成考专升本英语特殊词精讲

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成考专升本英语特殊词精讲

  stop doing/to do

  stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。

  stop doing 停止做某事。

  They stop to smoke a cigarette.  他们停下来,抽了根烟。

  I must stop smoking……  我必须戒烟了。

  典型例题

  She reached the top of the hill and stopped ___ on a big rock by the side of the path.

  A. to have rested 

  B. resting 

  C. to rest 

  D. rest

  答案:C.由题意可知,她到了山顶,停下来在一个路边的大石头上休息。因此,应选择"stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事".而不仅仅是爬山动作的终止,所以stop doing sth.不正确。

  forget doing/to do

  forget to do 忘记要去做某事。(未做)

  forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)

  The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off.

  办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

  He forgot turning the light off.

  他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)

  Don‘t forget to come tomorrow.

  别忘了明天来。(to come动作未做)

  典型例题

   The light in the office is still on.

   Oh,I forgot___.      

  A. turning it off

  B. turn it off 

  C. to turn it off 

  D. having turned it off

  答案:C.由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.

  而forget doing sth表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。

  remember doing/to do

  remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)

  remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)

  Remember to go to the post office after school.

  记着放学后去趟邮局。

  Don‘t you remember seeing the man before?

  你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

  regret doing/to do

  regret to do  对要做的事遗憾。(未做)

  regret doing  对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做)

  I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice.

  我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

  I don‘t regret telling her what I thought.

  我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

  典型例题

  You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.

  Well, now I regret ___ that.

  A. to do 

  B. to be doing 

  C. to have done 

  D. having done

  答案:D.regret having done sth. 对已发生的事感到遗憾。regret to do sth. 对将要做的事感到遗憾。本题为对已说的话感到后悔,因此选D.

  cease doing/to do

  cease to do  长时间,甚至永远停做某事。

  cease doing  短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。

  That department has ceased to exist forever.

  那个部门已不复存在。

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