日期:03-01| http://www.59wj.com |模拟试题|人气:502


  .  .


  Section ⅠUse of English


  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) from each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)


  As former colonists of Great Britain, the Founding Fathers of the United States adopted much of the legal system of Great Britain. We have a “common law”, or law made by courts__1__a monarch or other central governmental__2__like a legislature. The jury, a__3__of ordinary citizens chosen to decide a case, is an__4__ part of our common-law system.

  Use of juries to decide cases is a__5__feature of the American legal system. Few other countries in the world use juries as we do in the United States.__6__the centuries, many people have believed that juries in most cases reach a fairer and more just result__7__would be obtained using a judge__8__, as many countries do.__9__a jury decides cases after “__10__”, or discussions among a group of people, the jury’s decision is likely to have the__11__ from many different people from different backgrounds, who must as a group decide what is right.

  Juries are used in both civil cases, which decide__12__ among__13__ citizens, and criminal cases, which decide cases brought by the government __14__ that individuals have committed crimes. Juries are selected from the U.S. citizens and__15__. Jurors, consisting of __16__ numbers, are called for each case requiring a jury.

  The judge__17__to the case__18__the selection of jurors to serve as the jury for that case. In some states,__19__jurors are questioned by the judge; in others, they are questioned by the lawyers representing the__20__under rules dictated by state law.

  1. [A] other than [B] rather than [C] more than [D] or rather

  2. [A] agency [B] organization [C] institution [D] authority

  3. [A] panel [B] crew [C] band [D] flock

  4. [A] innate [B] intact [C] integral [D] integrated

  5. [A]discriminating[B] distinguishing [C] determining [D] diminishing

  6. [A] in [B] by [C] after [D] over

  7. [A] that [B] which [C] than [D] as

  8. [A] alike [B] alone [C] altogether [D] apart

  9. [A] Although [B] Because [C] If [D] While

  10.[A] deliberations [B] meditations [C] reflections [D] speculations

  11.[A] outline [B] outcome [C] input [D] intake

  12.[A] arguments [B] controversies [C] disputes [D] hostilities

  13.[A] fellow [B] individual [C] personal [D] private

  14.[A] asserting [B] alleging [C] maintaining [D] testifying

  15.[A] assembled [B] evoked [C] rallied [D] summoned

  16.[A] set [B] exact [C] given [D] placed

  17.[A] allocated [B] allotted [C] appointed [D] assigned

  18.[A] administers [B] manages [C] oversees [D] presides

  19.[A] inspective [B] irrespective [C] perspective [D] prospective

  20.[A] bodies [B] parties [C] sides [D] units


  1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. B 6. D 7.C 8.B 9. B 10. A

  11. C 12. C 13.D 14.B 15. D 16. A 17. D 18. C 19. D 20. B










  The Treasury could pocket 20 million a year in extra fines once the country’s speed camera network is expanded. Motoring organizations warned that the __1__could become a poll tax on wheels’, __2__huge number of drivers. There could be many more incidents of vandalism __3__cameras.The warnings came__4__a Daily Mail survey found almost all the 23 police forces in England and Wales were either__5__to expansion plans or considering __6__.

  Nationwide, the number of speeding tickets is expected to treble,__7__ 90 million a year.__8__the scheme, police keep some of the cash from fines to __9__the costs of fitting and maintaining extra cameras and__10__that existing ones always have film in them. The rest will go to the Treasury. Both Ministers and police insist the scheme is aimed__11__at making roads safer. They point to trials in eight areas which cut collisions by a quarter and deaths and serious injuries by __12__a half.

  But motoring organizations fear cameras will be sited on relatively safe__13__fast stretches to catch as many drivers as possible. Some forces are also expected to__14__the “threshold” speeds at which cameras are__15__to the absolute legal minimum-15 mph in a 10 mph limit, and 26 mph in a 20 mph zone. This could encourage drivers to stare at their speedometers instead of concentrating on the road, and __16__to more accidents. Sue Nicholson, head of campaigns at the RAC, said, “We don’t have a problem with speed cameras __17__. But we do have concerns about__18__they are sited. Police risk losing credibility __19__motorists if cameras are seen as revenue-raising __20__safety devices.”

