这里展出的大部分是图片，这张木兰秋 图是最引人注目的。木兰，是满语哨鹿的意思。哨鹿的方法是黎明前，士兵们潜入山林，身披鹿皮，头戴鹿角，口吹木哨，模仿公鹿的叫声。秋天正是鹿求偶分群的季节，用这种方法将母鹿引出来以便射杀。“ ”是指秋天打猎。这张图是清代兴隆阿所画，描绘的是200多年前皇帝打猎的场面。你们也许会感到奇怪，清朝皇帝为什么要率领大队人马千里迢迢来这里打猎呢?因为清帝入关以后，历史上英勇善战的八旗部队战斗力开始下降，他们有的临阵脱逃，有的自创伤痕，有时一人受伤，多人护送，为的是不上前线。康熙皇帝认识到，提高士兵素质，巩固北部边疆已成为当务之急。在这种形势下，康熙皇帝亲自率领八旗将士，出喜峰口，北上巡视，设置了以习武绥远为目的的木兰围场。木兰围场的建立，是清朝与蒙、藏民族友好关系的产物，它密切了蒙、藏地区与中原地区的关系，加强了满、蒙、藏、汉各族人民之间的交流，巩固了北部边防，有利于抵御沙皇俄国的侵略和扩张。一年一度的围猎每次要进行20天左右，皇帝亲率政府各部官员及满、蒙八旗军队参加。为满足大批人马食宿休息、储蓄物品及皇帝处理政务的需要，从北京至围场要修建十余座行宫。热河处于这条北巡路线的中间地带，从北京到这里，奏章朝发夕至，而且这里气候宜人，风光秀丽，水草丰盛，所以康熙决定在这里修建一座大的行宫，这就是热河行宫。对此，乾隆有一句话讲得十分清楚：“我皇祖建此山庄于塞外，非为一己之豫游，盖贻万世之缔构也”。历史表明，秋大典和避暑山庄的建立，达到了康熙皇帝“合内外之心，成巩固之业”的政治目的。现在我们再来看这张图，它可分为两部分，一是御营，二是猎场。御营是皇帝居住和处理朝政的地方;猎场是实际打猎的地方。打猎时都有严明的组织和纪律，伪装成鹿的士兵把鹿引出来后，军士们逐步缩小包围圈，达到人并肩、马并耳的程度，但不能随便射杀。这时皇帝首先出来射第一箭，然后才是王公大臣、将士们依次射杀。图上画的是猎杀鹿的情景。请大家跟我向前走。
www.59wj.com Mountain Resort is in the Qing Dynasty Kang, Qian symbol. As the founder of Villa Kangxi and Qianlong, had six down the south, traversing the world the beauty of scenery. In the construction of summer resort, the homage to the long house, garden style integration of North and South China as a whole, so that the Summer Resort became the Classical Chinese Gardens summary and distillation. Experts say China's landscape, the Mountain Resort is the epitome of the motherland and beautiful land. Why do the experts say? I think this issue is, please, ladies and gentlemen come back after visiting a summer resort to answer. However, I would let everyone here, mind you, for this reason and the topography of the Mountain Resort. (Tour guides with suspense method to stimulate interest in visiting tourists)
Ladies and gentlemen, to the Mountain Resort, please get off, now I will guide you to see her style.
(In Korea is outside)
Ladies and gentlemen, this antique door before us is the summer resort's main entrance, called Korea the main entrance is the door out of the Qing Dynasty emperor. Kumon voluminous three, and lower layers. Lower Biyou three square openings, the upper floor there is the city station and Que. You see, among the top of the doorway there was a Dan Bian, above the Qianlong Emperor, with full, Tibetan, Han, Uygur, Mongolian five words inscribed, "Korea at the main entrance," which symbolizes our country is a united multi-ethnic country. There are two doors on both sides of the lions to show the emperor's authority. Front of Okimichi Square, bluestone paving, all things stand a stone plaza on top with Manchu, Mongolian, Tibetan, Chinese carved in four languages "official persons to this dismount", so we called it dismount monument. Square has a red screen wall south to the royal garden and separated from the outside world. On the red screen wall, possession of legend inside flying from Jiguanshan Golden Rooster, in the dead of night, the tap screen wall, Rooster will send Jiji sounds. If you would like to research about which the words, please listen to the night here. Well! Today I ask you all as a back, "emperor", go to enjoy the emperor's life.
