Part I Writing （30 minutes）
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Global Warming. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the question on Answer Sheet 1
For questions 1-7,mark
Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;
N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;
NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Spiders can be distinguished from other Arachnids because the prosoma (combined head and thorax) is only separated from the opisthosoma (abdomen) by a narrow waist, in other Arachnids the whole body appears to be much more of a single unit. All spiders produce silk, but only some construct webs to catch their homes and to protect their eggs.
All spiders possess poison glands but very few of them are dangerous to humans, of the 600+species in Britain only 12 (at least one of these is a recent human assisted colonist) are strong enough to pierce the human skin, and apart from allergies, none are more dangerous than a common wasp. Most spiders have 8 eyes (though some have 6,4,2 or 0), as well as 8 legs. (by the way if you count the claws as separate leg section [which you shouldn’t really] then their legs have 8 parts as well [coxa, trochanter, femur, patella, tibia, tarsus, metatarus, claws]) There are more than 32000 known species of spider in the world. No human being has ever been officially recorder as having died as the result of a ‘tarantula’ bite.
All spiders are carnivorous and feed only on liquids, i.e. their preys natural juices and the breakdown products of external digestion (meaning they spit, exude or inject digestive juices onto/into their prey ad suck up the resulting soup). So why not invite some to your next social do?
What’s In a Name
The word ‘Arachnida’ comes from the Greek word ‘Arachne’ who was the daughter of Idmon of Colophon in Lydia, a dyer by trade. Arachne herself was a weaver, the best in all the known world. However in a foolish moment she challenged Athene, the daughter of Zeus and goddess of, among other things, waving to a weaving competition. Arachne wove so perfect a cloth that she tore it to shreds. Arachne became depressed after this and in the end she hung herself. Athene stirred to remorse at the knowledge of what her anger had wrought turned the rope Arachne had used to hang herself into a web and Arachne herself into a spider so that the beauty of her spinning should not be lost to the world ever again.
The Great Household Spider Safari
There are just over six hundred different sorts of spider in the British Isles. But of these only a handful are commonly found in houses. At the front of the head are a pair of what appear to be small legs. These are called palps and are used to guide food to the spider’s mouth. The front of the head also has a group of six or eight eyes. On the underside of the body at the rear, are four or six small conical bumps or cylinders. There are the spinnerets from which the spider produces the silk to make its webs.
Telling male and female spiders apart is easily done by looking at their palps. Males have swollen ends to their palps which makes them look as if they are wearing boxing gloves, these are often strange shapes if looked at with a hand lens. Females have normal looking palps that are not swollen at the ends.
The largest spider is the Goliath spider, the female of which grows to reach a leg span of ten inches. The largest spider in Britain is the Cardinal spider which is a close cousin of Tim Tegenaria. Females can achieve a leg span of four and a half inches. It is known as the Cardinal spider as it was common in Hampton Court when Cardinal Wolsey lived there. The sight of these long legged spiders wandering around the palace at night used to frighten him. So far 32000 different kinds of spider have been discovered from all over the world. Britain has 630 different kinds of spider of which 250 are tiny Money spiders. The smallest of which has a body less than one millimeter long.
1.All the silk produced by spiders construct webs to catch their food
2.Not all the poison glands possessed by spiders are dangerous to human beings.
3.Spiders often kill humans in Britain when they pierce human skin.
4.After seeing her enemy commits suicide, Arachne turned Athena into a spider.
5.TimTegenaria spiders are closely related to tarantula spiders; both are found in Britain.
6.So far32000 different kinds of spiders have been discovered from all over the world.
7.Money spiders are the smallest spiders found in the Arachnids family.
8.There are more than known species of spider in the world.
9.Telling male and female spiders apart is easily done by .
10.The largest spider iswww.59wj.com
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was side. Both the conversation and questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A) Feel sorry that she can’t help the man.
B) Lend the man her pencil and paper.
C) Ask someone else to help the man.
D) Give the man the notes.
12. A) Jason will arrive at 7:30.
B) Jason should have arrived at 8:00
C) Jason is usually punctual.
D) Jason is not very punctual.
13. A) In a railway station. B) In a hotel room.
C) In a restaurant. D) At the airport.
14. A) She will help the man later.
B) She doesn’t want to help him with the homework.
C) The man should do the homework himself.
D) The man should watch the program first.
15. A) A movie. B) A lecture.
C) A play. D) A speech.
16. A) He usually talks quietly.
B) He usually assigns homework.
C) He didn’t teach class today.