  1. [A] promotions [B] punishments [C] penalties [D] payments

  2. [A] isolating [B] separating [C] alienating [D] detaching

  3. [A] towards [B] against [C] before [D] over

  4. [A] so [B] once [C] as [D] where

  5. [A] subjected [B] engaged [C] intended [D] committed

  6. [A] taking part [B] keeping silence [C] making exception [D] paying respect

  7. [A] financing [B] profiting [C] funding [D] netting

  8. [A] From [B] Under [C] On [D] With

  9. [A] hide [B] cover [C] conceal [D] veil

  10. [A] pledging [B] assuring [C] confirming [D] ensuring

  11. [A] essentially [B] strongly [C] wholeheartedly [D] purely

  12. [A] in all [B] fewer than [C] at most [D] up to

  13. [A] but [B] whereas [C] though [D] while

  14. [A] fit [B] put [C] set [D] fix

  15. [A] levered [B] geared [C] handled [D] triggered

  16. [A] lead [B] add [C] contribute [D] resort

  17. [A] any less [B] by itself [C] after all [D] as such

  18. [A] who [B] when [C] where [D] which

  19. [A] in [B] with [C] against [D] for

  20. [A] in spite of [B] far from [C] rather than [D] by means of


  1. C 2. C 3. B 4. C 5. D 6. A 7. D 8. B 9.B 10. D

  11. D 12.D 13. A 14. C 15. B 16. A 17. D 18. C 19.B 20.C






  但是机动车管理机构担心警察为了多开罚单会把摄像机装在相对安全但行车速度较快的直行道上,还会为车速监控摄像机设置最低合法车速标准,如把正常的每小时10 英里限速提高到每小时15英里,每小时20 英里限速提高到每小时26英里。这样做会使司机盯着自己的里程计而不把精力集中到路面上,从而引发更多的交通事故。英国皇家汽车俱乐部(RAC)活动负责人休·尼科尔森说,“严格上说,我们对车速监控摄像机并无意见,我们担忧的是它们被安放的地点。如果把监控摄像机视为(政府)聚敛财政收入的手段而不是安全设施,那么警察就可能丧失他们在驾驶者心目中的威信”。



  The mass media is a big part of our culture, yet it can also be a helper, adviser and teacher to our young generation. The mass media affects the lives of our young by acting as a(an)__1__for a number of institutions and social contacts. In this way, it__2__ a variety of functions in human life.

  The time spent in front of the television screen is usually at the__3__ of leisure: there is less time for games, amusement and rest.__4__ by what is happening on the screen, children not only imitate what they see but directly__5__ themselves with different characters. Americans have been concerned about the__6__ of violence in the media and its__7__harm to children and adolescents for at least forty years. During this period, new media __8__, such as video games, cable television, music videos, and the Internet. As they continue to gain popularity, these media,__9__television,__10__public concern and research attention.

  Another large societal concern on our young generation__11__by the media, is body image.__12__forces can influence body image positively or negatively.__13__one, societal and cultural norms and mass media marketing__14__our concepts of beauty. In the mass media, the images of__15__beauty fill magazines and newspapers,__16__from our televisions and entertain us__17__the movies. Even in advertising, the mass media__18__on accepted cultural values of thinness and fitness for commercial gain. Young adults are presented with a__19__defined standard of attractiveness, a(n)__20__that carries unrealistic physical expectations.

