A) among B) amongst
C) between D) through
50. I mistook you ____ your brother.
A) for B) as
C) to be D) by
51. I am easily hurt because my feelings are very ____.
A) sensible B) sensational
C) sensitive D) sentimental
52. The medical record shows that it was the drug, not the disease, ____ killed him several years ago.
A) the effects of which
B) the effects of it
53. What you have done is ____ the doctor’s orders.
A) attached to
B) responsible to
C) resistant to
D) contrary to
54. You can’t see through a telescope unless it is ____ correctly to your
A) adapted B) adopted
C) adjusted D) accustomed
55. An ambulance must have priority as it usually has to deal with some kind of ____.
A) crisis B) urgency
C) emergency D) emergence
56.____ nothing more to discuss, the secretary-general got to his feet, s
aid goodbye and left the room.
A) There was B) Being
C) There being D) As there being
57. I ____you that the machine will arrive next week.
A) insist B) confirm
C) assure D) undertake
58. Many new ____ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.
A) opportunities B) necessities
C) probabilities D) realities
59. His discovery counts ____nothing though he tried very hard.
A) on B) for
C) in D) up
60. He has never felt himself so powerfully ____to the scientific ideal.
A) interested B) absorbed
C) confident D) attracted
61. If you don’t put the food in the refrigerator, it may go ____.
A) off B) over
C) wrong D) out
62. If this university ____ such a good reputation, I would not have come
A) didn’t have B) hadn’t had
C) doesn’t have D) hasn’t had
63. He agreed with the plan in ____, but thought that in practice it would not work.
A) attitude B) approach
C) viewpoint D) principle
64. If only we ____ then the disease was curable.
A) knew B) could know
C) had known D) would have known
65. The weather is highly ____ at this time of the year and it is hard to
know what to wear.
A) various B) variant
C) variable D) varied
66. Our company decided to ____ the contract because a number of the conditions in it had not been met.
A) destroy B) refuse
C) assume D) cancel
67. Eminent physicists from all over the world came to the U.S. to ____ the centennial（一百周年） of A. Einstein’s birth.
A) congratulate B) applaud
C) celebrate D) participate
68.Not until midnight ____him in the hotel.
A) we found B) we did find
C) found we D) did we find
69. I could just see a car in the distance, but I couldn’t ____what colour it was.
A) make out B) look to
C) look out D) take in
70. High in the sky a ____ of birds was flying southward.
A) swarm B) flock
C) crowd D) herd
Short Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part there is a short passage with 8
questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the
questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.
By the 1950s many American families owned television sets. During television’s first 20 years, deaf people missed most of the fun. They could not hear what was
being said and had to guess.
Deaf people who watched television liked sports and action shows, but they were
disappointed with other programs. If there was a lot of dialogue, deaf viewers couldn’t follow the plot. Even the most skilled lip-readers could only catch part
of the talking. This frustrated many deaf people.
In the late 1960s, a man started experimenting. Malcom Norwood thought that deaf
people could enjoy television programs, too. He wanted to develop captions for
the programs. Norwood worked for the federal government’s Media Services and Captioned Films Division at the Bureau of Education of the Handicapped.
Norwood surveyed many hearing Americans. He wanted to see how they felt about seeing captions on the television screen. Too many people were against the idea. Norwood realized he had to develop another way of captioning - one that would not
bother hearing people.
In October of 1971, Norwood’s office signed a contract with WGBH-TV, a public television station in Boston. WGBH was hired to experiment with captions. They agreed to make a captioned television program for Norwood. That program was made. It was shown on television and at a special convention.
The type of captions made by WGBH could be seen on any television. No special equipment was needed. These were called “open captions”.
Later, a new machine was invented. This device was made to send signals on a special part of the television picture. The signals could be captions. If a family
had another kind of machine in their home or in their TV set, then the captions
(or signals) would appear on their television screen. Without the machine, no captions would be seen. That special machine is called a decoder. It receives the
signals transmitted from the television station. Captions that require a decoder
are called “closed captions”.
S1 During television’s first 20 years, deaf people missed most of the fun
because they ____.