D) He noticed that the students didn’t do their homework..
17. A) The show is too difficult to understand.
B) There is nothing worth seeing there.
C) She doesn’t understand what’s on the show.
D) The room is too small for the audience.
18. A) The weather is changeable.
B) The weather forecast is unreliable.
D) She hasn’t read the newspaper.
Questions 19 to21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) history B) geography C) mathematics D) art
20. A) logic B) writing C) history D) mathematics
21. A) adviser B) computer programmer C) product designer D) school teacherwww.59wj.com
Questions 22 to25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. A. A mountain resort. B. A seaside resort.
C. A desert. D. The outback of Australia.
23.. A. Fellow teachers. B. Freshmen of a university.
C. Second-year students. D. Either seniors or juniors.
24. A. There are mountains nearby.
B. He’s been there once.
C. He wants to be away from the hustle and bustle.
D. He heard it would be fun to be there.
25.A. Finish their course work.
B. Plan out their holiday in detail.
C. Head for Sydney.
D. Buy some necessities for their trip.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each conversation, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A) She was found stealing in a bookstore.
B) She caught someone in the art of stealing.
C) She admitted having stolen something.
D) She said she was wrongly accused of stealing.
27. A) A book. B) $ 3,000.
C) A handbag. D) A Christmas card.
28. A) She was questioned by the police.
B) She was shut in a small room for 20 minutes.
C) She was insulted by the shopper around her.
D) She was body searched by the store manager.
29. A) They refused to apologize for having followed her though the town.
B) They regretted having wrongly accused her of stealing.
C) They still suspected that she was a thief.
D) They agreed to pay her $ 3,000 damages.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. A) His friend gave him the wrong key.
B) He didn’t know where the back door was.
C) He couldn’t find the key to his mailbox.
31. A) It was getting dark.
B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.
C) The birds might have flown away.
D) His friend would arrive any time.
32. A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.
B) He knew the policeman wouldn’t believe him.
C) The torch light made him look very foolish.
D) He realized that he had made a mistake.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.
B) The exhaustion of energy resources.
C) The destruction of energy resources.
D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.
34. A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.
B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.
C) The oil lakes soon dried up and stooped evaporating.
D) The underground water resources have not of oil wells.
35. A) To restore the normal production of the oil wells.
B) To estimate the losses caused by the fire.
C) To remove the oil left in the desert.
D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
These days people who do manual work often 36 ______ far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are 37_______referred to as “white-collar workers” for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human 38 ________, that a great many people are often willing to 39 ________ higher pay for the 40 _________ of becoming white-collar workers. This can give rise to 41 _______ situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.
When he got 42 _________, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job. He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home 43 in a smart black suit. 44 __________________________________________ Before returning home at night, he took a shower and changed back into his suit.45______________________________________ Alf’s wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will for Alf has just found another job. He will soon be working in an office. He will be earning only half as much as he used to, 46_____________________________________________________ From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him “Mr.Bloggs”, not “Alf”.
Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making you choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
As the plane circled over the airport, everyone sensed that something was wrong. The plane was moving unsteadily through the air, and 47 the passengers had fastened their seat belts, they were suddenly 48 forward. At that moment, the air-hostess 49 .She looked very pale, but was quite 50 .Speaking quickly but almost in a whisper, she 51 everyone that the pilot had 52 and asked if any of the passengers knew anything about machines or at 53 how to drive a car. After a moment 54 , a man got up and followed the hostess into the pilot's cabin. Moving the pilot 55 , the man took his seat and listened carefully to the 56 instructions that were being sent by radio from the airport below. The plane was now dangerously close to ground, but to everyone's relief, it soon began to climb.
A. although B. anxious
C. thrown D. shifted
E. appeared F. urgent
G. presented H. aside
I. even J. informed
K. calm L. least
M. fainted N. length
Direction: There are 2 passage in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
In the early days of the internet, many people worried that as people in the rich world embraced new computing and communications technologies, people in the poor world would be left stranded on the wrong side of a “digital divide.” Yet the debate over the digital divide is founded on a myth — hat plugging poor countries into the internet will help them to become rich rapidly.
This is highly unlikely, because the digital divide is not a problem in itself, but a symptom of deeper, more important divides: of income, development and literacy. Fewer people in poor countries than in rich ones own computers and have access to the internet simply because they are too poor, are illiterate, or have other more immediate concerns, such as food, health care and security. So even if it were possible to wave a magic wand and cause a computer to appear in every household on earth, it would not achieve very much: a computer is not useful if you have no food or electricity and cannot read. Yet such Wand-waving — through the construction of specific local infrastructure projects such as rural telecenters — is just the sort of thing for which the UN's new fund is intended.
