Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be 8a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1.A)The man tends to repeat himself a lot.
B)The room was fixed at the man’s request.
C)She also finds it easier to work there now.
D)The man talks about working instead of doing it.
2.A)Bill doesn’t take good care of knives.
B)This matter doesn’t concern Bill.
C)He wants to find a better tool.
D)He wants Bill to fix the knife.
3.A)There’s going to be a wedding.
B)The people should learn that dance better.
C)Big dances are the most fun.
D)They need to print more invitations.
4.A)He will no longer ask for their help.
B)He will regret not accepting their help.
C)He still needs their help.
D)He has to manage without their help.
5.A)She is not feeling very well.
B)She is very ill.
C)She is annoyed with the doctor.
D)She is badly hurt.
6.A)Things to wear.
B)The warm weather.
C)Best material for making clothes.
D)A bright shirt.
7.A)Two weeks form now.
B)In about two days.
C)He hasn’t decided yet.
D)In four weeks.
8.A)He’s surprised she chose that agency.
B)He wonders why she’s kept her job.
C)He doesn’t know when her classes started.
D)He doubts she makes much money now.
9.A)He doesn’t like Rock’n Roll.
B)It’s a long way to the record store.
C)He likes only Rock’n Roll.
D)He isn’t hot now that he has a fan.
C)Right after dinner.
D)The next day.
Directions:In this section you will hear a passage three times. During the first reading you should listen carefully for a general idea of the whole passage. Then listen to the passage again. When the first part of the passage is being read, you should fill in the missing word during the pause at each blank. After listening to the second part of the passage you are required to write down the main points according to what you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read the third time you can check what you have heard.
I am amazed at some of the statements made concerning Greg I Luganis’s deci
sion not to (11)____ the fact that he was HIV-positive. Although AIDS has been
a (12)____ word since the early 1980s, it appears that people still don’t have
a (13)____ concerning the realities of the situation. Even though the ways of contracting HIV are well-known, the general public still seems to react with (14
)____ fear for their own well-being when dealing with someone who they know is HIV-
positive or has AIDS. But because people who know that they are HIV-positive are
very (15)____ of this fact, they certainly will take more (16)____ in protecting other people than will the millions of walking time (17)____ who don’t know their HIV status . (18)__________________________
That means (19)_____________________________________--. Education is the key to this very complicated issue. (20)_________________________________________________
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
More people than ever are drinking coffee these days——but in smaller quantities than they used to. Some manufacturers of coffee makers are trying to take advantage of this trend by developing diminutive machines that brew smaller amounts of coffee. Two US appliance companies——Black & Decker, based in Towson, Maryland, and Toastmaster Inc. of Columbia, Missouri——have recently introduced “drip” coffee makers that brew one or two cup servings of coffee. Both of the products brew the coffee directly into a cup or mug, eliminating the need for a separate carafe. Since many people make a pot of coffee in the morning but drink only a single cup, the new coffee makers should reduce the wasted coffee. Black & Decker’s Cup-at-a-Time costs $27, while Toastmaster’s Coffee Break Retails for $20.
Black & Decker also makes a coffee maker that drips coffee directly into a carry-around thermal carafe. The carafe, a glass vacuum bottle, is supposed to keep the coffee fresh for hours. The product, called the Thermal Carafe Coffee-maker, comes with a built-in lid that opens during the brewing process and close when it is completed. There are several models, including one that firs under the counter, ranging from $60 to $110 in price.
21.The main purpose of the text is to ____.
A) introduce a new trend of drinking coffee
B) introduce new coffee makers
C) introduce two U.S. appliance companies
D) introduce the new coffee industry
22. The advantage of “drip” coffee makers shown in the text is that ___.
A) they are much more economic
B) they can produce only one cup
C) they are more convenient and easier to operate
D) they are more economical
23. According to the passage, a thermal carafe is necessary when the coffee is ____.
A) preserved B) produced
C) manufactured D) brewed
24. Which of the following statements can be inferred from the passage?
A) People used to drink coffee in larger quantities.
B) It is essential to attach a separate carafe, while “drip” coffee makers are applied.
