Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said.
Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1.A) The man doesn’t want to see Mr. Williams.
B) Mr. Jones is in an inferior position than Mr. Williams.
C) Mr. Jones used to be in charge.
D) Mr. Willams doesn’t want to do tomorrow.
2.A) They need to make more efforts.
B) They’ll have more work to do tomorrow.
C) The others have done the greater part of it.
D) They’ve finished more than half of it.
3.A) She was feeling very sorry.
B) She felt a bit annoyed.
C) She was in a hurry.
D) She was in her office.
4.A) Jane was telling a lie.
B) The woman wasn’t being sincere.
C) Jane has already come back from Paris.
D) Jane wasn’t in Paris that day.
5.A) The knife belongs to him.
B) Bob should mind his own business.
C) The man once borrowed Bob’s knife.
D) Bob’s knife isn’t as good as that of the man.
6.A) He’ll miss the meeting that afternoon.
B) He’ll have an appointment with the host.
C) He won’t miss the meeting.
D) He is very hardworking.
7.A) Because she won’t fulfill her promise.
B) Because her mother would be very angry.
C) Because she can’t finish the job ahead of schedule.
D) Because she would be the last to finish the job.
8.A) He always talks on the phone for that long if it’s toll free.
B) They have so much free time to talk on the phone for that long.
C) They talked on the phone for too long.
D) He wants to know what they talked about.
9.A) At a restaurant.
B) At the cinema.
C) In the office.
D) At a department store.
10.A) She wrote the thesis for the man.
B) She warned the man about writing on such a topic.
C) She likes to take risk.
D) She was secretary to Professor Smith.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11.A) Americans are too attached to their cars.
B) American cars are too fast.
C) Automobiles endanger health.
D) Automobiles are the main pubic transportation tools of USA.
12.A) Because they pollute air.
B) Because they are natural hazards.
C) Because they are increasing in numbers.
D) Because people don’t walk so often.
13.A) Control of natural hazards.
B) Control of heavy traffic.
C) Control of heart disease.
D) Control of manmade hazards.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14.A) It smashed into a row of houses.
B) It was run over by a truck.
C) It was too nervous to leave the strip in the middle of the road.
D) It hit a truck.
15.A) A passenger.
B) The dog.
C) The truckdriver.
D) A policeman.
16.A) In the street.
B) In a family swimming pool.
C) In a public swimming pool.
D) In a kindergarten.
17.A) A big steak.
B) A piece of bread.
C) A bottle of milk.
D) An extra bone.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18.A) Seasonal variations in nature.
B) How intelligence changes with the change of seasons.
C) How we can improve our intelligence.
D) Why summer is the best season for vacation.
20.A) All people are less intelligent in summer than in the other seasons of the year.
B) Heat has no effect on people’s mental abilities.
C) People living near the equator are the most intelligent.
D) Both climate and temperature exert impact on people’s intelligence.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Antarctica has actually become a kind of space station—a unique observation post for detecting important changes in the world’s environment.S1 Remote from major sources of pollution and the complex geological and ecological systems that prevail elsewhere, Antarctica makes possible scientific measurements that are often sharper and easier to interpret than those made in other parts of the world.
Growing numbers of scientists therefore see Antarctica as a distantearly warning sensor, where potentially dangerous global trends may be spotted before they show up to the north. One promising field of investigation is glaciology. Scholars from the United States, Switzerland, and France are pursuing seven separate but related projects that reflect their concern for the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet—a concern they believe the world at large should share.
The Transantarctic Mountain, some of them more than 14,000 feet high, divide the continent into two very different regions. The part of the continent to the “east” of the mountains is a high plateau covered by an ice sheet nearly two miles thick. “West” of the mountain, the half of the continent south of the Americas is also covered by an ice sheet, but there the ice rests on rock that is mostly well below sea level. If the West Antarctic Ice Sheet disappeared, the western part of the continent would be reduced to a sparse cluster of island.