S2 Deaf people who watched television did not like programs other than sports and action shows because ____.
S3 In the late 1960s, Malcom Norwood thought that deaf people could enjoy
television programs with the help of ____.
S4 According to the survey conducted by Norwood, hearing people’s attitude toward captions was ____.
S5 A decoder is a machine to ____.
S6 “Open captions” are captions that ____.
S7 “Closed captions” are captions that ____.
S8 The advantage of the way of closed captions may be the fact that ____ .
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter to the president of your university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
1. M: Good morning. I’d like to speak to Mr. Phillips, please.
W: Mr. Philips is not at this office today. He’s at the Gulou Branch. He’s there Monday, Wednesday and Friday this week.
Q: When will Mr. Philips be at this office?
2. M: These oranges are good.
W: Good? They are the best I’ve ever had.
Q: What does the woman mean?
3. M: How was your trip to Chicago?
W: To tell the truth I would rather have spent my vacation here.
Q: What does the woman mean?
4. M: Have you finished with your paper?
W: Finally,I’ve done nothing else this whole week but type it.
Q: What does the woman say about the paper?
5. M: Looks like you’ve got a lot of reading to do.
W: And that’s just for my philosophy class!
Q: What does the woman mean?
6. M: Do you think Phil can get a scholarship to Harvard?
W: He doesn’t stand a chance.
Q: What does the woman mean?
7. M: Jack failed his examination again.
W: That’s not surprising!
Q: What does the woman mean?
8. M: Linda, how are you? I heard you were sick.
W: They must have confused me with somebody else. I’ve never felt better.
Q: How does Linda feel?
9. M: You still have one hour to wait, so relax.
W: Relax! How can I when I’m so anxious about the interview!
Q: What does the woman mean?
10.M: Two for lunch. We don’t have reservations.
W: There will be a thirty-minute wait.
Q: Where does this conversation take place?
One of the most famous tourist attractions in the State of California is the giant redwood. This redwood might be described as “the tree with the moving foot” because it is not even a native Californian, believe it or not.
These trees, which are among the largest and oldest of all living things, moved
to California from the Arctic. Long, long ago they grew in the Arctic, just as enormous and tall as they are today. But the warmer climate drew them southward and it took some seventy-five million years to complete the move.
Carried by birds, winds, and some strong-teethed animals, the seeds of the redwood traveled thousands of miles from what is now the northernmost tip of Alaska to California, their last stand. Only the hardest of seeds survived —— a few that visited Europe soon died out. But those that made it to California put down roots, grew into luxuriant forests, and became camera subjects for the hundreds
and thousands of tourists who visit California’s giant redwood each year.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. Where did these trees grow a long time ago?
12. How long did it take the redwood to complete its long journey?
13. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a carrier of the redwood seeds from their birthplace to California?
Americans often say that there are only two things a person can be sure of in life: death and taxes. Americans do not have a corner on the “death” market, but m
any people feel that the United States leads the world with the worst taxes.
Taxes consist of the money which people pay to support their government. There are generally three levels of government in the United States: federal, state, and city; therefore, there are three types of taxes.
Salaried people who earn more than a few thousand dollars must pay a certain percentage of their salaries to the federal government. The federal government has
a graduated income tax; that is, the percentage of the tax increases as a person
’s income increases. With the high cost of taxes, people are not very happy on A
pril 15, when the federal taxes are due.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. According to the passage, what are the two things that Americans can be sure of in life?
15. How many types of taxes are there in the United States?
16. Why do Americans feel sad on April 15?
Mrs. Jones was very fond of singing. She had a very good voice, except that some
of her high notes tended to sound like a gate which someone had forgotten to oil. Mrs. Jones was very conscious of this weakness, and took every opportunity she could find to practice these high notes. As she lived in a small house, where
she could not practice without disturbing the rest of the family, she usually went for long walks along the country roads whenever she had time, and practiced her high notes there. Whenever she heard a car or a person coming along the road,
she stopped and waited until she could no longer be heard before she started practicing again, because she was a shy person, and because she was sensitive about those high notes.
