2012年6月英语四六级作文高分原则和经典句型

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2012年6月英语四六级作文高分原则和经典句型

  一、 长短句原则

  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题: As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar. 如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  二、 主题句原则

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成"群龙无首"之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的! To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly。

  三、 一二三原则

  领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点... 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的"标签"来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。 1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗) 2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗) 3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗) 4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗) 5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐) 6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐) 7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐) 8)most important of all, moreover, finally 9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况) 10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

  四、 短语优先原则

  写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点-精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如: I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. I want it. 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

  五、 多实少虚原则

  原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如: 走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room 所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

  六、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联)都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加翳葹紁é梅푴颶⢢http://bulo.hjenglish.com/group.htm©版权所有沪江网⢢颶푴梅é紁葹翳and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说: I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar. 如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式: Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm. 其它的短语可以用: besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

  2)转折(拐弯抹角)批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm. 更多的短语: despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  3)因果(so, so, so)昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友...可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系! The snow began to fall, so we went home. 更多短语: then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。举例:This is what I can do. Whether he can go with us or not is not sure. 同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分: When to go, Why he goes away...

  5)附加(多此一举)如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。 The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine. I don't enjoy that book you are reading. Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going. 其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句-借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

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  6)排比(排山倒海句)文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势! Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏) 要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

  七、 挑战极限原则

  既然十挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!原理:在大家写的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如: The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China. 如果你可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!

  经典句型:

  1.表示好处

  1)It has the following advantages.

  2)It does us a lot of good.

  3)It benefits us quite a lot.

  4)It is beneficial to us.

  5)It is of great benefit to us.

  例如:

  Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  2.表示原因

  1)There are three reasons for this.

  2)The reasons for this are as follows.

  3)The reason for this is obvious.

  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.

  5)The reason for this is that...

  6)We have good reason to believe that...

  例如:

  There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

  注:如写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

  3.表示坏处

  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.

  2)It does us much harm.

  3)It is harmfulto us.

  例如:

  However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.

  4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.

  2)We think it necessary to do sth.

  3)It plays an important role in our life.

  例如:

  Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

  5.表示措施

  1)We should take some effective measures.

  2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.

  3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.

  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.

  例如:

  The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.

  6.表示变化

  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

  2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

  3)The computer has brought about many changes in education.

  例如:

  Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

  7.表示事实、现状

  1)We cannot ignore the fact that...

  2)No one can deny the fact that...

  3)There is no denying the fact that...

  4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

  5)However,that’s not the case.

  例如:

  We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.

  8.表示比较

  1)Compared with A,B...

  2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

  3)There is a striking contrast between them.

  例如:

  Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.

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  9.表示数量

  1)It has increased(decreased)from...to...

  2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000.

  3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

  例如:

  With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

  再如:

  From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000。

  10.表示看法

  1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.

  2)People have different opinions on this problem.

  3)People take different views of(on)the question.

  4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...

  例如:

  People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.

  Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.

  11.表示结论

  1)In short,it can be said that ...

  2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.

  3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

  例如:

  From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved.

  注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用文章结论段的第一句。

  12.套语

  1)It’s well known to us that ...

  2)As is known to us,...

  3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.

  4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that ...

  5)As aproverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.

  英语六级阅读蒙题180分技巧~试卷分析~完全攻克长难句!~!!