While ice and snow are obviously central to many environmental experiments, others focus on the mysterious“dry valley”of Antarctica, valleys that contain little ice or snow even in the depths of winter. Slashed through the mountains of southern Victoria land, these valleys once held enormous glaciers that descend 9,000 feet from the polar plateau to the Ross Sea.Now the glaciers are gone, perhaps a casualty of the global warming trend during the 10,000 years since the ice age. Even the snow that falls in the dry valleys is blasted out by vicious winds that roar down from the polar plateau to the sea. Left bare are spectacular gorges, rippled fields of sand dunes, clusters of boulders(大圆石)sculptured into fantastic shapes by 100mileanhour winds, and an aura of extraterrestrial desolation.
Despite the unearthly aspect of the dry valleys, some scientists believe that they may carry a message of hope for the verdant(草木繁茂的)parts of the earth. Some scientists believe that in some cases the dry valleys may soak up pollutants
faster than pollutants enter them.
21.Antarctica is scientifically important in that ____.
A) it is a space station
B) it is an ideal place for the investigation of glaciology
C) there is the mysterious dry valley
D) it can help people detect global environmental changes
22.The reason for the disappearance of glaciers in the dry valley is ____.
A) that they’ve desended to the Ross sea
B) that they’ve been blasted out by vicious winds
C) the global warming trend ever since the ice age
D) that they’ve been changed into gorges,sand dunes and boulders
23.When the author calls Antarctica “distantearlywarning sensor”, he
actually means that ____.
A) such equipment has been set up for scientific purpose
B) the research groups there are like such kind of sensors
C) potential global changes can be seen on Antarctica first
D) Antarctica is remote from other parts of the earth
24.Which of the following statements is true according to the article?
A) There is a cluster of island west of the Transantartic Mountain.
B) Scientific research on Antarctica only centers on the ice and snow there.
C) Dry valleys may be a place to dispose of our pollutants.
D) All the countries on earth should be concerned about the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.
25.The word “spotted”(2nd paragraph)can best be replaced by____.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The Carnegie Foundation report says that many colleges have tried to be “all things to all people”. In doing so, they have increasingly catered to a narrowminded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision among their students.
The current crisis, it contends, does not derive from a legitimate desire to put learning to productive ends. The problem is that in too many academic fields,
the work has no context; skills, rather than being means, have become ends.Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to a d
egree. In short, driven by careerism, “the nation’s colleges and universit
ies are more successful in providing credentials(文凭)than in providing a quality education for their students.” The report concludes that the special challenge confronting the undergraduate college is one of shaping an “integrated core” of common learning. Such a core would introduce students “to essential knowledge, to connections across the disciplines, and in the end, to application of knowledge to life beyond the campus.”
Although the key to a good college is a highquality faculty, the Carnegie study found that most colleges do very little to encourage good teaching. In fact, they do much to undermine it. As one professor observed:“Teaching is important, we are told, and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.” Not surprisingly, over the last twenty years colleges and universities have failed to graduate half of their fouryear degree candidates. Faculty members who dedicate themselves to teaching soon discover that they will not be granted tenure
(终身任期), promotion, or substantial salary increases. Yet 70 percent of all faculty say their interests lie more in teaching than in research. Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pressure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or colleagues in the content of the publications.”
26.When a college tries to be “all things to all people”(lines 2, Para. Ⅰ), it aims to ____.
A) satisfy the needs of all kinds of students simultaneously
B) focus on training students in various skills
C) encourage all sorts of people to attend college
D) make learning serve academic rather than productive ends
27.The word “core”(lines 15, 1st paragraph) might mean____.
28.One of the reasons for the current crisis in American colleges and universities is that ____.
A) a narrow vocationalism has come to dominate many colleges
B) students don’t have enough freedom in choosing what they want to learn
C) skills are being taught as a means to an end
D) students are not interested in learning
29.American colleges and universities failed to graduate half of their four
year degree candidates because ____.
A) most of them lack highquality faculites
B) students are becoming more and more lazy
C) there are not enough incentives for students to study hard
D) they attach greater importance to research and publication than to teaching
30.It can be inferred from the passage that highquality college education
calls for ____.
