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  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  While traveling abroad,Mr.Jackson Frank ran short of money.So he wrote to his brother,asking for $500.“Send the money by telegram,”he wrote,“to the Fisher Ba

  nk in P...”After a week he began calling at the Fisher Bank.He showed his passport.“Nothing has come for you,”he was told.This went on for two weeks and Mr.Frank got very worried.He sent a telegram to his brother,asking where the money was.There was no reply,and no money arrived for him.

  In the fourth week Mr.Frank was arrested for failing to pay his hotel bill.His passport was taken from him.He tried to explain the problem,but no one believed him.He was sent to prison for six days.

  When he came out,he went immediately to the Fisher bank.The clerk he spoke to was a new man. “Have you received $500 for me?”he ask,“My name is Jackson Frank.”The clerk checked his books.“Yes,Jackson,it’s here.It came by telegram.——let me see——oh,more than two months ago.We wondered where you were.”He showed Mr.Frank the order.

  The order read:“Pay Mr.Frank Jackson the sum of $500...”

  “ But my name is Jackson Frank,not Frank Jackson.”

  “ Oh,that’s all right,sir.It was in our books under the letter‘J’,but it’s your money.”The clerk laughed,“A human mistake,sir!We’re all human beings,aren’t we?And so we all make mistakes.A family name like Frank sounds strange to me.”Mr Frank was silent.He really wanted to hit somebody.At last he said,“A human mistake——is that what you call it?I think some humans need kicking.”

  21. Jackson didn’t just go to his brother and get some money because ____.
  A)he was afraid to see his brother
  B)he was in prison and was not allowed to go anywhere
  C)he was traveling in a foreign country and was far from his brother
  D)he knew that his brother had no money 

  22. A week after he had written to his brother,Jackson began ____.
  A)telephoning the bank
  B)visiting the bank
  C)shouting at the clerks of the bank
  D)explaining his problem to the clerks of the bank 

  23. Jackson was arrested and sent to prison because ____.
  A)his brother hadn’t sent him any money and he couldn’t pay his hotel bill
  B)he had spent almost all his money and couldn’t pay his hotel bill
  C)he had lost all his money and couldn’t pay his hotel bill
  D)his brother hadn’t sent him as much money as he asked for and he couldn’t pay his hotel bill 

  24. Which of the following statements is true?____.
  A)The money did not reach the Fisher Bank.
  B)The money reached the wrong bank.
  C)The money reached the bank after he was arrested.
  D)The money reached the bank before he was arrested. 

  25. The clerks put his name under the wrong letter ____.
  A)through carelessness.
  B)because they were human beings
  C)because he had a strange name
  D)by pronouncing his name incorrectly 

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

  To most Africans,tribalism simply means very strong loyalty to one’s ethnic group.It is a force that can be both good and bad.By definition tribalism means sharing among members of the extended family.It makes sure that a person is taken care of by his own group.To give a job to a fellow tribesman is not wrong;it is an obligation.Similarly,for a politician or military leader it is considered good

  common sense to choose his closest adviser from people of his own tribe.This ensures security,continuity, authority.Tribal loyalty may mean a quick promotion—from sergeant to captain,from clerk to manager—within a very short time.

  Modern African politicians publicly speak out against tribal divisions.Yet it remains perhaps the most powerful force in day-to-day African life.As evidence of tribalism,in 1977 in Kenya,president Jomo Kenyatta’s tribe controlled business and politics.Eight of the 21 cabinet posts,including the most important four were filled by Kikuyus.In Uganda in the same year,the president’s small Kakwa tribe filled almost all the highest government and military positions!In Agola,Ethiopia,and Nigeria,the fighting in the past ten years can be partly explained by disagreements among tribes.

  26. What is the definition of tribalism?
  A)Sharing among members of the extended family.
  B)Giving a job to a fellow tribesman.
  C)A force that can be both good and bad.
  D)People have the same religious belief. 

