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2012年6月大学英语六级新模拟试题(3)   Part one  Listening  Comprehension                   ( 20 minutes )
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)  and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Example: You will hear :
  You will read:  A) 2 hours.  B) 3 hours.  C) 4 hours.  D) 5 hours.
  From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 oclock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
  Sample Answer [A][B][C][D]

  1. A) He thinks that there won’t be enough seats for everybody.
  B) He thinks that the speaker won’t show up.
  C) He thinks the seminar won’t be open to the public.
  D) He thinks that there might not be any more tickets available.
  2. A) Their father is unable to keep his promise.
  B) Their father is going on a vacation without her.
  C) Their father isn’t telling her the truth.
  D) Their father doesn’t want to travel abroad.
  3. A) John didn’t pass, although he had tried his best.
  B) John did better than he thought he was able to.
  C) John got an excellent score, which was unexpected.
  D) John was disappointed at his math score.
  4. A) The roof of the woman’s house needs to be repaired.
  B) The roof of the man’s house has several bad leaks.
  C) The woman’s bathroom was badly damaged.
  D) The man works for a roofing company.
  5. A) Mr. Smith will be replaced if he makes another mistake.
  B) Mr. Smith is an admirable chief of the Asian Department.
  C) Mr. Smiths department is more successful than all the others.
  D) Mr. Smith is seldom in his office.
  6. A) She doesn’t have a fax machine. B) She may quit her present job soon.
  C) She is tired of her present job.  D) Her phone number has changed.
  7. A) Someone has taken away her luggage.
  B) Her flight is 50 minutes late.
  C) Her luggage has been delayed.
  D) She can’t find the man she’s been waiting for.
  8. A) To do whatever the committee asks him to.
  B) To make decisions in agreement with the committee.
  C) To run the committee his way.
  D) To make himself the committee chairman.
  9. A) The woman found the mailbox empty.
  B) The man is waiting for some important mail.
  C) The man has just sent out his application.
  D) The woman will write a postcard to her daughter.
  10. A) Read the operation manual.     B) Try the buttons one by one.
  C) Ask the shop assistant for advice. D) Make the machine run slowly.

  Section B 
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C), and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) They were drawing pictures.        B) They were watching TV.
  C) They were making a telephone call.  D) They were tidying up the drawing room.
  12. A) They locked the couple up in the drawing room.
  B) They seriously injured the owners of the house. 
  C) They smashed the TV set and the telephone.
  D) They took away sixteen valuable paintings. 
  13. A) He accused them of the theft.
  B) He raised the rents.
  C) He refused to prolong their land lease.
  D) He forced them to abandon their traditions. 
  14. A) They wanted to protect the farmers interests.
  B) They wanted to extend the reservation area for birds.
  C) They wanted to steal his valuable paintings.
  D) They wanted to drive him away from the island.
  Passage Two
  Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  15. A) Through food.     B) Through air.
  C) Through insects.   D) Through body fluids. 
  16. A) They ran a high fever.             B) They died from excessive bleeding.
  C) Their nervous system was damaged.  D) They suffered from heart’s attack. 
  17. A) To see what happened to the survivors of the outbreak.
  B) To study animals that can also get infected with the disease.
  C) To find out where the virus originates.
  D) To look for the plants that could cure the disease. 
  Passage Three
  Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard .
  18. A) To determine whether the Earth’s temperature is going up.
  B) To study the behavior of some sea animals.
  C) To measure the depths of the ocean.
  D) To measure the movement of waves in the ocean.  
  19. A) They were frightened and distressed.
  B) They swam away when the speaker was turned on.
  C) They swam closer to “examine” the speaker when it was turned off.
  D) They didn’t seem to be frightened and kept swimming near the speaker. 
  20. A) To attract more sea animals to the testing site.
  B) To drive dangerous sea animals away from the testing site.
  C) To help trace the sea animals being tested.
  D) To determine how sea animals communicate with each other. 