(Jin Li is inside the door)
Please see the right, the distant mountains, there's a huge stone pillars, Qingtian old, inline clouds. It is rough up, much like the clappers laundry, we who call it wooden club Chengde Mountain, Emperor Kangxi Ciming "chime hammer peak." The construction of summer resort, the clever to King, so that inside and outside Villa seamless, expanded sense of space, creating a new artistic conception, it is Villa designers use "by the King" is a successful example of garden art. Generally, Chengde must go to the mountains touching about clappers Hill, because of Chengde popular among the phrase: "touch the clappers Hill, 130 live." If you are interested, may wish to touch up the mountain tomorrow, must be very interesting.
This piece is in front of the palace in Chengde, the Qing emperor, "office live" where people are put here for the Chengde Summer Resort Museum.
(In the first exhibition room)
First thing our eyes of this chart is the summer resort full map, mountain Zhuangding Sheng Qing Dynasty during the picture map. Mountain Resort, known as the "Rehe palace", "Summer Palace at Chengde." It is four years from the Emperor Kangxi (1703) construction of the project, to 50 years Qianlong (1792) Finally completed last 89 years. Several of the former Qing emperor, mid-to come here almost every year Summer summer, dealing with administrative affairs, usually on an annual Lunar 4, in May to nine, returned to Beijing in October. Summer Resort in fact has become the second political center of the Qing Dynasty. Hill covers an area of 5,640,000 square meters throughout its area is about twice the Beijing Summer Palace, Beihai 8 times. Villa can be divided into the palace area and the Court scenic two parts are palace by the palace area, Songhe fast, myriad pines and the Orient House composed of four buildings. Court is divided into scenic mountains, the lakes, plain three parts. To the most extensive mountainous areas, accounting for 70% of the total area of Villa more. Villa set the essence of the country gardens in a park, and show the North with the Southern male characteristics. A total of Qing Dynasty Resort pavilion 90, the dike bridge 29, inscriptions Cliff 25, Rockery Stones more than 70 groups, house, House Church, temples, pavilions, towers and other buildings more than 120 House group, with a total floor area up to more than 100,000 square meters. Emperor Kangxi to four characters named King and Emperor Qianlong of 36 to 3 word name of the 36 most famous scene, collectively, the "Summer Villa 72 King." Emperor Kangxi praised here is "to open the Arctic own mountains, natural scenic West Lake victory." Villa Could it be 10 km long, because it resembles the Great Wall, Chengde our people affectionately called "Little Great Wall." Could it be fake all ethnic groups outside the temple and built the famous Royal temple complex, the temple was surrounded by semi-circular periphery at the Heights, the formation of Zhongxinggongyue trend, a symbol of all nationalities were closely around the center in the Qing Dynasty around. As the years passed, dynasties changed, the Summer Resort have gone through the vicissitudes of life. After the founding of new China, Villa would only have a new life, now is the best preserved the country, the largest imperial garden, is the world's cultural heritage, is a famous tourist destination abroad.