  27. One example of how a tribe takes care of its own people is ____.
  A)“a force that can be both good and bad”
  B)“very strong loyalty to one’s ethnic group”
  C)“tribal loyalty may mean a quick promotion”
  D)it is important to be loyal to one’s own tribal group 

  28. In paragraph 2,“the most important four” refers to ____.
  A)military position B)business
  C)cabinet posts D)Kikuyus 

  29. How many examples are there “as evidence of tribalism”?
  A)Four. B)Two.
  C)One. D)Three. 

  30. According to the passage,which of the following statements is wrong?
  A)Modern African politicians approve of tribal divisions.
  B)A person is usually taken care of by his own tribe.
  C)Africans consider it an obligation to give a job to a fellow tribesman.
  D)Tribalism is still a powerful force in day-to-day African life. 

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

  No one loves the mosquito.

  But unfortunately the mosquito may decide that she loves you. She?Yes, she. Did you know that only the female mosquito bites?Well,it’s true.And it’s not because she is unfriendly;she needs blood to reproduce.But why?Why did nature bother to create mosquitoes?Just to annoy us?Probably that wasn’t the main reason. Male mosquitoes live on the nectar of flowers,and some scientists believe that they pollinate the flowers as they fly from one to the other.Of course,mosquitoes have to reproduce,and unfortunately that’s where you and I come in.Like it or not,mosquitoes are here to stay.Ouch!(Slap!)One just bit me!

  31. In paragraph 1,“no one loves the mosquito,”one refers to____.
  A)female mosquito B)mosquito
  C)somewhere D)person 

  32. Why is “she” written in italics?
  A)Because it is a short question. B)For emphasis.
  C)For no special reason. D)For alarming. 

  33. Paragraph 2 says “unfortunately that’s where you and I come in.”Why is it unfortunate?
  A)Because mosquitoes will bite us to get some blood.
  B)Because mosquitoes have to reproduce.
  C)Because mosquitoes are here to stay.
  D)Because mosquitoes are unfriendly. 

  34. According to paragraph 2,“Ouch!(Slap!)”what happened?
  A)A mosquito dropped into the writer’s cup.
  B)A mosquito slapped the writer and flew away.
  C)A mosquito flew away and the writer hit himself.
  D)A mosquito bit the writer,and the writer hit her. 

  35. “Like it or not,mosquitoes are here to stay.”Like it or not can be explained as ____.
  A)it doesn’t matter if we get bitten by mosquitoes
  B)it doesn’t matter whether we like the situation or not
  C)it doesn’t matter whether mosquitoes like the stuation or not
  D)it doesn’t matter whether female or male mosquitoes bite us 




  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

  When a new movement in Art attains a certain vogue,it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at,for,however far-fetched and unreasonable their contents may seem today,it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.With regard to Futurist poetry,however,the case is rather difficult,for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as Literature.

  This,in brief,is what the Futurist says for a century,past conditions of life have been continually speeding up,till now we live in a world of noise and violence and speed.Consequently,our feelings,thoughts and emotions have undergone a corresponding change.This speeding up of life,says the Futurist,requires a new form of expressions.We must speed up our literature too,if we want to interpret modern stress.We must pour out a cataract of essential words,unhampered by stops,or qualifying adjectives,or finite verbs.Instead of describing sounds we must make up words that imitate them;we must use many sizes of type and different colored inks on the same page,and shorten or lengthen words at will.

  Certainly their descriptions of battles are vividly chaotic.But it is a little disconcerting to read in the explanatory notes that a certain line describes a fight between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge off which they both fall into the river——and then to find that the line consists of the noise of their falling are the weights of the officers.“Pluff!Pulff!A hundred and eighty fivekilograms.”

   This,though it fulfills the laws and requirements of Futurist poetry can hardly be classed as Literature.All the same,no thinking man can refuse to accept their first proposition that a great change in our emotional life calls for a change of expression.The whole question is really this:how we essentially changed?