  1. [A] alternative [B] preference [C] substitute [D] representative

  2. [A] accomplishes[B] fulfills [C] provides [D] suffices

  3. [A] risk [B] mercy [C] height [D] expense

  4. [A] Absorbed [B] Attracted [C] Aroused [D] Addicted

  5. [A] identify [B] recognize [C] unify [D] equate

  6. [A] abundance [B] incidence [C] prevalence [D] reccurrence

  7. [A] disposed [B] hidden [C] implicit [D] potential

  8. [A] merged [B] emerged [C] immerged [D] submerged

  9. [A] apart from [B] much as [C] but for [D] along with

  10. [A] promote [B] propel [C] prompt [D] prosper

  11. [A] inspired [B] imposed [C] delivered [D] contributed

  12. [A] External [B] Exterior [C] Explicit [D] Exposed

  13. [A] As [B] At [C] For [D] In

  14. [A] mark [B] effect [C] impact [D] shock

  15. [A] generalized [B] regularized [C] standardized[D] categorized

  16. [A] boom [B] bottom [C] brim [D] beam

  17. [A] over [B] with [C] on [D] at

  18. [A] play [B] take [C] profit [D] resort

  19. [A] barely [B] carefully [C] narrowly [D] subjectively

  20. [A] ideal [B] image [C] stereotype [D] criterion


  1. C 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. A 6. C 7. D 8. B 9.D 10. C

  11. B 12.A 13. C 14. C 15. C 16. A 17. D 18. A 19.C 20.A









  A recent parliamentary report blames the government and the food industry for the growth in obesity. The Department of Transport is blamed for not doing enough to__1__facilities for pedestrians and cyclists while__2__ to pressure from motoring organizations representing car users. The Ministry of Education is__3__of selling off school playing fields and not doing enough to__4__adequate facilities for physical education and games. Young people in Britain have become crazy about football (soccer and rugby), but too often as__5__ “couch potatoes” .

  The food industry is blamed for promoting junk food to school children and not doing enough to__6__down on sugar, fats and salt in prepared foods. The industry,__7__by the current popularity of the Atkins low-carbohydrate diet, has begun to __8__, but it is trying to protect a huge market and will need to do__9__more if it is to__10__off increased regulation.

  Japan seems less__11__so far by the problem of obesity,__12__ as the Japanese diet becomes increasingly__13__ (burgers and doughnuts) the problem will grow. __14__, Japanese cuisine has become highly popular in Britain. It is seen as healthy in a different way from the Mediterranean diet__15__its emphasis on tomatoes and olive oil combined with red wine.

  A fairly small amount of red wine is now__16__as beneficial to the heart,__17__its other encouraging properties. But Britain has to do more to__18__the problems of alcoholism__19__with the binge-drinking culture — including violence and vandalism. Limited consumption of alcohol, as long as it is not__20__with driving, is harmless and possibly beneficial.

  1. [A] stimulate [B] commend [C] promote [D] elevate

  2. [A] submitting [B] subjecting [C] subordinating [D] surrendering

  3. [A] charged [B] denounced [C] scolded [D] accused

  4. [A] assure [B] ensure [C] secure [D] guard

  5. [A] speculating [B] spectating [C] specializing [D] sightseeing

  6. [A] fall [B] get [C] cut [D] bring

  7. [A] stung [B] bitten [C] chewed [D] licked

  8. [A] retort [B] refute [C] respond [D] resolve

  9. [A] abundantly [B] considerably [C] extensively [D] principally

  10. [A] defend [B] beat [C] hold [D] ward

  11. [A] upset [B] affected [C] effected [D] impressed

  12. [A] or [B] for [C] but [D] if

  13. [A] popularized [B] globalized [C] westernized [D] localized

  14. [A] Accordingly[B] Interestingly [C] Surprisingly [D] Strikingly

  15. [A] as [B] on [C] but [D] with

  16. [A] accepted [B] approved [C] assumed [D] acknowledged

  17. [A] but for [B] let alone [C] regardless of [D] much less

  18. [A] cope [B] challenge [C] tackle [D] undertake

  19. [A] matched [B] related [C] united [D] associated

  20. [A] bonded [B] combined [C] merged [D] incorporated


  1.C 2.A 3.D 4.B 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.C 9.B 10.D

  11.B 12.C 13.C 14.B 15.D 16.A 17. B 18.C 19.D 20.B










  Chronic insomnia is a major public health problem. And too many people are using__1__ therapies, even while there are a few treatments that do work. Millions of Americans __2__awake at night counting sheep or have a stiff drink or __3__an pill, hoping it will make them sleepy.__4__ experts agree all that self-medicating is a bad idea, and the causes of chronic insomnia remain__5__.

  Almost a third of adults have trouble sleeping, and about 10 percent have__6__ of daytime impairment that signal true insomnia. But __7__the complaints, scientists know surprisingly little about what causes chronic insomnia, its health consequences and how best to treat it, a panel of specialists __8__together by the National Institutes of Health concluded Wednesday. The panel called__9__a broad range of research into insomnia, __10__that if scientists understood its __11__causes, they could develop better treatments.