  2009-11-23 09:25 | (分类:默认分类)

  首先奉上蒙题技巧:(为准备不足的同学设置)

  (1)答案项中有绝对语气词的一般不是正确答案项。这些语气词有: must, always, never, the most, all, only, have to, any, no, very completely, none, hardly等。

  (2)选项中含有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项。这些语气词有: can, could, may, should, usually, might, most(大多数),more or less, relatively, be likely to, possible, whether or, not necessarily 等。

  (3)选项中照抄原文的一般不是答案项,而同义替换的一般是选项。

  (4)选项中表达意义较具体的、肤浅的(字面意思)一般不是答案项,而概括性的、抽象的、含义深刻的是答案项。

  (5)选项中较符合常识的,易明白的一般不是选项;而似乎不太合理,一时较难理解的往往是正确选项

  下面我们来分析以往的试题:2009.6六级考试阅读理解部分依旧采用快速阅读(Skimming and Scanning)、短问题回答(Short Questions Answer)和深度阅读(Reading in Depth)三种出题模式。这次的六级阅读虽说部分题目出现一些小变革,但难度整体上说仍旧维持在几年来的同一水平。“继往开来”四个字很好地概括了此次考试阅读理解的特点。为此我们可以预测2009.12的出题将:

  一、“继往”:传统的延续

  1.题材选择

  此次考试中,快速阅读部分的题目是“Supersize Surprise”, 分析关于肥胖的原因; 简答部分讲述耐克公司的发展历程;深度阅读第一篇文章讲述关于农业生产可持续发展的问题,第二篇文章讲述有关美国移民的问题。

  通过对比,我们不难发现,六级阅读不偏重于任何学科,以热点社会问题的探讨为主要选材对象,有时会涉及一些人文科学、自然科学方面的话题,但并不学术化。而六级考试中这些关于社会热点、企业发展、社会发展等高频话题在网站、杂志、报纸,甚至教材上都屡见不鲜。这其实也给了我们一个启示,在平时的学习中,我们应该关注热点话题,多涉及其相关知识,丰富自己的背景知识,这样在考试中才能游刃有余。

  2.出题方向

  12月六级阅读出题者仍然遵循以往的出题思路——依次而下原则、关键词定位原则,下面我们逐一解析。

  (1)依次而下原则:答题顺序是依次而下。

  (2)关键词定位原则:出题者在设置题干时会使用一些独特或核心的词汇,而这正是我们可以利用寻找答案的关键。关键词通常包括三大类:

  显性关键词:时间、大写地名、人名、国家、阿拉伯数字、特殊符号

  核心动词:比较明显的描述性名词及生词

  考生可以利用这三类关键词迅速回到原文定位,找到答案位置。

  例如,短问题回答Question 47: While serving as a track coach, Bowerman tried to design running shoes that were . 此题可以通过显性关键词Bowerman定位至文章第二段开头两句“One of the top track coaches in the U.S., Bowerman was also known for experimenting with the design of running shoes in an attempt to make them lighter and more shock-absorbent”,然后通过“相同部分需略去,所剩部分为答案”的原则,得出答案为lighter and more shock-absorbent。

  再如快速阅读Question 6:Who are most likely to be overweight according to Katherine Flegal’s study? 此题可以通过显性关键词Katherine Flegal定位至文章第三个小标题Less smoking的第二段中“Katherine Flegal and colleagues at the US National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Maryland, have calculated that people kicking the habit have been responsible for a small but significant portion of the US epidemic of fatness.” (参考翻译:他们研究发现戒烟者构成了美国肥胖症蔓延的很小但非常重要的一部分),由此可以得出答案为D) those who quit smoking。

  在深度阅读中关键词定位也起着同样重要的作用,就拿第一篇文章“Question 52:How do people often measure progress in agriculture?” 来说,此题可以利用核心动词measure progress 定位至文章第一段最后一句“This is especially true in agriculture, where sustainable development is often taken as the sole measure of progress without a proper appreciation of historical and cultural perspectives.” 题目问人们怎么衡量农业生产的进步,而根据找到的句子理解为可持续发展经常作为唯一的衡量标准,所以答案确定为B) By its sustainability。

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  3.解题思路

  此次阅读的解题仍旧采用区域解题的方法。所谓的区域解题,就是考生通过依次而下或关键词定位的方式找到题目在文中所对应的位置,然后根据“一题一区域”的基本方法,通过该区域的内容排除错误选项,其它段落内容对于该题没有直接影响。换言之,五道题目在文中对应五个区域,将这五个区域理解后就可以解题。而文章整体结构的掌握主要是针对主旨题,而主旨题的区域一般都在文章开头或结尾(如果开头是举例)。