One afternoon, however, a fast open car came behind her so silently that she did
not hear it until it was only a few yards away from her. She was singing some of her highest and most difficult notes at the time. As the car passed her, she saw an anxious expression suddenly come over its driver’s face. He put his brakes
on violently, and as soon as the car stopped, jumped out and began to examine all his tyres carefully.
Mrs. Jones dared not tell him what the noise he had heard had really been, so he
got back into his car, and drove off, as puzzled as he had been when he stopped
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. What did Mrs. Jones often practice?
18. Why did the driver stop the car?
19. Where did the noise come from?
20. Which of the followings is NOT TRUE about Mrs. Jones?
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
【详细解答】男士说这些桔子不错，女士说“They are the best I’ve ever had.”，它们是她吃过的最好的桔子，由此可见答案A是正确的。
【详细解答】关键句是“I would rather have spent my vacation here.”，这是一个虚拟语气句，意思是我倒宁愿在这儿度假，而实际上没有在这儿，而是去了芝加哥，但她宁愿待在这儿意味着她的芝加哥之行不愉快。
【详细解答】对于男士的问题，女士的回答是：“终于完成了，我这星期除了打论文什么也没做”，由此可见打论文花了她一个星期，即答案C）。关键句型是“do nothing but...”,意思是“ 除了……其它什么也没做。”
【详细解答】关键词“do not stand a chance”，意思是不可能，句中意思是Phil不可能获得奖学金，因此答案C）Phil不会去碰运气申请奖学金和答案D）Phil没有被给予获奖学金的机会与原意不符。
ve never felt better”（我感觉从没这么好过）可推断出女士身体很好，并没有生病。
【详细解答】文中第二段第一句话“These trees, which are among the largest and oldes
t of all living things, moved to California from the Arctic.”，这些树作为现存所有生物中最大最古老的物种是从北极迁移到加利福尼亚的，由此可见，这些树从前是长在北极的。
【详细解答】文中第二段最后一句话“...it took some seventy-five million years to complete the move.”，大红杉完成迁移花了7500万年，所以正确答案是D。
【详细解答】根据文中第三段第一句话“Carried by birds, winds, and some strong-teethed animals...”可知答案A）游客不是传播大红杉种子的媒介。
【详细解答】文中第一句话就是“Americans often say that there are only two things a person can be sure of in life: death and taxes.”，对美国人来说，有两样东西是必
【详细解答】文中第二段说“...there are three types of taxes”，即有三种税。
【详细解答】文中最后一句话是“...April 15, when the federal taxes are due.”，四月十五日是联邦纳税到期的日子，所以答案C）是正确的。关键词是“due”，即应支付，到期。
【详细解答】文中第一段说“Jones was very conscious of this weakness, and took every opportunity she could find to practice these high notes.”，琼斯很清楚这个弱点，
【详细解答】文中第一段说“Jones was very conscious of this weakness.”，琼斯知道自己的弱点，所以答案D）是该选答案。
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
【详细解答】第一段的topic sentence 是It is natural for young people to be critical
of their parents at times and to blame them for most of the misunderstandings between them.，很正常，年轻人有时侯会因为和父母之间互相不理解而批评父母、责怪父母，该句概括了本段大意，中心词是批评和责怪，下文都是他们对父母的批评和指责，所以答案A）是正确答案。
【详细解答】原文第三段第一句说“Young people often irritate their parents with their choices in clothes and hairstyles...”，但是“This is not their motive.”，激怒父
母并不是他们的动机，“They feel cut off from the adult world into which they have not yet been accepted. So they create a culture and society of their own.”，他
【详细解答】原文倒数第二段说“If they approve, it looks as if you are betraying your own age group.”，如果事事得到父母认同，你好象就背叛了自己的同龄人群体，也就是失去了独立性，所以正确答案是D）。答案A）已经被成人社会接纳B）觉得自己略优越于父母C）不可能胜过成年人都与原文不符。
【详细解答】本文最后一段是作者给青少年的建议，“If you plan to control your life,
cooperation can be part of that plan.”，如果你计划要对自己的生活自主，合作应成为
