日期:12-14| http://www.59wj.com |真题|人气:361




Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Section A

1. A) Dr. Holden should have taken over the position earlier.

B) She doesn’t think Dr. Holden has made a wise choice.

C) Dr. Holden is the best person for the chairmanship.

D) The dean should have consulted her on the appointment.

2 .A) They’ll get back to their school once in a while

B) They’ll hold a party before the summer vacation

C) They’ll do odd jobs together at the school library

D) They’ll keep in touch during the summer vacation

3 A) The woman didn’t know how to bargain.

B) Peaches are in season now.

C) Peaches are not at their best now.

D) The woman helped the man choose the fruit.

4 A) They ask for an extension of the deadline.

B) They work on the assignment together.

C) They choose an easier assignment.

D) They join the physics club.

5 A) She believes Jean was rude to Dr. Brown

B) She will talk to Jean about what happened

C) She thinks Dr. Brown deserves the praise

D) She admires Jean’s straightforwardness

6 A) He liked writing when he was a child

B) He became well known at the age of six

C) He used to be an editor of Reader’s Digest

D) He enjoyed reading stories in Reader’s Digest

7 A) He shows great enthusiasm for his studies

B) He does not study hard enough

C) He is a very versatile person

D) He has no talent for tennis

8 A) The train that John is taking will arrive soon

B) There are several railway stations in the city

C) John has lost something at the railway station

D) It will be very difficult for them to find John

9 A) It will continue to surge forward

B) Its rapid growth is beneficial to the world

C) It can be seen as a model by the rest of the world

D) Its success can’t be explained by elementary economics

10 A) The new apartments can accommodate 500 students

B) The new apartments are not available until next month

C) Most students can’t afford to live in the new apartments

D) It takes only 5 minutes to reach the campus from the apartments 


Section B

11 A) The need for greater cultural diversity in the school curriculum

B) The role of immigrants in the construction of American society

C) The importance of offering diverse courses in European history

D) The historic landing of Europeans on the Virginia shore

12 A) He believed the speaker was a foreigner

B) He wanted to keep their conversation going

C) He was trying to show friendliness to the speaker

D) He was wondering if the speaker was used to living in America

13 A) Americans are in need of education in their history

B) Colored people are not welcome in the United States

C) Asian tourists can speak English as well as native speakers of the language

D) The US population doesn’t consist of white European descendants only

14 A) By enforcing discipline

B) By educating the public

C) By making laws

D) By holding ceremonies

15 A) It should be raised by soldiers

B) It should be raised quickly by hand

C) It should be raised by mechanical means

D) It should be raised only by Americans

16 A) It should be spread over the object to be unveiled

B) It should be hung from the top of the monument

C) It should be carried high up in the air

D) It should be attached to the status

17 A) There are precise regulations and customs to be followed

B) There has been a lot of controversy over the use of flag

C) The best athletes can wear uniforms with the design of the flag

D) Americans can print the flag on their cushions or handkerchiefs 

    Passage Three

18 A) Illness B) Truancy

C) Punishment by teachers

D) Poor academic performance

19 A) Principals of city schools

B) The Board of Education

C) Students with good attendance records

D) Students with good academic records

20 A) Cutting the budget for repairs and replacements

B) Punishing students who damage school property

C) Promoting teachers who can prevent the destruction

D) Rewarding schools that have decreased the destruction

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Passage one

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Ask most people how they define the American Dream and chances are they’ll say, “Success.” The dream of individual opportunity has been home in American since Europeans discovered a “new world” in the Western Hemisphere. Early immigrants like Hector St. Jean de Crevecoeur praised highly the freedom and opportunity to be found in this new land. His glowing descriptions of a classless society where anyone could attain success through honesty and hard work fired the imaginations of many European readers: in Letters from an American Farmer (1782) he wrote. “We are all excited at the spirit of an industry which is unfettered (无拘无束的) and unrestrained, because each person works for himself … We have no princes, for whom we toil (干苦力活),starve, and bleed: we are the most perfect society now existing in the world.” The promise of a land where “the rewards of a man’s industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor” drew poor immigrants from Europe and fueled national expansion into the western territories.

