2011年12月英语四六级考试必备词汇辨析(3)

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2011年12月英语四六级考试必备词汇辨析(3)

  apparent,clear,evident,obvious,visible都含有一定的"明显"之意

  apparent 显然明白的,表面上的;常用来修饰容易看见或认识的事物

  clear 普通用语,凡听清、看清或易于理解的东西都可以用

  evident 指以事实为根据,加以推理就很明显,多用于抽象事物和推理,如事实、错误、成功等

  obvious 指极为明显,一目了然,不用多说就能清楚的东西

  visible 显著的,明显的,可看见的

  以上词语,在某些时候可以互换,并无非常明显的界限. ________________________________________1.Everyone present ran out for no __A__ reason.在场的每个人都莫名其妙地跑掉了.

  A.apparent B.other C.absurd D.strange

  2.It is (quite) __B__ that he took the wrong path.很显然,他走错了道.(本题选用obvious也是可以的嘛! It is (quite) evident that...很显然...)

  A.apparent B.evident C.stupid D.absurd

  3.Tom was nowhere in __B__ .到处都看不到汤姆.(in evidence 明显的,显眼的,显而易见的,可看见的)

  A.apparence B.evidence C.obviosity D.vision

  4.It is __C__ that two and two make four.二加二等于四,那是明明白白的.(It is bovious that...)

  A.apparent B.evident C.obvious D.visible

  5.He talked to the customer with __D__ impatience.他和顾客谈话时显然不耐烦的样子.(本题选用apparent或obvious也没什么不可以.但evident和clear就有点勉强了.)

  A.evident B.clear C.much D.visible

  6.It is __A__ (that) you have been cheated.明白得很,你已受骗了.(It is clear that...)

  A.clear B.apparent C.regretful D.ignorant

  ________________________________________

  关于people的四个词,可能大家很早就听说过了吧,但我不知道是否都弄清楚了,所以在这里再提一下.

  a people,peoples,people,the people有何区别?你分清了嘛?

  a people 指一个国家或地区的"民族、人民".

  peoples 为a people的复数形式,指许多国家或地区的不同的"民族、人民".

  people 泛指"人们",是集合名词,不能指一人.以单数形式表示复数意义,谓语动词要用复数

  the people 指"人民",可指某个国家的人民,也可指全世界的人民.它表示复数概念.若the people作为主语,它的谓语动词要用复数形式. ________________________________________1.The Chinese are a hard-working __A__.中国是个勤劳的民族.(a (adj.) people)

  A.people B.a people C.the people D.peoples

  2.__A__ will laugh at you.人们会嘲笑你的.

  A.People B.A people C.The people D.Peoples

  3.__C__ are the makers of history.人民是历史的创造者.

  A.People B.A people C.The people D.Peoples

  4.Five hundred __A__ have attended the open air concert.五百人参与了露天音乐会.

  A.people B.a people C.the people D.peoples

  5.__D__ of the two countries are determined to unite still more closely.两国人民决心团结得更加紧密.

  A.People B.A people C.The people D.The peoples

  6.__C__ who were waiting at the entrance have now gone inside.刚才等在入口处的人们现在都进去了.

  A.People B.A people C.The people D.Peoples

  "争论,争吵"

  .

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  argue,debate,discuss,dispute,quarrel都含有一定的"争论"之意

  argue 指一方坚持自己的意见,立场和观点,通过争论企图说服对方(argue with sb. about/over sth.)

  debate 多指公开,正式场合进行的辩论或严肃的争论,双方各自陈述理由,"交锋""往返"的意味较强

  discuss 指为了解决问题或弄清对方的观点而进行的讨论,磋商

  dispute 指持续,激烈的争论,语气较强,有”相持不下,未得解决”的意思(in dispute在争论中)

  quarrel 争吵,争论,含与人发生口角的意思 ________________________________________1.I __D__ with my flat-mate about who should do the housework.我和我同住一个单元的人关于谁应做家务吵了一架.(quarrel with sb. about sth.与某人发生口角)

  A.discussed B.debated C.argued D.quarreled

  2.What we are __A__ about is not survival but the quality of life.我们所争论的不是生存问题而是生活质量问题.

  A.disputing B.deducing C.discussing D.debating

  3.They are __C__ over foreign policy.他们正就外交政策进行辩论. (argue with sb. about/over sth.)

  A.disputing B.discussing C.arguing D.debating

  4.They hold a fierce __A__ as to whether their company should restore the trade relationship which was broken years ago.他们就公司是否应当恢复几年前中断了的贸易关系进行了一场激烈的争论.

  A.debate B.clash C.disagreement D.contest

  5.What he said just now had little to do with the question under __B__.他刚才所见讲的与讨论的问题关系不大.(under discussion在讨论中)

  A.debate B.discussion C.dispution D.arguement

  6.The case was fully __B__ before agreement was reached.这案件在达成一致意见前进行了充分争论.

  A.quarreled B.argued C.debated D.contested

  arise,arouse,raise,rise四个形近词,你分清了吗?

  arise vi. 突然出现;起床

  arouse vt.引起,唤醒,激起

  raise vt.举起,提高,较多地被用于具体的场合,如举手,举杯,升旗等;有时也用于提高工资,提高工作效率等

  rise vi.上升,升高,上涨等,大多用于抽象或比喻的场合,如太阳,蒸汽,产量的上升,有时也用于具体场合,如人的起立,河水的上涨等 ________________________________________1.The wind is __A__.起风了.

  A.rising B.raising C.arousing D.arising

  2.Our wages have been __B__ recently.最近我们的工资提高了.