A) highquality faculties
B) a commitment to students and effective teaching
C) the cultivation of students’ interest in learning
D) dedication to research in frontier areas of knowledge
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
The U.S. birthrate began to decline in the middle 1950’s, resulting in a smaller
collegeage population starting in the middle 1970’s.S4 Something else happened in the 1970’s: the price of oil increased tremendously, driving up the price of almost everything and making Americans aware that their large automobiles used a lot of gasoline. At the same time, foreign car manufacturers had beg
un to produce small fuelefficient cars in large quantities for the export market. Suddenly, the large, gasguzzling American cars were no longer attractive to American buyers, who began buying foreign cars by the thousands. The American automobile industry went into a recession. Thousands of automotive workers were laid off, as were thousands of people in industries indirectly connected with the autoindustry. People who are laid off tend to keep what money they have for necessities, like food and housing. They do not have the extra money needed to send their children to college. Their children cannot pay their own college costs, because during a recession they cannot find jobs. High unemployment means that more state funds must be used for social service—unemployment benefits and to aid dependent children, for example—than during more prosperous times. It also means, that the states have fewer funds than usual, because people are paying fewer taxes. Institutions of higher education depend on two major sources of income to keep them functioning: tuition from students and funds from the states. At the present time, there are fewer students than in the past and fewer state funds available for higher education. The colleges and universities are in trouble.
31.What is the main idea of this passage?
A) The rising of oil price drove up the price of everything.
B) There were many reasons why higher education was in trouble in the 1970’s.
C) Birthrate began to decline in the USA in 1950’s.
D) High unemployment caused a lot of social problems.
32.The phrase “laid off” can best be replaced by which of the following?
A) Poor .
B) Got rid of.
33.American cars were not popular in their domestic markets because they were____.
D) not attractive
34.The colleges and universities were in trouble because of the following reasons except that ____.
A) they couldn’t get enough income to keep them running
B) young people couldn’t afford the tuition fees
C) keeping them running at the same level would cost much more
D) social services need more state funds because of the recession
35.All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ____.
A) young people couldn’t afford their own tuition in the 1970’s
B) it’s difficult for graduates from colleges to find a job in the 1970’s
C) fewer parents could afford to send their children to college because of
the recession in 1970’s
D) Birthrate dropped in the 1970’s because of the recession
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Within fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything that goes into the dumps would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find
out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling
waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal
such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well.
Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: first, it will pass through sharp metal bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a
powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that
grounders and rollers break up everything that can be broken. Finally the rubbish will pass under magnets, which will remove the bits of iron and steel; the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.
The first fullscale giant recycling plants are, perhaps, fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some
big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.
36.The main purpose of the passage is ____.
A) to show us a future way of recycling wastes
B) to tell the importance of recycling wastes
C) to warn people the danger of some wastes
D) to introduce a new recycling plant
37.How many stages are there in the recycling process?
38.What is the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants?
A) To deal with wastes in a better way.
B) It’s a good way to gain profits.
C) It’s more economical than to dump wastes in some distant places.
D) Energy can be got at a lower price.
39.The first full—scale huge recycling plants ____.
A) have been in existence for 15 years
B) takes 15 years to build
C) can’t be built until 15 years later
D) will remain functioning for 15 years
40.Which of the following statements is true?
A) The word “rubbish” will soon disappear from dictionaries.
B) Dangerous wastes can be recycled into nothing but energy.
C) To recycle paper and rubber will still be impossible even with the new recycling methods.
D) Big cities will soon have their own recycling plants.
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.You ____ her in office last Friday; She’s been out of town for two weeks.
A) needn’t have seen
B) might have seen
C) must have seen
D) can’t have seen
42.This candidate has far more chances of winning the election than ____ recommended by the organizer.
B) the one
43.____ difficult it is to surmount the obstacles, we’re bound to achieve
44.Many a time ____ not to play with fire but he turns a deaf ear to the
A) the child being told
B) the child has been told
C) has been told the child
D) has the child been told
45.He ____ writing the paper now. He hadn’t written a single word when I
left him ten minutes ago.