  36. The main idea of this selections is best expressed as ____.
  A)The Past versus the future
  B)Changes in modern Life
  C)Merits of the Futurist movement
  D)An evaluation of Futurist poetry 

  37. When novel ideas appear,it is desirable,according to the writer,to ____.
  A)discover the aims of their adherents
  B)ignore them
  C)follow the fashion
  D)regard them as normal 

  38. The Futurists claim that we must ____.
  A)increase the production of literature
  B)look to the future
  C)develop new literary forms
  D)avoid unusual words 

  39. The writer believes that Futurist poetry is ____.
  A)too emotional
  B)too new in type to be acceptable
  C)not literature as he knows it
  D)essential to basic change in the nature mankind 

  40. The futurist poet uses all the following devices EXCEPT____.
  A)imitative words
  B)qualifying adjectives
  C)different colored inks
  D)a stream of essential words 

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)


  There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  41. It is time you___.
  A)will get up B)got up
  C)to get up D)get up 

  42. You will have to ____ it if your son gets ill.
  A)answer for B)answer to
  C)response for D)response to 

  43. ____ these measures,all the sheep and cats passed the winter safely.
  A)As for B)Owing to
  C)Because D)Since 

  44. The sound of a truck stopping is heard____ the street.
  A)from across B)over
  C)across D)through 

  45. This cloth feels____.
  A)prettily smooth B)pretty smoothly
  C)prettily smoothly D)pretty smooth 

  46. If they____ hard,they wouldn’t be doing so well.
  A)didn’t train B)haven’t been training
  C)hadn’t been training D)hadn’t been trained 

  47. The news ____ China’s women’s volleyball team had won the world championship title soon spread all over the country.
  A)which B)when
  C)that D)/ 

  48. Please ____ when you have time.I’m so lonely nowadays.
  A)call at B)drop in
  C)call out D)drop out 

  49. To protect the children____,the government decided to send them away to a safe place immediately.
  A)kidnapped B)from being kidnapped
  C)to be kidnapped D)being kidnapped 

  50. I have a bit of a headache.I don’t ____ today.
  A)feel good B)feel comfortable
  C)feel easy D)feel myself 

  51. The foreign guests ____ be here at 3 o’clock this afternoon.
  A)are expecting to B)expect to 
  C)are expected to D)will be expected to 

  52. ____to get such a warm welcome.
  A)Not did we expect B)Little did we expect
  C)A little did we expect D)Hardly we expected 

  53. What ____ are you talking about?
  A)on earth B)on the earth
  C)in earth D)in the earth 

  54. We don’t have the time to do it____.
  A)or we are able to B)neither are we able to
  C)nor are we able to D)while we are able to 

  55. Prof.Li has been invited to a conference ____ in Paris next month.
  A)held B)being held
  C)to be held D)holding 

  56. The explanation is not at all____.We demand an apology.
  A)satisfactory B)satisfied
  C)satisfying D)satisfaction 

  57. She ____ to her feet and walked into the kitchen numbly.
  A)jumped B)came
  C)climbed D)struggled 

  58. The cows looked at him,____.
  A)asleep and surprising
  B)sleepy and surprised
  C)asleep and being surprised
  D)sleepy and being surprising 

  59. A friend of mine studying at Columbia University told me that he had his
  apartment ____ twice within the last two months.
  A)broken out B)broken through
  C)broken in D)broken away 

  60. If the fire had not____,it would have ____ a terrible disaster.
  A)gone away...resulted from
  B)died out...resulted in
  C)gone out...resulted in
  D)died away...resulted to 

  61. He was caught in the act of ____.
  A)setting the warehouse on fire
  B)putting the warehouse on fire
  C)setting the warehouse to fire
  D)dropping fire on the warehouse 

  62. No one has lived there for nearly two thousand years—not since the summer of the year A.D 79,____.
  A)to be accurate B)being accurate
  C)being exact D)to be exact 

  63. He does not mind ____ at home.
  A)to be left B)left
  C)to leave D)being left 

  64. The shop is ____ by a group of young people.
  A)operated B)run
  C)handled D)dealt with 

  65. The kid screamed it out ____ his lungs.
  A)from the top of B)on top of
  C)at the top of D)from top of 

  66. Dickens’ writing ____ the experience of his childhood.
  A)thanks to B)distributes much to
  C)owes much to D)contributes much to 

  67. ____to depend upon her husband,she decided to find a job.
  A)Wish not B)Having wished not to
  C)Not wishing D)Being not wishing to 

