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  As a physician who travels quite a lot, I spend a lot of time on planes listening for that dreaded “Is there a doctor on board?” announcement. I’ve been __1__ only once—for a woman who had merely fainted. But the __2__ made me quite curious about how __3__ this kind of thing happens.I wondered what I would do if __4__ with a real midair medical emergency-without access __5__ a hospital staff and the usual emergency equipment. So __6__ the New England Journal of Medicine last week __7__ a study about in-flight medical events,I read it __8__ interest.

  The study estimated that there are a(n) __9__ of 30 in-flight medical emergencies on U.S. flights every day. Most of them are not __10__; fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints. __11__ 13% of them –roughly four a day—are serious enough to __12__ a pilot to change course. The most common of the serious emergencies __13__ heart trouble, strokes, and difficulty breathing.

  Let’s face it: plane rides are __14__. For starters, cabin pressures at high altitudes are set at roughly __15__ they would be if you lived at 5,000 to 8,000 feet above sea level. Most people can tolerate these pressures pretty __86__, but passengers with heart disease __17__ experience chest pains as result of the reduced amount of oxygen flowing through their blood. __18__ common in-flight problem is deep venous thrombosis—the so-called economy class syndrome (综合症).__19__ happens, don’t panic. Things are getting better on the in-flight-emergency front. Thanks to more recent legislation, flights with at __20__ one attendant are starting to install emergency medical kits to treat heart attacks.

  1.A) called B) addressed C) informed D) surveyed

  2.A) Accident B) condition C) incident D) disaster

  3.A) soon B) long C) many D) often

  4.A) confronted B) treated C) identified D) provided

  5.A) for B) to C) by D) through

  6.A) before B) since C) when D) while

  7.A) collected B) conducted C) discovered D) published

  8.A) by B) of C) with D) in

  9.A) amount B) average C) sum D) number

  10.A) significant B) heavy C) common D) serious

  11.A) For B) On C) But D) So

  12.A) require B) inspire C) engage D) command

  13.A) include B) confine C) imply D) contain

  14.A) enjoyable B) stimulating C) tedious D) stressful

  15.A) who B) what C) which D) that

  16.A) harshly B) reluctantly C) easily D) casually

  17.A) ought to B) may C) used to D) need

  18.A) Any B) One C) Other D) Another

  19.A) Whatever B) Whichever C) Whenever D) Wherever

  20.A) most B) worst C) least D) best


  1.Frankly speaking, I’d rather you ________________(不采取任何措施) about it for the time being.

  2. In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relatives_____________(起着不可缺少的作用) in raising children.

  3. John seems a nice person, ___________________(即使这样), I don’t trust him.

  4. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence,_____________(正在研制) and perfected now.

  5. What a lovely party! It’s worth_________________(牢记一生).



  1. A 2. A 3. D 4. A 5. B

  6. C 7. D 8. C 9. B 10. D

  11. C 12. D 13. A 14. D 15. A

  16. C 17. C 18. B 19. C 20. C



  3,语境题.本题首先应该明确四个选项词汇各表示什么.how soon指在多长时间之后,how long指多长的时段,how many值数量的多少,how often指事情发生的频率.在分析本句话how __3__ this kind of thing happens.由this kind of thing可以首先排除how many,再根据中文表达习惯,可以确定应该选择how often,意思为这样的事情多长时间会发生一次.

  4,词汇搭配题.本题所填入的词汇须满足两个条件,首先可以和介词with搭配,其次符合上下文的意思.由此可以确定应该选择confront.confront with的意思为使面临, 使面对,本句意思为当遇到这样的半空中的医疗事故.

  5,词汇搭配题.本题考查access与介词构成短语的意思的辨析.由此可以确定正确答案为access to,意思为接近;通向…的入口.本句话的意思为在没有医护人员和通常的急救设备的情况下.



  7,词汇搭配题.分析本句话,the New England Journal of Medicine last week __7__ a study about in flight medical events.其主语为the New England Journal of Medicine,宾语为a study,由此可以确定应该选择含有发布意思的publish.

  8,词汇搭配题.本题考查固定搭配with interest,其意思为有兴趣地,带利息,通过某种关系.

  9,语境题.本题的解答有赖于对本句话理解,注意到本句中的estimate和every day,并且考察四个选项后,可知应该选择average,即平均每天有三十个空中医疗事件发生.

  10,语境题.本题乍一看并不知道所填入的形容词到底是什么,但当看到下一句后就可以确定答案.fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints,其意思为昏厥和头昏是最经常发生的疾病.由此可知这些医疗时间都是不太严重的,由此可以确定第十题应该选serious.


  12,词汇搭配题.本题所填入的词汇需要满足连个条件,首先可以构成*(动词) sb.to do sth.,其次还要符合上下埃文的意思.由此首先可以排除B和C两个选项.require比command的语气要弱,require只是要求,而command含有命令的意思,对于如此紧急的时间,应该选用command.

  13,语境题.分析本句话The most common of the serious emergencies __13__ heart trouble, strokes, and difficulty breathing.前面总述the serious emergencies,后面是分述几种疾病,由此可以确定应该选择include,其意思为含有,包括.




  17,词汇搭配题.分析可知,本句话中的主语passengers with heart disease __17__ experience chest pains.其中心语为passengers,其后为其定语,由experience并考察四个选项,确定应该选择used to,意思为过去习惯于…,过去经常… .

  18,词汇搭配题.分析本句话__18__ common in-flight problem is deep venous thrombosis.注意到句中的problem和is,考察四个选项,首先可以排除any,由于前面没有one,所以可以排除other和another.所以正确答案为one.

  19,语境题.前面句子讲在飞行中的一个常见问题是所谓的经济舱综合症,再分析本句话__19__ happens, don’t panic....发生,都不要恐慌.句中的__19__ happens为让步状语.由于此处为特指经济舱综合症所以可以排除whatever,所以可以确定正确答案为whenever.

  20,语境题.分析本句话flights with at __20__ one attendant are starting to install emergency medical kits to treat heart attacks.注意到句中的one attendant,由此可以确定应该选择at least,表示至少.

  1,didn’t do anything

  2,play indispensable roles

  3,Even so

  4,are being developed

  5,remembering all my life

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