(To the second exhibition room)
Most pictures on display here, this magnolia is the most dramatic fall chart. Mulan is the meaning of Manchu deer whistle. Deer whistle is before dawn, the soldiers sneaked into the forest, wearing a deerskin, wearing antlers, wooden whistle blowing mouth, imitating the cry of Bucks. Autumn is the grouping of deer mating season, doe with this method leads to shooting. "" Refers to the fall hunting. This map is drawn by the Qing Xing Long A, depicts a hunting scene 200 years ago the emperor. You may wonder why the Qing emperor, led brigade troops all the way to come here to hunt it? Because the Qing emperors through customs after the Eight Banners in the history of heroic combat troops began to fall, some of them are funk, some create their own scars, sometimes people were injured, many escort, in order not to the front. Kangxi Emperor recognized that improving the quality of soldiers, to consolidate the northern frontier has become imperative. In this situation, the Kangxi Emperor personally led the Manchu soldiers, the xifengkou, north inspections, set to martial arts for the purpose of Hunting Suiyuan. Hunting the establishment of the Qing Dynasty and the Mongolian, Tibetan and friendly relations between the product of close of the Mongolian, Tibetan relations and the Central Plains region, strengthening the Manchu, Mongol, Tibetan, Chinese and exchanges between peoples to consolidate the northern border, help to resist aggression and expansion of Tsarist Russia. The annual hunting for 20 days each time to the emperor personally led the government officials of various ministries and Manchu, Mongol army to participate in the Eight Banners. A large number of troops to meet the rest room and board, saving materials and the need for the emperor dealing with administrative affairs, from Beijing to the paddock to the construction of Shi Yuzuo palace. Rehe in this North patrol routes in the middle, from Beijing to here, memorial Chaofaxizhi, and here a pleasant climate, beautiful scenery, abundant aquatic plants, so Kangxi decided to build a large palace here, which is Rehe palace . In this regard, there is a word Qianlong clearly explained: "I built the Villa in Beyond the Great Wall Huang Zu, not for his own Yu Yu, Yi Wanshi the Concluding cover it." History has shown that fall celebration and summer resort of the establishment, to the Kangxi Emperor, "together inside and outside of the heart, and the consolidation of the industry" for political ends. Now we look at this picture, it can be divided into two parts, the palace, the second is the hunting ground. Royal camp is to live and deal with the political affairs of the emperor's place; hunting grounds where the actual hunting. Hunting has a strict organization and discipline of soldiers disguised as a deer after the deer leads, non-commissioned officers were to gradually shrink the pocket, side by side to people, horses and ear level, but not easily killed. Then the emperor first came out shooting the first arrow, and then is the kings ministers, men who in turn shot and killed. The map is painted scenes of hunting deer. Please forward to me.
This second door is "read shooting," the emperor watched Prince Huang Sun Archery place. Hanging above the door there was a plaque that says "Summer Villa" four gold-filled characters, the Kangxi Emperor Yubi, this plaque exquisite, exceptionally smart. Perhaps you have found this summer resort of the "avoid" a cross word to write is the Kangxi Emperor was wrong, or are there other reasons? (... ...) Or this gentleman (Miss) say, and had two in the Qing Dynasty, "avoid" the word used simultaneously, no matter which versions are correct, this is a variant phenomenon. Here are the pursuit of Emperor Kangxi of calligraphy written by her hardest to become so.
The two bronze lions in front of both sides, majestic. Speaking of the two bronze lions, there is still a touching legend too! According to legend, the Chinese Anti-Japanese War, Japanese troops occupied the Chengde and widespread looting. One day a group of Japanese soldiers found two bronze lions are beautiful, is priceless, wanted to take away, but the Lions too much copper, they move also could not move, so they look for tools separately. All nursing homes for elderly people to see in the eyes, pain in the heart. He would like to bronze lion is a national treasure, and never let the Japanese soldiers away. He thought quickly and immediately get pig's blood from the village, painted in the lion's eyes, and other Japanese soldiers came back to find tools found in the lion's eyes red, crying out blood and everyone was horrified, afraid of moving Lions bring them bad luck, they Huanglihuangzhang to flee, which David was able to keep still. Now it has become one of the bronze lion mascot of the eyes. If you want all the best, then, do not forget to touch it.