Our national mythology (神化) is full of illustration the American success story. There’s Benjamin Franklin, the very model of the self-educated, self-made man, who rose from modest origins to become a well-known scientist, philosopher, and statesman. In the nineteenth century, Horatio Alger, a writer of fiction for young boys, became American’s best-selling author with rags-to-riches tales. The notion of success haunts us: we spend million every year reading about the rich and famous, learning how to “make a fortune in real estate with no money down,” and “dressing for success.” The myth of success has even invaded our personal relationships: today it’s as important to be “successful” in marriage or parenthoods as it is to come out on top in business.

But dreams easily turn into nightmares. Every American who hopes to “make it” also knows the fear of failure, because the myth of success inevitably implies comparison between the haves and the have-nots, the stars and the anonymous crowd. Under pressure of the myth, we become indulged in status symbols: we try to live in the “right” neighborhoods, wear the “right” clothes, eat the “right” foods. These symbols of distinction assure us and others that we believe strongly in the fundamental equality of all, yet strive as hard as we can to separate ourselves from our fellow citizens.

21. What is the essence of the American Dream according to Crevecoeur?

A) People who are honest and work hard can succeed.

B) People are free from exploitation and oppression.

C) People can fully enjoy individual freedom.

D) People are free to develop their power of imagination.

22.By saying “the rewards of a man’s industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor” (Line 10, Para. 1), the author means __________ .

A) a company’s success depends on its employees’ hard work

B) a man’s business should be developed step by step

C) laborious work ensures the growth of an industry

D) the more diligent one is, the bigger his returns

23. The characters described in Horatio Alger’s novels are people who _______.

A) became famous despite their modest origins

B) became wealthy after starting life very poor

C) succeed in real estate investment

D) earned enormous fortunes by chances

24. It can be inferred from the last sentence of the second paragraph that _________.

A) Americans wish to succeed in every aspect of life

B) good personal relationships lead to business success

C) business success often contributes to a successful marriage

D) successful business people provide good care for their children

25. What is the paradox of American culture according to the author?

A) Status symbols are not a real indicator of a person’s wealth.

B) The American Dream is nothing but an empty dream.

C) The American road to success is full of nightmares.

D) What Americans strive after often contradicts their beliefs. 

    Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

In many ways, today’s business environment has changed qualitatively since the late 1980s. The end of the Cold War radically altered the very nature of the world’s politics and economics. In just a few short years, globalization has started a variety of trends with profound consequences: the opening of markets, true global competition, widespread deregulation (解除政府对……的控制) of industry, and an abundance of accessible capital. We have experienced both the benefits and risks of a truly global economy, with both Wall Street and Main Street (平民百姓) feeling the pains of economic disorder half a world away.

At the same time, we have fully entered the Information Age, Starting breakthroughs in information technology have irreversibly altered the ability to conduct business unconstrained by the traditional limitations of time or space. Today, it’s almost impossible to imagine a world without intranets, e-mail, and portable computers. With stunning speed, the Internet is profoundly changing the way we work, shop, do business, and communicate.

As a consequence, we have truly entered the Post-Industrial economy. We are rapidly shifting from an economy based on manufacturing and commodities to one that places the greatest value on information, services, support, and distribution. That shift, in turn, place an unprecedented premium on “knowledge workers,” a new class of wealthy, educated, and mobile people who view themselves as free agents in a seller’s market.

Beyond the realm of information technology, the accelerated pace of technological change in virtually every industry has created entirely new business, wiped out others, and produced a Pervasive( 广泛的) demand for continuous innovation. New product, process ,and distribution technologies provide powerful levers for creating competitive value. More companies are learning the importance of destructive technologies-----innovations that hold the potential to make a product line, or even an entire business segment, virtually outdated.

Another major trend has been the fragmentation of consumer and business markets. There’s a growing appreciation that superficially similar groups of customers may have very different preferences in terms of what they want to buy and how they want to buy it. Now, new technology makes it easier, faster ,and cheaper to identify and serve targeted micro-markets in ways that were physically impossible or prohibitively expensive in the past. Moreover, the trend feeds on itself, a business’s ability to serve sub-markets fuels customers’ appetites for more and more specialized offerings.

26. According to the first paragraph, the chances in the business environment in the past decades can be attributed to __________.

A) technological advances

B) the fierce competition in industry

C) the globalization of economy

D) worldwide economic disorder   

27. what idea does the author want to convey in the second paragraph ?

A) The rapid development of information technology has taken businessmen by surprise

B) Information technology has removed the restrictions of time and space in business transactions

C) The way we do business today has brought about startling breakthroughs in information technology.