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension                                       (35 minutes)


  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension                                       (35 minutes)
  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C)and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  TOYS are usually among the first industries that migrate to low-cost economies. And toymakers generally need plenty of children around. So it might seem like something of a miracle that Japan—the richest big country in Asia by far, and one that has an ageing and shrinking population—has retained a vibrant toy industry. A stress on technology and design is the predictable part of the reason why. Less obviously, Japanese manufacturers have realized that they can expand the $6 billion domestic market for toys, by marketing to adults as well as children.
  Japanese men in their early middle-age can now relive the hit television series of the 1970s, which featured super-heroes and super-robots piloted by brave men out to save the world. These champions are now back, with more gizmos. Robot Okoku (kingdom), a shop in Akihabara, Tokyo's geek district, has sold a couple of thousand remote-controlled robots in the past two years. The walking robot has 17 motors and a 100-page manual and costs $1,105. Most customers, says Yamato Goto of Robot Okoku, are men who had fantasies of piloting their hero robots. Now, they can go into battle at robot tournaments held across the country.
  Toymakers are rushing to come up with other new toys that appeal to adults. They are taking advantage of a growing trend among busy salarimen to put more emphasis on relaxation and fun. The stores in Akihabara that sell models and robots costing several thousand yen are not the only ones that are doing well. Retailers have also discovered that cheaper “masked raider” belts aimed at children have been a surprise hit among 30- and 40-year old men, highlighting the potential of a broader market for nostalgia.
  Toys that help people to relax have also boosted sales. Primo Puel, a cuddly doll version of a five-year old boy, is fitted with sensors and five levels of happiness, can talk a bit and needs care. It has been a big hit with women over 40, whose own children have left home. “Little Jammer”, a toy jazz band, is also a hit—this time with men.
  Abandoning high-tech for simplicity has been another surprising success. Toys such as Yakyuu-ban, a baseball game on a small field with plastic players who bat and field, have come back with a vengeance. Besides nostalgia and relaxation, there may be a slightly more sinister reason for the popularity of this and similar games. The toys enable fathers and sons to play together, says Fumiaki, the editor of Toy Journal, who suggests that parents might want more direct contact with their offspring because of disturbing, much-publicized stories of alienated children committing murder.
  As if to underline their success, recent top-selling toys in America and Europe have been Japanese. Their zeal to rejuvenate the Japanese market might eventually turn around toymakers' fortunes abroad, too.
  21. The author is surprised by the vibrant Japanese toy industry because _______.
  A) Japan is usually viewed as a low-cost industry
  B) Japan is a society with a large ageing population
  C) The Japanese are so keen on application hi-tech to toys
  D) Both Japanese adults and children like toys
  22. It can be inferred that Japanese men ______.
  a) are more childish than people elsewhere
  b) are warlike and aggressive by nature
  c) were once fascinated with superman TV shows
  d) enjoy watching old TV series again
  23. Toymakers can market their toys so well because _______.
  a) more adults pay attention to entertainment
  b) they take full advantage of adults’ curiosity
  c) rich adults are insensitive to the price of toys
  d) Japanese men tend to relive their childhood
  24. Which of the following is NOT a reason for the broadening toy market?
  a) Japanese adults’ desire to relive the happy period in the past
  b) Japanese adults’ eagerness to relax and have fun
  c) Japanese people’s desire to return to a simple life
  d) Some toys offer a chance for parents and sons to play together
  25. The word “underline” in the last sentence most probably means________.
  A) keep         B) achieve       C) limit      D) emphasize
  Passage 2


  Passage 2
  In large part as a consequence of the feminist movement, historians have focused a great deal of attention in resent years on determining more accurately the status of women in various periods. Although much has been accomplished for the modem period, pre-modern cultures have proved more difficult to determine: sources are restricted in number, fragmentary, difficult to interpret, and often contradictory. Thus it is not surprising that some earlier studies concerning such cultures has so far gone unchallenged. An example is Johann Bachofen’s 1861 paper on Amazons(希腊神话中亚玛逊族女战士), women-ruled societies of questionable existence which was contemporary with ancient Greece.
  Bachofen argued that women were dominant in many ancient societies. His work was based on a comprehensive survey of references in the ancient sources to Amazonian and other societies—societies in which ancestors and property rights are traced through the female line. Some support for his theory can be found in evidence such as that drawn from Herodotus, the Greek “historian” of the fifth century B.C. who speaks of an Amazonian society, where the women hunted and fought in wars. A woman in this society was not allowed to marry until she had killed a person in battle.
  Nevertheless, the assumption that the first recorders of ancient myths have preserved facts is doubtful. If one begins by examining why ancients refer to Amazons, it becomes clear that ancient Greek descriptions of such societies were meant not so much to represent observed historical fact --- real Amazonian societies -- but rather to offer “moral lessons” on the supposed outcome of women's role in their own society. Thus I would argue, the purpose of accounts of the Amazons for their male Greek recorders was to teach both male and female Greeks that all-female groups, formed by withdrawal from traditional society, are destructive and dangerous.
  26. Bachofen’s theory are still popular today because ______.
  A) reliable information about the ancient world is difficult to acquire
  B) ancient societies show the best evidence of woman in positions of power
  C) feminists have shown little interest in ancient societies
  D) Bachofen’s knowledge of Amazonian culture is unparalleled
  27. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a problem concerning the sources of knowledge of pre-modern cultures?
  A) They are far from sufficient
  B) They are confined to researchers
  C) They confuse researchers
  D) Conflicting accounts in the literature
  28. The author’s attitude toward Bachofen’s theory is that ______.
  A) it is convincing
  B) it is feasible
  C) it is skeptical
  D) it is radical
  29. It can be inferred that the probable reactions of many males in ancient Greece to the idea of a society ruled by women could best be characterized as _______.
  A) hostile        B) disinterested        C) curious        D) confused
  30. Which of the following is NOT true?
  A) The author disagrees with Bachofen’s agument
  B) Herodotus mentioned an Amazonian society
  C) Facts show that a female-ruled Amazonian society did exist
  D) The first recorder of ancient myths may not necessarily reflect facts
  Passage 3


