Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay based on the outline below. You should write at least 120 words.
1. Describe the changes in the number of students attending graduate entrance exams in University X in the past decade.
2. Give possible reasons for the changes.
3. State your own choice.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
Directions：In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For question 17,choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D).For questions 8—10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Art for Establishing Human Networking
I knew-no computer or technology ever got any of US a raise, landed US that dream job, found us that mentor (良师), who cared deeply about US and our careers or put that special joy in our lives that can only come from relationships with others.
All these great things are made possible by a completely different type of networking：human networking. And not the kind that has given “networking” a bad name—that superficial, insincere, manipulative stuff that we all can smell a mile away. No, I am out the true art of networking, based upon respectful and caring relationships that promote mutual success.
Let me start with one of the most fundamental aspects of human relationships. For each and every thing you want to achieve in life whether it is landing a job, earning a raise or promotion or finding that lifelong romance —— there will be at least one person on the other end deciding whether to give you or help you get what you want. Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people. Simply put, success, of any kind, requires relationships. Just think of the words of Margaret Wheatley: “Relationships are all there is. Everything in the universe only exists because it is in relationship to everything else. Nothing exists in isolation. We have to stop pretending we are individuals that can go it alone.”.
If this is the way the universe works, you can see why human relationships and human networks are so important.
The most common mistake people make when building relationships for their career success is treating business contacts differently than personal friends. Just think for a moment about the people you work with on a professional level who are also close, personal friends. Aren’t they always more forgiving when you slip up and more helpful when you’re in need? Of course! I guarantee your work will become easier and more joyful if you make more of your business relationships personal.
How to do it? The same way you make genuine friends. Build trust through intimacy;show them that besides being professional you’re also human. Skip the small talk and go deep into what really matters —— your dreams or fears, your children or the business issues that keep you up at night. And don’t think for a moment that they’ll think less of you. In fact, usually the opposite happens.
When I tell people about my humble beginnings —I grew up a country boy in rural, southwestern Pennsylvania, the son of an often—unemployed steelworker and a cleaning lady—and how it took me so long to overcome insecurities of being poor and being picked on by kids from more well-to-do families, people don’t think less of me. They immediately empathize (感同身受) and feel more endeared to me than ever before. All you have to do is let your guard down and show enough vulnerability to make others comfortable with opening up to you.
Also, don’t stop with treating business friends like you treat personal friends. Mix them, too. Invite business contacts to your home and introduce them to your family. Invite a client out to dinner along with an old pal from school and your significant other or a date. Don’t compartmentalize(划分) your personal, professional and community lives. Blur the boundaries! You’ll have more fun and do more for all three parts of your life in less time.
The more specific you are about what you want to do, the easier it becomes to develop a strategy to accomplish it. Part of that strategy, of course, will be establishing relationships with the people in your universe who can help you get where you’re going. So, first do some deep introspection(自省)to find your Blue Flame, the thing in life that really lights your fire. Write, pray, whatever you need to do to clear your head and figure this stuff out. I enjoy great results from Vipassana meditation.
Once you’ve found your Blue Flame, it’s time to have a RAP, or a Relationship Action Plan. Here’s a simple way to get started. Write down your goals and the names and types of people who can help you achieve them. Then, note how you can reach those people and how you can contribute to their success, also. The more specific a plan you have and the more you put your goals out to others, the more everyone will conspire to help you achieve your dreams. On the other hand, if you don’t know what you want or you don’t tell anyone, no one can help you. They can’t read your mind.
I can’t tell you how many times a friend has called me and said,“Keith, I just became unemployed. I need to start networking;will you teach me how'?”My answer：“No. No. No. You need to start job-hunting! You should have been building relationships for the past 5 or 10 years, so now that you need a job, you could make 20 calls and have 5 job offers waiting for you in a week.”
When I give talks to college and graduate students, they always ask me,“What are the secrets to success? What are the unspoken rules for making it big?”Preferably, they’d like my response wrapped up in a tight package and tied with a neat little bow. Why not? I wanted the same thing at their age..
“So you want the inside scoop,”I respond.“Fair enough. I’ll sum up the key to Success in one word：Generosity.” The kids are shocked because they think I’m going to give them“networking”advice. And when they think of“networking.”they think of a guy holding a martini with one hand and scattering business cards with the other. He’s hell-bent on doing anything it takes to“get to the top”, including climbing on the backs of others.