  Most, but not all, insomnia is thought to __12__other health problems, from arthritis and depression to cardiovascular disease. The question often is whether the insomnia came first or was a result of the other diseases and how trouble sleeping in__13__complicates those other problems. Other diseases __14__, the risk of insomnia seems to increase with age and to be more __15__among women, especially after their 50s. Smoking, caffeine and numerous __16__drugs also affect sleep.

  The NIH is spending about $200 million this year on sleep-related research, some__17__to specific disorders and others __18__the underlying scientific laws that control the nervous system of sleep. The agency was__19__the panel’s review before deciding what additional work should be__20__ at insomnia.

  1. [A] unproven [B] unknown [C] improper [D] imperative

  2. [A] fall [B] lie [C] seem [D] become

  3. [A] prescribe [B] pop [C] abuse [D] experiment

  4. [A] And [B] Though [C] Thus [D] But

  5. [A] peculiar [B] anonymous [C] mysterious [D] unexpected

  6. [A] signals [B] symptoms [C] signs [D] symbols

  7. [A] in addition to[B] except for [C] owing to [D] for all

  8. [A] pulled [B] collected [C] brought [D] drawn

  9. [A] on [B] for [C] up [D] in

  10. [A] noting [B] notifying [C] nosing [D] nominating

  11. [A] undertaking[B] underlining [C] underlying [D] undermining

  12. [A] cause [B] accompany [C] follow [D] attend

  13. [A] short [B] case [C] essence [D] turn

  14. [A] inside [B] outside [C] aside [D] besides

  15. [A] common [B] popular [C] frequent [D] regular

  16. [A] conscription[B] description [C] subscription[D] prescription

  17. [A] aimed [B] targeted [C] designated [D] designed

  18. [A] examining [B] inspecting [C] verifying [D] assessing

  19. [A] conducting [B] awaiting [C] receiving [D] considering

  20. [A] assigned [B] charged [C] directed [D] attended


  1.A 2.B 3.B 4.D 5.C 6.B 7.D 8.C 9.B 10.A

  11.C 12.B 13.D 14.C 15.A 16.D 17.B 18.A 19.B 20.C




  慢性失眠是一个主要的公共健康问题。而且,太多人正使用未经验证的治疗方法,尽管有些方法确实是有效的 。上百万的美国人夜里睡不着觉,躺着数羔羊、喝杯烈酒或吞个药片,希望这会使他们产生困意。然而,专家们一致认为,自作主张乱吃药并不是解决失眠的好方法,导致慢性失眠的原因目前还是一个谜。

  几乎有1/3的成年人存在睡眠障碍,而且大约10%的人有白天功能减退的症状,这些症状表明他们确实患上了失眠症。 但是,一个由(美)全国卫生研究所召集的专家小组在周三得出这样的结论:尽管(社会上关于长期失眠的)抱怨很多,但科学家们对长期失眠的原因,它对健康的影响以及如何有效地治疗都知之甚少。该专家小组呼吁对失眠症进行广泛研究,指出如果科学家们了解了失眠的潜在原因,他们可能会发现更好的治疗方法。





  A recent poll indicated that half the teenagers in the United States believe that communication between them and their parents is__1__and further that one of the prime causes of this gap is __2__listening behavior. As a(an)__3__ in point, one parent believed that her daughter had a severe__4__problem. She was so __5__that she took her to an audiologist to have her ear tested. The audiologist carefully tested both ears and reported back to the parent:“There’s nothing wrong with her hearing. She’s just __6__you out.”

  A leading cause of the __7__divorce rate (more than half of all marriages end in divorce) is the failure of husbands and wives to __8__effectively. They don’t listen to each other. Neither person__9__to the actual message sent by the other.

  In __10__fashion, political scientists report that a growing number of people believe that their elected and __11__officials are out of__12__with the constituents they are supposedly __13__. Why? Because they don’t believe that they listen to them. In fact, it seems that sometimes our politicians don’t even listen to themselves. The following is a true story: At a national__14__conference held in Albuquerque some years ago, then Senator Joseph Montoya was__15__a copy of a press release by a press aide shortly before he got up before the audience to__16__ a speech. When he rose to speak,__17__the horror of the press aide and the__18__of his audience, Montoya began reading the press release, not his speech. He began, “For immediate release. Senator Joseph M. Montoya, Democrat of New Mexico, last night told the National...” Montoya read the entire six-page release,__19__ with the statement that he “was repeatedly __20__by applause.”