  Passage 3
  Opinion poll surveys show that the public see scientists in a rather unflattering light.
  Commonly, the scientist is also seen as being male. It is true that most scientists are male, but the picture of science as a male activity may be a major reason why fewer girls than boys opt for science, except when it comes to biology, which is seen as “female.”
  The image most people have of science and scientists comes from their own experience of school science, and from the mass media. Science teachers themselves see it as a problem that so many school pupils find school science an unsatisfying experience, though over the last few years more and more pupils, including girls, have opted for science subjects.
  In spite of excellent documentaries, and some good popular science magazines, scientific stories in the media still usually alternate between miracle and scientific threat. The popular stereotype of science is like the magic of fairy tales: it has potential for enormous good or awful harm. Popular fiction is full of “good” scientists saving the world, and “mad” scientists trying to destroy it.
  From all the many scientific stories which might be given media treatment, those which are chosen are usually those which can be framed in terms of the usual news angles: novelty, threat, conflict or the bizarre. The routine and often tedious work of the scientist slips from view, to be replaced with a picture of scientists forever offending public moral sensibilities (as in embryo research), threatening public health (as in weapons research), or fighting it out with each other (in giving evidence at public enquiries such as those held on the issues connected with nuclear power).
  The mass media also tends to over-personalize scientific work, depicting it as the product of individual genius, while neglecting the social organization which makes scientific work possible. A further effect of this is that science comes to be seen as a thing in itself: a kind of unpredictable force; a tide of scientific progress.
  It is no such thing, of course. Science is what scientists do; what they do is what a particular kind of society facilitates, and what is done with their work depends very much on who has the power to turn their discoveries into technology, and what their interests are.
  31. According to the passage, ordinary people have a poor opinion of science and scientists partly because ______.
  A) of the misleading of the media
  B) opinion polls are unflattering
  C) scientists are shown negatively in the media
  D) science is considered to be dangerous
  32.. Fewer girls than boys study science because ______.
  A) they think that science is too difficult
  B) they are often unsuccessful in science at school
  C) science is seen as a man’s job
  D) science is considered to be tedious
  33. Media treatment of science tends to concentrate on _____.
  A) the routine, everyday work of scientists
  B) discoveries that the public will understand
  C) the more sensational aspects of science
  D) the satisfactions of scientific work
  34. According to the author, over-personalization of scientific work will lead science
  A) isolation from the rest of the world
  B) improvements on school system
  C) association with “femaleness”
  D) trouble in recruiting young talent
  35.According to the author, what a scientist does _______.
  A) should be attributed to his individual genius
  B) depends on the coordination of the society
  C) shows his independent power
  D) is unpredictable
  Passage Four


  Passage Four
  The tendency to look for some outside group to blame for our misfortunes is certainly common and it is often sustained by social prejudice. There seems to be little doubt that one of the principal causes of prejudice is fear: in particular the fear that the interests of our own group are going to be endangered by the actions of another. This is less likely to be the case in a stable, relatively unchanging society in which the members of different social and occupational groups know what to expect of each other, and know what to expect for themselves. In times of rapid racial and economic change, however, new occupations and new social roles appear, and people start looking jealously at each other to see whether their own group is being left behind.