  深度阅读第一篇文章“Question 53: Specialisation and the effort to increase yields have resulted in________.” 首先通过比较明显的描述性名词Specialisation和yields定位到文章第三段,这个时候考生只要重点理解此段就可以,而其它段落的内容对此题没有直接影响,所以根据理解“来自国外的竞争促使农民必须生产专业化,以增加产量。而这使农产品更加便宜、安全、可靠,但同时也带来了动植物栖息地和生物多样性的减少。”因而确定答案为D) the decrease of biodiversity。

  二、“开来”:局部的调整

  12月的六级阅读虽然从整体上说和以往考试没有太大区别,但是也在题目设置方面作了局部的调整,主要体现在以下两个方面

  1.主旨题的增多

  以往六级阅读主要是以细节题为主,辅以猜词和推论题,而这次考试虽然从整体上没有太大变化,但是我们还是可以看到出题者加重了主旨题的考查,深度阅读第52题,第61题,特别是原本只以细节题形式出现的快速阅读部分第一题也出现了主旨题。虽然主旨题不会有太大的难度,答案一般文章开头或结尾(开头如果出现举例),但是也给了我们一个启示:出题者越来越重视文章整体结构和内容的把握。考生在以后的学习和备考中要加强文章整体的框架式理解。

  2.细节题的推论

  此次考试还有一个比较新颖的方面就是细节题较以往有了更多的推理和理解,而不再仅仅是对文章表层理解。例如,快速阅读第7题“According to the US National Center for Health Statistics, the increased obesity in the US is the result of ________”。这道题目是典型的细节题,关键词是the US National Center for Health Statistics,可以非常清晰地定位在文章第五个小标题下面一段“Surveys carried out by the US National Center for Health Statistics found that adults aged 40 to 79 were around three times as likely to be obese as younger people. Non-white females also tend to fall at the fatter end of the spectrum: Mexican-American women are 30% more likely than white women to be obese and black, women have twice the risk.”显然,文章表面根本没有提及是什么导致美国肥胖问题加剧,必须要理解文中举例——非白人女性、墨西哥后裔、黑人女性——所提供的隐含意思来推导,而得出选项B)the rising proportion of minorities in its population。由此可见,考生以后需要加强对于文章的理解和推导,也反映了出题者对于考生实际能力的重视。

  综上所述,2008年12月和2009年6月的六级阅读理解反映了一个总体趋势,考试选材不会过于专业化,而是对考生英语应用能力的考查,要求考生不仅会应试,更重要的是在平时学习中,巩固扎实自己的基础,培养较强的逻辑能力,关注热点话题和社会焦点,丰富背景知识,这样才能事半功倍,取得理想的成绩。

  如何分析长短句?

  在切入正题之前,大家可以先看下面一道题目:

  1×2×3×4×5×6×7×8×9×0×11×12=?我可以肯定有部分人能很快得出答案,而另一部分人则要算比较长的时间,问题在哪呢?我想就在与你是否有整体意识,看到一道题目之前先不要急于去算,应先从整体上看一下题目有无规律可循。

  如果把这个原理应用在阅读中就是准确快速得提取出句子的主干,这样不仅能加快阅读速度,而且能够准确的理解句子的意思.

  举例:Under a system deployed on the WhiteHouse Web site for the first time last time,those who want to send a message to PresidentBush must now navigate as many as nine Web pages and fill out a detailed form that starts by asking whether the message sender supports WhiteHouse policy or differs with it.