C) People used to make a pot of coffee in the morning and drink it up.
D) The new coffee makers usually cost less than before.
25. The word “it” in Line 6, para 3. probably refers to ____.
A) the lid
C) the brewing process
D) the model
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
In science the meaning of the word “explain” suffers with civilization’s
every step in search of reality. Science cannot really explain electricity, magnetism , and gravitation; their effects can be measured and predicted, but of their nature no more is known to the modern scientist than to Thales who first looked into the nature of the electrification of amber, a hard yellowish-brown gum.
Most contemporary physicists reject the notion that man can ever discover what these mysterious forces “really” are. Electricity, Bertrand Russell says, “is not
a thing , like St. Paul’s Cathedral; it is a way in which things behave . When
we have told how things behave when they are electrified, and under what circumstances they are electrified, we have told all there is to tell.” Until recently scientists would have disapproved of such an idea. Aristotle, for example,whose natural science dominated western thought for two thousand years, believe that man could arrive at an understanding of reality by reasoning form self-evident principles. He felt, for example, that it is a self-evident principle that everything in the universe has its proper place, hence one can deduce that objects fall to the ground because that’s where they belong, and smoke goes up because that’s where it belongs. The goal of Aristotelian science was to explain why things happen. Modern science was born when Galileo began trying to explain how things happen and thus originated the method of controlled experiment which now forms the basis of scientific investigation.
26.The aim of controlled scientific experiments is ____.
A) to explain why things happen
B) to explain how things happen
C) to describe self-evident principles
D) to support Aristotelian science
27.What principles most influenced scientific thought for two thousand years?
A)The speculations of Thales.
B)The forces of electricity, magnetism , land gravity.
C)Aristotle’s natural science.
28.Bertrand Russell’s notion about electricity is ____.
A)disapproved of by most modern scientists
B)in agreement with Aristotle’s theory of self-evident principles
C)in agreement with scientific investigation directed toward “how” things
D)in agreement with scientific investigation directed toward “why” things
29.The passage says that until recently scientists disagreed with the idea ____.
A)that there are mysterious forces in the universe
B)that man cannot discover what forces “really ” are
C)that there are self-evident principles
D)that we can discover why things behave as they do
30.Modern science came into being ____.
A) when the method of controlled experiment was first introduced
B)when Galileo succeeded in explaining: how things happen
C)when Aristotelian scientists tried to explain why things happen
D)when scientists were able to acquire an understanding of reality by reasoning
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors, who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise - and as a result, we are ageing unnecessarily soon.
Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers
in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a
relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could be slowed down.
With a team of colleagues at Tokyo National University, he set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations.
Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements
of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain , which relate to intellect(智能) and emotion, and determine the human character. (The rear section of the brain, which controls functions like eating and breathing does not contract with age ,and one can continue living without intellectual on emotional faculties or functions).
Contraction of front and side parts - as cells die off- was observed in so
me subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident in some sixty and seventy-year-olds.
Matsuzaswa concluded from his tests that there is a simple remedy to the contraction normally associated with age-using the head.
The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns. Those least at risk, soys Matsuzawa are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White collar workers doing routine work in government offices are however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the farm workers, bus drivers and shop assistants.
Matsozawa’s findings show that thinking can prevent the brain form shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supple the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. “The best way to maintain good blood circulation is through using
the brain, ” he says. “Think hard and engage in conversation. Don’t rely on pocket calculators.”
31.The team of doctors wanted to find out____.
A)why certain people are sooner than others
B)how to make people live longer
C)the size of certain people’s brains
D)which people are most intelligent
32.On what are their research findings based?
A)A survey of farmers in northern Japan.
B)Tests performed on a thousand old people.
C)Study of brain volumes of different people.
D)The latest development of computer technology.
33.The doctor’s tests show that____.
A)our brains shrink as we grow older
B)the front section of the brain does not shrink
C)sixty-year-olds have better brains than thirty-year-olds
D)some people’s brains have contracted more than other people’s
34.The word “subjects” in paragraph 5 means____.