D) The Internet, intranets, e-mail, and portable computers have penetrated every corner of the world.

28. If a business wants to thrive in the Post-Industrial economy,__________

A) it should not overlook the importance of information, services, support, and distribution

B) it has to invest more capital in the training of free agents to operate in a seller’s market

C) it should try its best to satisfy the increasing demands of mobile knowledgeable people

D) it has to provide each of its employees with the latest information about the changing market

29. In the author’s view, destructive technologies are innovations which _________

A) may destroy the potential of a company to make any profit

B) can eliminate an entire business segment

C) demand a radical change in providing services

D) call for continuous improvement in ways of doing business

30. With the fragmentation of consumer and business markets ______________

A) manufacturers must focus on one special product to remain competitive in the market

B) it is physically impossible and prohibitively expensive to do business in the old way

C) an increasing number of companies have disintegrated

D) businesses have to meet individual customers’ specific needs in order to succeed .

    Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

Too many vulnerable child-free adults are being ruthlessly(无情的)manipulated into parent-hood by their parents , who think that happiness among older people depends on having a grand-child to spoil. We need an organization to help beat down the persistent campaigns of grandchildless parents. It’s time to establish Planned Grandparenthood, which would have many global and local benefits.

Part of its mission would be to promote the risks and realities associated with being a grandparent. The staff would include depressed grandparents who would explain how grandkids break lamps, bite, scream and kick. Others would detail how an hour of baby-sitting often turns into a crying marathon. More grandparents would testify that they had to pay for their grandchild’s expensive college education.

Planned grandparenthood’s carefully written literature would detail all the joys of life grand-child-free a calm living room, extra money for luxuries during the golden years, etc. Potential grandparents would be reminded that, without grandchildren around, it’s possible to have a conversation with your kids, who----incidentally-----would have more time for their own parents .

Meanwhile, most children are vulnerable to the enormous influence exerted by grandchildless parents aiming to persuade their kids to produce children . They will take a call from a persistent parent, even if they’re loaded with works. In addition, some parents make handsome money offers payable upon the grandchild’s birth. Sometimes these gifts not only cover expenses associated with the infant’s birth, but extras, too, like a vacation. In any case, cash gifts can weaken the resolve of even the noblest person.

At Planned Grandparenthood, children targeted by their parents to reproduce could obtain non-biased information about the insanity of having their own kids. The catastrophic psychological and economic costs of childbearing would be emphasized. The symptoms of morning sickness would be listed and horrors of childbirth pictured. A monthly newsletter would contain stories about overwhelmed parents and offer guidance on how childless adults can respond to the different lobbying tactics that would-be grandparents employ.

When I think about all the problems of our overpopulated world and look at our boy grabbing at the lamp by the sofa, I wish I could have turned to Planned Grandparenthood when my parents were putting the grandchild squeeze on me.

If I could have, I might not be in this parenthood predicament( 窘境) . But here’s the crazy irony, I don’t want my child-free life back . Dylan’s too much fun.

31. What’s the purpose of the proposed organization Planned Grandparenthood?

A)To discourage people from insisting on having grandchildren.

B) To offer counseling to people on how to raise grandchildren.

C)To provide facilities and services for grandchildless parents.

D) to encourage childless couples to have children

32. Planned Grandparenthood would include depressed grandparents on its staff in order to_.

A) share their experience in raising grandchildren in a more scientific way

B) draw attention to the troubles and difficulties grandchildren may cause

C) help raise funds to cover the high expense of education for grandchildren

D) show them the joys of life grandparents may have in raising grandchildren

33. According to the passage, some couples may eventually choose to have children because____.

A) they have learn from other parents about the joys of having children

B) they feel more and more lonely ad they grow older

C) they have found it irrational to remain childless

D) they find it hard to resist the carrot-and-stick approach of their parents

34.By saying “… my parents were putting the grandchild squeeze on me” (Line 2-3,Para. 6), the

author means that _________.

A) her parents asked her to save for the expenses of raising a child

B) her parents kept pressuring her to have a child

C) her parents liked to have a grandchild in their arms

D) her parents kept blaming her for her child’s bad behavior

35.What does the author really of the idea of having children?

A) It contributes to overpopulation. It does more harm than good.

B) It is a psychological catastrophe

C) It is troublesome but rewarding.

D) It does more harm than good.