  分析技巧如下:在长难句中象以介词短语开头的这部分可以先不理会,重要的是找出句子主的干,在这句话中可以提取主干为:Those people must now navigate nine Web pages and fill out a detailed form.主干意思都能很容易理解,然后再把细节(比如定语)添加上。如果你看到这个句子后一个词接一个词的翻译,会大大影响理解的速度,可能会出现读了很长时间但还是弄不清楚这个句子到底说的什么情况。另外象长句子中常见的诸如过去分词形式的词比如 deployed,detailed,这2个词虽然形式一样但是在句中的功能却截然不同,deployed是过去分词做后置定语修饰system,而第二个detailed却是起着形容词的作用,即过去分词形式的形容词修饰form。我经过阅读大量的文章发现,象这种形式的词在句子中一般就这2种作用:一是过去分词前无谓语动词,过去分词直接跟在名词后面,这种词起后置定语作用,二是过去分词位于名词之前,这种情况下就起着形容词的作用。所以以后在碰到这样的词不用发愁不知道它在句子中到底有什么用,只要按上面2种思路考虑,一般都能准确地判断出词在句子中的意思。

  句子大意:因为上周白宫网站首次设置了一个网上系统,那些想发信息给总统的人们必须浏览多达至九个网页的内容,还要填一份详细的表格,而这个表格的第一个问题就是信息发送者的白宫的政策是支持还是反对。

  再看下面一个例子:DNA analysis has been so successfully applied in criminal investigations that the media coverage has left the public a strong perception that DNA analysis is infallible.在理解这个句子时一定要抓住句子的核心so that句型,在这个句子中它引导结果状语从句,在口语中这个that可以省略。第二个that则是引导名词性从句。

  句子大意:DNA鉴定这种技术在犯罪调查中已经得到如此成功的运用,以至于媒体对它的报道使公众深信DNA鉴定是绝对可靠的。

  另外留2个题目供大家参考练习(要求在最短的时间内找出句子的主干):

  1. Any company larger than 300 workers that fails to meet the minimum hiring standard must pay a penalty of 50000 Yen for each of the unfilled positions.

  2. Many of life’s problems which were solved by asking family members,friends or colleagues are beyond the capability of the extended family to resolve.

  3. The period characterized by so vast a body of elaborately representational art produced for the sake of illustrating anecdote also produced a number of painters who examined the mechanism of lght and visual perception.

  所有完形填空的词组总结!完形答满分不是梦!

  以下是自2000年始(太早的题也没有用)历年所有完型词组的总结,无论是文章中出现的还是题里需要选择的。希望大家能够细心揣摩,可以把它打印出来,多看看。祝愿大家四级都能考出好成绩!

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  side by side 并排, 并肩

  learn ... by heart 用心学习

  combine ... with ... 与...结合

  in that circumstances 如果是那样的话

  replace ... with ... 用...代替...

  keep a record of 记录

  comments on ... 关于...的意见

  at least 至少来源:

  speak about 谈及

  expect of/from... 从...当中期待

  in return 作为回报

  the survey on ... 关于...的调查

  differ in... 在...不同

  emerge from... 从...出现

  be satisfied with...

  play ... roles 扮演...的角色

  lean over... 弯下身子 俯身于...之上

  turn out 结果是,证明是

  in silence 在沉默中

  burst into laughter 突然笑出声来

  concentrate on ... 全神贯注于...

  be replaced by 被...所取代

  for the purpose of... 为了..., 因...起见

  distinguish ... from ... 区分...与...

  communicate with... 与...交流

  one another 彼此,相互

  by means of... 用...的方法

  at the approach of... 在...快到的时候

  differ from... 与...不同

  for instance 举例来说

  divide ... into ... 把...分成...

  enable sb. to do ... 使某人能够做某事

  wave goodbye 挥别

  in sympathy with 同情 赞成 和...一致

  look over 察看, 检查

  a lack of... 缺少...

  check with... 与...协商

  tend to do... 趋向于做...,喜欢做...