A)something to be considered
B)branches of knowledge studied
C)persons chosen to be studied in an experiment
D)any member of a state except the supreme ruler
35.According to the passage, which people seem to age slower than the others?
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Investment in the public sector, such as electricity, irrigation, public services and transport (excluding vehicles, ships and planes) increased by about 10%, although the emphasis moved to the transport and away from the other sectors
mentioned. Trade and services recorded a 16% to 17% investment growth, including a 30%increase in investment in business premises. Industrial investment is estimated to have risen by 8%. Although the share of agriculture in total gross investment in the economy continued to decline, investment grew by 9% in absolute terms, largely spurred on by a 23% expansion of investment in agricultural equipment. Housing construction had 12% more invested in it in 1964, not so much owing to increased demand, as to fears of new taxes and limitation of building.
Total consumption in real terms rose by close on 11% during 1964, and per
capital personal consumption by under 7%, as in 1963. The undesirable trend towards a rapid rise in consumption, evident in previous years, remained unaltered.
Since at current prices consumption rose by 16% and disposable income by 13%, there was evidently a fall in the rate of saving in the private sector of the economy. Once again consumption patterns indicated a swift advance in the standard of living. Expenditure on food declined in significance, although consumption of fruit increased. Spending on furniture and household equipment, health, education
and recreation continued to increase. The greatest proof of altered living standards was the rapid expansion of expenditure on transport (including private cars) and personal services of all kinds, which occurred during 1964. The progressive wealth of large sectors of the public was demonstrated by the changing composition of durable goods purchased. Saturation(饱和) point was rapidly being approached for items such as the first household radio, gas cookers, and electric refrigerators, whereas increasing purchases of automobiles and television sets were registered.
36.The author thinks that the trend towards a rapid rise in consumption was “undesirable” because ____.
A) people saved less
B) people were wealthy
C) people consumed less
D) expenditures on luxuries in creased
37.Expenditure increased on all the following EXCEPT ____.
A) food B) automobiles
C) education D) entertainment
38.It can be inferred form the increase of fruit consumption that____.
A) people had to spend more on transportation and furniture
B) people were more health conscious
C) people were more money conscious
D) the price of fruit dropped dramatically
39. The word “registered” in the last line most probably means ____.
A) marked B) approached
C) listed D) booked
40.From this passage, we learn that the people ____.
A) spent more money than they earned
B) saved more money than previously
C) spent their money wisely
D) invested and consumed at an accelerated pace
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41. Anyone who has spent time with children is aware of the difference in the way boys and girls respond to ____ situation.
A) similar B) alike
C) same D) likely
42. In this factory , suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully ____.
A) admitted B) acknowledged
C) absorbed D) considered
43. The boy slipped out of the room and headed for the swimming pool with
out his parents’____.
A) command B) conviction
C) consent D) compromise
44. In a typhoon , winds____ a speed greater than 120 kilometers per hour.
A) assume B) accomplish
C) attain D) assemble
45. Difficulties and hardships have ____the best qualities of the young geologist.
A) brought out B) brought about
C) brought forth D) brought up
46. The bank manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to____ the investment plan within a week.
A) work out B) put out
C) make out D) set out
47. Richard doesn’t think he could ever____ what is called “free-style” poetry.
A) take on B) take over
C) take to D) take after
48. Californians and New Englanders speak the same language and ____by the same federal laws.
A) stand B) conform
C) abide D) sustain
49. The long-awaited Hubble Space Telescope, ____to orbit the Earth next March, will observe some of the oldest stars in the sky.
A) subject B) owing
C) available D) due
50. Although we had told them not to keep us waiting, they made no ____ to speed up deliveries.
A) trial B) attempt
C) action D) progress
51.The tourist will be prevented from entering a country if he does not
have ____ passport.
A) an operative B) a valid
C) an efficient D) an effective
52. With prices ____so much, it’s hard for the company to plan a budget.
A) fluctuating B) waving
C) swinging D) vibrating
53. If you suspect that the illness might be serious you should not ____ going to the doctor.
A) put off B) hold back
C) put aside D) hold up
54. All the information we have collected in relation to that case ____very little.
A) put off B) hold back
C) put aside D) hold up
55. A really powerful speaker can ____ the feelings of the audience to the fever of excitement.
A) work out B) work over
C) work at D) work up
56. Some teenagers harbor a generalized resentment against society , which ____ them the rights and privileges of adults, although physically they are mature.
