Ⅰ. Vocabulary and Structure 15%
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in the following. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.
() 1.In the garden bees moved, humming thoughtfully, fromflowers to purple ones.
() 2.At last Ithe article that I had been looking for in the University library.
A.ran downB.ran into
C.ran outD.ran off
() 3.The police officer assures uswill be taken to guard against the recurrence of such incidents.
() 4.The budget they made is unrealisticit disregards increased costs.
A.for thatB.for which
C.in thatD.in which
() 5.The newly developing science of artificial intelligence aims at programming the computer to think, reason and reactpeople do.
A.by the same way asB.in much the same way that
C.with the same way asD.as much as the same way that
() 6.For Soviets, clothing is theof greatest complaint, housing follows, and food is last.
() 7.As a student of Chinese literature, she enjoys givingof poems by her favorite poets.
() 8.Professor Allington asks his students to read the newspapers to keepof current events.
() 9.More waste materials have to beof, which cause pollution of the land, sea and air.
() 10.Fred wasin the alley last night, and all his money was taken away.
A.held backB.held up
C.held offD.held on
() 11.Care should be taken to decrease the length of time that one is loud continuous noise.
A.associated withB.filled with
C.subjected toD.attached to
() 12.People enter the organization from a(n) range of social, economic, and
() 13.The agreement is not , because one of the people who signed it is not lawfully old enough to do so.
() 14.After everyone was seated the chairman to announce his plans.
() 15.She packed her bags, then called the airport and made a(n) on the last flight out of Los Angeles.
Ⅰ. Vocabulary and Structure 20%
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following text. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the ONE that best fills the blank.
If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses. Success or16in your work would depend, to17great extent, 18your ability to use your strengths and weaknesses to the best advantage. 19the utmost importance is your attitude. a person 20begins a job convinced that he isnt going to like it or is21that he is going to ail is exhibiting a weakness which can only hinder his success. On the other hand, a person who is secure22his belief that he is probably as capable23doing the work as anyone else and who is willing to make a cheerful attempt 24it possesses a certain strength of purpose. The chances are that he will do well. 25the prerequisite skills for a particular job is strength. Lacking those skills is obviously a weakness. A bookkeeper who cant add or a carpenter who cant cut a straight line with a saw 26hopeless cases. This book has been designed to help you capitalize 27the strength and overcome the28that you bring to the job of learning. But in groups to measure your development, you must first29stock of somewhere you stand now. 30we get further along in the book, well be31in some details with specific processes for developing and strengthening 32skills. However, 33begin with, you should pause
34examine your present strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are critical to your success or failure in school: your35, your reading and communication skills, and your study habits.
() 16. A.improvementB.victoryC.failureD.achievement
() 17. A.aB.theC.someD.certain
() 18. A.inB.onC.ofD.to
() 19. A.out ofB.ofC.toD.into
() 20. A.whoB.whatC.thatD.which
() 21. A.ensureB.certainC.sureD.surely
() 22. A.ontoB.onC.offD.in
() 23. A.toB.atC.ofD.for
() 24. A.nearB.onC.byD.at
() 25. A.HaveB.HadC.HavingD.Had been
() 26. A.beingB.beenC.areD.is
() 27. A.exceptB.butC.forD.on
() 28. A.ideaB.weaknessC.strengthD.advantage
() 29. A.makeB.takeC.doD.give
() 30. A.asB.tillC.overD.out
() 31. A.dealB.dealtC.be dealtD.dealing
() 32. A.learntB.learnedC.learningD.learn
() 33. A.aroundB.toC.fromD.beside
() 34. A.toB.ontoC.intoD.with
() 35. A.intelligenceB.workC.attitudeD.weakness
Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension 30%
Directions: There are three passages in the following. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D.You should decide on the BEST CHOICE.
Statuses are marvelous human inventions that enable us to get along with one another and to determine where we “fit” in society.As we go about our everyday lives，we mentally attempt to place people in terms of their statuses.For example，we must judge whether the person in the library is a reader or a librarian，whether the telephone caller is a friend or a salesman，whether the unfamiliar person on our property is a thief or a meter reader，and so on.
The statuses we assume often vary with the people we encounter and change throughout life.Most of us can，at very high speed，assume the statuses that various situations require.Much of social interaction consists of identifying and selecting among appropriate statuses and allowing other people to assume their statuses in relation to us.This means that we fit our actions to those of other people based on a constant mental process of appraisal and interpretation.Although some of us find the task more difficult than others，most of us perform it rather effortlessly.
A status has been compared to ready-made clothes.Within certain limits the buyer choose style and fabric.But an American is not free to choose the costume of a Chinese peasant or that of a Hindu prince.We must choose from among the clothing presented by fit，as well as by our pocketbook.Having made a choice from minor adjustments，we tend to be limited to what the stores choice among them is limited.
() 36.In the first paragraph，the writer tells us that statuses can help us .
A.determine whether a person is fit for a certain job
B.behave appropriately in relation to other people
C.protect ourselves in unfamiliar situations
D.make friends with other people
() 37.According to the writer，people often assume different statuses .
A.in order to identify themselves with others
B.in order to better identify others
C.as their mental processes change
D.as the situation changes
() 38.The word “appraisal” most probably means .
() 39.In the last sentence of the second paragraph，the pronoun “it” refers to “ ”.
A.fitting our actions to those of other people appropriately
B.identification of other peoples statuses
C.selecting ones own statuses
D.constant mental process
() 40.By saying that “an American is not free to choose the costume of a Chinese peasant or that of a Hindu prince”，the writer means .
