COLLEGE ENGLISH MODEL TEST TWO
Part ⅡReading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
One pertinent question in the wake of the earthquake near Aceh (亚齐省) and the tsunami (海啸) it generated is how much notice of an approaching wave can be given to vulnerable people without the risk of crying “wolf” too often. Earthquakes themselves are unpredictable, and likely to remain so. But detecting them when they happen is a routine technology. That was not the problem in this case, which was observed by monitoring stations all over the world. Unfortunately for the forecasters, although any powerful submarine earthquake brings the risk of a dangerous tsunami, not all such earthquakes actually result in a big wave, and false alarms cost money and breed cynicism.
On top of that, most “tsunamigenic” earthquakes, which are caused when the processes of plate tectonics force heavy, oceanic crustal rock below lighter, continental rock to create a deep trench at the bottom of the sea, occur in the Pacific, which is almost surrounded by such trenches. In the Indian Ocean, deep trenches are confined to the southern coast of Indonesia, and tsunamis are rare. Since most of the countries affected by this tsunami are poor, or middleincome at best, and monitoring costs money, this might suggest that a fatalistic approach to the question is reasonable. But American and Japanese experience suggests that effective monitoring need not be that expensive.
These two countries have networks of seabed pressuredetectors that can monitor tsunamis and indicate whether and where evacuation is necessarydata they share with their Pacific neighbours. A system of seven detectors, run from Hawaii, cost about $18m to develop, and the experience gained doing so means a similar system might now be had for as little as $2m. So, to the sound of stable doors being bolted firmly shut, politicians in SouthEast Asia and Australia are proposing one for the Indian Ocean.
Even if you have an effective detection system, though, it is useless if you cannot evacuate a threatened area. Here, speed is of the essence. Computer modelling can help show which areas are likely to be safest, but common sense is often the best guiderun like the wind, away from the sea. Evacuation warnings, too, should be easy to give as long as people are awake. Radios are ubiquitous, even in most poor places. It is just a matter of having systems in place to tell the radio stations to tell people to run. The problem was that no one did.
21. An important question raised after the Tsunami is thatA) how to help those helpless people
B) how to detect the happening of tsunami
C) how to predict tsunamigenic earthquakes
D) how people should be cautiously warned
22. To the forecasters, the troublesome problem is
A) it’s hard to tell disastrous submarine earthquake
B) people don’t take much notice of their warning
C) tsunamis are rare
D) where to get money for the false alarms
23. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A) Big waves depend on the intensity of earthquake.
B) Most earthquakes that cause tsunamis happen in the Pacific.
C) Tsunamis often occur along the coast of Indonesia.
D) Trenches at the bottom of the sea create tsunamis.
24. To the countries in SouthEast Asia, building a tsunami monitoring system
A) is what they can not affordB) is not a practical solution
C) won’t cost a lot of moneyD) is effective but expensive
25. It is implied in the last paragraph that
A) people should be taught how to escape the tsunami
B) a sound detection system could have saved the disaster
C) radio stations neglected their responsibilities
D) the heavy loss in the SouthEast tsunami could have been less
Part ⅢVocabulary(20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best complete the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41. The history of life on earth has been a history of between living things and their surroundings.
A) interactionB) intersectionC) interferenceD) intercourse
42. There wasn’t enough time for a proper meal so we got a at a coffee shop.
A) snackB) snatchC) stackD)stitch
43. The police must have a search to search the room, otherwise it’ll be considered as an illegal intrusion.
A) pledgeB) guaranteeC) licenseD)warrant
44. The president inherited the economic problems from his.
A) successorB) predecessorC) precedentD)forerunner
45. For those who missed the opportunity for higher education, a majorin the academic world now provides a second chance.
A) intrigueB) innovationC) inflationD) intuition
46. John is planning another travel abroad, yet his passport will at the end of this month.
A) terminateB) ceaseC) exceedD)expire
47. Jack found there wasn’t a good primary school in the, so he sent his son to a boarding school far away from home.
A) localityB) locationC) vicinityD)proximity
48. The Western custom of exchanging loveon Valentine’s Day has been introduced into China and is becoming popular among young people.
A) tokensB) tollC) transitD)titles
49. It is at hat in such a prosperous country there should be so many homeless people.
A) paradiseB) pastimeC) paradoxD)parade
50. The ancient temple and pagoda are still there, but not in its.
A) humidityB) solidarityC) liabilityD) integrity
51. We are prepared to make someon minor details, but we will not compromise on fundamentals.
A) recessionB) concessionC) transmissionD) illusion
52. For a month, my wife and I have beenthe prospect of migrating to Europe.
A) fabricatingB) contrivingC) contemplatingD) facilitating
53. The views of the richest householderswith those of the poorest and created a new consensus.
A) convergedB) correlatedC) disregardedD) disputed
54. These American soldiers were accused of treatment of prisoners of war.
A) bluntB) brutalC) briskD) bold
55. Expected noises are usually morethan unexpected ones of the like magnitude.
A) vulnerableB) controllableC) cozyD) tolerable
56. It is only in the last decade that people have become aware of the threat to the quality of the environmentby unrestricted industrial production.