A) deprives B) restricts
C) rejects D) denies
57. Though ____ in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred to
record the plain facts of small-town life.
A) raised B) grown
C) developed D) cultivated
58. Achieving a high degree of proficiency in English as a foreign language is not a mysterious ____ without scientific basis.
A) process B) practice
C) procedure D) program
59. We cannot always____the wind , so new windmills should be so designed that they can also be driven by water.
A) hang on B) count on
C) hold on D) come on
60.Craing assured his boss that he would ____all his energies in doing this new job.
A) call forth B) call at
C) call on D) call off
61. Too much ____ to X-rays can cause skin burns , cancer of other damage to the body.
A) disclosure B) exhibition
C) contact D) exposure
62. When confronted with such questions , my mind goes ____, and I can hardly remember my own date of birth.
A) dim B) blank
C) faint D) vain
63. More than two hundred years ago the United States ____ form the British Empire and became an independent country.
A) got off
B) pulled down
C) broke away
D) dropped off
64. Care should be taken to decrease the length of time that one is____ loud continuous noise.
A) subjected to
B) filled with
C) associated with
D) attached to
65. Some of the most important concepts in physics their success ____ to these mathematical systems.
A) oblige B) due
C) contribute D) attribute
66. I support your decision , but I should also make it clear that I am not going to be ____ to it.
A) connected B) fastened
C) bound D) stuck
67. The English language contains a(n)____of words which are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation.
A) altitude B) latitude
C) multitude D) attitude
68. So forcefully ____ that we were all convinced.
A) he did speak
B) he spoke
C) did he speak
D) that he spoke
69. We shall start at seven if it ____ by that time.
A) will stop raining
B) stops to rain
C) has stopped raining
D) will have stopped to rain
70.____ you may be right, I can’t altogether agree.
A) As B) While
C) If D) Since
Translation (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part, there are four passages, each consisting of one or two sentences for you to translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read.You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
71.Passage 1, Para. 2,Sent.2
Both of the products brew the coffee directly into a cup or mug, eliminating t
he need for a separate carafe.
72. Passage 2, Sent.6
Until recently scientists would have disapproved of such an idea.
73. Passage 3, Para. 4, Sent.1
Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain , which relate to intellect
(智能) and emotion, and determine the human character.
74. Passage4, Para. 1, Sent.1
Investment in the public sector, such as electricity, irrigation, public services
and transport (excluding vehicles, ships and planes) increased by about 10%, al
though the emphasis moved to the transport and away from the other sectors mentioned. _______________________
75. Passage4, Para. 2, Sent.8
The progressive wealth of large sectors of the public was demonstrated by the ch
anging composition of durable goods purchased.
Directions: For this part, you are given 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Video Games in three paragraphs. You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in English) below.
1. Video games have become popular.
2. Advantages of playing video games.
3. Disadvantages of playing video games.
1. M： Now that they’ve soundproofed this room, it’s sure a lot easier to w
ork in here.
W： You said it.
Q： What does the woman mean?
2. W： Bill thinks you shouldn’t use your good knife to fix that.
M： Why should he care? It’s not his knife.
Q： What does the man mean?
3. W： Shouldn’t we invite more people to the dance?
M： The more the merrier.
Q： What does the men mean?
W： Though we cared for Mike for a while.
Now he must care for himself.
M： Yes, he can live on his own now.
Q： What does the woman think of Mike?
M： How do you feel now?
W： Well when I sit for a long time.
I fell a dull pain across my back.
Q： What do we learn from his conversation?
M： What kind of dress are you looking for?
W： Since it’s getting warmer this time of the year, I want something lightweight.
What do you think would be the best?
Q： What are these people talking about?
W： How long have you been in our cuntry?
M： I just arrived two days ago. I will be spending a month here.
Q： When will the man leave?
W： Judy earned a lot of money over the summer as a consultant for that
M： I don’t doubt it. What surprises me is that she is still working there
, now that classes have started again.
