Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure 25%
Directions：There are twentyfive incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence, there are four choices marked A，B，C and D.Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.
()1.The new machine is a great help in the production of this factory.
()2.Now the problem of energy is becoming critical.It an immediate solution.
A.calls onB.calls for
C.calls upD.calls at
()3.Finding it difficult toto the climate in the city he decided to move to the north.
()4.The newspaper will have toif it can not increase its circulation considerably.
A.close upB.close down
C.close offD.close out
()5.By this time next year I shall haveall my debts.
A.cleared upB.cleaned up
C.cleared offD.cleared away
()6.An old friend from abroad，I was expecting to stay with，telephoned me from the airport.
()7.，the amount left in the bank is hardly worth mentioning.
A.Having paid my taxesB.Paying my taxes
C.My taxes having been paidD.My taxes had been paid
()8.I know the man name.
()9.The lecturer spoke so fast that I found it hardwhat he was saying.
A.to take inB.to take out
C.to take overD.to take up
()10.Pumas，which are large，catlike animals will not attack human beings if they undisturbed.
()11.The relative size of an insects wing is much greater than.
A.of a birds wingB.that of a birds wing
C.a wing of a bird isD.that wing of a bird
()12.Ian answer to my letter within a few days.
()13.—Does Jane want to see that movie?
—Yes. But she says go tonight.
A.shell rather notB.shed not rather
C.shed rather notD.she wont rather
()14.Professor Wheelock is always very to the reaction of the audience when he gives lectures.
()15.The audience dressed in a variety of ways，some in suits and dress，some in jeans.
()16.Peter wishes that he law instead of literature when he was in college.
C.had studiedD.would study
()17.Let you and agree to settle our differences without involving any of the other students.
()18.If you had told us earlier he was，we could have introduced him at the meeting.
()19.Ime what happened.
A.would like you tellB.would like you to tell
C.would like you tellingD.would like that you tell
()20.Take an umbrella it rains.
A.in any caseB.because
()21.Dont leave your bicycle out in the rain.Itll get in rains.
()22.Ito him for the error.
()23.Hardly home when the telephone rang.
A.I gotB.did I get
C.I had gotD.had I got
()24.Its getting rather late.Its time that we home.
()25.The colors of that coat and hat dont .
Ⅱ.Reading Comprehension 20%
Directions：There are two passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements.For each of them, there are four choices marked A，B，C and D.You should decide on the BEST CHOICE.
It is difficult for doctors to help a person with a hurt brain. Without enough blood, the brain lives only three to five minutes. Sometimes the hurt brain gets better by itself. More often the doctors cannot fix the hurt brain. Sometimes they are afraid to try something to help. It is dangerous to work on the brain. The doctor might make the person worse if he works on the brain.
Doctor Robert White, a famous professor and doctor, thinks he knows a way to help. He thinks doctors should try to make the brain become very cold. If it is very cold, the brain can live without blood for 30 minutes. This gives the doctors a longer time to do something for the brain. Doctor White tried his idea on 13 monkeys. First he taught them to do different jobs. Then he operated on them. He made the monkeys blood go through a machine. The machine cooled the blood. Then the machine sent the blood back to the monkeys brain. When the brains temperature was 10 degrees, Doctor White stopped the blood to the brain. After 30 minutes he turned the blood back on. He warmed the blood again. After their operations, the monkeys were as the same as before. They were healthy and busy. Each one could still do the jobs the doctor had taught them.
Doctor Whites idea works well on monkeys. Are there other problems with human beings? Doctor White thinks doctors will use his idea on human beings. He thinks it will help people who have to die when their heart stops; doctors can start it again. The problem comes when the brain is without blood for three to five minutes; the person has a living body, but a dead brain. Maybe in the future, doctors will try Doctor Whites idea. When the persons heart stops, the doctors will quickly try to cool the blood. They will have 30 minutes to start the heart again. Maybe there will be no problem with the brain.
()1.Which of the following expresses the main idea of the first paragraph?
A.Not many doctors can help a hurt brain to recover.
B.Without blood the brain can only live for five minutes.
C.A hurt brain is not an easy problem for doctors to cope with.
D.It is quite dangerous for doctors to operate on the hurt brain.
()2.What will help doctors work on the brain?
A.Taking the blood out of the hurt brain.
B.Lowering the temperature of the brain.
C.Helping the brain live outside the body.
D.Supplying enough blood for the brain.
()3.When a persons heart stops beating, .
A.it doesnt necessarily mean that he cannot come to life again
B.it definitely means that he can never come back to life again
C.it undoubtedly means that his brain has died at the same time
D.it undoubtedly means that his body has died at the same time
()4.People most probably die when .
A.they stop breathingB.they stop bleeding
C.their hearts stopD.their brain die
()5.Which is the best title for this passage?
A.A Study of the Blood of the Monkey.
B.A Study of the Brain of the Monkey.
C.A New Way to Work on the Brain.
D.A New Machine to Help the Brain.
