大学英语四级阅读理解文章精练-17

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大学英语四级阅读理解文章精练-17

  【大学英语四级阅读理解文章精练-17】

  It’s never easy to admit you are in the wrong. Being human, we all need to know the art of apologizing. Look back with honesty and think how often you’ve judged roughly, said __1__ things, pushed yourself ahead at the expense of a friend. Then count the occasions when you indicated clearly and __2__ that you were sorry. A bit frightening, isn’t it? Frightening because some deePwisdom in us knows that when even a small wrong has been committed, some mysterious moral feeling is __3__, and it stays out of balance until fault is acknowledged and __4__ is expressed.I remember a doctor friend, telling me about a man who came to him with a variety of signs: headaches, insomnia and stomach trouble. No __5__ cause could be found. Finally my friend said to the man, Unless you tell me what’s worrying you, I can’t helPyou.After some hesitation, the man __6__ that, as executor of his faher’s will, he had been cheating his brother, who lived abroad, of his __7__. Then and there the wise old doctor made the man write to his brother asking __8__ and enclosing a cheque as the first stePin restoring their good relation. He then went with him to mail box in the corridor. As the letter disappeared, the man burst into tears. Thank you, He said, I think I’m __9__. And he was. A heartfelt apology can not only __10__ a damaged relationshiPbut also make it stronger. If you can think of someone who deserves an apology from you, someone you have wronged, or just neglected, do something about it right now.

  A)heal
  B)mental
  C)unkind
  D)regret
  E)accurately
  F)confessed
  G)inheritance
  H)physical
  I)cured
  J)treat
  K)truly
  L)unfaithful
  M)forgiveness
  N)disturbed
  O)excuse

  【答案】
  1.选C)。此处应填形容词。从后面的pushed yourself ahead at the expense of a friend可知,说的是不好的话,可选项有unkind和unfaithful,但由前面的judged roughly“粗鲁的评判”可知这里表示说话时不考虑他人的感受,因此unkind“刻薄的”更加符合上下文语气。
  2.选K)。由clearly and一词可知,此处应填副词,与closely一起修饰道歉时的情形。选项有accurately和truly,由“回想一下你曾明确地并......地表示自己歉意的场合”,能使句意通顺的是truly“真诚地”,而accurately一般表示“(数据计算得)精确地”,故排除。
  3.选N)。it stays out of balance until...,其中it=some mysterious moral feeling可推出,出于道义上的原因,人会感到不安,故选disturbed“不安的”。而confessed“公开承认的”不符合句意。
  4.选D)。此处应填名词。从“知道承认错误,表达......之后,才能觉得安心,”选项中只有regret“歉意”符合题意。
  5.选H)。此处应填形容词。由headaches,insomnia(失眠)and stomach trouble可推出,可选项有mental和physical,由朋友的话“Unless... Worrying you, I can’t helPyou. 可知这个人是由于心理上的原因,而不是生理上的,故选physical即No physical cause...。
  6.选F)。此处应填动词。选项中的动词有confessed,cured和disturbed,但由After some hesitation可推出,此人是在向医生坦白情况,故选择confessed“坦白”。
  7.选G)。此处应填名词。由as executor of his father’s will可推知,此处说明的是,在遗产继承方面,他一直在欺骗他居住在国外的兄弟,故只有选项inheritance符合题意。
  8.选M)。此处应填名词。由restoring their good relation可推知,他是写信给他兄弟请求原谅,故选项中只有forgiveness符合题意。选项中excuse用作名词时,一般解释为“理由,借口”而没有“原谅”的意思,故排除。
  9.选I)。由第二段最后一句waht’s worrying you和这个人的感情Thank you可推出,此处说明的是医生治好了他的心病,选项中只有cured符合题意。
  10.选A)。此处应填动词的圆形。But also make it stronger“使人际关系更加稳固”,it指代a damaged relationship,由此可知,空格处应填表示“修复”的词,选项中的heal则有“治愈,修复”的意思,符合原文意思。treat一般专指医学上的治疗,用在此处不合适。

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