A) shouldn’t be
B) can’t have finished
C) can’t be
D) mustn’t have finished
46.Isn’t it lovely to think that I ____ myself on the sunny beach tomorrow at this time.
A) will enjoy
B) am enjoying
C) will be enjoying
D) shall enjoy
47.Don’t you know it’s the first time he ____ this kind of meeting?
C) has attended
D) is attending
48.If you ____ my advice, you ____ your failure now. You ____ your victory.
A) took ... wouldn’t cry over ... would celebrate
B) had taken ... wouldn’t have cried over ... would have celebrated
C) had taken ... aren’t crying over ... are celebrating
D) had taken ... wouldn’t be crying over ... would be celebrating
49.I would rather ____ out to look for a job instead of moping around here everyday.
A) to go B) going
C) went D) go
50.—I must have eaten something wrong. I feel like ____.
—I told you not to eat at a restaurant. You’d better ____ at home.
A) to throw up ... to eat
B) throwing up ... eating
C) to throw up ... eat
D) throwing up ... eat
51.He always dreams of ____ a chance for him to bring into full play his
A) there being B) there to be
C) there is D) being
52.You should keep an eye ____ the slightest changes in the patient while
the doctor is away.
A) for B) on
C) to D) about
53.____ is still a controversial issue.
A) If he is the right person for the job
B) That he is the right person for the job
C) Whether he is the right person for the job
D) He is the right person for the job
54.He has won the first place, ____ is clear from the expressions on his
A) that B) as
C) what D) when
55.His response was ____ that he didn’t say yes and he didn’t say no.
A) so B) what
C) what D) such
56.It’s time for us to ____ the traditional Chinese architecture.
A) preserve B) reserve
C) conserve D) deserve
57.I’m afraid taking a parttime job might ____ my time for study.
A) cut off B) cut into
C) cut down D) cut away
58.The innocent young man was ____ of robbing the bank.
A) sentenced B) charged
C) accused D) punished
59.People should behave ____ on such a solemn occasion.
A) respectedly B) respectfully
C) respectingly D) respectively
60.After second thought, she ____ a better solution.
A) came up with B) added up to
C) put up with D) made up for
61.I didn’t ____ to tell him the truth. He forced me into doing that.
A) expect B) suppose
C) hope D) mean
62.If this kind of animal becomes ____, our future generation won’t even
have a chance to see it.
A) little B) scarce
C) rare D) short
63.Little kids are OK most of the time. But sometimes can become a real ____.
A) difficulty B) nuisance
C) worry D) anxiety
64.Early settlers in this land found great difficulty in ____ to the harsh living conditions.
A) adopting B) fitting
C) settling D) adapting
65.Cultural exchanges between the two countries help to ____ understanding and friendship between the two peoples.
A) increase B) raise
C) promote D) quicken
66.His downfall is ____ to other factors than this.
A) contributable B) attributable
C) deducible D) responsible
67.I think you should go to see a doctor, who may ____ to you proper medicine so that you can recover faster.
A) prescribe B) subscribe
C) submit D) prohibit
68.It pains us to see that our environment is ____.
69.The age of the students in this class ____ from eighteen to twenty.
A) changes B) alters
C) ranges D) limits
70.After finishing the paper, he ____ himself to have a good rest.
A) extended B) stretched
C) spread D) reached
Translation (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part, there are four passages, each consisting of one or two sentences for you to translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read.You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
S1.(Para. 1, Passage 1)
Remote from major sources of pollution and the complex geological and ecological
systems that prevail elsewhere, Antarctica makes possible scientific measurements that are often sharper and easier to interpret than those made in other parts
of the world.
S2.(Para. 1, Passage 2)
Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to degree.
S3.(Para. 2, Passage 2)
Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pres
sure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or
colleagues in the content of the publications.”
S4.(Para. 1, Passage 3)
Something else happened in the 1970’s: the price of oil increased tremendously,
driving up the price of almost everything and making Americans aware that their
large automobiles used a lot of gasoline.