  1.[A] scarce [B] little [C] rare [D] poor

  2.[A] malignant [B] deficient [C] ineffective [D] feeble

  3.[A] case [B] example [C] lesson [D] suggestion

  4.[A] audio [B] aural [C] hearing [D] listening

  5.[A] believing [B] convinced [C] assured [D] doubtless

  6.[A] turning [B] tuning [C] tucking [D] tugging

  7.[A] rising [B] arising [C] raising [D] arousing

  8.[A] exchange [B] interchange [C] encounter [D] interact

  9.[A] relates [B] refers [C] responds [D] resorts

  10.[A] like [B] alike [C] likely [D] likewise

  11.[A] nominated [B] selected [C] appointed [D] supported

  12.[A] connection [B] reach [C] association [D] touch

  13.[A] leading [B] representing [C]delegating [D] supporting

  14.[A] legislative [B] legitimate [C] legalized [D] liberal

  15.[A] distributed [B] awarded [C] handed [D] submitted

  16.[A] present [B] publish [C] deliver [D] pursue

  17.[A] to [B] with [C] for [D] on

  18.[A] joy [B] enjoyment [C] amusement [D] delight

  19.[A] conclude [B] to conclude [C] concluding [D] concluded

  20.[A] disrupted [B] interfered [C] interrupted [D] stopped


  1.D 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.B 6.B 7.A 8.D 9.C 10.A

  11.C 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.C 16.C 17.A 18.C 19.C 20.C









  There is growing interest in East Japan Railway Co. ltd, one of the six companies, created out of the privatized nationa__l__ railway system. In an industry lacking exciting growth1, its plan to use real-estate assets in and around train stations__2__is drawing interest.

  In a plan called “Station Renaissance” that it__3__in November, JR East said that it would__4__using its commercial spaces for shops and restaurants, extending them to__5__more suitable for the information age. It wants train stations as pick-up__6__for such goods as books, flowers and groceries__7__over the Internet. In a country where city__8__depend heavily on trains__9__commuting, about 16 million people a day go to its train stations anyway, the company __10__. So, picking up commodities at train stations__11__consumers extra travel and missed home deliveries. JR East already has been using its station__12__stores for this purpose, but it plans to create__13__spaces for the delivery of Internet goods.

  The company also plans to introduce __14__cards—known in Japan as IC cards because they use integrated circuit for__15__information__16__ train tickets and commuter passes__17__the magnetic ones used today, integrating them into a/an __18__pass. This will save the company money, because__19__for IC cards are much less expensive than magnetic systems. Increased use of IC cards should also__20__the space needed for ticket vending.

  1.[A] perspectives [B] outlooks [C] prospects [D] spectacles

  2.[A] creatively [B] originally [C] authentically [D] initially

  3.[A] displayed [B] demonstrated [C] embarked [D] unveiled

  4.[A] go beyond [B] set out [C] come around [D] spread over

  5.[A] applications [B] enterprises [C] functions [D]performances

  6.[A] districts [B] vicinities [C] resorts [D] locations

  7.[A] acquired [B] purchased [C] presided [D] attained

  8.[A] lodgers [B] tenants [C] dwellers [D] boarders

  9.[A] for [B] in [C] of [D] as

  10.[A] figures [B] exhibits [C] convinces [D] speculates

  11.[A] deprives [B] retrieves [C] spares [D] exempts

  12.[A] conjunction [B] convenience [C] department [D] ornament

  13.[A] delegated [B] designated [C] devoted [D] dedicated

  14.[A] clever [B] smart [C] ingenious [D] intelligent

  15.[A] checking [B] gathering [C] holding [D] accommodating

  16.[A] as [B] for [C] with [D] of

  17.[A] but for [B] as well as [C] instead of [D] more than

  18.[A] unique [B] single [C] unitary [D] only

  19.[A] devices [B] instruments [C] readers [D] examiners

  20.[A] reduce [B] narrow [C] dwarf [D] shrink


  1.C 2.A 3.D 4.A 5.C 6.D 7.B 8.C 9.A 10.A

  11.C 12.B 13.D 14.B 15.C 16.A 17.C 18.B 19.C 20.A









  Aging poses a serious challenge to OECD (Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, in particular, how to pay for future public pension liabilities. And early retirement places an__1__burden on pension financing. There is no easy solution, but__2__retirement could help.