Q： What does the man say about Judy?
W： You’re not much of a rock’n roll fan, are you?
M： It’s far from being my favourite kind of music, that’s for sure.
Q： What does the man imply?
W： Would you mind if we discussed tomorrow’s agenda before dinner this evening?
M： Not at all. I certainly don’t want to talk about it during our meal.
Q： When will they probably discuss the agenda?
I am amazed at some of the statements made concernig Greg I Luganis’s decision not to(11) broadcast the fact that he was HIVpositive. Although AIDS has
been a (12) bousehold word since they early 1980s, it appears that people still don’t have a (13)clue concerning the realities of the situation.Even though the
ways of contracting HIV are wellknown, the general public still seems to react
with (14) absolute fear for their own wellbeing when dealing with someon
e who they know is HIVpositive or has AIDS. But because people who know that t
hey are HIVpositive are very (15) conscious of this fact, they certaily will take more (16) precautions in protecting other people than will the millions of walking time (17) bombs who don’t know their HIV status. (18) The point is that if you don’t know a person’s HIV status, then you should simply assume he or she is HIVpositive.
That means (19) that the doctor should use gloves, that first aid kits contain plastic gloves and that condoms are used during sex. Education is the key to this very complicated issue.
(20)If people were truly informed, they might deal with HIV and AIDS with
a bit less hysteria.
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
【详细解答】男士说他们已经把这间房子作隔音处理了，那么干工作就容易多了。女士的回答赞同了男士的话。关键部分是 a lot easier to work in here 及 you said it. 由此可推断答案为C：She also finds it easier to work there now.
【详细解答】男士的回答是他(Bill)为什么要关心此事，这又不是他的刀。关键在于why…?的问句。由此可推断出答案为B：This matter doesn’t concern Bill.
【详细解答】女士问是否应该邀请更多的人参加舞会，男士的回答是人越多就越高兴。关键部分是The more the merrier.故而可推断答案是C：Big dances are the most fun.
【详细解答】女士谈到Mike的时候，她的观点是他(Mike)现在必须自立了。男士的回答表明他认为Mike现在已经能自立了。但与本题问题无关，关键是must, care for himself。由此可推断答案为D：He has to manage without their help。
【详细解答】男士问女士现在感觉如何，女士说如果长时间坐着，会觉得背部隐隐约约地疼。关键部分是for a long time, dull pain。由此可以推断答案为A：She is not feeling very well。
【详细解答】男士问女士想要什么样的裙子，女士回答由于天气渐暖，她想要一些轻便的衣服，并请男士代为推荐。关键的部分是：dress, something light weight。由此可以推断答案为A：Things to wears。
【详细解答】女士问男士到达她的国家多久了，男士的回答是两天前刚到，准备呆一个月，隐含的意思是一个月后离开。关键的部分在于will be, a month。注意时态。由此可推断出答案是D：In four weeks。
【详细解答】女士说Judy在假期里作顾问挣了许多钱，男士的反应是对此不予怀疑，但同时表示让他吃惊的是现在都已经重新上课了，而Judy仍然在上班。关键部分在于 What surprises... is that she is still working。由此可推断出答案是B：He wonders why shes kept her job。
【详细解答】女士问男士是否算不上一个十足的摇滚乐迷，男士回答说摇滚乐远远算不上是他所喜爱的音乐。关键部分是far from... favourite kind,由此可推断出答案是A：He doesn’t like rock’n roll。
【详细解答】女士问男士是否介意在晚饭前讨论明天的日程，男士并不反对，只是表示不愿在吃饭时谈论这一问题。关键部分是before dinner。而Not at all是对mind if...的回答，要分辨清楚。故而可以推断出答案是A：Before dinner。
11.broadcast 12.household 13.clue 14.absolute
15.conscious 16.precautions 17.bombs
18.The point it that if you don’t know a person’s HIV status, then you shou
ld simply assume her or she is HIVpositive.
19.that the doctor should use gloves, that first aid kits contain plastic g
loves and that condoms are used during sex.