    Passage Four

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

Public distrust of scientists stems in part from the blurring of boundaries between science and technology, between discovery and manufacture. Most government, perhaps all governments, justify public expenditure on scientific research in terms of the economic benefits the scientific enterprise ha brought in the past and will bring in the future. Politicians remind their voters of the splendid machines ‘our scientists’ have invented, the new drugs to relieve old ailments (病痛), and the new surgical equipment and techniques by which previously intractable (难治疗的) conditions may now be treated and lives saved. At the same time, the politicians demand of scientists that they tailor their research to ‘economics needs’, that they award a higher priority to research proposals that are ‘near the market’ and can be translated into the greatest return on investment in the shortest time. Dependent, as they are, on politicians for much of their funding, scientists have little choice but to comply. Like the rest of us, they are members of a society that rates the creation of wealth as the greatest possible good. Many have reservations, but keep them to themselves in what they perceive as a climate hostile to the pursuit of understanding for its own sake and the idea of an inquiring, creative spirit.

In such circumstances no one should be too hard on people who are suspicious of conflicts of interest. When we learn that the distinguished professor assuring us of the safety of a particular product holds a consultancy with the company making it, we cannot be blamed for wondering whether his fee might conceivably cloud his professional judgment. Even if the professor holds no consultancy with any firm, some people many still distrust him because of his association with those who do, or at least wonder about the source of some his research funding.

This attitude can have damaging effects. It questions the integrity of individuals working in a profession that prizes intellectual honesty as the supreme virtue, and plays into the hands of those who would like to discredit scientists by representing then a venal (可以收买的). This makes it easier to dismiss all scientific pronouncements, but especially those made by the scientists who present themselves as ‘experts’. The scientist most likely to understand the safety of a nuclear reactor, for example, is a nuclear engineer declares that a reactor is unsafe, we believe him, because clearly it is not to his advantage to lie about it. If he tells us it is safe, on the other hand, we distrust him, because he may well be protecting the employer who pays his salary.

36. What is the chief concern of most governments when it comes to scientific research?

A) Quick economics returns.

B) Support from the votes.

C) The budget for a research project.

D) the reduction of public expenditure

37. Scientist have to adapt their research to ‘economic needs’ in order to _________ .

A) translate knowledge into wealth

B) obtain funding from the government

C) pursue knowledge for knowledge’s sake

D) impress the public with their achievements

38. Why won’t scientists complain about the government’s policy concerning scientific research?

A) They know it takes patience to win support from the public.

B) They are accustomed to keeping their opinions to themselves.

C) They think they work in an environment hostile to the free pursuit of knowledge.

D) They think compliance with government policy is in the interests of the public.

39. According to the author, people are suspicious of the professional judgment of scientists because ___________ .

A) sometimes they hide the source of their research funding

B) some of them do not give priority to intellectual honesty

C) their pronouncements often turn out to be wrong

D) they could be influenced by their association with the project concerned

40. Why does the author say that public distrust of scientists can have damaging effects?

A) It may dampen the enthusiasm of scientists for independent research.

B) It makes things difficult for scientists seeking research funds.

C) People would not believe scientists even when they tell the truth.

D) Scientists themselves may doubt the value of their research findings.

Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)

41. You shouldn’t __your father’s instructions. Anyway he is an experienced teacher.

A) defy B) deliberate C)denounce D) deduce

42. In some remote places there are still very poor people who can’t afford to live in __conditions.

A) positive B)honorable C) gracious D) decent

43. The Government’s policies will come under close __ in the weeks before the election.

A) specification B)scrutiny C) appreciation D)apprehension

44. It is believed that the feeding patterns parents __ on their children can determine their adolescent and adult eating habits.

A) impose B)evoke C) compel D)necessitate

45.Very few people could understand his lecture because the subject was very __.

A) faint B) indefinite C)obscure D) gloomy

46. Tom is bankrupt now. He is desperate because all his efforts __ failure.

A) inflicted on B) hinged upon C) tumbled to D)culminated in

47. Cancer is a group of diseases in which there is uncontrolled and disordered growth of __ cells.

A) controversial B) abnormal C) inferior D)irrelevant

48.I could hear nothing but the roar of the airplane engines which __all other sounds.