(To Worldly Desires Keswick front of the hall)
This Miankuo 7, into the deep triple the hall called "Worldly Desires Keswick" house. "Worldly Desires" word from the "Book of Changes": "do not bother non-interference, Worldly Desires lose," Zhuge Liang in his "book rings", he said the "non-Worldly Desires not to Ming-chih, a silent and to non-Zhi Yuan." Emperor Kangxi title "Worldly Desires Keswick" imply, implicitly expressed his "prepared and thrifty" thinking. The temple's main hall is a summer resort, is a Qing Dynasty emperor lived in the Villa deal with affairs of state and when the grand ceremonies. The main hall built with precious Phoebe, so called "Phoebe Hall." When raining when Phoebe fragrance exudes continuously, refreshing. Produced in Yunnan, Guizhou and Jiangsu and Zhejiang Phoebe along the valley among the mountains, in the absence of advanced means of transport in the Qing Dynasty, these heavy timber shipped from far south to northern frontier, most of shipment or use of river water in the dry ice and road splash Results ice of winter, the wood on the ice, and pushed and pulled to rely on manpower, transportation to Chengde, the difficult is self-evident. According to historical records, in order to build this house of Phoebe, spent two silver 72000, employment 190 000. Simple and elegant hall appearance, not decorative painting, marble hall floor, the middle ground with the emperor's throne aerodromes. Throne surrounded by treasure like, end, cranes, Xiang Ting, wishful so exquisite, very beautiful shape. Behind the throne there is a rosewood screen inscribed with 163 personal things, form realistic, lifelike, as the "Farm Farming and Weaving Changle map" to show the emperor Powerbut always keep in mind the people. Things in the house of the Qing Dynasty that mountain wall, "the emperor map" is a map of the Qing Dynasty, the Qing government sent people to mapping. North wall of the temple of the walls on both sides with Phoebe book format, stored, the "integration of ancient and modern books," one rolls. You may ask: Worldly Desires Keswick Hall is a grand celebration of the place, so how then is it a grand? Then the south tower from the Songhe fast start with. When it was announced the grand ceremony marking the beginning or the audience, Secretary Zhongren Li boarding bell tower, bell, under 9, the Villa within the temple bell gongs, bells followed by Outer Eight Temples also have to be and. 81 Ming Zhong were all kinds of sound. Basilica of the former East and West in the corresponding two Laoting musicians began to play music palace, in the harmonious tune, flute drum gongs, under all the policy in place, the emperor dignified silence, face sitting South Wei, start dealing with affairs of state was. I think your mind may have emerged out of this spectacular scene, right?
Emperor Qianlong Worldly Desires Keswick Hall also met leaders of ethnic minorities. 19 years of Qianlong (1754) met with the Department of E Lu Te tribe Mongolia Duerbote three policy Ling; Qianlong 30 years (1771), in autumn, met with thousands of miles from the Volga River Basin return to the motherland Torghut Khan Ubashi line; Qianlong 40 years (in 1780) twenty-day lunar month, met with political and religious leader of Tibet's Panchen VI. If the length of the Panchen Lama said, according to historical records, met with ceremony, the Panchen first offer auspicious hada, kneeling please St. Ann. Qianlong left hand propped up the throne, speaking in Tibetan Buddhism security question: "travel long distances and will feel hard." Panchen Lama replied: "Far hundred Divine Grace, a safe journey home." In the past, the Dalai Lama see the emperor, not only kneeling worship, which th Panchen Lama calls for line bow ceremony to show respect for the emperor, supported dynasty, Qianlong this is quite satisfactory. August 13, Qing Emperor Qianlong of 70-year-old held a grand birthday celebration, the Qianlong to the highest standard of treatment of the Panchen Lama, two hand in hand with the throne, the common acceptance of the Mongolian princes, ministers and the retinue of foreign envoys congratulated the Panchen entourage The three major monasteries Khenpo and the Mongolian National Division Zhangjia sing praise Manuscripts ... .... After the ceremony, Qianlong held four large picnic for the Panchen Lama. Party is associated with sumo, acrobatics, horse racing, fireworks, music and dance style shows, colorful, thrilling and moving. VI of the eastbound Panchen Chengde, closer relations between Tibet and the Qing central government to curb the British East India Company, the infiltration of separatist activities in Tibet. Recalling the history of Worldly Desires Keswick Hall in the political arena, and has performed in over scenes of the Qing Dynasty unified country has a significant impact on a live, write one after another national unity mantra.
Please bypass the corridor, in front of us is Miankuo four five-ying, known Bookstore. Ying, the pillars of the front main room. Miankuo 5 Ying is voluminous five meaning. What is a "four-know" mean? Han Dynasty Emperor Qianlong's not that Yang Zhen said: Officials must clean, dirty pervert the law can not be greedy, then confidentiality is no hiding things go, because "Heaven knows, to know, you know, I know." Emperor Qianlong's inscription of the "four know the phrase" out of "Book of Changes." For "I Ching" that "gentlemen know micro, knowing Chang, soft knowledge, know just, 10,000 married hope." Emperor Qianlong would very much appreciate this, because just expressed his hardness and softness, the rule of policy incentives and penalties. Emperor towards a before and after changing here, and sometimes the minister summoned the princes and the minority leader. Long live the photo room and allocated units are now on display is the Queen's official kiln porcelain, enamel, public opinion and the Shek Kwu Queen car, please read on these rare treasures, will make your feast for the eyes of.