S5.(Para. 1, Passage 4)
Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should College Students Take Parttime Jobs? You should write in at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
1. M: I’d like to speak to Mr. Jones, please.
W: Sorry, sir. But Mr. Jones isn’t hear any more. Mr. Williams is in charge
Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
2. M: Wow, there’s a great deal of work for us to do.
W: Oh, it isn’t so bad as it looks. After all, the greater part of it has already been done.
Q: What does the woman say about the work?
3. W: Can’t you knock on the door before you enter my office next time?
M: Sorry, Mme. It’s just that I’m in such a hurry.
Q: How did the woman feel when she was speaking to the man?
4. W: Jane told me she would fly to Paris sometime this week.
M: Well, I saw her a minute ago at the supermarket.
Q: What can we conclude from the conversation?
5. W: Bob thinks you shouldn’t use your good knife to fix that.
M: Tell him it’s not his knife.
Q: What does the man imply?
6. M: How long will the party last? I’ve got a meeting to attend at 4 pm.
W: You’ll be all right. The host will have an appointment at 3 pm.
Q: What do we learn about the man?
7. M: Why do you look so worried? Only one has finished ahead of you.
W: I’ve promised my Mom that I’d be the first.
Q: Why is the woman worried?
8. W: My friend talked to me on the phone for two hours last night!
M: Is it toll free?
Q: What does the man imply?
9. W: Yes, we do have that color. But unfortunately we don’t have the medium size now.
M: In that case, I’ll have to take the blue one.
Q: Where does the conversation take place?
10.W: Why do you look so depressed?
M: Professor Smith said I might have to change another topic for my thesis.
W: I told you that topic was too risky.
Q: What did the woman do?
There Yale University professors agreed in a panel disussion tonight that the automobile was what one of them called“Public Health Enemy No. 1 in This Country”.Besides polluting the air and congesting the cities,automobiles could cause heart disease “because we don’t walk anywhere any more,”said Dr. H. P. Richard Weinerman, professor of medicine and public health. Dr. Weinerman’s sharp indictment of the automobile came in a discussion of human environment on Yale Reports, a radio program broadcast by Station WTIC in Hartford, Connecticut. The program opened a threepart series on “Staying Alive”.“For the first time in human history, the problem of man’s survival has to do with his control of manmade hazards,” Dr. Weinerman said.“Before this, the problem had been the control of natural hazards.”
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
11.What is the main idea of the passage?
12.Why could automobiles cause heart disease?
13.For the 1st time,what does the problem of man’s survival have to do with?
A small dog brought disaster to a small English town last week. It was trying to
cross a busy street but was too frightened to leave the strip in the middle of
A truck drive parked his truck on the side of the road and got out to help it. While he was going to get the dog, his truck rolled down the street. It smashed into four parked cars, crashed through a fence, rolled down a bank and smashed into a row of houses. Only the driver was hurt. The dog bit him on the hand while he was carrying it.
Here is another story about dogs. A nineyearold child who nearly drowned while she was swimming in a home swimming pool, was saved by the family dog on Saturday. The child was alone in the large pool at the time.
The family of the dog said it would receive an extra large bone as a reward.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
14.What happened to the dog that brought disaster to the town?
15.Who was hurt in the disaster?
16.Where did the second story about dog take place?
17.What would be the reward given to the dog in the second story?
If you are like most people, your intelligence varies from season to season. You
are probably a lot sharper in the spring than you are at any other time of year.
A noted scientist, Ellsworth Huntington, concluded from other men’s work and his
own among people in different climate and temperature have a definite effect on our mental abilities.
He found that cool weather is much more favorable for creative thinking than is
summer heat. This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in summer than they are during the rest of the year. It does mean, however, that the mental
abilities of large numbers of people tend to be lowest in summer.
Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking. One reason may be
that in the spring man’s mental abilities are affected by the same factors that
bring about great changes in all nature.