  call after 追喊, 以...命名

  call for 要求, 提倡

  fight against 与...作战(敌人之间)

  fight with 与...作战(战友之间)

  agreement on ... 关于...达成的协议

  add up 合计

  add to 增加

  take ... for example

  in price 在价格上

  in the long run 从长远来看,最后

  on offer 在出售中

  choose from... 从...中挑选

  be curious about... 对...感到好奇

  confront with... 使面临, 使面对

  with interest 有兴趣地

  an average of ... 平均是...

  at high altitudes 在很高的地方

  draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意

  focus on 集中www.59wj.com论坛

  in years to come 在未来的几年内

  as a matter of fact 实际上

  adopt a positive approach 采取一种正确的方法

  wait for 等待

  pass through 经过, 通过

  a sequence of 一系列的

  set apart from 把...区分开

  take ... for granted 以...为骄傲

  be aware of/that 注意到

  translate into 翻译成

  set in 开始

  intend to do 想要做

  looking forward to 期望

  be built from... 用...去建造

  a wide variety of 很多的

  at advanced levels 在高级范围内

  carry out 完成,实施

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  according to 根据

  aim to do 指望做某事

  make sacrifices to do 做出牺牲而做

  in depth 深入地

  新整理的有用词组~

  a series of 一系列,一连串

  above all 首先,尤其是

  after all 毕竟,究竟

  ahead of 在...之前

  ahead of time 提前

  all at once 突然,同时

  all but 几乎;除了...都

  all of a sudden 突然

  all over 遍及

  all over again 再一次,重新

  all the time 一直,始终

  all the same 仍然,照样的

  as regards 关于,至于

  anything but 根本不

  as a matter of fact 实际上

  apart from 除...外(有/无)

  as a rule 通常,照例

  as a result(of) 因此,由于

  as far as ...be concerned 就...而言

  as far as 远至,到...程度

  as for 至于,关于

  as follows 如下

  as if 好像,仿怫

  as good as 和...几乎一样

  as usual 像平常一样,照例

  as to 至于,关于

  all right 令人满意的;可以

  as well 同样,也,还

  as well as 除...外(也),即...又

  aside from 除...外(还有)

  at a loss 茫然,不知所措

  at a time 一次,每次

  at all 丝毫(不),一点也不

  at all costs 不惜一切代价

  at all events 不管怎样,无论如何

  at all times 随时,总是

  at any rate 无论如何,至少

  at best 充其量,至多

  at first 最初,起先

  at first sight 乍一看,初看起来

  at hand 在手边,在附近

  at heart 内心里,本质上

  at home 在家,在国内

  at intervals 不时,每隔...