(North to Yanbo To cool the house compound)
Here is the latter part of the palace area, called "post-sleep" is the Empress and concubines used to live. North Hall for the Yanbo To cool the house. Emperor Kangxi said here "all around show Ling, miles Pinghu that causes Shuangqi" and this title name of this temple. Out between the exquisite furnishings, splendid; West Snappers are the emperor's chambers. The so-called Snappers, is below ground with fire Road, Luo C in winter will be lit red, hot on the up, Full House are warm. At the same time the room was also placed on the fire and smoked the cage, the emperor set Jiaolu feet. Kangxi and Qianlong, Jiaqing, such as the emperor Xianfeng have lived here. Room by the north wall, floor cover in red sandalwood is the emperor's bed, Xianfeng 10 year (1861), Emperor Xianfeng died of disease in this bed. We visited the residence resembles a small hospital, occurred during the Qing Dynasty a series of major historical events. In 1860, British and French troops attacked Beijing eighth day of the eighth lunar month, Xianfeng Emperor fear foreigners, to carry the Queen Mother and Tsz, Empress 2 Queen fled to refuge in Rehe. That is, here, Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing government to sign the respective quasi-Britain, France and Russia signed the humiliating "Beijing Treaty" and to recognize the "Sino-Russian Treaty of Aigun" effective, so that our country lost a large territory and sovereignty. Xianfeng's death, Empress Xin here planning a coup, began to help him, the ruling Qing Dynasty up to 48 years, the Chinese further into the abyss of misery.
Yanbo To cool the house there are two sides of a campus. Called the East by the east, when Cian Huang Xianfeng in Chengde after the shelter, now on display in the Qing Dynasty court watch. Called the West by the west, ancient Empress at the time of residence of Chengde, the year is now on display is the Empress of some household items and photos.
Yunshan Palace Resort Building a positive into the final. This is an exquisite and unique two-story building, this building has no stairs features, but along the front of the rockery on Dengdao upstairs. Side towards the court room is a hanging screen and glass dish exhibitions, glorious, gorgeous, let us never tire.
(Myriad Pines Bridge to Ruyi Island)
After reading the Palace Museum is, we now come to the lake, "Hill to Hill name, is interested in defeating the water" area is 57 ha, there are seven lakes Yajima. The Lake District rainy water, Chau scattered with one of Jiangnan Water Xiuse. You see, the right side of the lake three pavilion called "water center pavilion," stands above the stone bridge, structural symmetry, bright light. This will be in front of the left ring Bi Long Beach, the middle and the right of the moon ju Island Sound Jiang link to see from above, the shape of the breakwater islands, such as Ganoderma lucidum, the emperor's name to it from Chicago Path cloud embankment. Central Bi-island built east and west adjacent to the two courtyards, each house of San Ying, the name "Cheng Guang Room" and "Ring Bi." Bi in the Central Hall to the north near the lake where there are seat Cao Ting, the shape of bamboo hat. Kangxi years, every lunar July 15 Festival of the Dead, often held here Bon. Moon river acoustic door of the island house Kangxi title "moon river sound." When the time on the Dongshan, mountains such as Dai, Ming Yin, near water, poetry please Painting, is very beautiful! House north of the door with "static Send Shan Fang", "Ying Heart Church" and other groups of buildings, Kangxi and Qianlong emperors who study here.
Please follow my path goes along the dike north Chicago, right across the lake in front of the Jinshan Island. Rocky island surrounded by the lake, mood and Jiangsu Zhenjiang Jinshan very similar. Island of the main building "House of God" is a ritual to drive away evil and Qing emperors where the Jade Emperor. Mountain platform contains two halls. In addition, crescent-shaped "Fang Island Pavilion," "mountain climbing Gallery" and other buildings, then the Emperor landed by boat here.
We came to the lake's largest island - wishful Chau Island. Many buildings on the island, Kangxi 72 King in Shi Jing here. The main building is a palace. The door is the name of the house "no summer cool", the main hall for the "extension of smoked Mountain Hall", voluminous seven Ying, a grand building, bring up the rear with "Water Fang Rock Show" Hall. Palace is completed, this was the deal with affairs of state and the emperor lived. Now here is the Qing items on display. Northwest of the island is that famous garden park - Canglang Island, is the imitation of Suzhou "Canglang Pavilion" built. Although small in size, but the hall, pavilion, springs, kiosk, gallery cleverly organized with each other for use, just right, blow people away. Film "Intimate" is the first set of shots taken here.