A.different people have different styles of clothes
B.readymade clothes may need alterations
C.statuses come ready made just like clothes
D.our choice of statuses is limited
What kind of human being will the future spaceman be?
Will he need bones of steel and powerful muscles to resist rocket thrust，the lungs of a glass blower，a mighty heart，the calmness of an acrobat，unconscious death urges，or a schizophrenic(患精神分裂症的)drove toward isolation? Popular ideas of a spaceman tend to be funny composites of fiction and fact.
A more realistic portrait emerges from the young science of bioastronautics，the newest and strangest of medical disciplines.The astronaut may be described as a young man of high intelligence who is normal to an abnormal degree.On earth he may well have been a high diver，high jumper，polevaulter，or acrobat.He must be highly motivated，carefully trained，and he must want to come back.
His heart and lungs must be healthy but need not be exceptionally developed，for his cabin will be pressurized.Huge muscles may actually be disadvantageous，for he will have almost no way to get exercise，and he will find that the strength of a yearold child is adequate in the weightlessness of space.A firm body and a short， strong neck will help him to withstand(抗拒;经得起……)the tremendous forces encountered at takeoff.Most important physically，his digestive system must be one that will not be upset by weightlessness;he must not be subject to motion sickness.
() 41.All the following are popular beliefs about the future spaceman EXCEPT that .
A.faced with isolation，he is brave enough and not liable to go mad
B.he needs to have a strong death complex
C.he must have strong bones and powerful muscles
D.he must be coolheaded
() 42.Which of the following is NOT be considered by the author as a more realistic image of the future spaceman?
A.He must have superior intelligence.
B.He is young.
C.He should have a strong desire to survive.
D.He doesnt get upset easily.
() 43.Bioastronautics is mostly related to .
B.the science of medicine
D.disciplines and regulations
() 44.“normal to an abnormal degree”(Para.3)means .
A.seemingly normal but actually abnormal
B.so ordinary that he is undistinguished in every way
C.extremely healthy，and there is nothing abnormal with him
D.so normal that no one believes it is true
() 45.To the future spaceman，what is most physically important is that .
A.his vital capacity must be as great as a glass blowers
B.he must have a short and firm neck
C.his heart must be comparatively large
D.his digestive system should not be upset by weightlessness
With fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste.The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything which goes into the dumps would be made into something useful.Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out.The aim is to find out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling waste were built just outside the city.This plant would recycle not only metal such as steel，lead and copper，but also paper and rubber as well.
Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish.When this project is complete，the rubbish will be processed like this：First，it will pass through sharp metal bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed;then it will pass through a powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids;after that founders and rollers will break up everything that can be broken.Finally，the rubbish will pass under magnets(磁铁)，which will remove the bits of iron and steel;the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.
The first fullscale giant recycling plants are perhaps fifteen years away.Indeed，with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps，some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.
() 46.The phrase “should be well on with…”(Para.1)most probably means .
A.have completed what was started
B.get ready to start
C.have achieved a great deal in
D.put an end to
() 47.What is NOT mentioned as a part of the recycling process described in paragraph 3?
A.Breaking up whatever is breakable.
B.Sharpening metal bars.
C.Separating light elements from the heavy ones.
D.Sorting out small pieces of metal.
() 48.Whats the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants?
A.To deal with wastes in a better way.
B.To protect the environment from pollution.
C.To get raw materials locally.
D.To get big profits from those plants.
() 49.The first fullscale huge recycling plants .
A.began to operate fifteen years ago
B.will probably take less than fifteen years to build
C.will be built fifteen years later
D.will probably be in operation in fifteen years
() 50.The passage is mainly about .
A.a cheap way to get energy
B.the location of recycling plants
C.new ways of recycling wastes
D.the probability of city environment
Ⅳ. Translation 5%
Directions: There are 5 sentences in the following. Translate them into English.
51.It may be necessary to stop(每隔……时间) in the learning process and go back to the difficult points in the lessons.
52.The mad man was put in the softpadded cell lest he(伤害自己).
53.Jean did not have time to go to the concert last night because she was(忙着准备) her examination.
54.The ships generator broke down and the pumps(不得不用手工操作) instead of mechanically.
55.Why didnt you tell me you could lend me the money? I(本来不必从银行借钱的).
Ⅴ. Proofreading and Error Correction 5%
Directions: The passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct the errors.
Living is risky. Crossing the road, driving a car,
flying, swallowing an aspirin table or eating a chicken
sandwich-they can all be fatal.
Clearly some risks worth taking, especially when the56.
rewards high: a man surrounded by flames and smoke
generally considers that jumping out of a secondfloor
window is an acceptable risk to save its life. But in57.
medicine a few procedures, drugs, operations or tests58.
are really a mater of life and death. There may be
sound medicine reasons are totally dependent59.
in the balance of risks and benefits for the60.
Surgery for cancer may cure or prolong a life, but
the removal of tonsils(扁桃体) cannot save anything a61.
sore throat. Blood pressure drugs definitely help some
people live after a heart attack, but these same drugs
may be both necessary and harmful for those with only62.
mild blood pressure problems.
Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are preparing63.
to put up with in the name of better health is a high64.
personal matter, not a decision we should remain to65.
Ⅵ. Writing 10%
Directions: As is shown in the following chart, cases on the issues of intellectual property have been on the rise over the past few years, write an essay that conveys the information in the chart accompanied by your comments.You should write 200 words.