  Early retirement may seem like a worthy individual goal, but it is a socially__3__one, and makes the present public pension system difficult to sustain for long. The__4__reason is that more people are retiring early and living longer. That means more retirees depending on the__5__of those in work for their income. The__6__is worrying. In the next 50 years, low fertility rates and__7__life expectancy in OECD countries will cause this old-age dependency rate to roughly double__8__size. Public pension payments, which afford 30-80% of total retirement incomes in OECD countries, are__9__to rise, on average, by over three percentage points in GDP and by as much as eight percentage points in some countries.__10__is the pressure on pension funds that there is a danger of today’s workers not getting the pensions they expected or felt they__11__for.

  Action is needed,__12__simply aiming to reduce the__13__(and cost) of public pensions, or trying to__14__the role of privately funded pensions within the system, though necessary steps, may be__15__to deal with the dependency challenge. After years of__16__early retirement schemes to avoid__17__and higher unemployment, many governments are now looking__18__persuading people to stay in work until they are older. Surely, the thinking goes, if we are healthier now and jobs are physically less__19__and unemployment is down, then perhaps the__20__rate should rise anew.

  1.[A] unsolvable [B] additional [C] unsustainable [D] undue

  2.[A] delaying [B] retaining [C] detaining [D] hindering

  3.[A] ultimate [B] unattainable [C] specific [D] expensive

  4.[A] substantial [B] essential [C] potential [D] controversial

  5.[A] donating [B] sponsoring [C] subsidizing [D] funding

  6.[A] outlook [B] outcome [C] outbreak [D] outset

  7.[A] prolonging [B] expanding [C] soaring [D] rising

  8.[A] in [B] on [C] by [D] for

  9.[A] conceived [B] reckoned [C] expected [D] meant

  10.[A] As [B] Such [C] So [D] It

  11.[A] should pay [B] paying [C] be paid [D] would pay

  12.[A] but [B] for [C] and [D] thus

  13.[A] multitude [B] implementation [C] application [D] generosity

  14.[A] exaggerate [B] augment [C] magnify [D] multiply

  15.[A] insufficient [B] influential [C] inefficient [D] intrinsic

  16.[A] advancing [B] previous [C] ahead [D] preceding

  17.[A] suspensions [B] abundances [C] redundancies [D] discrepancies

  18.[A] for [B] to [C] about [D] at

  19.[A] turbulent [B] strenuous [C] compact [D] intricate

  20.[A] dependency [B] fertility [C] present [D] mortality


  1.C 2.A 3.D 4.B 5.D 6.A 7.D 8.A 9.C 10.B

  11.C 12.A 13.D 14.B 15.A 16.A 17.C 18.D 19.B 20.C









  The success of Augustus owed much to the character of Roman theorizing about the state. The Romans did not produce ambitious blueprints1 the construction of idea__l__ states, such as__2__ to the Greeks. With very few exceptions, Roman theorists ignored, or rejected__3__ valueless, intellectual exercises like Plato’s Republic, in__4__ the relationship of the individual to the state was__5__ out painstakingly without reference to__6__ states or individuals. The closest the Roman came to the Greek model was Cicero’s De Re Publica, and even here Cicero had Rome clearly in __7__. Roman thought about the state was concrete, even when it__8__ religious and moral concepts. The first ruler of Rome, Romulus, was__9__ to have received authority from the gods, specifically from Jupiter, the “guarantor” of Rome. All constitutional__10__was a method of conferring and administering the__11__. Very clearly it was believed that only the assembly of the__12__, the family heads who formed the original senate,__13__the religious character necessary to exercise authority, because its original function was to__14__the gods. Being practical as well as exclusive, the senators moved__15__to divide the authority, holding that their consuls, or chief officials, would possess it on__16__months, and later extending its possession to lower officials.__17__the important achievement was to create the idea of continuing__18__authority embodied only temporarily in certain upper-class individuals and conferred only__19__the mass of the people concurred. The system grew with enormous __20__, as new offices and assemblies were created and almost none discarded.