  68. The doctor____ Chinese medicine.
  A)suggested me to try B)suggested me trying
  C)suggested for D)suggested to 

  69. When they met,words ____ them.They just wept.
  A)betrayed B)lost
  C)defeated D)failed 

  70. Will you please ____ that nobody touches the wet paint?
  A)see to it B)be sure
  C)check it D)bring forward 




  Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)


  There are 20 blanks in the following passage.For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  In his youth,Knute Axelbrod wanted to learn many languages,to know everything about human history,to ___71___ wise by reading great books.When he first came from Europe ___72___ the state of North Dakota,he worked in a mill all day ___73___ studied all evening.Then he met Lena Wesselius and ___74___ her at the age of eighteen.After that there was a farm to pay for,and there were children to ___75___.For many years Axelbrod had no time to study.

  Finally he had a farm ___76___ was free from debt,with good soil and plenty of animals.But ___77___ then he was sixty-three years old and ready(it seemed) to die.His wife was ___78___.His sons had grown ___79___ and gone away.His work was done.He was ___80___ and alone.

  Axelbrod’s daughter and ___81___ begged him to live with them,but he ___82___.“No,”he said,“You must learn to be ___83___.You will come and live here ___84___ my farm,and ___85___will pay me four hundred dollars a year ___86___ the use of it, ___87___ I will not live here with you.I will watch you from my hill.”

  He built himself a small house on the hill,___88___he cooked his ___89___,made his bed,and read many books from the public library.He began to feel that he was ___90___ free than ever before in his life.

  71.A)be B)grow C)become D)turn

  72.A)in B)to C)for D)at

  73.A)while B)and C)whereas D)but

  74.A)married B)married with C)married to D)got married

  75.A)bring B)rear C)raise D)feed

  76.A)it B)and C)he D)that

  77.A)for B)by C)at D)from

  78.A)died B)death C)dead D)deadly

  79.A)over B)on C)up D)tall

  80.A)free B)unneeded C)unemployed D)busy

  81. A)daughter in law B)husband C)mother D)son in law 

  82.A)refused B)said nothing C)kep silent D)agreed

  83. A)independent B)dependent C)independence D)dependence 

  84.A)over B)on C)in D)at

  85.A)you B)someone C)perhaps D)maybe

  86.A)in B)to C)for D)by

  87.A)But B)So C)Therefore D)Then

  88.A)when B)where C)what D)that

  89.A)breakfast B)supper C)meals D)dinner

  90.A)more B)much C)a lot D)far

  Part Ⅴ Writing(30 minutes)


  For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about “What Would Happen If There Were No Power in three paragraphs.You are given the first sentence or part of the first sentence of each paragraph.Your composition should be no less than 120 words.Remember to write your composition neatly.

  1.Ever since early the last century,electricity has become an essential part of our modern life.
  2.If there were no electric power,________________




  答 案 部 分

  Part Ⅱ

  21. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 Jackson先生没有直接去他兄弟那儿要钱,原因是……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第1句,“While traveling abroad,Mr.Jackson ran short of money.So he wrote to his brother,asking for $500”由此推知Mr. Jackson正在国外旅行。由“send me by telegram...”推知Mr. Jackson离其兄弟甚远,所以需电报汇款。因此答案选择C。 22. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 给他兄弟写信之后的一个星期,Jackson先生开始……
  【试题分析】 此题考查学生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第二段第一句,“ After a week he began calling at the Fisher Bank...”,其中calling at即为visiting。 
  23. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 Jackson先生被捕并被监禁,原因是因为……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“利用已知信息进行判断”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第三段第一句“In the fourth week Mr. Frank was arrested for failing to pay his hotel bill.”因此得知Mr. Jackson被捕的直接原因是未能支付旅馆费用,四个选项均符合。使用排除法:A、D分别指出他的兄弟未汇款和他的兄弟汇款数目不足,均不正确。C他的钱丢了,更未提到,因此选择B。 
  24. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 以下说法哪一个是正确的?
  【试题分析】 此题考考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 通读全文知汇款到达了指定的银行,因而只能选C或D。再考虑汇款到达的时 间。根据“he was sent to prison for six days.”及“it came by telegram...more than two months ago.”知汇款在Mr. Jackson被捕前就到了。因此选择D。 
  25. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 出纳员把他的名字放在了错误的字母下面……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解某些细节”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文倒数第二段“A human mistake,sir!We’re all human beings,arent we?...”其中易造成混淆的答案是B“because they were human beings”,这是银行出纳员给自己的错误找的借口。而真正的原因是他的疏忽,因此选 A。