This sort of thing is the wrong way to go about addressing the inequality in access to digital technologies: it is treating the symptoms, rather than the underlying causes. The benefits of building rural computing centers, for example, are unclear. Rather than trying to close the divide for the sake of it, the more sensible goal is to determine how best to use technology to promote bottom-up development. And the answer to that question turns out to be remarkably clear: by promoting the spread not of PCs and the Internet, but of mobile phones.
57. What is the main idea of this passage?
A) Plugging poor countries into the Internet will help them to become rich rapidly.
B) Poor countries should be given more basic devices other than advanced ones.
C) Rich countries should help poor ones becoming rich.
D) People in poor countries cannot afford devices such as computer.
58. What did the author mean by referring "digital divide." (Line 3, Para. 1)?
A) Digital technology will make the gap between rich world and poor world wider.
B) Digital technology will divide people into rich and poor world.
C) People can be divided digitally.
D) To divide people in digital world is wrong.
59. We can infer from the 2nd paragraph that.
A) people in poor countries cannot use computer because of illiteracy.
B) poor people cannot use computers.
C) there would be no magic to cause a computer to appear in every household on earth.
D) people in poor countries need more basic living conditions than computers.
60. Considering the following sentences, which one would the author most agree?
A) Digital technology is useless.
B) Digital divide will help poor countries becoming rich.
C) Poor people need more immediate concerns, such as food, health care and security.
D) Mobile phones should be promoted firstly.
61. The following passage will probably be:
A) How to promote using of mobile phones.
B) How to use technology to promote bottom-up development.
C) The benefits of building rural computing centers.
D) How to meet the need of food, health and security in poor countries.www.59wj.com
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors (流星 ) but also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage.
Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called “rem”. Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0.1 rem without being damaged; the figure of 60 reins has been agreed on. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage — a person may feel perfectly well, but the cells of his or her sex organs may be damaged, and this will no be discovered until the birth of deformed children or even grandchildren.
Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high amount of rems. So far, no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported, but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere, working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but no really effective ones have been found so far.
62. According to the first paragraph, the atmosphere is essential to man in that ____.
A) it protects him against the harmful rays from space
B) it provides sufficient light for plant growth
C) it supplies the heat necessary for human survival
D) it screens off the falling meteors
63. We know from the passage that ____.
A) exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal
B) the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming
C) radiation is avoidable in space exploration
D) astronauts in spacesuits needn't worry about radiation damage
64. The harm radiation has done to the Apollo crew members ____
A) is significant B) seems overestimated
C) is enormous D) remains unknown
65. It can be inferred from the passage that ____.
A) the Apollo mission was very successful
B) protection from space radiation is no easy job
C) astronauts will have deformed children or grandchildren
D) radiation is not a threat to well-protected space explorers
66. The best title for this passage would be ____.
A) The Atmosphere and Our Environment
B) Research on Radiation
C) Effects of Space Radiation
D) Importance of Protection Against Radiation
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Direction: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choice marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play? 67 an event takes place; newspapers are on the streets 68 the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, reports are on the spot to 69 the news.
Newspapers have one basic 70 , to get the news as quickly as possible from its source, from those who make it to those who want to 71 it. Radio, telegraph, television, and 72 inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication. 73 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 74 and thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 75 and read than ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping readers 76 of the latest news, today's newspapers 77 and influence readers about politics and other important and serious matters. Newspapers influence readers' economic choices 78 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very 79 .Newspapers are sold at a price that 80 even a small fraction of the cost of production. The main 81 of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The 82 in selling advertising depends on a newspaper's value to advertisers. This 83 in terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends 84 on the work of the circulation department and on the services or entertainment 85 in a newspaper's pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a newspaper's value to readers as a source of information 86 the community, city, country, state, nation, and world—and even outer space.
67.A.Just when B. While C. Soon after D. Before
68.A.to give B. giving C. given D. being given
69.A.gather B. spread C. carry D. bring
70.A.reason B. cause C. problem D. purpose
71.A.make B. publish C. know D. write
72.A.another B. other C. one another D. the other
73.A.However B. And C. Therefore D. So
74.A.value B. ratio C. rate D. speed
75.A.spread B. passed C. printed D. completed
76.A.inform B. be informed C. to be informed D. informed
77.A.entertain B. encourage C. educate D. edit
79.A.on B. through C. with D. of
80.A.forms B. existence C. contents D. purpose
81.A.source B. origin C. course D. finance
82.A.way B. means C. chance D. success
83.A.measures B. measured C. Is measured D. was measured
84.A.somewhat B. little C. much D. something
85.A.offering B. offered C. which offered D. to be offered
86.A.by B. with C. at D. about
Direction: Complete th sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
87. _______________(直到失去健康) that people know the value of health.