  at large 大多数,未被捕获的

  at least 至少

  at last 终于

  at length 最终,终于

  at most 至多,不超过

  at no time 从不,决不

  by accident 偶然

  at one time 曾经,一度;同时

  at present 目前,现在

  at sb's disposal 任...处理

  at the cost of 以...为代价

  at the mercy of 任凭...摆布

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  at the moment 此刻,目前

  at this rate 照此速度

  at times 有时,间或

  back and forth 来回地,反复地

  back of 在...后面

  before long 不久以后

  beside point 离题的,不相干的

  beyond question 毫无疑问

  by air 通过航空途径

  by all means 尽一切办法,务必

  by and by 不久,迟早

  by chance 偶然,碰巧

  by far 最,...得多

  by hand 用手,用体力

  by itself 自动地,独自地

  by means of 用,依靠

  by mistake 错误地,无意地

  by no means 决不,并没有

  by oneself 单独地,独自地

  by reason of 由于

  by the way 顺便说说

  by virtue of 借助,由于

  by way of 经由,通过...方法

  due to 由于,因为

  each other 互相

  even if/though 即使,虽然

  ever so 非常,极其

  every now and then 时而,偶尔

  every other 每隔一个的

  except for 除了...外

  face to face 面对面地

  far from 远非,远离

  for ever 永远

  for good 永久地

  for the better 好转

  for the moment 暂时,目前

  for the present 暂时,目前

  for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益

  for the time being 暂时,眼下

  from time to time 有时,不时

  hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联

  head on 迎面地,正面的

  heart and soul 全心全意地

  how about ...怎么样

  in a hurry 匆忙,急于

  in case of 假如,防备

  in a moment 立刻,一会儿

  in a sense 从某种意义上说

  in a way 在某种程度上

  in a word 简言之,总之

  in accordance with 与...一致,按照

  in addition 另外,加之

  in addition to 除...之外(还)

  in advance 预先,事先

  in all 总共,合计

  in any case 无论如何

  in any event 无论如何

  in brief 简单地说

  in charge of 负责,总管

  in common 共用的,共有的

  in consequence(of) 因此;由于

  in debt 欠债,欠情

  in detail 详细地

  in difficulty 处境困难

  in effect 实际上,事实上

  in general 一般来说,大体上

  in favor of 支持,赞成

  in front of 面对,在...前

  in half 成两半

  in hand 在进行中,待办理

  in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念

  in itself 本质上,就其本身而言

  in line with 与...一致

  in memory of 纪念

  in no case 决不

  in no time 立即,马上

  in no way 决不

  in order 按顺序,按次序

  in other words 换句话说

  in part 部分地

  in particular 特别,尤其

  in person 亲自,本人

  in place 在合适的位置

  in place of 代替,取代,交换

  in practice 在实践中,实际上

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  in proportion to 与...成比例

  in public 公开地,当众

  in quantity 大量

  in question 正在谈论的

  in regard to 关于,至于

  in relation to 关于,涉及

  in return 作为报答/回报/交换

  in return for 作为对...报答

  in short 简言之,总之

  in sight 被见到;在望

  in spite of 尽管

  in step 齐步,合拍

  in step with 与...一致/协调

  in tears 流着泪,在哭着

  in the course of 在...期间/过程中

  in the distance 在远处

  in the end 最后,终于

  in the event of 如果...发生,万一

  in the face of 即使;在...面前

  in the first place 首先

  in the future 在未来

  in the least 丝毫,一点

  in (the)light of 鉴于,由于

  in the way 挡道

  in the world 究竟,到底

  in time 及时

  in touch 联系,接触

  in turn 依次,轮流;转而

  in vain 徒劳,白费力

  instead of 代替,而不是

  just now 眼下;刚才

  little by little 逐渐地

  lots of 许多

  many a 许多

  more or less 或多或少,有点

  next door 隔壁的,在隔壁

  no doubt 无疑地

  no less than 不少于...;不亚于...