Fall is the nextbest season, then winter. As for summer, it seems to be a good
time to take a long vacation from thinking.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
18.What is the passage mainly about?
19.What is the best season for thinking?
20.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
还不是那么糟糕，毕竟，工作的大部分已经做完了。句子“…the greater part of it has
already been done.”给了我们明确信息，把被动变为主动，意思即为“they’ve finished more than half of it.”故选项D正确。
士的婉转建议中“can’t you knock on the door…?”可推论出她有些生气。所以选B是正确的。
做修理那种事情。但男士说：告诉他这不是他的小刀。从男士的说话中，我们可以推断出男士认为Bob应该管他自己的事，言外之意为Bob是多管闲事。选项中词组“mind one’s business”是“管闲事”之意。
中号的。男士则说：既然这样，我就买蓝色的。从此对话中的一些词语“color, size, take the blue one”,可以推知对话发生在百货商店里，是营业员与顾客间的对话。
was what one of them called “Public Health Enemy No.1 in This Country”点明了文
【详细解答】从文章中的第二句话，“…because we don't walk anywher
e any more，…”可知以车代步容易引发疾病，影响人的身体健康。
【详细解答】只要听到此句，“For the 1st time in human history, the problem of man's survival has to do with his control of man-made hazards.”就知道人类是第一次处理人造公害的控制问题。
【详细解答】从文章的第二句话，“…but was too frightened to leave
the strip in the middle of the street.”可知，狗因太害怕而在路中央不敢移动。因
【详细解答】从文章中此句话“Only the driver was hurt,”可知是卡车
【详细解答】从文章中此句“…while she was swimming in a home swimming pool, was saved…”，可知故事发生在家庭游泳池。
【详细解答】从文章中最后一句“…said it would receive an extra large bone as a reward.”可知这条狗所得的奖励是主人要额外地给它一大块骨头。
【详细解答】文章中的第一句就点明了主题，“…your intelligence varies from season to season.”可知答案B正确。
【详细解答】从文章中此句“Spring appears to be the best period of
the year for thinking.”可知答案D正确。
【详细解答】从文章中此句“This does not mean that all people are
less intelligent in summer….”可知选项A不对。文章中明确提及“summer heat”对人
的智力发挥有影响，故选项B也不对。选项C没有提及。而从此句“A noted scientist concluded…that climate and temperature have a definite effect on mental ability.”
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
【详细解答】见文章中第一句“…—a unique observation post for detecting important changes in the world’s environment”。从此句可知南极洲是唯一一个观测全球环境发生重大变化的一个点。因而选项D是正确的。
【详细解答】从文章中第四段中，我们可以找到这样一句“Now the glaciers are gone, perhaps a casualty of the global warming trend during the 10,000 years since the ice age.”可知选项C正确。
【详细解答】从文章中第二段第一句“…see Antarctica as a distant-early-warning censor, where potentially dangerous global trends may be spotted before they show up to the north.”，我们知道在南极洲可以观测到一些潜在的全球危险趋势。此意正好与选项C的意思吻合，故选项C正确。
【详细解答】从第三段最后一句“…the western part of the continent would be reduced to a sparse cluster of island.”可知此句为条件句，用的是虚拟语气，因而选项A中的事实句不正确。从第四段第一句中，可知，冰川和神秘“干谷”都是实验的重心，故排除B选项。根据文章最后一句，可以排除C。从第二段最后一句知选项D正确。