88. The bag was stuffed _____________.(脏衣服)
89. __________(很多朋友不在), we decided to put the meeting off.
90. _______________(给我印象最深的) were her liveliness and sense of humor.
91. There engines are ___________.(不如我们制造的那些发动机功率大)
In these times, people all over the world are starting to learn the influence that global warming has on people everywhere. it is a sad truth that this issue is affecting not only merely the weather, but not everyday lives as well.
These are numerous reasons to explain this; here I would like to explore some of the most important ones. The development of modern industry must be the biggest reason. Carbon dioxide exerted from some factories is believed to be contributing to the accelerated warming our atmosphere. In addition, the way that we are consuming a greater and greater amount of energy in the process of our day-to-day lives is only exacerbating this problem.
Talking into consideration those factors discussed above, I believe there are at least two measures we can take: on one hand, the government should come up with more effective and stricter laws for the regulation of industrial emissions and byproducts. On the other hand, as individuals, we need to get into the habit of saving energy. With joint effort from every one of us, we can certainly hope for a lasting solution to this problem one day.www.59wj.com
1.F.当出现all这种过于绝对的词语时，考生应该引起注意。一般这样的命题多数是不正确的。首段中有句话：“All spiders produce silk, but only some construct webs to catch their food”命题中all的说法过于绝对。
3.F.原文中第二段首句中写到，“of the 600+ spiders in Britain only 12 are strong enough to pierce the human skin”，因此并不是命题中说的当它们刺进人的皮肤会经常杀死人。
4.F．原文中说，“Arachne became depressed after this and in the end she hung herself.”注意代词this指代上面的句子，结合上一句一起理解，命题显然是错误的。
5. NG.文章中只出现过一次Tim Tegenaria，所以该题很好定位，即最后一段的第二句。可是文章中并没有出现tarantula spiders。
该题由关键词species of spider定位在第二段倒数第二句。
9.looking at their pales
10.the Goliath spider
11. B 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.C 16.B 17.D 18.B
11. M: I forgot to bring my pencil and paper to take notes with in class.
W: That’s all right. I have enough for both of us.
Q: What will the woman most probably do next?
12. W: When is Jason coming?
M: Well, he said he’d be here at seven-thirty, but if you know him, it will be at least eight o’clock.
Q: What do we know about Jason?
13. M: Are you ready to check out?
W: Yes. I’ll pay the bill and you’ll call the desk and have our baggage taken out to the taxi.
Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place?
14. M: Remember, you promised to help me with my homework for English class.
W: But I want to watch this program first. It is almost over. Wait a moment, please.
Q: What does the woman mean?
15. M: I was terribly embarrassed when some of the audience got up and left in the middle of the performance.
W: Well, some people just can’t seem to appreciate real-life drama.
Q: What are they talking about?
16. W: Professor Hook was so strange today.
M: I noticed that too. He was talking so quietly and then not giving us any homework at all. Can you believe that?
Q: What can be inferred about Professor Hook?
17. M: This room is so crowded. I can hardly breathe and I can’t see anything.
W: I don’t understand why they didn’t have this show in a bigger place. Do you?
Q: What is the woman complaining about?
18. M: The newspaper says that it’ll be raining today. What do you think?
W: I don’t believe it. Look, the sun’s shining.
Q: What does the woman mean?
19.C 20.A 21.B 22.C 23.B 24.D 25.B
W: Sit down please, Mr. Johnson.
M: Introduce you, ma’am
W: I have read your letter here. You seem to have done very well in school. Can you tell me something about your schoolwork?
M: As you can see, my strongest subjects were art subjects. My best subject was history, and my second best was geography. However, my favorite subject was math, and the results I got in the math paper were quite reasonable..
W: That’ s true. Now, can you tell me why you think these subjects will help you in this job?
M: Well, ms’ am, I understand that you manufacture computers, prepare software, and advise diets on how to use them. Is that right?
W: What’s right.
M: And I’ve been told that working with computers needs a logical mind rather than great skills in mathematics. That’ s especially true, I believe, when it comes to writing programs. So I think my results show that I have some ability in logic and in mathematics, as well.