The era of that Networking Jerk is over. I learned that the hard way. Once, a mentor of mine said to me,“Stop driving yourself and everyone else——crazy thinking about how to make yourself successful. Start thinking about how you’re going to make everyone around you successful.”
Please, learn from my mistakes and the mistakes of many others. Don’t be a networking jerk. Remember that the NO.1 key to success is generosity. Give your talents, give your contacts and give your hard work to make others successful without ever keeping score.
While I would say that your relationships are the most critical piece of your personal brand, before you Call develop those relationships you’ve got to know something and have something to say. Just having a brain and an MBA won’t get you anywhere anymore. If you want to become more valuable in the marketplace or more intriguing to the world at large, you must develop some deep expertise in your mind and root some higher—order passion in your heart.
Think of the world’s real movers and shakers;they are such because they are about something. Richard Branson —— executing the remarkable. The late Princess Diana一一helping the unfortunate. They are and were interesting. You can be, too.
Strength in Numbers
This rule is obviously one no one can follow 100 percent. It’s just a great way to remember to share your passions一一to invite others into the activities you are already enjoy doing. I really love sharing delicious food, good wine and great company. I also bring friends to workouts or to church. You might have similar passions, or you might enjoy doing community service, gardening or watching movies.
If you’ll just remember to share your passions, building and deepening relationships will take no extra time than you already devote to your favorite activities, and people will see you in your best light.
Just as people lose weight more effectively if they have a workout partner, your ongoing efforts to build relationships will be more successful if you team up. You and your buddy can provide each other support, guidance and motivation. And you’ll always be prepared to try one of my favorite tactics-trading networks. Throw a dinner party together, and you’ll each be responsible for only half the guest list, half the cost and half the effort. But you’ll expand your circle of friends to twice the size, and I guarantee it will be twice the fun!
1. The true art of networking is based on __________ relationship that promote mutual success.
C) respectful and caring
2. According to Margaret Wheatley, which of the following statements is true?
A) Everything exists in isolation.
B) Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people.
C) Everything we do can be achieved by our individuals.
D) Everything can be accomplished without others’ help if you work hard enough
3. How should we treat business contacts?
A) We should make our business relationships more personal.
B) We should pretend to be their friends.
C) We should never treat them as trustworthy friends.
D) We should treat them differently from our personal friends.
4. If you do not mind telling your business friends about your humble experiences,____________.
A) they’11 look down upon you
B) they’ll not do business with you
C) they’ll think less of you for a moment
D) they’ll feel more endeared to you than ever before
5. When you plan to build up your network, the first thing is to find out _______ in your life
A) what the easiest thing is
B) what the most important thing is
C) who you care most
D) how to begin it
6. What is the key to Success according to the author?
7. According to a mentor of the author, we should _________ when the era of that Networking Jerk is over?
A) start thinking about how we’re going to make everyone around us successful
B) start thinking about how to make our family members successful
C) drive ourselves crazy thinking about how to make ourselves successful
D) drive everyone else crazy thinking about how to make himself successful
8. If you want to improve interpersonal relationship, you should improve your personal brand with deep expertise and __________.
9. Inviting others to_____________ is a way to improve relationships because in these activities people will see you at your best.
10. If you want to pay half of the effort and get double of the success, you should _____________.
Part III Listing Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer, then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line though the centre.
11. A) She doesn't want to waste her film.
B) She already took a picture of the mountains.
C) She doesn't have any more film.
D) She doesn't know how to use the camera.
12. A)A car dealer. C)A driving examiner.
B)A mechanic. D)A technical consultant.
13. A) Borrow her book.
B) Check the classroom again.
C) Buy a new book.
D) Ask about the book at the information desk..
14. A) Spend more time working on literature problems.
B) Talk to an advisor about dropping the course.
C) Work on the assignment with a classmate.
D) Ask the graduate assistant for help.
15. A) He has already finished his report.
B) He hasn't chosen a topic for his report.
C) The woman's report is already long enough.
D) The woman will have time to finish her report.
16. A) Stay in the dormitory.
B) Find out the cost of living in the dormitory.
C) Ask for a reduction in her rent.
D) Move into an apartment with a roommate.