【详细解答】选项A) pace 放置，安置；B) notice 注意到；C) fix修理，安装，使固定；D) judge 判断，判决，根据上下文以及句意，选项B符合题意。
，技能成为了教育的最终目的。从此句“…skills, rather than being means, have become ends.”可知选项B符合题意。
【详细解答】从文章中第二句“…，they have increasingly catered to
a narrow-minded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision…”，可知
【详细解答】从最后一段中此句“Teaching is important, we are told,
and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.”可知，虽然被告
【详细解答】从文章中此句“…the large, gasguzzling American cars were no longer attractive to American buyers,…”可知美国汽车又大，又耗油，对美国消费者已没有吸引力了。文章中还说，外国汽车生产商们开始大规模生产一些省燃料的小型汽车用于出口，美国人开始批量购买外国汽车。所有这些，都可推出B正确。
【详细解答】从第三段，我们可以找到一些连接词“First,…; then…; after that….Finally…”.由此可知共四步。故选项B正确。
【详细解答】从文章中最后一句“…,with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.”可知，主要原因是运送垃圾的交通费用不断不涨。因而C项：比到远处倒拉圾要省钱一些，或节约一些，故正确。
【详细解答】从文章最后一段第一句，“The first fullscale giant recyling plants are, perhaps, fiften years away.”可知要建立大规模的厂还有十五年的路要走。此句中“fifteen years away”的理解很关键。选项C中not…until，“直到…才”意为“十五年后，才能建立”与原意相符。
【详细解答】选项A与原文第一段此句“The word rubbish could lose its meaning…”(单词rubbish 会失去原来的本义…)不符，故不对；B项与原文第一段中“Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes could provide energy if nothing else.”(那些最危险，最让人讨厌的垃圾，即使不能提供别的，也能提供能源。)不符，故不对。
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
【详细解答】选项A中needn’t have done 表示“本不必做…”；选项B中
might have done表示“可能做…”，选项C中must have done 表示“必定做过…”，选项D中can’t have done 表示“不可能做…”。选项D合乎句意。
“那一位，那一个”，特指某一个人；C) whom 关系代词，引导定语从句，通常在句中作宾
语成分；D) one “一个，人们”作代词时，类指“人们”。据题意B正确。
【详细解答】A) as 引导让步状语从句时，将从句的补语或状语置于句首
，如“Difficult as it is to…”，B) how “多么地”，引导感叹句；C) so表示“因此
，因而”；D) however “无论如何，不管怎样”，根据句意，D正确。
前面应是一个分句，选项A可排除。状语“many a time”放在句首，句子要倒装。选项D是正确的。
【详细解答】A) shouldn’t do “不应该做…”；B) can’t have done “
不可能做…”；C) can’t do “不会做，不能做…”；D) mustn’t have done 结构不常用。选项B合乎题意。
于其不带情态色彩，在某些场合便能表示婉转口气。从而现代英语用will+being 表礼貌的询问、请求等。eg. ①When will you be visiting us again? ②When will you visit us again?句①不带请求意愿色彩，口气较随使，婉转；②则有需求对方表态之意，口气不够婉转。
【详细解答】在“It’s the 1st time that…”结构中，that——分句中的
【详细解答】feel like 表示“想要”，后接名词或动名词；had better
【详细解答】dream of “梦到，梦想”，后面接名词或动名词；选项A)th
ere being 是“there be”的动名词形式，因而A正确。
【详细解答】keep on eye on sb./sth. 固定用法，“留心看着，注意”。
【详细解答】A) if引导条件状语从句，不合题意；B) that引导名词从句
的“controversial”相矛盾；C) whether 引导名词从句，“是否”，合乎题意；D) 是B句
【详细解答】此句是定语从句，关系代词代的是前面整个句子，即“He has won the 1st place.”四个选项中C、D都不是关系代词，选项A虽是关系代词，但不引导非
结构，这时such 是代词，一般用于主系表结构中。例如：His diligence was such that he made great progress.