A) posedB) propelledC) promptedD) provoked
57. The candidate won the election by a(n)number of votes.
A) essentialB) potentialC) substantialD) influential
58. When it began to rain hard, I tookin the doorway of a building.
A) departureB) refugeC) screenD) coverage
59. The Prime Minister’sgovernment was on the brink of collapse.
A) faintB) fragileC) furiousD) fatal
60. In his spare time, he liked tothe Web looking for interesting web sites.
A) browseB) scrutinizeC) bruiseD) scramble
61. The decision will give renewedto the economic recovery of the country.
A) motiveB) aspirationC) impetusD) glitter
62. Wea loss in the stock market by selling our shares early, before the stock fell.
A) divertedB) convertedC) invertedD) averted
63. The smartest man in the world is notto the depression that can accompany severe disabilities.
A) immuneB)sensitiveC) alertD) pertinent
64. Success that comes easily makes people moreto failure when real challenges arise.
A) inevitableB)earnestC) timidD) prone
65. Thousands of workers on strikeinto the central square, demanding higher wages and better working conditions.
A) mobilizedB)surgedC) invadedD) soared
66. Thinking is any mental activity that helps usor solve a problem, make a decision, or fulfill a desire to understand.
A) duplicateB)simulateC) formulateD) verify
67. The country’s economic situation isas the statistics indicate that unemployment is increasing, prices rising and exports falling.
A) shrinkingB) lingeringC) deterioratingD) swelling
68. At Christmas, most families will set up their Christmas trees in aplace of their home and decorate them with fancy ornaments.
A) prominentB) dominantC) outstandingD) fantastic
69. He had studied Spanish, and had grown up in New York City—the most culturallyplace in America.
A) conspicuousB) diverseC) obscureD) dizzy
70. We need more people to their blood because there are so many injured men and women in the disaster.
A) injectB) denoteC) diagnoseD) donate
Part Ⅳ Error Correction（15 minutes）
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and be sure to put a (/) in the blank.
Every artist knows in his heart that he is saying something
to the public. Not only he want to say it well, but he wants it S1
to be something that has not said before. He hopes the public will S2
listen and understand—he wants to teach them, and he wants them
to learn from him.
What visual artists like painters want to teach are quite easy to make S3
out and difficult to explain, because painters translate their experiences S4
into shapes and colors, not words. They seem to feel that a certain
selection of shapes and colors, out of the countless millions impossible,
are exceptionally interesting for them and worth showing to us. S5
With their work we should never have noticed these particular shapes S6
and colors, or have felt the delight which it brought to the artist. S7
If one painter chooses to paint a deformed (畸形的)leg and a lake in
moonlight, each of which is directing our attention to a certain aspect of world. S8
Each painter is telling us something, shows us something,emphasizing somethingS9
—not all of which means that, consciously or unconsciously, he is S10
trying to teach us.
Part ⅤWriting(30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: The Problem of Ageing Population in China. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese). You may also refer to the table below:
The Problem of Ageing Population in China
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
21. D22. A23. B24. C25. D26. A27. B28. C29. D30. C
31. B32. A33. C34. C35. D36. B37. D38. C39. A40. B
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary
41. A42. A43. D44. B45. B46. D47. C48. A49. C50. D
51. B52. C53. A54. B55. D56. A57. C58. B59. B60. A
61. C62. D63. A64. D65. B66. C67. C68. A69. B70. D
Part Ⅳ Error Correction
S1. only∧→doesS2.not ∧→beenS3. are →isS4. and→but
S5. are→isS6. With→WithoutS7. it→theyS8. ∧world→the
S9. shows→showingS10. not→\
Part Ⅴ Writing
The Problem of Ageing Population in China
The problem of ageing population is troubling many countries, especially the developed countries. China will soon be on the threshold of ageing population. Some cities, like Shanghai, Guangzhou, are already on the list. From the statistics given by the above table, China’s population will approach 410 million in 2050, with the growing population up to 27.4%, which means one in four people will be old citizens.
The ageing problem is bringing a series of social problems to China. First, many families in China consist of father, mother and one child. The only child has to care for the old parents in two families after he/she gets married. With the present inadequate social security system, this will present a grave problem to the old population. Second, the ageing process will inevitably result in the shortage of labor, which in turn will affect national economy.
What should we do to deal with the forthcoming problem? No doubt, building up the economic power of our country is the priority. Only when we have powerful economic foundation, can we care for the welfare of the huge ageing population. Besides, the only—child policy should be adjusted at a proper stage so as to keep a sensible percentage of the youth. In this way, the problem of ageing population can be relieved to some extent.