  1.[A] with [B] for [C] in [D] to

  2. [A] tempted [B] attracted [C] appealed [D] transferred

  3. [A] on [B] for [C] as [D] about

  4. [A] which [B] that [C] what [D] it

  5. [A] turned [B] worked [C] brought [D] made

  6. [A] special [B] specific [C] peculiar [D] particular

  7. [A] existence [B] store [C] reality [D] mind

  8. [A] abandoned [B] caught [C] separated [D] involved

  9. [A] told [B] held [C] suggested [D] advised

  10. [A] tendency [B] procedure [C] development [D] relation

  11. [A] authority [B] power [C] control [D] ruling

  12. [A] officers [B] men [C] administrators [D] fathers

  13. [A] possessed [B] claimed [C] assured [D] enforced

  14. [A] confirm [B] confer [C] consult [D] consider

  15. [A] over [B] along [C] on [D] about

  16. [A] alternate [B] different [C] varied [D] several

  17. [A] And [B] So [C] Or [D] But

  18. [A] state [B] country [C] people [D] national

  19. [A] as [B] when [C] if [D] so

  20. [A] dimension [B] complexity [C] exercise [D] function


  1. B 2. C 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. D 7.D 8.D 9. B 10. C

  11. A 12. D 13.A 14.C 15. C 16. A 17. D 18. A 19. B 20. B







  All Sumerian cities recognized a number of gods in common, including the sky god, the lord of storms, and the morning and evening star.__1__the Sumerian worshipped the goddess of fertility, love, and war, she was evidently lower__2__status than the male gods, indicating that in a more urbanized society the__3__that the peoples of previous times had paid to the earth mother goddess had__4__. The gods seemed hopelessly violent and __5__, and one’s life a period of slavery at their easy will. The epic poem The Creation emphasizes that__6__were created to enable the gods to__7__ up working. Each city moreover had its own god, who was considered to__8__ the temple literally and who was in theory the owner of all property within the city.__9__the priests who interpreted the will of the god and controlled the__10__ of the economic produce of the city were favored__11__ their supernatural and material functions __12__. When, after 3,000 B. C., growing warfare among the cities made military leadership__13__, the head of the army who became king assumed a(n)__14__position between the god, whose agent he was, and the priestly class, whom he had both to use and to __15__. Thus king and priests represented the upper class in a hierarchical society.__16__them were the scribes, the secular attendants of the temple, who__17__every aspect of the city’s economic life and who developed a rough judicial system.__18__the temple officials, society was divided among an elite or__19__ group of large landowners and military leaders; a mixed group of merchants, artisans, and craftsmen, free peasants who__20__ the majority of the population; and slaves.

  1. [A] Unless [B] As [C] Lest [D] Although

  2. [A] on [B] in [C] with [D] about

  3. [A] worship [B] reverence [C] admiration [D] gratitude

  4. [A] vanished [B] recovered [C] declined [D] attained

  5. [A] unpredictable[B] unforgivable[C] unlimited [D] unlikely

  6. [A] creatures [B] animals [C] men [D] mortals

  7. [A] use [B] turn [C] give [D] back

  8. [A] inhabit [B] live [C] reside [D] lodge

  9. [A] Hence [B] Thereafter [C] Somehow [D] Incidentally

  10. [A] introduction[B] transaction [C] distribution[D] provision

  11. [A] as [B] for [C] under [D] of

  12. [A] along [B] anyway [C] afterwards [D] alike

  13. [A] additional [B] vital [C] singular [D] exceptional

  14. [A] alternative [B] secondary [C] intermediate[D] fundamental

  15. [A] pacify [B] tempt [C] suppress [D] manipulate

  16. [A] Beside [B] Beyond [C] Below [D] Before

  17. [A] supervised [B] held [C] managed [D] presided

  18. [A] Around [B] Under [C] Above [D] Outside

  19. [A] leading [B] noble [C] controlling [D] principal

  20. [A] consist [B] compose [C] compile [D] consume


  1. D 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. D 7.C 8.A 9. A 10. C

  11. B 12. D 13.B 14.C 15. A 16. C 17. A 18. D 19. B 20. B






本文Tags: 考研 - 考研英语 - 模拟试题,kaoyan,