  26. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 部落制的定义是什么?
  【试题分析】 此题考查学生“对某些细节的把握”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第一段第三句。“By definition tribalism means sharing among members of the extended family.”
  27. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 部落如何照顾成员的例证之一是……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第一段“it makes sure that a person is taken care of by his own group.”以下各句均为该句的例证。其中包括“Tribal loyalty may mean a quick promotion”。因此选择C。 
  28. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 在第二段中,最重要的四个指的是……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“对某些细节的把握”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第二段“Eight of the 21 cabinet posts,including the most important four...”其中the most important four指代前面刚提到的cabinet posts。因此选择C。 
  29. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 文中列举了几个关于部落制的例证?
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推断”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第二段“As evidence of tribalism...”以下各句均为例证。确定其数目为3。 
  30. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 根据短文,以下说法哪个是错误的?
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第二段“Modern African politicians publicly speak out against tribal divisions.Yet it remains perhaps the most powerful force in daytoday African life”因此推知现今非洲领导人反对种族分离,只是这种现象仍客现存在。因此选择A。

  没人喜欢蚊子,但不幸的是她偏偏喜欢上了你。对,是她。因为只有雌蚊才叮人,她们依靠血液来繁殖。但是为什么呢 ?为什么大自然要创造蚊子这种生物呢?只是为了给人类添加烦恼吗 ?一些科学家认为雄蚊可以传粉。不管怎样,蚊子存在于我们世界当中。哇!又叮了我一下。
  31. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 在第一段中提到没有哪个喜欢蚊子,哪个是指……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
  【详细解答】 one通常用来指代人,由上下文知应选择D。
  32. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 为什么“她”用斜体字?
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第一段“She?Yes,she.Did you know that only the female mosquito bites?”由斜体字she后的问句知,作者此处在于强调只有雌蚊咬人,而不包括雄蚊。因此选择 B。 
  33. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 第二段提到,不幸的是那正是我们之所在。为什么说不幸?
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 此题要选择最直接的原因,即为A.蚊子以人血作为食物 
  34. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 根据第二段“Ouch!(Slap)!”,发生了什么事?
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推断”的能力。
  【详细解答】 该句中有两个拟声词,“Ouch”是疼痛时发出的声音,slap是拍蚊子时发出的声音,由此可推出正确选项为 D,蚊子叮了作者一下,作者将蚊子拍死。 
  35. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 “like it or not”可以解释为……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据上下文推测词组含义”的能力。
  【详细解答】 该题为短语解释。“Like it or not”应解释为无论我们喜欢与否。因此应选择B。 

  本文是对未来派诗歌的一篇评论,作者认为很难将其归为文艺一类。未来派主义者认为一个世纪以来,我们的生活环境不断变化,世界充满了噪音,暴力和高速。我们的思想情感也发生了相应的变化。因此需要一种新的表达方式,一种不受各种条规限制的表达方式。但是本质上我们到底改变了多少呢 ?
  36. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 这篇节选短文的主要内容是……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“掌握文章主旨和大意”的能力。
  【详细解答】 该题考查对全文大意的领会。 A、B、C虽或多或少提及过,但作为全文大意过于片面。全文作者主要谈论了个人对未来派
诗歌的看法。因此选择D。 
  37. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 根据作者的看法,当一种新理念出现时,建议大家……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第一段第一句“ When a new movement in Art attains a certain vogue,it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at.”由此推知正确答案为A。其中advocate和adherent同义,即为倡导者,支持者。 
  38. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 未来派主义者主张我们必须……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推理”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第二段,“This speeding up of life,says the futurist,requires
  a new form of expression.”A项增加文艺的产出与课文中的“speed up our literature
  ”意思有差异, B项展望未来不是未来派文艺家的主要观点;D项避免使用生辟词汇则与未来派观点相反。因此选择C。 
  39. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 作者认为未来派诗歌……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文中某些细节的能力。”
  【详细解答】 见原文第一段最后一句,“...it can hardly be classified as Literature.”及最后一段第一句“This...can hardly be classed as Literature.”由此知作者认为难以将未来派诗歌划归为文学。因此选择 C,A、B、D均不能全面地反映作者的意图。
  40. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 未来派诗人使用以下各种手法,除了……
  【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
  【详细解答】 见原文第二段最后一句“ We must pour out a cataract of essential words,unhampered by stops,or qualifying adjectives...”,由此推知正确答案为B。其中unhamper意为不受…限制,阻碍。