  Once prejudice develops, it is hard to stop, because there are often social forces at work which actively encourage unfounded attitudes of hostility and fear towards other groups. One such force is education: We all know that children can be taught history in such a way as to perpetuate old hatred and old prejudices between racial and political groups. Another social influence that has to be reckoned with is the pressure of public opinion. People often think and act differently in groups from the way they would do as individuals. It takes a considerable effort of will, and often calls for great courage, to stand out against one’s fellows and insist that they are wrong.
  Why is it that we hear so much more about the failures of relationships between communities than we do about the successes? I am afraid it is partly due to the increase in communication which radio, television and the popular press have brought about. In those countries where the media of mass communication are commercial enterprises, they tend to measure success by the size of their audience; and people are more likely to buy a newspaper, for instance, if their attention is caught by something dramatic, something sensational, or something that arouses their anxiety. The popular press flourishes on “scare headlines”, and popular orators, especially if they are politicians addressing a relatively unsophisticated audience, know that the best way to arouse such an audience is to frighten them.
  Where there is a real or imaginary threat to economic security, this is especially likely to inflame group prejudice. It is important to remember economic factors if we wish to lessen prejudice between groups, because unless they are dealt with directly it will be little use simply advising people not to be prejudiced against other groups whom they see as their rivals, if not their enemies.
  36. Which of the following does the author see as the chief source of prejudice?
  A) The distorted ideas which are believed as statement of fact.
  B) Fear that personal interest will be invaded.
  C) The dispute which is favorable to the opponents not one's own part.
  D) The concepts that a community takes for granted.
  37.What part, according to the author, do newspapers and radio play in inter-communal relationships?
  A) They educate people not to look jealously at each other
  B) They cause further prejudice among audience.
  C) They discuss interesting problems in more details
  D) They draw the audience's attention to prejudice.
  38.What’s the subject of paragraph 2?
  A) How to eliminate our prejudice.
  B) The pressure of social opinion.
  C) The role of education to children.
  D) Social forces that strengthen our bias
  39.Which of the following can be used to describe the author's opinion about prejudice?
  A) It is a difficult problem to solve.
  B) It can be done away with.
  C) It is an evil state of mind.
  D) It should be criticized.
  40.What’s the author’s purpose of writing this article?
  A) To analyze social prejudice between social groups.
  B) To reveal the danger of social prejudice.
  C) To blame the politicians for frightening the audience
  D) To show some examples of people’s prejudice.

  Part Ⅲ  Vocabulary                                             (20 minutes)


  Part Ⅲ  Vocabulary                                             (20 minutes)
  Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  41. The way other people behave towards us influences how we     ourselves.
  A  conceive of   B  consist of  C  confront with  D  conform to
  42. Based on the      that every business is now free to formulate its own strategy in light of the changing market, I would predict a marked improvement in the efficiency of China’s economy.
  A guidance   B instruction  C  premise   D  eminence 
  43. With the economy of the country going strong, the      mood is one of optimism.
  A  presiding  B  circulating   C  floating  D  prevailing
  44. She is quite capable, but the problem is that she is not      .
  A  consistent   B  insistent   C  beneficent   D  resistant
  45. I reject absolutely the      that privatization is now inevitable in our industry.
  A  perception   B  notion  C  impression  D  concept
  46. I admire her courage, compassion and      to the cause of humanity, justice and peace.
  A  dedication  B  determination  C  opposition  D  realism
  47. The remedy proposed by Mr. Maxwell is simple, easy and        .
  A  appreciable   B  amendable  C  collapsible  D  feasible
  48. We shall offer you advice, but you are under no      to follow it.
  A  pursuit   B  obligation  C  command   D  instruction
  49.These technological advances in communication have     the way people do business.
  A  revolted  B  represented    C  adopted   D  transformed
  50. The accused was      to have been the leader of a plot to overthrow the government.
  A  reconciled   B  blended  C  alleged  D referred
  51.To survive in the intense trade competition between countries, we must      the qualities and varieties of products we make to the world-market demand.
  A  improve  B enhance   C  guarantee  D  gear
  52.The novel contains some marvelously revealing       of rural life in the 19th century.
  A  glances   B  glimpses   C  glares  D  gleams 
  53.Christmas is Christian holy day usually celebrated on December 25th     the birth of Jesus Christ.
  A  in accordance with  B  in terms of  C in favor of  D in honor of
  54.Changing from solid to liquid, water takes in heat from all substances near it, and this      
  produces artificial cold surrounding it.
  A  absorption   B   transition   C  consumption  D  interaction
  55.I      with thanks the help of my colleagues in the preparation of this new column.
  A  express    B  confess   C  verify   D  acknowledge 
  56.The new secretary has written remarkably      report only in a few pages but with the details.
  A  concise   B  explicit   C  precise    D  elaborate 
  57.Some teenagers harbor a generalized resentment against society, which      them the rights and privileges of adults ,although physically they are mature.
  A  deprives   B restricts  C  rejects  D   denies
  58.The continuous unrest was      the nation’s economic depression.
  A  exaggerating   B  aggravating  C  amending  D  elevating 
  59. The family in great distress did not know whom to thank for the       endowment.
  A  spontaneous   B anonymous  C  spacious  D  suspicious 
  60. It is well-known that knowledge is the       condition for the expansion of mind.
  A  incompatible   B  incredible   C  indefinite  D indispensable
  61. France’s       of nuclear testing in the South pacific triggered political debates and mass demonstrations.
  A  assumption  B  consumption C  presumption  D  resumption 
  62. In my opinion, you can widen the      of these improvements through your active participation.
  A  dimension  B  volume   C  magnitude   D scope 
  63. Expected noises are usually more     than unexpected ones of the like magnitude.
  A  manageable   B controllable  C tolerable   D  perceivable
  64. No      has been reached among the historians about the major cause of American Civil War.
  A  controversy  B  consensus  C  contradiction  D  context
  65. Whoever formulated the theory of the origin of the universe, it is just     and needs proving.
  A  spontaneous   B  hypothetical  C intuitive  D  empirical
  66. Difficulties and hardships have      the best qualities of the young geologist.
  A  brought  out    B  brought about  C brought forth  D  brought up
  67. If you know what the trouble is, why don’t you help them to      the situation.
  A  simplify   B  modify  C  verify   D  rectify
  68. From this material we can     hundreds of what you call direct products.
  A  derive  B  discern   C  diminish   D  displace
  69. When workers are organized in trade unions, employers find it hard to lay them     .
  A  off   B  aside  C  out   D  down
  70. Obviously, the Chairman’s remarks at the conference were      and not planned.
  A  substantial   B  spontaneous   C  simultaneous   D  synthetic

