2011年12月大学英语四级词汇活记活用(第32期)

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2011年12月大学英语四级词汇活记活用(第32期)

  第一组:alternative,choose,pick,select

  1.He ___an appropriate birthday card for his mother.

  A.chose

  B.picked

  C.selected

  D.elected

  2.Children shouldn't ___ food.

  A.pick off

  B.pick

  C.choose

  D.select

  3.He ___ Miss Lilyfor his wife.

  A.chose

  B.selected

  C.picked

  D.elected

  4.When traveling,you are advised to take travelers' checks,which provide a secure ___ to carrying your money in cash.

  A.preference

  B.selection

  C.choice

  D.alternative

  5.I'm to ___ a few good books to send to my friend.

  A.choose

  B.pick up

  C.pick out

  D.pick at

  第二组:arise,arouse,raise,rise

  1.The wind is ____.

  A.rising

  B.raising

  C.arousing

  D.arising

  2.Our wages have been ____ recently.

  A.risen

  B.raised

  C.aroused

  D.arisen

  3.A new problem has ____.

  A.risen

  B.raised

  C.aroused

  D.arisen

  4.He ____ her mothering instincts.

  A.rose

  B.raised

  C.aroused

  D.arose

  5.He ____ at 6:30 a.m. as usual.

  A.rose

  B.raised

  C.aroused

  D.arose

  6.The river ____ by two feet after the heavy rains.

  A.rose

  B.raised

  C.aroused

  D.arose

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  第三组:amplify, enhance, enlarge,expand,magnify

  1.Human knowledge has greatly ___ in the last 30 years which enables people to achieve more and live more comfortably.

  A.enlarged

  B.expanded

  C.enhanced

  D.amplified

  2.Please ___ a radio signal.

  A.amplified

  B.expanded

  C.enhanced

  D.enlarged

  3.The republication of the poet’s most recent works will certainly ___ his national reputation.

  A.magnify

  B.expand

  C.enhance

  D.amplify

  4.People often use a loudspeaker to ___ the voice.

  A.develop

  B.enlarge

  C.magnify

  D.widen

  5.We must ___ our views by reading.

  A.amplify

  B.magnify

  C.enhance

  D.enlarge

  6.The boss is going to ___ retail operations.

  A.amplify

  B.magnify

  C.enhance

  D.expand

  7.Mother asked someone to ___ the kitchen.

  A.amplify

  B.magnify

  C.enhance

  D.enlarge

  答案及解析

  alternative,choose,pick,select都含有一定的"选择"之意

  alternative adj. n. 供选择的,抉择,供选择的东西.指在两者之间进行选择,两者选一的

  choose 适用范围最广,指从众多的对象中挑选,这中挑选常取决于个人的意志与判断,不强调客观标准.它所选择的对象可以是不同种类的,可以是有形的或无形的.还常带有最终选定的含义,即表示选定候不再变化.

  pick 口头用语,指仔细地,精心地选择,含有挑剔的意思.一般指挑选有形的东西

  select 语气比choose重,多用于正式场合.指仔细地,审慎地精选,强调客观性,而不是主观性.所挑选的对象可以是有形或无形的,但一定是同种类的.

  答案:CBADC

  1.He selected an appropriate birthday card for his mother.他给母亲精心挑选了一张合适的生日卡.

  2.Children shouldn’t pick food.孩子不应该挑食.(pick off摘去,采取)

  3 He chose Miss Lilyfor his wife.他选择了莉丽小姐作为他的妻子.(从本句可以看出"choose常带有最终选定的含义"这一点)

  4.When traveling,you are advised to take travelers' checks,which provide a secure alternative to carrying your money in cash.建议你旅游时带旅行支票,那样要比带现金安全.

  5.I'm to pick out a few good books to send to my friend.我要挑选几本好书给我的朋友.(pick up收拾整理,用车接人 pick out挑选,拣出 pick at吃一点点,无食欲地吃)

  arise,arouse,raise,rise

  arise vi. 突然出现;起床

  arouse vt.引起,唤醒,激起

  raise vt.举起,提高,较多地被用于具体的场合,如举手,举杯,升旗等;有时也用于提高工资,提高工作效率等

  rise vi.上升,升高,上涨等,大多用于抽象或比喻的场合,如太阳,蒸汽,产量的上升,有时也用于具体场合,如人的起立,河水的上涨等

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  答案:ABDCDA

  1.The wind is rising.起风了.

  2.Our wages have been raised recently.最近我们的工资提高了.

  3.A new problem has arisen.出现了一个新问题.

  4.He aroused her mothering instincts.他激起了她的母爱本能.

  5.He arose at 6:30 a.m. as usual.他像平常一样早晨6点半起床.

  6.The river rose by two feet after the heavy rains.暴雨使河水水位升高两英尺.

  amplify, enhance, enlarge,expand,magnify都含有一定的"扩大,提高"之意

  amplify 放大,扩大,增强,指放大,增强(信号等)

  enhance 提高,增强,指(价格,力量,吸引力,声望)等的增加,提高.

  enlarge 指体积,大小,范围,能力等方面的增加

  expand 既可指数量上或体积上的增加,也可用来之前后左右上下任何方向的扩大,也指知识的增长,生意的扩大

  magnify 指放大,扩大(声音,照片等)

  答案:BACCDDD

  1. Human knowledge has greatly expanded in the last 30 years which enables people to achieve more and live more comfortably.过去30年人类的知识已经有了很大的增长,这就使得人们能够取得更大的成就,生活也更舒适了.

  2. Please amplify a radio signal.请放大无线电信号.

  3. The republication of the poet’s most recent works will certainly enhance his national reputation.这位诗人最新作品的再版毋庸置疑地会提高他在国内的声望.

  4. People often use a loudspeaker to magnify the voice.人们常用扩音器来放大声音.

  5. We must enlarge our views by reading.我们必须以读书来增长见识.

  6.The boss is going to expand retail operations.老板正打算扩大零售业务.

  7.Mother asked someone to enlarge the kitchen.妈妈找人来扩大了厨房.

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