(Across the board Ching Lin winding bridges Island)
Ladies and gentlemen, the face of this exquisite beauty of the building, called Yanyu Lou. This is a voluminous e-ying?, Two-story house from top to bottom, the upper and lower floor there is a veranda. Yunlong Jinbian on the second floor of the Qianlong Emperor, inscribed. Yanyu Lou and the door between the house of the square is a regular hospital, vigorous upright trees at the old pines. Xu Mizuo the audience on two stone deer copper pair. Yanyu Lou is the imitation of Yanyu Lou Jiaxing, Zhejiang built. When rainy season, rain-shrouded, CASTLE overlooking saw Yuanshanjinshui, among the best in the misty veil, like entering paradise. Floor east, "Qingyang Random House" is a place where the emperor practice reading the text; floor southwest of "the mountain fast," facing rockery. Hexagonal pavilion built hill called the Pavilion wing.
(Along the northern shore of Lake Crest by "water goes in," "Orioles Bird Tree" Zhu Pavilion East Bound)
We now arrive at the place is famous for the Rehe spring. Fountain on the piece of stone, the words "Rehe" two characters. Because the warm spring, hot spring water imported upstream there, so do not freeze in winter. Especially when the surrounding snow, where the lake is steaming, in fact, wonder.
(Enter the Mountain Resort plain)
Before us this piece of open plains, an area of 1000 acres, is the "million tree garden" and "trial Ma Tai," composed of two parts. Million potential tree garden flat, luxuriant trees, reindeer come and go during the hare is a rare prairie scenery beyond the Great Wall. Ma Dai in the trial garden trees and the west side, green grass, Chi Road, such as strings, is held in the Qing Dynasty emperor to go to Hunting "Autumn ceremony" before selecting the place horse.
(To 10 000 trees garden to the west of Wenjin Pavilion)
You see this beautiful old buildings is a collection of the Qing Dynasty famous floor - Wenjin Pavilion. Tianjin, a water crossing. Wen-chun, is crossing cultural knowledge. To obtain the knowledge, the meaning would be since one is interested. Within it and the Forbidden City in Beijing Wen Yuan Ge, Yuanmingyuan Wenyuan Pavilion, Shenyang Imperial Palace of Culture Club back together, the "Inner Court 4 Court." This group of buildings facing south, house doors, rockery, ponds, pavilions arranged one after another. Wenjin Pavilion in the main building of water hold among the hills, up and down the 6, is built in imitation of Ningbo Tianyi Pavilion. From the exterior view, it is two, actually three layers inside the middle layer of the dark layer, the sun can not directly into the goal, to better protect the books. Genei has possession masterpiece, "Past and the Present Integrated" and "Si Ku Quan Shu" the one.
(To Court before the pool side)
Please stand beside me, looking down the direction of my finger, look! Crescent pool, the water gently shake. This is a reflection of the sky the moon it? No, the sky is the bright sun in the sky. Our eyes delusional? Nor, we see that real. This is called a must in Chengde of "Sun and Moon Tong-hui," wonders. How did this happen? If you take a rockery in front of their own to find the answer. (At this time tour guide for visitors to stay a few minutes to find.) Please note, this gentleman (Miss) is the first to find the answer! So this is the use of light reflection principle, through the south wall of the crescent-shaped cave gap, reflecting in the water out of the shadow.
(With visitors to the hazelnut yukou)
City's tourism, heritage sector jointly launched the "mountains by car travel," the tourism projects, safe, and convenient. Now we look at the car to the mountain. Villa is located in the mountains northwest of the total area of approximately four-fifths of the Summer Resort, if the walk would probably not finish the tour one day.