  no longer 不再

  no more 不再

  no more than 至多,同...一样不

  none other than 不是别的,正是

  on one's guard 警惕,提防

  nothing but 只有,只不过

  now and then 时而,偶尔

  off and on 断断续续,间歇地

  off duty 下班

  on a large/small scale 大/小规模地

  on account of 由于

  on(an/the) average 平均,通常

  on behalf of 代表

  on board 在船(车/飞机)上

  on business 因公

  on condition that 如果

  on duty 上班,值班

  on earth 究竟,到底

  on fire 起火着火

  on foot 步行,

  on guard 站岗,值班

  on hand 在场,在手边

  on occasion(s) 有时,间或

  on one's own 独立,独自

  on purpose 故意地

  on sale 出售,廉价出售

  on schedule 按时间表,准时

  on second thoughts 经重新考虑

  on the contrary 正相反

  on the grounds of 根据,以...为由

  on (the) one hand 一方面

  on the other hand 另一方面

  on the point of 即将...的时刻

  on the road 在旅途中

  on the side 作为兼职/副 业

  on the spot 在场;马上

  on the whole 总的来说,大体上

  on time 准时

  once again 再一次

  once(and)for all 一劳永逸地

  once in a while 偶尔

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  once more 再一次

  once upon a time 从前

  one another 相互

  or else 否则,要不然

  or so 大约,左右

  other than 非;除了

  out of 从...中;由于;缺乏

  out of breath 喘不过气来

  out of control 失去控制

  out of date 过时的

  out of doors 在户外

  out of order 出故障的

  out of place 不适当的

  out of practice 久不练习,荒疏

  out of sight 看不见,在视野外

  out of the question 毫无可能的

  out of touch 不联系,不接触

  over and over(again) 一再地,再三地

  prior at 在...之前

  quite a few 相当多,不少

  rather than 不是...(而是)

  regardless of 不顾,不惜

  right away 立即,马上

  side by side 肩并肩,一起

  so far 迄今为止

  sooner or later 迟早,早晚

  step by step 逐步地

  such as 例如,诸如

  thanks to 由于,多亏

  that is (to say) 就是说,即

  to the point 切中要害,切题

  under control 处于控制之下

  under the circumstances 这种情况下

  up to date 在进行中

  up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于

  what if 切合目前情况的

  what about 怎么样

  with respect to 如果...将怎么样

  with regard to 关于,至于

  without question 关于,至于,

  with the exception of 除...之外

  without question 毫无疑问

  word for word 逐字的

  觉得好来我主页踩踩啊~谢谢啦

  ★★★英语四六级突破听力的完整步骤!! 2009-11-16 22:39 | (分类:默认分类)

  为了更好的突破四六级考试,我始终认为四六级真题是最好的训练材料。2006年6月起四级考试进行试卷改革。所以06年6月起到现在的题目是最需要训练得滚瓜烂熟的题目。若认为题目不够训练,也可以继续做05年或以前的题目。但是题目时间越早,难度和实效性就越低。

  第一步:预判 (3-5分钟)

  做题前,一定留出时间看题。正式考试时看题时间约3分钟左右。我们只能高效的看而非全面的看。选项中最需要注意的是:高频词,主语,谓语等。同时注意,相似选项和相反选项要保留,准确答案就在其间。复合式听写部分也需要注意高频词汇。

  例(小对话):A) She’ll have some chocolate cake.

  B) She’ll take a look at the menu.

  C) She’ll go without dessert.

  D) She’ll prepare the dinner.

  很明显,圈出所有的“she”,暗示自己稍后听女士的话即可,而男士的话并非重点。

  例(长对话)A) marketing consultancy.

  B) Professional accountancy.

  C) luxury hotel management.

  D) business conference organization

  选项都是某种行业,又因为此题是08年6月听力长对话中的第一题,所以就暗示自己注意长对话开始部分的行业词汇即可。

  第二步:听力开始(35分钟)

  四级听力放音时间约35分钟左右。请不间断地听完一套题,中间不要停顿,强化自己的耐力注意力和定力。

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  第三步:查阅环节(时间因人而异)

  1、 对答案。确定准确答案在原文中的位置。同时确定错误答案为什么错。

  2、 查词和短语。将选项和原文中所有不熟悉的单词和短语全部查阅清楚,不留死角。

  3、 翻译句子。查阅词语结束后,可以用视译的方式看句子是否可以通顺的翻译明白。若发现人有句子无法理解,那就是单词和短语的含义并未查阅正确。

  例:2006年6月四级听力长对话原文,是一个面试:

  What benefit package do you offer?

  误译:你提供什么利益包裹?

  正译:你们有什么样的福利计划?

  无独有偶:2007年12月的面试长对话中,又出现了一次benefit

  There is a list of extra benefits. (有一个福利清单。)

  第四步:视听和跟读原文(时间因人而异)

  现在,你需要打开眼睛已经可以完全看懂的听力原文。边放音边听,同时跟读和模仿。跟不上的时候,可以以半句为单位甚至每个单词为单位。本步骤可以纠正发音。

  你可以读准这几个单词么?