  A.risen B.raised C.aroused D.arisen

  3.A new problem has __D__.出现了一个新问题.

  A.risen B.raised C.aroused D.arisen

  4.He __C__ her mothering instincts.他激起了她的母爱本能.

  A.rose B.raised C.aroused D.arose

  5.He __D__ at 6:30 a.m. as usual.他像平常一样早晨6点半起床.

  A.rose B.raised C.aroused D.arose

  6.The river __A__ by two feet after the heavy rains.暴雨使河水水位升高两英尺.

  A.rose B.raised C.aroused D.arose ________________________________________

  some time,some times,sometime,sometimes,some day,the other day

  some time n. "相当长的一段时间" adv. "某个时候,某一天"=sometime

  some times adv. "数次"

  sometime adv. "某个时候,某一天"(可指过去,也可指将来),可用some time代替

  sometimes adv."有时,间或"=now and then /from time to time

  some day "有朝一日,有一天"(只指将来的一天),常与表示将来的时态连用,也可写成someday

  the other day "那一天,前几天"(只指过去的某一天),仅用于过去时态中 ________________________________________1.__D__ I'm going to make a journey round the world.有朝一日我要环游世界.

  A.The other day(只用于过去时) B.Some times C.Sometimes D.Some day(用于将来时)

  2.We __D__ have letters from her.我们有时收到她的来信.

  A.some time B.some times C.sometime D.sometimes

  3.I saw her __B__ in July.我在七月的某一天见到过她.

  A.some day(用于将来时) B.sometime(也可用sometime) C.some times D.sometimes

  4.__C__,as I was walking up to town,I saw a strange man.在我走去镇上的那一天,我看见一个奇怪的人.

  A.Some day(用于将来时) B.Sometime(概念较模糊,不清楚哪天) C.The other day(用于过去时,特指那一天) D.Some time

  5.Marx stayed in Belgium for __A__.马克思在比利时待了一段时间.

  A.Some time B.Sometime C.Some times D.Sometimes

  6.I met your elder sister in the museum __C__.我好几次在博物馆碰见你姐姐.

  A. someday B.sometimes C.some times D.some time ________________________________________

  "假的"

  .

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  artificial,fake,false都含有一定"假的"之意.

  artificial 人造的,假的,矫揉造作的,不自然的 eg.an artificial lake人工湖; artificial smile做作的微笑/假笑; an artificial earth satellite人造地球卫星

  fake adj.假的,伪造的,冒充的 n.假货,赝品(the antique is a fake那古董是件赝品)

  false 假的,不真实的,带有欺骗性的假象 eg.false goods假冒商品 ________________________________________1.There were some __A__ flowers on the table.桌上放着一些假花.

  A.artificial B.false C.unnatural D.unreal

  2.Some criminals were ptinting __B__ dollar bills until they were arrested.有些罪犯在被逮捕前一直印假美钞.

  A.decent(体面的) B.fake C.patent(专利的) D.suspicious(可疑的)

  3.Someone shouted "Fire!" but it was a __B__ alarm and there was no danger.有人喊"失火了",可那只是一场虚惊并无危险.(false alarm 虚假的警报)

  A.fake B.false C.unreal D.untrue

  4.She was too nervous to make an __D__ manner.她太紧张了,做出了不自然的举止.

  A.fake B.unreal C.false D.artificial

  5.Three plus three is seven.True or __C__?三加三等于七.对还是错?

  A.artificial B.fake C.false D.untrue

  6.His friends played him __C__.他的朋友欺骗了他.(play sb. false 对某人不忠实,欺骗某人)

  A. artificial B.fake C.false D.untrue ________________________________________ .

  " 归因于..."

  ascribe,attribute,contribute,owe

  ascribe 和 attribute 差别不大,都可以解释为"(中性)把...归因于,(褒义)把...归功于,(贬义)把...归咎于",也可以解释为"把...归属于,认为...归属于...",基本可以互换

  contribute (to)有助于,促成...

  owe (to)把...归功于(褒义) ________________________________________1.Medical research has shown that the widespread use of cigarettes __C__ to the increase of cancers.医学研究表明人们普遍吸烟导致癌症患者人数增加.

  A.ascribe B.attribute C.contribute D.owe

  2.Professor Li __C__ his success to his mother.李教授把他的成功归功于他母亲.

  A.owns B.ruins(破坏) C.owes/ascribe/attribute D.roars(吼叫)

  3.We __B__ Edison's success to his intelligence and hard work.我们把爱迪生的成就归因于他的聪明才智和辛勤工作.

  A.subject to 服从 B.attribute/ascribe C.owing to 由于 D.refer to 参阅,涉及

  4.The discover of America is usually __A__ to Columbus.美洲大陆的发现通常被归功于哥伦布.

  A.ascribed/attributed/owed B.gave C.rewarded D.contributed

  5.One should not __D__ one's error to objective conditions.一个人不应把自己的错误归咎于客观条件.

  A.apply to 运用,申请 B.owe C.contribute D.ascribe/attribute

  6.I __A__ it to you that I finished my work in time.亏得有你帮忙,我才及时完成了工作.

  A.owe...to... 把...归功于... B.contribute C.award D.give

  7.The exchange of goodwill missions greatly __C__ to a better understanding between the two countries.互派友好代表团大大促进了两国之间的相互了解.

  A.ascribe B.attribute C.contribute D.owe

  8.This poem is __B__ to Homer.这首诗被认定为荷马所作.

  A. owed B.ascribed...to...(认为...归属于...) C.contributed D.belong(没有被动语态)

  .

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