(Please tourists on the bus tour guides)
Look, here undulating ridges and peaks, pines blowing. From south to north in turn have hazel valley, west valley, pine valley, pear Yu, Song Yun Gap 5 changgouyu, taste different. We visit the valley of this communication is the hazelnut. Hazel valley, west valley pine trees all over the valley, sometimes with hazel bundles, oak tree; pear valley scenery is beautiful, spring pear million trees, aromatic, full of autumn fruit branch; Pine Gap ancient pines towering clouds, vast gray. Qing hillside on the situation here has built more than 40 groups of different garden styles, temples, stele construction. Due to age-old, most of the natural collapse. Here in particular we deplore the fact that the slope in the West Lake in the Western Hills Temple bead source. Temple built two high temples, called "mirror Court cases" which are used inside and outside copper, produced, cleverly carved and free handling, worship of the Buddha statues inside for copper, So called "Palaces." But now there's only the base address, it is not destroyed by nature. Why is this? It turned out during the Sino-Japanese War, Japan invaded Chengde devils took away a lot of precious cultural relics, and the demolition of a number of mirror cabinet, in addition to three steel tablet have survived, the rest have all been shipped to Japan, the Japanese invading army. Court cases mirror the site today, as Beijing Yuanmingyuan ruins, as we carry out patriotic education into the classroom. (Car stopped near the pavilion surrounded by Yunshan, guides to lead tourists on board four Yunshan Pavilion)
Members of this pavilion is now called the four board Yunshan booths. It is the highest mountain. Booth Changfeng Sida, though it is summer, and cool as autumn. Each emperor to Villa, will be a visit there, and moved by the occasion to write poetry more than the first. Of which two are "extremely peaceful Pro Compass Qi, Block, but felt in the low mountains." Today you see see also abundant than the emperor, not only to appreciate the Emperor Qianlong then enjoy the scenery, but also far Tiao Chengde city new look!
(Car came to the Northwest gate, we boarded the tour guides lead the palace wall)
A Chinese saying goes: "less than the Great Wall of non-hero." Now we have climbed the Great Wall in Chengde small - Villa palace wall. It is the mountain on the situation, the winding ups and downs. You walk in the palace wall on the south is expected to magnificent beauty of the Villa, the North is expected to golden Eight Outer Temples. You see, this is exactly like the Potala Palace and the Temple of cases by the Putuo Temple, built in the palace is the Panchen Lama VI - longevity of the Temple of Sumeru, the far from our monastery called Puning, where for the world's highest wooden Buddha - Kuan Yin Bodhisattva, Thousand ... .... Tomorrow I will guide you to visit these temples. Now friends with cameras, according to a few more in here like, otherwise you will regret it yo! (Cars through the "Seifu Green Island" down the mountain, mountains tour ends)
Through this piece of flat grassland, in front of this high-rise tower called stupa, is the imitation of the Pagoda of Six Harmonies, Hangzhou and Nanjing, the temple will tower built. Directions for the nine-story tower, 67 meters high, we Chengde people call it "Pagoda of Six Harmonies." North and south sides of each layer of stone eight coupons door, the door along the spiral stairs can log on to the top of the tower. Tower for Buddhist statues. Qianlong lived in the Villa, sometimes early in the morning denta bowing. Towering pagodas accompanied by green fields, magnificent, particularly noticeable.
Here is a yurt resort. If you look from a distance, right into every white yurt like this group of swans landed on the green grass soft and thick. Here also built a yurt in the Qing Dynasty, Kangxi and Qianlong emperors of the imperial tent and sleeping here, welcome and entertain minority leaders and foreign diplomats. Here to tell you about a famous meeting activities: Qianlong 50 years (1792) September 29, King George II sent a special envoy to Mageerni Lord, Staunton as Fushi, the 100-member diplomatic missions, take the "lion No." ships, from the port of Portsmouth, direct Tianjin, which is "Great Britain" and sent the first official visit to China mission. Fifty-eight Qianlong (1793) July 26, mission fleet arrived in Tianjin to Beijing in the Sept. 8 arrival Rehe. Emperor Qianlong of the United Kingdom attaches great importance to visit and decided to meet in Rehe palace. September 14, is here royal tent yurt, Mageerni Minister Plenipotentiary Envoy in the Chinese translation and student boy, accompanied by the rites leading to the throne of the Qianlong emperor beside the stairs, one leg kneel Message After King submitted a letter to the Emperor Qianlong and gifts. We can know that this is not complicated an audience etiquette, or Chinese and British sides settle down for several days too! Special Envoy to the Mageerni Qianlong rebates and other gifts of the Ruyi, and let them minister with the retinue kings, princes of Mongolia together with Kyrgyzstan to the party platform, to give himself to the British wine and enjoy the view of acrobatics, drama, martial arts and other cultural programs. September 17 (lunar August 13), the Qing court in Hill held a grand military parade to celebrate the birthday of Emperor Qianlong 83, Mageerni Mountain Resort has come to the Qianlong Emperor's birthday, night in the park trees and watched the grand The fireworks show. King raised in the letter sent envoys to Beijing and a series of requirements. Qian returned to Beijing, and Kun Qian Long in the Mountain Resort will be written to "grant the English King Chi Shu" to the Mageerni. October 7 England to take King's gift Qianlong rebate back. Mageerni hope that through direct negotiations between the highest authorities of the Qing Dynasty, China opened the door to open up the idea of Oriental trade market did not materialize. Qing Dynasty in the handling process of negotiations to maintain the prestige and dignity Wang Zhaoguo. But the British mission in a few months, China's political, military, and economic conditions have an intuitive understanding of a large number of military and political information gathering. Mageerni behavior of the Opium War in China made a theoretical preparation, so in 1840 the British the first to open China's door to their guns and cannons, from the beginning of the semi-feudal China, semi-colonial in society.