【详细解答】A) preserve “保护，维护；保存，保藏”；强调防御破坏
等；C) conserve “保养，保藏，保存”，强调“节约使用，珍惜”；D) deserve “值得
【详细解答】cut off 切断，隔绝；切掉，剪下；cut into 侵犯，打断；
cut down 砍倒，删节；cut away 切掉，砍掉；根据句义，选项B正确。
【详细解答】A) sentence 宣判，判决，常用短语“be sentenced to…”
“被判处…”；B) charge 控告，指控，短语be charged with…“指控为…”；C)accuse
指挥，指责，短语accuse sb. of…“指控某人某罪”；D)punish 惩罚，只有选项C与介词of连用，表示指控。
表示“恭敬地，尊敬地”；respectingly 可能来源于“respecting”，不常用；respectively 各自地，分别地。选项B合乎句意。
【详细解答】come up with 提出，提供；put up with 容忍，忍受(讨厌
的人或物)；add up to 合计达；made up for 补偿，弥补。选项A合乎句意。
【详细解答】A) expect 期望，期盼；B) suppose 想象，设想；C) hope
希望；D) mean 意欲，打算；根据句义，选项D正确。
【详细解答】A) little 少，不多的，与much相对，倾向于否定；B) scar
ce “稀有的，稀少的”；常指物质的缺少，含有从前多，现在变为稀少之义；C) rare “
稀少的，罕有的”指不常见、稀有难得的东西，常含有珍贵的意味；D) short 短缺，不足
【详细解答】A) difficulty 困境，困难；B) nuisance 讨厌的(事、物、
人…)；C) worry 担忧，烦恼;D)anxiety 焦虑，担心。根据句义，选项B正确。
【详细解答】adopt “采用，采取”，及物动词；fit (使)适合，(使)适
应，作及物动词用时，后跟名词；settle 安家，安居，不及物动词；adapt 常与“to”连
【详细解答】A) increase 增加，增长；增殖；B) raise 提升，提拔，
提高；C) promote 促进；发扬，引起，通常promote growth (prosperity, understanding
) 促进生长(繁荣、谅解)；D)quicken 加快；刺激。根据句义，选项C正确。
【详细解答】A) contributable 值得奉献的；B) attributable 可归属的
，常有be～to 可归因于…；C) deducible 可推断的；D) responsible 负责任的，常有be～for sth. 对…负责任。根据句义，选项B正确。
【详细解答】A) prescribe 开处方，开药方；B) subscribe 签署；订阅 ；subscribe to an opinion 同意某一意见；C) submit 使服从，使受到，呈送，提交；subject to…甘受，屈服；D) prohibit 禁止 prohibit sb. from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事，根据句义，选项A正确。
【详细解答】A) degenerate 堕落，蜕化，退化(into); B) deteriorate
恶化；变质；C) decline 衰退，衰落；下降；D) depress 使萧条，使沮丧。根据句子，选
【详细解答】A) change (发生)变化，改变；B) alter 变样，改变；C)range (在一定范围内)变动，变化，常有range from…to…；D) limit 限制，限定，根据句子，选项C正确。
Part Ⅳ Translation
“Antarctica makes possible scientific measure ments”。前面的“Remote from…”是
补充说明“Antarctica”的，可以直接顺译为“远离…”，其后面的“that are…the worl
ts are offered…and allowed…”“被给予…，被允许…”；译为主动句“学生们有……，学生们可以……”。
【翻译要点】此句中的句子主干是“a complaint is that…”。在翻译时
，主句顺序不变，可译为“抱怨是…”，英语里的“among young scholars”,按照汉语习
of oil increased…，”其后的“driving up…and making Americans aware that…”，
【翻译要点】此句翻译的难点在于理解从句“if nothing else”的意思。
nothing else 是“没有其它的，没有别的”意思，根据上下文，可译为“不能提供别的”
Part Ⅴ Writing
Should College Students Take Parttime Jobs?
Nowadays, many college students are taking parttime jobs in their spare time.
On this phenomenon, different people have different views.
Opponents, especially parents of those students, think that the major task for college students is to study. Taking parttime jobs will cut into their time for
study. Book knowledge is the most important. The socalled social experience can be acquired after they graduate and enter society.
Supporters see many advantages in college students taking parttime jobs. Firstly, it provides the students a chance to realize that money is always earned in a hard way so that they’ll learn to be economical. Secondly, from a practical point of view, students can earn some money to relieve the financial burden on their parents. Thirdly, parttime jobs may lead the students out of the ivory tower to see the real world.
Although opinions vary as to whether students should take parttime jobs or not, it is up to the students themselves to make the decision after sizing up their
own special case. If they can handle their study very well, taking a parttime
job might be fun.