  Exhibit resume receipt fasten

  另外,我们还需要特别注意连读或失去爆破在语句中的使用。

  第五步:裸听(时间因人而异)

  本步骤要求在没有原文的情况下,完全靠双耳能力听懂所有细节。这是听力训练的最高环节。你可能会发现刚才边看边听时没有任何理解难度的单词和短语都会出现不懂或模糊的情况,一旦如此,请回到第四步确定是什么词语让耳朵不够熟悉。本环节的训练需要耐心和坚持。

  第六步:部分听写(时间因人而异)

  为了提高四六级整体听写水平,同学可以在选择性地将部分短对话或长对话,甚至短文听力,用单句反复播放的形式写出来。你需要耐心地把一句话重复听多遍,以求最终准确写出。若发现单词或短语无法准确拼写,可以在整段播放完毕后进行统一确认。

  注意:“时间因人而异”是指由于同学基础和能力有所差别,耗费的时间也会有差别。

  第二部分:例题练习演示

  例:2007年12月份第三篇短文听力

  33. A)It’ll enable them to enjoy the best medical care.

  B)It’ll allow them to receive free medical treatment.

  C)It’ll protect them from possible financial crises.

  D)It’ll prevent the doctors from overcharging them.

  34. A)They can’t immediately get back the money paid for their medical cost.

  B)They have to go through very complicated application procedures.

  C)They can only visit doctors who speak their native language.

  D)They may not be able to receive timely medical treatment.

  35. A)They don’t have to pay for the medical services.

  B)They needn’t pay the entire medical bill at once.

  )They must send the receipts to the insurance company promptly.

  D)They have to pay a much higher price to get an insurance policy.

  第一步 看题(1分钟):

  33题:注意圈出每项的动词,听到确定的动词即为准确答案

  34题:选项较难,只能迅速熟悉一下长词或难词的位置,不要强迫自己全部看懂

  35题:ABD都是pay做谓语,答案必在其间。

  第二步,听力做题(3分钟)

  第三步 查阅

  1、 答案:CAB

  2、 找出答案在原文的对应:

  Obtaining good health insurance is a real necessity while you are studying overseas. It protects you from minor and major medical expenses that can wipe out not only your savings,(33题C选项的高度对应,尤其是“protect sb from 保护某人不受某种侵害”这个短语的重合)but you dreams of an education abroad.

  There are often two different types of health insurance you can consider buying:international travel insurance and student insurance in the country where you will be going. An international travel insurance policy is usually purchased in your home country before you go abroad. It generally covers a wide variety of medical services,and are often gives a list of doctors in the area where you will travel who may even speak your native language. The drawback might be that you may not get your money back immediately.(34题的A项有多个单词和短语在此处重合) In other words,you may have to pay all your medical expenses and then later submit your receipts to the insurance company. On the other hand,getting student health insurance in the country where you will study might allow you to only pay a certain percentage of the medical cost at the time of service and thus,you don’t have to have sufficient cash to pay the entire bill at once.(35题的B项在此重合)

  Whatever you decide,obtaining some form of health insurance is something you should consider before you go overseas. You shouldn’t wait until you are sick with major medical bills to pay off.

  33.Why does the speaker advise overseas students to buy health insurance?

  34.What is the drawback of students’ buying international travel insurance?

  35.What does the speaker say about students’ getting health insurance in the country where they will study?

  3、查阅所有词语,确认选项和原文准确中文含义:

  题目选项举例:33题

  A 它使得他们能够享受最好的医疗待遇;

  B 它允许他们得到免费治疗;

  C 它保护他们免受财政危机(的侵扰);

  D 它预防医生们过度收费

  原文举例:In other words,you may have to pay all your medical expenses and then later submit your receipts to the insurance company.

  译文:也就是说,你可能需要缴纳你所有的医疗费用,然后把你的收据提交给保险公司。

  .
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