Section I Structure and Vocabulary
In each question, decide which of the four choices given will complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Circle the letter before your choice. Only one choice is to be circled (12 points)
(1) The matter ________ you were arguing about last night has been settled.
(2) We must not rule ________ the possibility of miscalculation.
1. You never told us why you were late for the last meeting, ________?
[A] weren’t you
[B] didn’t you
[C] had you
[D] did you
2. I have to get ________ about the subject before I write the paper.
[A] a few more informations
[B] a little more information
[C] a few more information
[D] a little more informations
3. Only when you have acquired a good knowledge of grammar ________ write correctly.
[A] you will
[B] you can
[C] can you
[D] can’t you
4. ________ it is you’ve found, you must give it back to the person it belongs to.
5. Although ________ happened in that developed country sounds like science fiction, it could occur elsewhere in the world.
6. He studied hard at school when he was young ________ contributes to his success in later life.
[A] , which
[D] so that
7. He felt it rather difficult to take a stand ________ the opinion of the majority.
8. I need a book dealing ________ anti-pollution problems.
9. He has been asked to account ________ his absence.
10. Science has brought ________ many changes in our lives.
11. How did it come ________ that you made a lot of mistakes in your homework?
12. Science has brought ________ many changes in our lives.
Section II Verb Forms
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of verbs given in brackets. (12 points)
(1) Will you call them up and tell them we'll start as soon as the rain ________ (stop)?
(2) ________ (See) from the moon, our Earth looks like a big bright disk.
13. The author gave a detailed description ________ (base) on his personal observation of nature.(were defeated/had been defeated)
14. The way he talks is simply intolerable I object to ________ (treat) like a child.(were defeated/had been defeated)
15. These students are quick at learning. We’ll have them ________ (train) in new methods.(were defeated/had been defeated)
16. Had she been given some information, she ________ (can answer) the questions.(were defeated/had been defeated)
17. Helen borrowed my dictionary the other day ________ (say) that she ________ (return) it soon.(were defeated/had been defeated)
18. Mary always has a lot of letters to write. She ________ (write) letters all afternoon and she still ________ (not finish).(were defeated/had been defeated)
19. We promised them to be there by 5 o’clock. Now it’s 4:50 already, and the rain ________ (pour) down like this. They ________ (must wait) for us impatiently.(were defeated/had been defeated)
20. Mr. Green ran all the way up to the station only ________ (find) that the train ________ (leave) fifteen minutes before.(were defeated/had been defeated)
Section III Error-detection
Each question consists of a sentence with four underlined parts (words or phrases). These parts are labeled [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Choose the part of the sentence that is incorrect, and circle the letter of your choice. If you find no mistakes in a sentence, circle the letter E for "No Error". Only one choice is to be circled. (10 points)
Section IV Cloze Test
For each numbered blank in the following passage there are four choices labeled A, B, C, and D. Choose the correct one and circle the letter before your choice. Only one choice is to be circled. (11 points)
____1____ the final scene I noticed him ____2____ his eyes..
1. [A] During
[C] As soon as
[D] No sooner than
2. [A] to wipe
[C] to be wiped
[D] having wiped
ANSWER: 1. [A] 2. [B]
31. [A] Epoch
32. [A] looked after
[B] looked about
[C] looked for(D)
[D] looked into
33. [A] protect
34. [A] to
35. [A] cracks
36. [A] rocks
37. [A] around
38. [A] in time
[B] many a time
[C] behind the time(A)
[D] a long time
39. [A] permanent
40. [A] if
[B] in case
41. [A] fishing
Section V Reading Comprehension
Each sentence or paragraph below is followed by four statements. One of the statements is a suggestion which can be drawn from the information given in the original sentence or paragraph. Read the sentences and paragraph carefully and circle your choice. Only one choice is to be circled. (10 points)
Whether the study of the lunar rocks will answer the long debated question of the origin of the moon remains to be seen.
[A] The speaker wants to remain behind to see whether the study will throw light on the question.
[B] The speaker feels that the study will probably answer the question.
[C] The speaker is sure that the study will produce an answer to the question.
[D] The speaker is not sure whether the study will answer the question or not.
42. If this book begins with a familiar them — the Indian experience of the last 120 years — the author brings to it great power and deep understanding.
[A] This means that the book was written 120 years ago.
[B] This means that the Indian experience of the last 120 years is a familiar experience, and nothing new can be written about it.
[C] This means that the book lacks understanding of the Indian experience.
[D] This means that the writer of this sentence likes the book.
43. I disagreed then as now with many of John Smith’s judgments, but always respected him, and this book is a welcome reminder of his big, honest, friendly, stubborn personality.
[A] The writer of this sentence dislikes John Smith, but agrees with his ideas.
[B] The writer of this sentence considers John Smith to be a disagreeable person.