【详细解答】文中第一段最后一句话“Yet this same man was condemned to death for his beliefs.”表明苏格拉底因为他的思想而被判死刑，所以正确答案是D）。答案A）推崇法律和B）是个哲学家都不足以成为他被判死刑的理由，答案C）他发表了许多激进的哲学文章与原文不符，因为苏格拉底从未出版过任何著作。
【详细解答】见第三段最后一句话“Yet,for all his fame and influence, Socrates himself never wrote a word.”，尽管苏格拉底名声和影响很大，但他却从未出版过任何著作，所以A）是正确答案。答案B）苏格拉底没有别人以为的那么博学、C）苏格拉底在教学中利用学生的著作D）当权者不愿出版苏格拉底的作品都与原文不符。
【详细解答】文中最后一段提到“But Socrates, as a firm believer in law, reasoned that it was proper to submit to the death sentence.”，作为法律制度的坚定拥护者，苏格拉底提出应该服从死刑判决。因此，正确答案是D。
【详细解答】本文第一段就提出：To be “historically minded” is to see things in relation and in perspective；We must always keep an open mind, ready to receive and weigh new evidence.具有历史思想就是指能够联系各个方面、从各个角度正确地看问题，我们必须总是对历史持虚心坦率的态度，随时准备接收和衡量新的证据，由此可见，答案A）
【详细解答】本文第一段先提出一个具有历史思想的人能够联系各个方面、从各个角度正确地看问题，然后引导出段落的主题句“If we grasp this idea, we will never think that a historian is someone who can remember dates.”，历史学家不是就是只会记记日期的人，所以正确答案是B）。答案A）不同的人想法和做法都不同与问题无关；答案C）政治家能记住选区选民的名字和答案D）侍者比大历史学家记的人名多。只是两个例子，用来说明认为历史学家只会记名字有多么可笑，而不是第一段的主要内容。
【详细解答】本文第二段第二句话“Today he makes sure that his statements are based on sound “documents” or “sources” which go back to the time of the facts themselves.
【详细解答】文中第二段开头提到“How easy it all was for police and emergency services. A siren, a flashing light? And like magic everyone was out of the way.”，意
【详细解答】见文中第二段，“The red cross had been removed. But not the flashing light, and the siren. He tried the light. It flashed magnificently. He tried the siren. That too sounded impressive.”，警示灯和警报器都还在，试了试，警示灯很亮，
【详细解答】见原文最后一段，“Now he was driving past a real accident, ... They stopped him”，他开车经过一个真正的车祸现场，他们让他停下，由此可推断出正确答案是B。
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
【详细解答】rescue是营救，援救；shield是盾牌；防护罩；proof是证据；检验，考验；这三个词都不能跟take搭配，只有shelter可以，take shelter 是寻求庇护的意思。
【详细解答】take up a collection是一个固定词组，意思是募捐，筹款，其它三个介词都无法和take 和a collection 搭配。
【详细解答】read between the lines是一个固定词组，意思是体会字里行间的言外之意。
【详细解答】mistake A for B是一个固定词组，意思是将A错认作B。
【详细解答】此句是强调句型，在强调句中，被强调的主语部分the drug, not the disease
是动词killed的动作主体。而强调句又在整个句子中做动作show的宾语。强调句的结构是It is ... that ..., 所以D）为正确答案。
【详细解答】contrary to意为“与……相反”，符合句意，为正确答案。attached to, responsible to, resistant to则分别表示“连接、附属、依恋”，“对……负责的”，“耐……
【详细解答】adjust (to)意为“调整；使适应”，符合句意。adapt sth. to，“改写……以
【详细解答】本题的前半句是分词独立结构， There being (There be的分词形式)引导的分词短语在句中作原因状语。
【详细解答】assure sb. that意为“向某人保证说，肯定地说”，不存在其他三种搭配。
【详细解答】count for意为“有价值，有重要性”，count for nothing即为“没有价值”符合句意。count on“指望，依靠”；count in“把……算进去”；count up“把……加起来”，
【详细解答】go off意为“（食品）变坏，（疼痛）消失”，符合句意。go over sth.，“浏览，检查，复习”；go out，“消灭，参加社会活动”；go wrong，“出错，（机器）坏了，（
【详细解答】cancel the contract意为“废止合同”，符合句意。
【详细解答】celebrate在这里作“庆祝”解，congratulate意为“祝贺”，一般以人作宾语，如：congratulate sb.on sth., applaud 是鼓掌，participate是参加，后面应跟介词in。
【详细解答】make out意为“辩认出，理解”，符合句意。look to“照顾，负责”；look out“当心，提防”；take in“容纳，理解，欺骗（多用于被动态）”，均不符合句意。
【详细解答】a flock of意为“一群（鸟，羊等）”，为正确答案。a swarm of， a crowd of
，a herd of分别意为“一群（蜂、蚁、蝗虫等）”，“一群（人等）”，“一群（牛、鹿、象等）”。
Part IV Short Answer Questions
S1 【答案】During television’s first 20 years, deaf people missed most of the fun because they could not hear what was being said/ could not catch the talking.