W: So, you would like to write material for computers, would you?
M: Yes, ma’am. That’s what interests me most about computers, writing programs. But I think the computer industry itself is still expanding enormously. I’ m sure that career prospects in the industry would be very good.
W: I see. Well, thank you. I’ve enjoyed our talk. We’ll be writing to you.
M: 1lmdc you, ms’ am. Good-bye.
Q1: According to the conversation, Mr. Johnson is NOT very strong in which subject?
Q2: Mr. Johnson thinks what can help him a lot in the job?
Q3: What would Mr. Johnson like to work as?
M: Well, Cynthia, our first semester at university is almost over. I can’t wait for the holidays.
W: Me, too, Edward! Why don’ t we go somewhere far away and forget about lectures and essays and all that hard work.
M: Sounds good to me. Now, how long will we have before we have to be back here on campus for the next semester?
W: We’ve got about six weeks, I think.
M: How about if we go to the coast? It would be great to do some swimming and surfing.
W: The coast would be good, but let’s look at our other options. There are the mountains. They’re nice and cool at this time of year. And we can do some bush-walking. There’s also the desert, which I really enjoyed last year.
M: What about going to Sydney? I’ve never been there and they say it’s a great city to visit. Lots of things to do there, I’ve heard.
W: I agree Sydney would be good but there are too many tourists there at this time of year. And I’d rather get away from buildings and cars. There are enough of those around here. I vote for mountains.
M: All right, then, let’s do that. Now we have to decide where we’re going to stay and how we’re going to get there.
Q1: Where did the woman go for holiday last year?
Q2: Who are the two speakers?
Q3: Why does the man vote for Sydney?
Q4: What will the two speakers probably do next?
36-35 D D B C A A B D D C
An elderly woman yesterday made a legal claim against a department store because it had wrongly accused her of stealing a Christmas card. Ms. Doss white, 72 years old, is claiming $3,000 damages from the store for wrongful arrest and false imprisonment. Ms. White visited the store while doing Christmas shopping, but did not buy anything. She was followed though the town by a store manager. He had been told that a customer saw her take a card and put it in her shopping bag. He stopped her at a bookstore as she was reading a book. Ms. White said, “This man, a total stranger, suddenly grasped my bag and asked if he could look in it.” She was taken back to the store and shut in a small room in full view of shopper for 20 minutes until the police arrived. At the police station she was body-searched and nothing was found. Her lawyer said the department store sent an insincere apology and they insisted that she may have been stealing. The hearing continues today.
Q1. What does the story tell us about the old woman?
Q2. What was said to have been stolen?
Q3. What happened to Ms. White after she was taken back to the store?
Q4. What was now the attitude of the department store in this legal case?www.59wj.com
My friend, Vemon Davies kept birds. One day he phoned and told me he was going away for a week. He asked me to feed the birds for him and said that he would leave the key to his front door in my mailbox.
Unfortunately, I forgot all about the birds until the night before Vemon was going to return. What was worse, it was already dark when I arrived at his house. I soon found the key Vernon gave me could not unlock either the front door or the back door. I was getting desperate. I kept thinking of what Vemon would say when he came back.
I was just going to give up when I noticed that one bedroom window was slightly open. I found a barrel and pushed it under the window. As the barrel was very heavy, I made a lot of noise. But in the end, I managed to climb up and open the window.
I actually had one leg inside the bedroom when I suddenly realized that someone was shining a torch up at me. I looked down and saw a policeman and an old lady, one of Vemon’s neighbours. “What are you doing up there?” said the policeman. Feeling like a complete fool, I replied, “I was just going to feed Mr. Davies’s birds.”
Q1. Why couldn’t the man open the door?
Q2. Why did the man feel desperate?
Q3. Why did the man feel like a fool?
When Iraq troops blew up hundreds of Kuwaiti oil wells at the end of the Gulf War, Scientists feared environmental disaster. Would black powder in the smoke from the fires circle the globe and block out the sun?
Many said, “No way; rain would wash the black power from the atmosphere. But in America, air sampling balloons have detected high concentrations of particles similar to those collected in Kuwait that didn’t catch fire. It has formed huge lakes in the Kuwaiti desert. They trap insects and birds, and poison a variety of other desert animals and plants.
The only good news is that the oil lakes have not affected the underground water resources. So far, the oil has not been absorbed because of the hard sand just below the surface.
Nothing, however, stops the oil from evaporating. The resulting poisonous gases are choking nearby residents.