  Part Ⅲ
  41. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 是该起床的时候了。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考查虚拟语气。
  【详细解答】 It is time that...句型中that引导的从句常使用虚拟语气,动词采用一般过去时,表示是(该)做…事的时候了。因此正确答案为B。 
  42. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 如果你儿子生病的话,你负有不可推脱的责任。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 answer for为……负责(付出代价);answer to...的答案,名词短语;response for没有该短语; response to对…作出反应。只有A项符合句意。 
  43. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 因为采取了这些措施,所有的绵羊和猫均安全度过寒冬。
  【试题分析】 此题既为词义辨析题,又是语法题,考状语的结构。
  【详细解答】 as for至于,关于;owing to因为……归因于;because因为,引导状语从句;since既然,从……以来,可做连词引导状语从句,也可做介词,但后面往往接表示时 间的名词短语。因此只有B项符合句意及语法。 
  44. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 从街道对面传来卡车刹车的声音。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 介词from往往可和其他介词连用,构成复合介词,如from behind从……后面,from across从……对面;over在……上面;across横跨,穿过;through穿过。因此只有A项符合句意。 
  45. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 这种布料手感很光滑。
  【试题分析】 此题是语法题,考查系表结构。
  【详细解答】 主系表结构中的表语可由形容词短词充当。smooth光滑的,为形容词;smoothly为副词;pretty可作为副词使用,修辞形容词 ,相当于very。因此只有D项符合该语法。
  46. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 要不是苦训练的话,他们也不会表现得如此出色。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考查被动语态及虚拟语气。
  【详细解答】 本句为与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的条件句子,因此if引导的从句时态用过去完成时,即had pp;且语态上应使用主动语态。因此答案为C。 
  47. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 中国女子排球队获得冠军的消息迅速传遍了全国。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题。
  【详细解答】 此题考查同位语从句的引导词,而关系代词which和关系副词when不能引导同位语从句,且连词that也不能省略。因此答案是C。 
  48. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 请有空来看我,我如今很是孤独。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 call at拜访,该短语后面往往需要加上地点;drop in偶然拜访,可单独作谓语,也可加拜访的人或地点,如:drop in on sb.或drop in at a place;call out大声喊叫;drop out放弃,辍学。因此答案为B。 
  49. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 为了防止这些孩子遭绑架,政府决定立即将他们送往一个安全的地方。
  【试题分析】 本题考查动词protect的用法。
  【详细解答】 防止……发生(保护……免遭……)通常使用动词短语protect...from doing,且该句中动词kidnap应采用被动语态。因此答案为B。 
  50. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 我有点头疼,我今天感觉不舒服。
  【试题分析】 此题考查固定搭配。
  【详细解答】 感觉不舒服通常使用短语not to feel oneself,此处为固定搭配。因此答案为D。 
  51. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 外国客人预计下午3点到达此地。
  【试题分析】 此题考查动词expect的用法。
  【详细解答】 be expected to预计,按计划,该短语本身含有将来的时 间概念;expect to 期望,希望。因此答案为 C。 
  52. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 我们并未料到会受到如此热烈的欢迎。
  【试题分析】 该题为语法题,考查倒装结构。
  【详细解答】 否定副词(如hardly,little,never等)提前时句子往往采用部分倒装结构,即助动词提前;a little为肯定含义。因此答案为B。 
  53. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 你究竟在说些什么?
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考固定搭配。
  【详细解答】 on earth究竟,用以加强语气;on the earth在地球上;in the earth在世界上。因此答案为A。 
  54. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 我们既无时 间也无能力来做此事。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考查并列分句的结构及倒装句。
  【详细解答】 连词 nor常用在not后,引导一个并列句,且nor引导的分句需倒装。因此答案为C。 
  55. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 李教授已被邀请参加下月在巴黎举行的一次会议。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考查动词非谓语形式作后置定语的用法。
  【详细解答】 动词的非谓语形式(现在分词,过去分词和不定式形式)均可做后置定语,其中现在分词常含有正在进行的含义,过去分词含有完成或结束的含义,不定式含有将来的含义;而此处要采用不定式的被动形式。因此答案为C。 
  56. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 该解释一点都不令人满意,我们要求道歉。
  【试题分析】 此题为同根词辨析题。
  【详细解答】 satisfactory令人满意的;satisfied感到满意的;satisfying令人满意的,多作定语;satisfaction满意,名词。因此答案为A。 
  57. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 她挣扎着站起来僵硬地朝厨房走去。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 struggle to one’s feet挣扎着站起来;jump to one’s feet跳起来;另外两选项没此搭配。因此答案为D。 
  58. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 这些母牛看着他,昏昏欲睡而又略带惊异。
  【试题分析】 此题既考语法又考词义辨析。
  【详细解答】 此题为形容词短语作伴随状语;sleepy昏昏欲睡的;asleep睡着了的;surprising令人吃惊的;surprised感到吃惊的。因此答案为B。 
  59. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 在哥伦比亚大学就读的一位朋友告诉我最近的两个月他的公寓已连续两次遭窃。
  【试题分析】 此题为同根词组辨析题。
  【详细解答】 break out爆发;break through突破;break in小偷闯入屋内行窃;break away逃脱。因此答案为C。