  Part IV  Error Correction  (15 minutes)


  Part IV  Error Correction  (15 minutes)
  Directions:This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash(/) in the blank.
  Television is rapidly becoming the literature of our periods.   1.time/times/period

  Many of the arguments having used for the study of literature 2./
  as a school subject are valid for∧study of television.       3.the

  The traditional view of motivation in language learning
  is to equal human motivation with that of donkey, desire
  for the carrot or fear of the stick; low motivation implies
  lack interest or laziness. Such a view, of course, treats the      71.________
  learner as essentially unwilling to learn and need to be set       72. _______
  moving by some internal pressure. It clearly does not fit the     73. ________
  many kinds of “self-motivated” learners, notably all pre-school
  children and a good many adult learners. To account          74. _______
  those cases some writers distinguish two kinds of motivation,
  integrative and instrumental. Integrative motivation is an
  emotional desire to master language because one admires and
  wants to identify the target culture. Instrumental motivation     75. _______
  is the desire to learn because one needs to speak language (or)    76. _______
  pass an exam which certifies that you can speak it)in order to
  succeed in one’s job or gaining promotion. The second of       77. _______
  these is more and less the carrot and stick re-stated as a       78. _______
  “need” for the skill. Supporters of a carrot-and-stick model of
  motivation can point to the success of courses like those in
  Russian and Chinese run by the British Army at Crail.
  The servicemen on these courses had a relative privileged    79. _______
  life with fewer parades and light discipline than the majority    80. _______
  of soldiers. They knew, however, that if they failed a Saturday
  test they would be sent back to basic training on the Monday.

  Part Ⅴ  Writing     (30 minutes)


  Part Ⅴ  Writing     (30 minutes)
  Directions: Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic. Your composition should be based on the outline given below:
  A Letter of Application
  1.假如你叫陈坤,你要申请美国哥伦比亚大学(Columbia University)商学院的工商管理硕士(MBA)项目。

  Part 1     Listening Comprehension
  1-5  DABAA    6-10 BCCBA     11-15 BDCAD    16-20 BCADC

  Part II    Reading Comprehension
  21-25 BCACD    26-30 ABCAC    31-35 ACCAB    36-40 BBDAA

  Part III   Vocabulary
  41---50   ACDAB      ADBDC
  51---60   DBDAD      ADBBD
  61----70  DDCBB       ADAAB

  Part IV   Error Detection and Correction
  71.(lack)of       72. needing   73. external    74 (account)for    75.(identify)with
  76.the (language)  77. gain      78.or         79.relatively      80. lighter

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