Officials are trying to organize a quick cleanup, but they are not sure how to do it. One possibility is to burn the oil. Get those black-powder detectors ready.
Q1. What were the scientists worried about soon after the Gulf War?
Q2. What was the good news for scientists?
Q3. What are the officials trying to do at the moment?
These days people who do manual work often receive far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are frequently referred to as “white-collar workers” for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers. This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.
When he got married, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job. He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home dressed in a smart black suit. He then changed into overalls and spent the next eight hours as a dustman. Before returning home at night, he took a shower and changed back into his suit. Alf did this for over two years and his fellow dustman kept his secret. Alf’s wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will for Alf has just found another job. He will soon be working in an office. He will be earning only half as much as he used to, but he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money. From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him “Mr. Bloggs”, not “Alf”.
【解析】；at least至少；at length详细地。at least最符合句意。
57. B 从第二段我们可以看出，作者认为，穷国的人民关心更加现实的东西，比如食物、医疗和安全保障。即使提供给他们许多先进的数字设备，他们也会因为缺乏知识或没有电力而不能用。所以与其提供这些，不如提供更加基础的援助，所以选B。第一段最后一句话说，作者认为只是数字技术使穷国变富是一个神话，所以A错误。作者只是从数字设备和基础设备两个方面比较，而不是笼统的说富国应该帮助穷国变富，所以C错，从第二段可以看出，作者说即使提供给世界上每个家庭一台计算机，也不会有太多作用，显然问题不在于能不能负担起计算机，所以D错。
58. A divide的意思是分离，隔开。digital divide 可译成“数字鸿沟”，即数字化使世界的贫富差距越来越大。所以A正确。在没有数字化之前，世界上就存在贫富分化。数字化的出现只是 使其差距更大，而不是产生的原因，所以B，C，D错误。
59. D 文章的大意是穷国更需要基础设施和帮助，而第二段作者通过举例和论证说明了论点，所以本题选D。第二段虽然说了，穷国的人民因为没有文化而不能使用计算机，但这不是全部的原因，所以A错。答案B过于笼统，只说穷人无法使用电脑，而文章说明了穷人不能使用电脑是有具体原因的，所以B错。让每个家庭都有一台电脑是作者的一个假设，用于说明穷人无法使用电脑的原因，而不是讨论这个假设可不可能实现，所以C错。
60. C 文章的第二段第二句说明了穷国更多关注的是"food, health care and security." 所以选C。作者分析了数字化在现阶段大多数穷国没有太多好处，但是并没有否定数字技术的作用，所以A错误。在第一段的最后一句，作者说在给他们电脑和网络等高级设备之前，应该先晋级基础设备。在这里移动电话只是基础设施的一个例子，并不是说一定要先拥有移动电话才能用电脑，所以答案D错。
61. B 本题用排除法：移动电话只是一个例子来说明更加基础的设备，所以答案A错误。建造乡村电脑中心的好处与文章说明的问题无关，所以答案C错误。解决粮食、健康、安全保障的问题范围过于宽广与本文主旨无关，所以答案D错，最后得出答案为B。
62. A 问题问的是为什么大气层对人类是至关重要的。文章的第四句说到了大气层屏蔽了大量的外来射线。
63. B A，C，D选项内容在文章中均没有明确肯定，只有B对应了原文的第二段的第四句话---问题在于很难发现辐射对人的损伤，当事人当时可能感觉良好，但是他的遗传细胞可能受到损伤，将会影响到他的孩子，甚至后代。
64. D 从文章中我们得知，到现在为止还没有报告显示阿波罗号受到辐射损害，所以A，B，C选项均与文章意思相悖，只有D相对正确。
65. D 该题对应了原文的最后一段。文章说虽然到现在为止还没有报告显示阿波罗号受到辐射损害，但毕竟它登月的时间短。人类能否长时间接受辐射照射还是个未知数。防辐射的药虽然已经研制出来，但只能削减辐射对人类的损害，还谈不上根治。所以说防太空辐射不是容易的事情。
66. D 此文主要是谈辐射的危害大以及防辐射的一些措施。D最准确。
87.It is not until they lose it. 强调句的基本结构是: It is/ was ... that /who
88.with dirty clothes with (without) 引起的状语结构 + 买
89.with so many friends being absent
90. what impressed us most
91.not as powerful as those we have made as+adj.+aswww.59wj.com 如果觉得《江涛英语独家提供大学英语新四级最后模拟题》模拟题,yyslj不错，可以推荐给好友哦。