  60. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 幸亏火熄灭了,否则会导致一场可怕的灾难。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 go away离开;go out熄灭;die out死光;die away减弱;result in导致;result from起因于。因此答案为C。 
  61. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 他被逮住在仓库纵火。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考查固定搭配。
  【详细解答】 set sth. on fire纵火,放火,为固定短语。因此答案为A。 
  62. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 没有人在那儿能活两千年,确切地说从公元79年
  的夏天至今无人能这样。【试题分析】 此题为语法题,考查插入语的用法。
  【详细解答】 to be exact确切地说,为插入语。因此答案为D。 
  63. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 他不介意被留在家中。
  【试题分析】 此题考查动词mind的用法。
  【详细解答】 动词mimd的可加动名词作宾语,且根据句意动名词需采用被动形式。因此答案为D。 
  64. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 这家商店由一群年青人经营。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 operate操作,做手术;handle处理;deal with负责,处理;run经营,管理。因此答案为B。 
  65. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 这个孩子撕心烈肺般地尖叫。
  【试题分析】 此题为同根词组辨析题。
  【详细解答】 from the top of从……顶(尖)上;on top of在……上面,优先的;at the top of最高度,最高级。因此答案为C。 
  66. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 狄更斯的作品很多取裁于他童年时的经历。
  【试题分析】 此题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 thanks to归功于,介词短语,distribute to分配给;owe much to很大程度上归功于;contribute much to有助于,促成。因此答案为C。 
  67. 答案C。
  【参考译文】 因为不希望依靠丈夫,她决定寻找一份工作。
  【试题分析】 此题为语法题。
  【详细解答】 该题为现在分词短语作原因状语,否定形式在分词前加not。因此C)为正确答案。 
  68. 答案B。
  【参考译文】 大夫建意我用一下中药
  【试题分析】 该题考查动词suggest的用法。
  【详细解答】 动词suggest后往往加动名词作其宾语,且用代词的宾格或物主代词表示动作的施动者,因此B为正确答案。 
  69. 答案D。
  【参考译文】 当他们相见时,感情难以言表,他们只是流泪。
  【试题分析】 该题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 A)betrayed背叛,B)lost失去,C)defeated打败,D)failed缺乏,不足。因此答案为D。 
  70. 答案A。
  【参考译文】 你能看着别让人碰这些未干的油漆吗?
  【试题分析】 该题为词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 see to it负责;be sure确信;check it核实;bring forward提出。因此答案为A。