A) drowned B) deafened C) overturned D)smoothed

49. The girl’s face __________ with embarrassment during the interview when she couldn’t answer the tough question.

A) radiated B) beamed C) dazzled D) flushed


50. Unfortunately, the new edition of dictionary is __________ in all major bookshops.

A) out of business B) out of reach C) out of stock D) out of season

51. It seems somewhat _______to expect anyone to drive 3 hours just for a 20-minute meeting.

A) unique B) impossible C) eccentric D) absurd

52. The bride and groom promised to __ each other through sickness and health.

A) cherish B)nourish C)foster D) nominate

53.If the value-added tax were done away with, it would act as a __ to consumption.

A) progression B) prime C) stimulus D) stability

54. Professor Smith explained the movement of light__ that of water.

A) by virtue of B)by analogy with C) in terms of D) in line with

55. Millions of people around the world have some type of physical, mental, or emotional __ that severely limits their abilities to manage their daily activities.

A) scandal B)deficit C)handicap D) misfortune

56.At that time, the economy was still undergoing a __and job offers were hard to get.

A) recession B)concession C)supervision D)deviation

57. The meaning of the sentence is __; you can interpret it in several ways.

A) skeptical B) exclusive C) intelligible D)ambiguous

58. This area of the park has been specially _______for children, but accompanying adults are also welcome.

A)entitled B) inaugurated C) designated D) delegated

59. The hands on my alarm clock are __________, so I can see what time it is in the dark.

A) gorgeous B) luminous C) spectacular D) exotic

60. In today’s class, the students were asked to __their mistakes on the exam paper and put in their possible corrections.

A) omit B) extinguish C) cancel D)erase

61. The company management attempted to __information that was not favorable to them, but it was all in vain.

A) supplement B) suppress C) plug D) concentrate

62. While fashion is thought of usually __ clothing, it is important to realize that it covers a much wider domain.

A) in proportion to B) by means of C) in relation to D)on behalf of

63. Slavery was _______in Canada in 1833, and Canadian authorities encouraged the slaves, who escaped from America, to settle on its vast virgin land

A) abolished B) resigned C) diluted D) dissipated

64. Psychologists have done extensive studies on how well patients _____with doctors’ orders.

A) comply B) correspond C) interact D) interfere

65. Since our knowledge is __ none of us can exclude the possibility of being wrong.

A) delicate B )restrained C) controlled D) finite

66. The boy’s foolish question __his mother who was busy with housework and had no interest in talking.

A) intrigued B) irritated C) stimulated D) fascinated

67. They’re going to build a big office block on that __ piece of land.

A) void B) blank C) vacant D)shallow

68. It is my hope that everyone in this class should __ their errors before it is too late.

A) expel B) exclude C) refute D)rectify

69. Police and villagers unanimously __the forest fire to thunder and lightning.

A) ascribed B) approached C) confined D) confirmed

70. Without any hesitation, she took off her shoes, __up her skirt and splashed across the stream.

A) twisted B) tucked C) curled D)revolved 

    Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)

Every week hundreds of CVs(简历) land on our desks.

We’ve seen it all: CVs printed on pink paper, CVs that are 10

pages long and CVs with silly mistakes in first paragraph. A S1 _____________

good CV is your passport to an interview and ,ultimate , to S2______________

the job you want Initial impressions are vital, and a badly presented CV

could mean acceptance, regardless of what’s in it. S3______________

Here are a few ways to avoid end up on the reject pile. S4______________

Print your CV on good-quality white paper.

CVs with flowery backgrounds or pink paper will

stand out upon all the wrong reasons S5_______________

Get someone to check for spelling and grammatical

errors, because a spell-checker will pick up every S6_______________

mistake. CVs with errors will be rejected-it shows

that you don’t pay attention to detail.

Restrict your self to one or two pages, and

listing any publications or referees on a separate sheet. S7_______________

If you are sending your CV electronically, check the

formatting by sending it to yourself first. keep up S8______________

the format simple.

Do not send a photo unless specifically requested. If

you have to send on ,make sure it is one taking in a S9_____________

professional setting, rather than a holiday snap.

Getting the presentation right is just the first step. What

about the content? The Rule here is to keep it factual and

Truthful-exaggerations usually get find out. And remember S10____________

to tailor your CV to each different job.

Part V Writing (30minutes)

Direction For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to a company declining a job offer, You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below

1、 对公司提供职位表示感谢

2、 解释为何不能接受所提供的职位

3、 希望给与谅解,并表达对公司的良好祝愿

A Letter Declining a Job Offer

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