S2 【答案】Deaf people who watched television did not like programs other
than sports and action shows because there was a lot of dialogue 。
【详细解答】见原文第二段第二句“If there was a lot of dialogue, deaf viewers could
n’t follow the plot.”，如果有许多对话，聋人就跟不上故事情节的发展了。可见，其它电视节目对话多，而聋人又听不懂，所以他们不喜欢这种节目。
S3 【答案】In the late 1960s, Malcom Norwood thought that deaf people could enjoy television programs with the help of caption .
【详细解答】见原文第三段，Malcom Norwood thought that deaf people could enjoy tele
vision programs, too. He wanted to develop captions for the programs.他觉得聋人
S4 【答案】According to the survey conducted by Norwood, hearing people’s
attitude toward captions was negative .
【详细解答】见原文第四段，Too many people were against the idea.许多人不赞成给电
S5 【答案】A decoder is a machine to make the captions appear on the TV s
【详细解答】见原文最后一段，If a family had another kind of machine in their home
or in their TV set, then the captions (or signals) would appear on their television screen. That special machine is called a decoder.
S6 【答案】“open captions” are captions that can be seen on any television without any special equipment.
S7 【答案】“Closed captions” are captions that requires a decoder .
【详细解答】见本文最后一句，Captions that require a decoder are called “closed captions”.
S8 【答案】The advantage of the way of closed captions may be the fact that it would not bother hearing people .
【详细解答】见原文第四段，Too many people were against the idea. Norwood realized he had to develop another way of captioning - one that would not bother hearing
Part V Writing
Some Suggestions to the President of Our University
I’ve been here for two years. I am very satisfied with my university, but it does not follow that there is no room for improvement.
First, I believe a better job can be done with respect to the guidance of our study methods. Although university students have the ability to study independently, sometimes when we try to choose good books to read and appropriate topics for
our research we still feel at a loss. We need someone to give us some advice. If you could arrange more lectures on “how to learn by yourself” for us, especially for the freshmen, it will do much good to our study.
Second, more activities should be arranged to make our campus life more interesting. I’m sorry to say that at present life on campus is quite boring. Everyday we have classes, read in the library, or stay in the dormitory. Life becomes a routine. We need more meaningful activities organized to cheer us up and make our study more efficient. I hope you can consider my suggestions. Thank you.
1.stroke 钟的敲响声或鸣响 2.scale 实物与图表之间的比例
5.assure 保证 6.variable多变的，变化异常的
7.cancel 取消 8.emergency 紧急情况
1.take up a collection 募捐，筹款
2.read between the lines 体会字里行间的言外之意
4.count for nothing 没有价值
1.There being nothing more to discuss, the secretary-general got to his feet, said
goodbye and left the room. 分词独立结构在句中作原因状语。
2.If only we had known then the disease was curable. If only引导的句子用虚拟语气，表示与过去的事实相反时，动词用过去完成时。www.59wj.com 如果觉得《中国名校英语四级密卷（5）》模拟题,yyslj不错，可以推荐给好友哦。