  Part Ⅳ
  71. 答案C。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 四个选项均可作系动词,语法上均成立,但其中C项更为合适,其中包含着一个变化的过程。 
  72. 答案B。
  【试题分析】 此题为搭配辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文知此处为固定搭配from...to...,因此B为正确选项。 
  73. 答案B。
  【试题分析】 此题为语篇结构辨析题。
  【详细解答】 此处需要选择关系连词,四个选项均为连词。联系上下文此处原文意为:他白天在工厂工作,晚上学习,两分句是一对比,是并列关系而非转折关系,因此选择B。
  74. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题考动词固定用法。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:当时他碰到了Lena Wesselius,并且18岁时与她结了婚。此处需选择含结婚意义的谓语动词,而表示结婚可有几种表达:marry sb., be married to sb.,get married with sb.,因此只能选择A。 
  75. 答案C。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:有孩子需抚养。A)bring需加up,B)rear饲养,C)raise养育,D)feed喂食。 
  76. 答案D。
  【试题分析】 此题为语篇结构辨析题。
  【详细解答】 此处需要一个连词将两个分句连结起来,且根据上下文应是一个定语从句,因此选择D。 
  77. 答案B。
  【试题分析】 此题为语篇结构辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:但当时他已63岁了…。B)by到…为止,符合句子意思,为正确答案。 
  78. 答案C。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 此处需要一个形容词,C和D符合该条件,而C)dead死的,D)deadly致命的,联系上下文,应选择C。 
  79. 答案C。
  【试题分析】 此题为搭配辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:他的儿子都长大了,都离开了他。grow up长大,为固定短语。 
  80. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:他空闲且孤独。A)free空闲;B)unneeded无用的;C)unemployed失业的;D)busy忙碌的。 
  81. 答案D。
  【试题分析】 此题可根据上下文找对应的词。
  【详细解答】 与daughter并列的应是女婿,即soninlaw。
  82. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 因为前面有转折连词but,可推知他拒绝了。A)refused为正确选项。B)什么也没说,C)保持沉默和后面的表达不符。 
  83. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:你们必须学着自立。且需要一个形容词,因此选择A。 
  84. 答案B。
  【试题分析】 此题为搭配辨析题。
  【详细解答】 farm通常和介词on搭配。 
  85. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:你们得一年付我400美元,为一祈使句,因此选择A。 
  86. 答案C。
  【试题分析】 此题为搭配辨析题。
  【详细解答】 此处为固定搭配pay...for...为…支付…
  87. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题为语篇结构词辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,原文意为:但我不会和你们住在一起,此处需选择有转折关系的连词,因此选择A)。B)So 因此;C)Therefore 所以;D)Then然后。  
  88. 答案B。
  【试题分析】 此题为语篇结构词辨析题。
  【详细解答】 此处需一个引导定语从句的连词,由于先行词为the hill表地点,因此选择关系副词where。
  89. 答案C。
  【试题分析】 此题为语义项辨析题。
  【详细解答】 联系上下文,此处原文意为:…他做饭…,而并非特指早饭,中饭或晚饭,因此选择C。  
  90. 答案A。
  【试题分析】 此题考比较级的运用。
  【详细解答】 此句为比较状语从句,只有A可体现比较级,其他均为程度副词。 

  Part Ⅴ写作指导





  Writing Sample

  Ever since early the last century,electricity has become an essential part of our modern life.Our industrial and agricultural production depends on it to run various kinds of machines.The modern wondercomputers work on electricity too.It provides light,heat and power for us.If we want to watch TV or films or to listen to the radios we also need it.Nobody can deny that the development of our civilization depends on electricity.
  If there were no electric power,our modern world would be in trouble.For one thing all the wheels would stop because the motors that power the machines would fail.For another,many,if not all,of our industries would cease production.All the
  world transport system,in addition,would be felt on the world’s communication systems.Thus our modern world would be impossible without electricity.
  Therefore,we should make better use of electric power.On the other hand,we should educate people to economize using electricity and not to waste the energy resources with no thought for the future.At the same time we must do our best to exploit more electric resources to meet the requirements of the human beings and to avoid energy crisis in the future.



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