Please come with me from the yurt resort south, by 10 000 trees out of Villa Park gate.
(Return to the car)
Ladies and gentlemen, after you visit the Summer Resort impression? Now I would like to invite you to answer the previous question: Why is our garden experts Mountain Resort is the epitome of beautiful land motherland? In answering this question, please first talk about the summer resort of the terrain. (... ...) Great! This gentleman was right! Lady also said that right! Today, we have seen when visiting, Mountain Resort is the southeastern low-lying terrain, beautiful scenery, like the South; north-east flat, grasses, grassland scenery faction; northwest of the terrain Gochang, gully aspect. While all this is "natural heaven to the situation," but as a general artificial polish, could be so clever and topography of our great motherland coincide Moreover many of attraction across the country were also concentrated in the Villa, miraculously, so even the garden experts They also sent a heartfelt admiration: Summer Resort is the epitome of the motherland and beautiful land.
Now let us look at the Summer Resort in our history, culture and landscape position and role of the arts it!
In our history, the Mountain Resort is a unified multi-ethnic country during the early consolidation and development of historical testimony. Kangxi and Qianlong period, the emperor every year about half a year or so, living in the Mountain Resort, handling affairs of state. From the Summer Resort is rich in historical connotation, it is also an ethnic and religious history museum, is a special information with the written history of the Qing Dynasty.
From the cultural value, the Mountain Resort is the product of Kangxi and Qianlong. Villa in all types of construction, outstanding performance of the multi-ethnic coalition, buildings or the unified thoughts. In Hill, the Han culture, and some minority cultures, not only show their own characteristics, but also absorbed the essence of other cultures, showing a further integration of colorful landscapes, a true representation of the diverse characteristics of Chinese culture, showing a summer resort in the Qing Dynasty in the multi-ethnic culture center. Now, have stepped into the world of Chengde, Mountain Resort and around the temple complex belongs not only to China, it has become the common heritage of all mankind. UNESCO experts praise this excellent Summer Resort Royal Gardens is a "set of Oriental Philosophy of Dacheng."
Garden art from the perspective of Emperor Kangxi in the construction of summer resort, in accordance with the concept of "natural the interest in the work is not annoying thing" principle, the full use of Villa in the mountains, streams, lakes, plains and other natural conditions, local conditions, construction of pavilions pavilion, as far as possible to retain the rustic charm of nature in the mountains. Palace area of construction although strictly adhere to the "Son of Heaven occupying Cloud Nine," the system, but it has the characteristics of the North Quadrangle plain simple, no yellow glazed tiles, on behalf of the roof with brick walls and gray tiles, so that the entire palace area of the building and Hill consistent architectural style, appears to be both simple and unsophisticated, it elegant. It can be said Mountain Resort is the artistic characteristics of China's richest royal garden, which brings together the best of ancient art of gardening, the formation of a unique national style, with a high degree of artistic achievement, is indeed a splendid classical garden in China Pearl, is the miracle of the world's garden instance, is the pride of the Chinese nation..