20.If people were truly informed, they might deal with HIV and AIDS with a
bit less hysteria.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
【详细解答】见文章第二段第四句：Since many people make a pot of coffee in the morning but drink only a single cup, the new coffee makers should reduce the if waste coffee.根据本句所表述的意思，reduce the waste即可表示economical,所以答案为D。
【详细解答】见文章第三段第二句：The carafe, a glass vacuum bottle, is supposed
to keep the coffee fresh for hours.中的用途是keep the coffee fresh for hours 可
【详细解答】见文章第一段第一句：More people than ever are drinking coffee these days—but in smaller quantities than they used to.根据本句提供的信息，可知以前人们一次喝咖啡比现在多。文章中第二段的第二句、第三句可以分别判定选项B、C错误；而选项D的在文章则没有涉及，故而正确答案是A。
【译文】第三段第六行的“it”一词指的是“the brewing process”。
【详细解答】见文章第三段第三句：The product, called the Thermal carafe coffeemaker, comes with a builtin lid that opens during the brewing process and close when it is completed.由本句意思及从语法角分析，代词“it”无疑指的是the brewing process,故而答案C正确。
【详细解答】见文章最后一句：Modern science was born when Galileo began trying to explain how things happen and thus originated the method of controlled experiment which now forms the basis of scientific investigation.句中的trying就是题意句的目的the aim，故可知答案为B。
【详细解答】见文章第七句：Aristole, for example whose natural science dominated western thought for two thousand years,...句中的dominated即是most influenced(最有影响的)。故而答案是C。
【详细解答】见文章第四句引用的Bertrand Russell讲的内容Electricity, Bertrand Russell says, is not a thing, like St. Paul’s Cathedral; it is a way in which things behave... . 其中a way in which things behave即表示how things happen，故而答案是C。
【详细解答】见文章第六句：Until recently scientists would have disapproved of such an idea. 句中的谓语为虚拟语气，意思是本该不同意，而实际上是同意；such an idea指的是第三句的notion，意思是that man “really”are.把notion的内容代入idea第六句的句意为直到最近科学家才同意人类总会发现这些神秘的力实际上是什么。可知答案为B。这句含双重否定是肯定的强调方式。而其它的选项中，A项与文意不符，C与D两项则没有提及。
【详细解答】见文章最后一句：Modern science was born when Galileo began trying to explain how things happen... 其中was born与题意句中的came into being同义，故而可知答案为A。
【详细解答】见第二段：...wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could be slowed down. 本句中的at a relatively early age与正确选项中的sooner than others相对应，可以得到答案A。
【详细解答】见文章的第三段：...he set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations.与选项C的study of brain volumes of different poeple相符，故而可知答案是C。
【详细解答】见文章第七段第一句：The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns.本句的意思即为农村的人一般来说，其大脑的萎缩比城里人要快，故可知答案是D。
【详细解答】见文章第五段：Contraction of front and side parts— as cells die off—was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it
was still not evident in some sixty and seventy—year—olds.结合上下段意思，此
【详细解答】见文中第七段的第二句：Those least at risk, says Matsuzawaare lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors.本句提供的信息是Matsuzawa认为最不易发生的脑萎缩的人是律师，其次是大学教授和医生，故而可以得出答案为A。
【详细解答】见第二段第三句：...there was evidently a fall in the rate of saving...。这一句既是rapid risen consumption所导致的结果之一，也是作者认为这种trend是非良性的原因，而且在下文中均找不出作者反对这种快速增长的其它理由，故而答案是A。
【详细解答】见文章第二段第五句：Expenditure on food declined in significance, although consumption of fruit increased.本句即表示虽然在水果方面的消费有所增长，但用于食品上的费用下降越明显。可以得知答案为A。
【详细解答】见文章第二段的第四句：Once again consumption patterns indicated a swift advance in the standard of living.表明消费方式再次表明生活水平的提高。再看第六句：Spending on furniture and household equipment, health, education and recreation continued to increase.这句中提到了health一词，从侧面表示出上一句(第五句)出现的rise in fruit consumption是由于人们对自身健康的需求，故而答案是B。
【详细解答】见文章最后一句：Saturation point was rapidly being approached for items such as the first household radio, gas cookers, and electric refrigerafors, whereas
increasing purchases of automobiles and television sets were registered.本句意为
【详细解答】本文由二段组成。第一段的主题是rapid increase in investment,这从第一段的首句即可看出；第二段讲的是rapid rise in consumption，以下各句均是围绕这一主题：且第一、第二段成平行并列关系，综合起来，可知文章的主旨是关于rapid rise in investment and consumption，故而可知答案是D。
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
【详细解答】bring out 表示“生产，出版，使出现”。
【详细解答】take to 表示“开始，喜欢，适应”。
take on 表示“呈现，具有……”。
take over 表示“接收，接管”。
stand by 表示“支持，站在……一边”。
【详细解答】due表示“预期的，预计的”。due to 接名词表示“因为”。
available表示“有用的，存在的”，可接to sb. 或 to sth.
