日期:03-01| http://www.59wj.com |模拟试题|人气:675


  .  .











  You are going to read a list of headings and a text about preparing in the academic community. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-F for each numbered paragraph (41-45). The first and last paragraphs of the text are not numbered. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Have you ever considered what makes a good boss good? The answer to that question is admittedly mercurial, as one person’s view of a top-notch employer will differ from somebody else’s. However, there are a number of traits, attitudes and abilities that are common to all good bosses. Moreover, the need for solid leadership skills is especially telling with smaller businesses.

  “Being a good boss is important in any organization, but it’s particularly important for small business,” says Rob Sheehan, director of executive education at the James MacGregor Burns Academy of Leadership at the University of Maryland. “With smaller businesses, you really have the opportunity to set the tone for the entire company.”

  Bearing in mind the importance of good leadership to business, consider the following lineup of skills, strategies and attributes:

  41. Be inclusive.

  With a smaller operation, it’s essential that everyone feels like an equal and involved part of the team. A good employer is certain to treat each employee fairly, not only in terms of salary and other forms of compensation, but also in how that employee is involved in the daily function of the business. Encourage feedback, innovation and creativity so employees feel genuinely engaged.

  42. Mission, not just money.

  Very few businesses operate out of sheer altruism, but that’s not to say that turning a profit is the primary philosophical and practical focus. Rather, an effective boss establishes a genuine business mission. How that takes shape depends both on the business and on the overriding focus the boss wants to set.

  43. Nothing to fear but fear itself.

  Many of us have had bosses who would be right at home with a knife next to their desk calendars. Make one mistake on the job and feel free to slip your head right in beneath the blade. Conversely, an effective boss encourages his or her employees not to be gun shy about occasional chaos along the road toward better job performance.

  44. It’s their careers, too.

  Don’t forget that the people who work for you are looking to you to help them navigate and advance their careers. As I said, it’s not all about money. But it is all about making your employees see how to improve and create meaningful careers for themselves.

  45. Made, not necessarily born.

  One final aspect of being a good boss is recognizing that much of what goes into being an effective leader is, in fact, learned behavior. Of course, there always have been and will be bosses who seem to have a flawless touch in leading and motivating. But for every natural, there are just as many top-flight bosses who got that way by attending management classes and seminars, reading books on effective leadership and, just as important, understanding that a good employer naturally attracts first-rate employees.

  [A] “It’s important to use that different perspective to educate and encourage. But it’s also important, like a good coach, to lead your team by example. For instance, while you should point out mistakes by your employees, be sure to admit when you yourself make a mistake,” says Sheehan.

  [B] “You need to create an environment of integrity, trust and respect to make absolutely certain that everyone is treated fairly, regardless of the differences they may have,” says Sheehan.

  [C] “People can definitely develop good leadership capabilities,” says Sheehan. “To a certain degree, we all have innate traits that make us good bosses. All you really have to do is work to develop those traits to their utmost.”

  [D] If an employee has a goal of becoming a manager or running his or her own business someday, nurture that goal. Tell them the traits they need to work on to achieve their ultimate plans.

  [E] For instance, a restaurant owner may push speedy lunchtime service as a way of serving the time-strapped business community. By contrast, a medical supply outfit may emphasize how its products improve customers’ health. Not only can a clear mission(responsibility) serve to motivate employees, it can also infuse a sense of importance in their jobs.

  [F] “This requires a mentality that encourages learning rather than being afraid of making a mistake. Try something new and different, but know we’re not going to kill each other if things don’t work out,” says Sheehan. “I was a swimmer in college and I swam fast when I imagined a shark was after me. I swam just as fast when I imagined I was in the Olympics. It’s a question of what you want to focus on.”


  41.B 42.E 43.F 44.D 45.C








  标题配对题中往往会给出主题词,如本题中的how to be a good boss(如何成为一位好的老板),由此考生可以预测文章的内容应包括好的老板的特点或品质。





  [A] 要像一个教练一样教育你的雇员,举出实例来说服他。

  [B] 要确保每一位雇员都得到公正的待遇。

  [C] 我们都有成为好老板的内在品质,关键是要将它们发挥到极至。

  [D] 帮助雇员实现他们自己的事业目标。

  [E] 明确的职责有利于激发雇员的积极性。

  [F] 要鼓励进步而非恐惧犯错。



  41题的标题是“be inclusive”,显然,仅从标题无法判断出作者究竟要表达什么含义。因此,需要继续阅读下文的论述部分。第四段的主题句是首句:雇主要让每个雇员都觉得自己是团队平等而投入的成员。后面部分具体说明方式是什么。其中treat each employee fairly和[B]项中的everyone is treated fairly相呼应。因此[B]项正是让雇员平等而投入的方式。从而可知inclusive在这指的是(心胸)包容而广阔。


  43题的标题中的关键词是fear。第六段先将两种老板进行了比较,一种老板不允许员工犯错,另一种鼓励员工不要害怕犯错。[F]项出现了being afraid of的同义表达,该项中席翰以游泳为例说明,不要让恐惧而要让鼓励来敦促人前进。这个内容显然和前面提到的两类老板的内容相吻合。

  44题的标题是“这也是他们的事业”,联系全文主旨可知代词their指的是“雇员”,careers是这个标题中的关键词。第七段对标题内容进行了阐释:要帮助雇员明白如何为自己改善和创造有意义的事业。[D]项以一名雇员为例,说明老板应该帮助雇员实现他们的目标,其中a goal of becoming a manager or running his or her own business与careers呼应。

  45题的标题是“是后天的而不一定是天生的”。第八段首句对made一词进行了阐释:成为一位好的领导者是一种后天学习的行为(learned behavior)。接下来该段又列举了多种后天学习的方法:参加课程和研讨会,阅读书籍等。[C]项中席翰的一番话是对标题内容的论述:我们都有成为好的老板的内在品质,关键是要(后天)挖掘它。其中innate traits与标题中的born相对应。



  (1)mercurial(a.)水银的;活泼的,易变的~ situation(易变的形势)


  (3)inclusive(a.)包含的,包括的;包容广阔的,范围广泛的,如~ strategies and broad vision广泛的策略和远大的视野



  (6)at home with 精通,熟悉,如:He is at home with Spanish(他精通西班牙语)

  (7)gun shy (马、猎狗)怕枪[炮]的;风声鹤唳的,提心吊胆的

  (8)touch(n.)作风,风格,手法,如professional ~专业手法


  (10)top flight 一流的,名列前矛的,领先的





  1. 要包容广阔



  2. 使命而不是金钱



  3. 除了恐惧本身之外,没有什么可恐惧的。



  4. 这也是他们的事业。



  5. 后天制造,不一定要天生就是。



        www.59wj.com 如果觉得《2017教育部考试中心考研英语模拟试题(新题型6)》模拟试题,kaoyan不错,可以推荐给好友哦。
本文Tags: 考研 - 考研英语 - 模拟试题,kaoyan,