17. A)To protect her from getting scratches. C)To prevent mosquito bites.
B)To help relieve her of the pain. D)To avoid getting sun burnt.
18. A) He already has plans for Saturday night.
B) The woman should decide where to eat Saturday.
C) The woman should ask her brother for a suggestion.
D) He will make a reservation at the restaurant.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) In the student recreation center.
B) In the campus canteen.
C) In the university bookstore.
D) In a classroom..
20. A) Studying.
B) Preparing snacks.
C) Playing cards.
D) Learning how to play bridge.
21. A) Watch her partner.
B) Play her cards in cooperation with her partner.
C) Quit the game.
D) Teach the man how to play bridge.
22. A) He already knows how to play.
B) He doesn't like to play games.
C) He doesn't have a partner.
D) He doesn't have enough free time.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A)It helps her to attract more public attention.
B)It improves her chance of getting promoted.
C)It strengthens her relationship with students.
D)It enables her to understand people better.
24. A)Passively. C)Skeptically.
25. A)It keeps haunting her day and night.
B)Her teaching was somewhat affected by it .
C)It vanishes the moment she steps into her role.
D)Her mind goes blank once she gets on the stage..
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A) Watch a slide show about trees.
B) Learn how to prevent Dutch elm disease.
C) Study the history of the campus buildings and grounds.
D) Look at examples of trees on campus.
27. A) History.
B) Physical education.
28. A) Its leaves are yellow.
B) Its leaves are lopsided.
C) It is very tall.
D) It is not an angiosperm.
29. A) It has grown too tall for its designated space.
B) It may be diseased.
C) Its branches are being broken off.
D) It no longer hears from..
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. A) Jefferson's views about commercialized agriculture.
B) International trade in the nineteenth century
C) Improvements in farm machinery in the United States.
D) Farmers' loss of independence
31. A) Crop production became increasingly specialized.
B) Economic depressions lowered the prices of farm products.
C) New banking laws made it easy to buy farmland.
D) The United States increased its agricultural imports.
32. A) Prices for farm products rose.
B) Farmers became more dependent on loans from banks.
C) Jefferson established government programs to assist farmers.
D) Farmers relied less on foreign markets.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. A) In place of physical therapy.
B) To control brain seizures.
C) To prevent heat disease.
D) To relieve tension.
34. A) They like to have music in the operating room.
B) They solved problems better while listening to music they liked.
C) They preferred classical music.
D) They performed better when they used headphones.
35. A) It increased the students’ white blood cell amount.
B) It increased some students’ energy level.
C) It improved the students’ ability to play musical instruments.
D) It released a natural painkiller in some students’ bodies..
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Sleep is part of a person's daily 36 cycle. There are several different stages of sleep and they occur in cycles, If you are an 37 sleeper, your sleep cycle is as follows. When you first drift off into slumber, your eyes will roll about a bit, your
38 will drop slightly, your 39 will relax, and your 40 will slow and become quite 41 Your brain waves slow down a bit too with the alpha rhythm of rather fast waves 42 for the first few minutes. This is called stage 1 sleep. For the next half hour or so as you relax more and more you will drift down through stage 2 and stage 3 sleep. The lower your stage of sleep the slower your brain waves will be. Then about 40 to 60 minutes after you lose 43 you will have reached the deepest sleep of all.
44. This is stage 4 sleep.
You do not remain at this deep fourth stage all night long, but instead about 80 minutes after you fall into slumber, your brain activity level will increase again slightly. The delta rhythm will disappear to be replaced by the activity pattern of brain waves. 45.
This period of rapid eye movement lasts for some ~ to 15 minutes and is called REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that most dreams seem to occur. 46 .You will slip gently back from stage I to 4.
Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
Every Western doctor is required to take the Hippocratic oath，by which they swear to never harm their patients.Unfortunately，as medical history shows，many doctors did not make good on this promise.Instead，they resorted to quackery(庸医的医术)，and made a living out of fooling people who sought medical help.
In the past，quack doctors claimed to have“fixed”problems from poor eyesight to cancer and smallpox (天花).They claimed to be able to work medical miracles，relying on public ignorance of medicine for their “success”.In addition，well-meaning doctors often advocated treatments that harmed their patients instead of helping them：procedures such as bloodletting often made worse the suffering they were intended to ease..