[C] The writer of this sentence disagrees with John Smith but respects him.
[D] The writer of this sentence disagreed with him then but agrees with him now.
44. Just before his tenth birthday John received a horse from his father; this was the first of a series of expensive gifts intended to create the impression of a loving parent.
[A] John received the horse because he was ten.
[B] John received the horse because his father loved him.
[C] John received the horse because his father wanted to seem loving.
[D] John received the horse because his father wouldn’t be able to give him expensive gifts in the future.
45. It cannot be doubted that without intelligence and diligence on the part of the students themselves, as indeed without the leadership and the coaching of the teachers, a good examination result will not come.
[A] This sentence means that for a good result of an examination both the intelligence and diligence of the students and the guidance of the teachers must be stressed.
[B] This sentence means that a good result of examination will come without either the students’ effort or that of the teachers.
[C] This sentence means that a good examination result depends chiefly on the correct guidance of the teachers.
[D] This sentence means that a good examination result depends on either the students or the teachers.
46. Industry and commerce are the largest users of electrical energy. Using less electricity would mean a reduced industrial capacity and fewer jobs in the affected industries. Therefore an unfavorable change in our economic structure might result.
[A] This means that decreasing the use of electricity must begin immediately.
[B] This means that decreasing the use of electricity will cause difficulties.
[C] This means that decreasing the use of electricity isn’t important.
[D] This means that decreasing the use of electricity won’t affect industry.
Section VI Chinese-English Translation
Translate the following sentences into English. (15 points)
Section VII English-Chinese Translation
Choose either of the following two passages and translate it into Chinese. (30 points)
In country after country, talk of non-smokers’ right is in the air. While a majority of countries have taken little or no action yet, some 30 nations have introduced legislative steps to control smoking. Many laws have been introduced in other countries to help clear the air for nonsmokers, or to cut cigarette consumption.
In some developed countries the consumption of cigarettes has become more or less stabilized. However, in many developing nations, cigarette smoking is seen as a sign of economic progress — and is even encouraged. As more tobacco companies go international, new markets are sought to gain new smokers in those countries. For example, great efforts are made by the American tobacco industry to sell cigarettes in the Middle East and North Africa — where U.S. tobacco exports increased by more than 27 percent in 1974.
Smoking is harmful to the health of people. World governments should conduct serious campaigns against it. Restrictions on cigarette advertisements, plus health warnings on packages and bans on public smoking in certain places such as theatres, cinemas and restaurants, are the most popular tools used by nations in support of nonsmokers or in curbing smoking. But world attention also is focusing on another step which will make the smoker increasingly self-conscious and uncomfortable about his habit. Great efforts should be made to inform young people especially of the dreadful consequences of taking up the habit. And cigarette price should be boosted.
In the long run, there is no doubt that everybody would be much better-off if smoking were banned altogether, but people are not ready for such drastic action.
Nuclear power’s danger to health, safety, and even life itself can be summed up in one word: radiation.
Nuclear radiation has a certain mystery about it, partly because it cannot be detected by human senses. It can’t be seen or heard, or touched or tasted, even though it may be all around us. There are other things like that. For example, radio waves are all around us but we can’t detect them, sense them, without a radio receiver. Similarly, we can’t sense radioactivity without a radiation detector. But unlike common radio waves, nuclear radiation is not harmless to human beings and other living things.
At very high levels, radiation can kill an animal or human being outright by killing masses of cells in vital organs. But even the lowest levels can do serious damage. There is no level of radiation that is completely safe. If the radiation does not hit anything important, the damage many not be significant. This is the case when only a few cells are hit, and if they are killed outright. Your body will replace the dead cells with healthy ones. But if the few cells are only damaged, and if they reproduce themselves, you may be in a deformed way. They can grow into cancer. Sometimes this does not show up for many years.
This is another reason for some of the mystery about nuclear radiation. Serious damage can be done without the victim being aware at the time that damage has occurred. A person can be irradiated and feel fine, then die of cancer five, ten, or twenty years later as a result. Or a child can be born weak or liable to serious illness as a result of radiation absorbed by its grandparents.
Radiation can hurt us. We must know the truth.
Section I: Structure and Vocabulary (12 points)
Section II: Verb Forms (12 points)
Section III: Error-detection (10 points)
Section IV: Cloze Test (11 points)
Section V: Reading Comprehension (10 points)
Section VII: Chinese-English Translation (15 points)
56. As time goes on, he will understand what I said.
57. We have been told that there are now three times as many factories in that district as in 1970.
58. It is hard work keeping vegetables fresh in this season.
59. So long as we continue to work hard, we can finish the task ahead of schedule.
60. Despite the great differences between our political and economic systems, our two countries share a wide range of common interest.
Section VIII: English-Chinese Translation (30 points)