【详细解答】put of意为：推迟；hold back为阻止、抑制；put aside为：留下……供将来用；hold up为：举起、支撑。
【详细解答】add up to表示“合计达……”
make up for表示“补偿”。
come up with表示“提出”。
put up with表示“容忍，忍受”。
【详细解答】work up 表示“逐步建立，逐渐引起”。
【详细解答】deny有两种主要用法。表示“否认”时，其后接名词和动名词，如deny knowing the paln否认知道该计划。作“拒绝”之意时，后面接双宾语，如deny sb. the right...拒绝给予某****利；deny sb. admittance to 拒绝某人进入……。
【详细解答】raise表示“抚养，抚育，养育”，强调喂养。如raise pigs (养猪,) raise chickens(养鸡)。
【详细解答】count on 表示“指望，依靠”。hang on表示“坚持，有赖于”。hold on表示“继续，不挂断”。come on表示“要求”。
【详细解答】call forth表示“使产生，使引起，振作起”，符合题意。call at表示“访问”，后面接访部的地方。call on表示“号召，邀请”，作“拜访”讲时后接“人”作宾语。call of表示“放弃，丢掉”，同cancel。
【详细解答】从语法看go 可以与形容词搭配构成“系表”结构，但只有go blank合题意。
oblige常用作oblige sb. to do sth.意为“迫使某人干……”；be obliged to sb.意为“
be connected to 意为“被接在……上”；
be fastened表示“被扣紧在……上”；stick常与to连用；意为“坚持”；be struck常与with或by搭配。如：The vessel has been stuck here by bad weather.由于恶劣天气，船受阻于此。be bound to被……束缚。
does he be know about it,他对此几乎一无所知。
【详细解答】by引导时间状语，表示到……时候为止，by that time指过去，因此从句中可用一般过
时；如果是过去时间，则用过去完成时。例如：①By the end of next month I will have
learned 2000 words. ② By the end of last year I had learned 1000 words.
le相当于although。as作“尽管，虽然”之意，只能用于倒装句型中，如：Right as you may be, I can’t altogether agree.用于这种句型中表示“尽管”的连接词除as外，还有what 和though。
Part Ⅳ Translation
〖WT4"H4〗Part Ⅴ Writing
Video games have become very popular in recent years.
Wherever you go, you can see youngsters or even adults indulged in the games. When they play games in clubs, stores, or at home, they concentrate all their attentionon them, their hands an fingers busy with operation obviously, video games give them great pleasure and excitement.
Video games are a kind of wonderful entertainment. They bring great pleasure to
players. Training them to respond quickly, stimulating their imagination and arousing their interest in electronics and computer science. In short, video games
plays a good part in the development of youngsters’ intelligence.
Just as a coin has two sides, video games also have some disadvantages. Some young people, especially school children, spend too much time playing them, which would definitely do harm to their health and eyes and affect their school achievement. Only if one has enough selfcontrol can he benefit from video games.
1.bring 类短语。bring out 生产，出版；bring about 使发生；bring forth 提出，出示
；bring up 抚养，培养
2.take 类短语。take on 呈现，具有；take over 接收
3.含有on的动词词组：hang on坚持，有赖于；count on 指望，依赖；hold on继续，坚持；