Swimming the English Channel requires a tremendous amount of courage and strength, as well as careful training and planning. The three main problems that a swimmer faces are the coldness of the water, the strong tides, and the roughness of the waves in the channel. Even in summer the temperature of the water is never warmer than 50 to 68 degrees, which is the reason most swimmers make their attempts in August when the water is usually warmest.
The main difficulty in training for channel swimming is becoming accustomed to the cold. Swimmers usually spend three to four months practicing in the channel, gradually lengthening the time each day until they can stay in the cold water ten or fifteen hours—a stretch in the last stages of training. As added protection against the cold, before they begin a channel crossing, the swimmers cover themselves with a layer of heavy, brownish axle grease, putting on coating 1/16 to 1/8 inch thick.
Much of the success in swimming the channel depends upon the timing with the tides. The direct distance from Cap Gris Nez in France to Dover England—across the narrowest part of the channel—is 2l miles, but the swimmer must go a much longer distance because he does not travel in a straight line in order to swim with the tide changes. Perfect planning and timing are necessary to avoid being caught by the turn of the tide just as he nears the other side. Boats equipped with radar now follow channel swimmers and help keep them on course with the tide changes.
Channel swimmers must face the swift currents that move in the channel. Often a swimmer will come within a mile of the shore when the tide changes, making it difficult or impossible to finish the event.
Some swimmers are swept so far of course that the swim from 30 to 45 miles in the process. Rough waves are also difficult to battle; channel waters are relatively smooth for only a few days each month, and even then there are likely to be dangerous cross current and sudden weather changes.
()6.In the passage, the answers can be found to all the following questions EXCEPT.
A.How does a swimmer get ready for a crossing
B.Why is timing so important to a channel swimmer
C.How far should a swimmer swim in crossing the channel
D.What risks does a swimmer run in crossing the channel
()7.The main aim in training for channel swimming is .
A.to be used to the water temperature in August
B.to learn to lengthen the practicing time each day
C.to be accustomed to being covered with grease as a protection
D.to be good at standing the long hours in cold water
()8.A successful channel swimmer is said to be the swimmer who .
A.keeps himself on course with the tide changes
B.chooses the narrowest way to the other side
C.takes a curving course，following a radar boat
D.times his crossing so that he may reach the other side before tide
()9.According to the passage, the radar boat is used for .
A.rescuing the swimmer from drowning when he is in danger
B.preventing him from being caught by the tide
C.equipping him for the dangerous crossing
D.giving him the right direction when a storm puts him off the course
()10.The passage is less concerned with showing.
A.careful training for channel crossing
B.how to overcome the roughness of the water
C.the difficulties caused by the swift currents
D.how to choose the best time for a crossing
Ⅲ.General Knowledge 5%
()1.The United States is thelargest country in the world.
()2.The British government is established on the basis of .
A.the constitutional monarchy
B.the federal system
C.the absolute monarchy
()3.The American Congress consists of two houses:.
A.the Upper House and the Lower House
B.the House of Lords and the House of Commons
C.Senate and the House of Representatives
D.Senate and the House of Commons
()4.Roughly Speaking, the English Language has a history of years.
()5.In 1861, broke out.
A.American Independence War
B.American Civil War
C.The Wars of Roses
D.Hundred Year War
Ⅳ.Proofreading and Error Correction 10%
Directions: The passage contains 10 errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it.
Most people work to earn a living and they produce goods and services. Goods are either agricultural (like maize) or manufactured (like cars).
Services are such things like education, 1.
medicine, and commerce. These people provide 2.
goods; some provide services. Other people provide both goods or services. 3.
For example, in the same
garage a man may buy a car or some service which helps him maintain his car.
The work people do is called as economic 4.
activity. All economic activities taken together make up the economic system of a town, a city, a country, or the world. Such economic system is the sumtotal 5.
of what people do and what they want. The work people do either provides what they need or provides the money with that they can buy essential 6.
commodities. Of course, most people hope to have enough money to buy commodities and services which are essential but which provide some particular 7.
personal satisfaction, such as toys for children, visits 8.
the cinema, and books.
The science of economics is basic upon the facts 9.
of our everyday lives. Economists study our everyday lives and the general life of our communities in order to understand the whole economic system of which we are a part. They try to describe the facts of the economy in which we live, and to explain how it works.
The economist methods should of course be 10.
strictly objective and scientific.
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese.
What is learning and what is teaching and how do they interact?
Consider again some traditional definitions. A search in contemporary dictionaries reveals that learning is “acquiring or getting of knowledge of a subject or a skill by study, experience or instruction.” A more specialized definition might read as follows. “Learning is a relatively permanent change in a behavioral tendency and is the result of reinforced practice.” Similarly, teaching, which is implied in the first definition of learning, may be defined as “showing or helping someone to learn how to do something, giving instructions, guiding in the study of something, providing with knowledge, causing to know or understand.” How awkward these definitions are! Isnt it rather curious that professional lexicographers(辞典编撰人) cannot devise more precise scientific definitions? More than perhaps anything else, such definitions reflect the difficulty of defining complex concepts like learning and teaching.
Directions: Write a teaching plan with about 150~200 words for the teaching of the comparative and the superlative degrees of adjectives.