全国英语等级考试二级模拟试题(2)

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全国英语等级考试二级模拟试题(2)

第一部分 听力(略)

第二部分   英语知识运用

第一节  单项填空

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. When we watched the national flag _________ in the Olympic Games on TV , we ________
cheer.
[A] risen; rose    [B] risen; raised    [C] raised; let    [D] being raised; raised

22. -Hi, Mary, you look very tired,
-Yeah, I _________ for a whole week.
[A] worked       [B] had worked     [C] have worked   [D] have been working

23. Let me give you _________.
[A] some advice   [B] advices         [C] an advice     [D] the advice

24. The boy dived into the water and after _________ seemed to be a long time, he came up again
[A] what         [B] that           [C] it           [D] which
25. We _________ to change her _________ but she refused.

[A] did seek; mind [B] do mean; brain [C] tried; hearts   [D] attempt; plan

26. What I wanted to find out first ________ how long it was going to take.
[A] was          [B] were          [C] are          [D] being

27. He is _________ of the ten boys.
[A] the clever      [B]. the cleverer      [C] cleverest      [D] the cleverest

28. Look _________ ! There ' s a car coming.
[A] up          [B] out           [C] back        [D] over

29. Mother promised she _________ me an English-Chinese dictionary as a gift for my birthday.
[A] was buying    [B] would buy      [C] bought       [D] will buy

30. It _________ be difficult to learn Japanese.
[A] shall         [B] must           [C] should       [D] need

31. _________ will spend the weekend by the seashore.
[A] He, you and I                   [B] You, he and I
[C] I, you and he                    [D] You, I and he

32. He has been used _________ in the countryside.
[A] live           [B] to live          [C] to living      [D] living

33. When you read the map, please make a mark _________ you ' ve visited.
[A] at the place where                  [B] at the place which
[C] at which                         [D] where

34. if your wages are very small, they'll be free _________ income tax.
[A] with         [B] about          [C] to           [D] of

35. Please be quiet. I have _________ to announce.
[A] an important something             [B] important something
[C] important thing                    [D] something important

第二节      完形填空

          阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中选出能填人相应空白处的最佳选项 ,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 。

China is one of the oldest countries in the world.She has a __36___of over forty-four thousand
years. No one is   37   where the first people in China came from. Yes, we know that bones of some of the   38   people have been found near Beijing, the capital of China, and near the Yellow River,39   runs across North China   40   a huge dragon and winds its way from west to east. There are "@"y   41   about how the world began and who the first kings were. One story tells of how ten suns shone in   42   and how Hou Yi shot down   43   of them. Another story tells about how Huang Di,the Yellow Emperor,   44   Chi You and united different parts of the country into one   45   .

The ancient (古代的) Chinese did a lot of wonders,  46   was the Great Wall. It came into being
in the 220's B.C. It took many years to build. Seeing the Great Wall, which is   47   enough for ten soldiers to march   48   along its top, you can't help   49   how all the work was done by hand.People in ancient times   50   in magic (魔法的) used to say that Emperor Qin Shihuang   51 across the mountains   52   a magic horse. The wall   53   under him as he went along. Wherever the horse   54   his foot heavily, a watch-tower appeared. But the wall was not made by magic. It was made   55   and lives of thousands of men.

36. [A] period         [B] population       [C] culture        [D] history
37. [A] told          [B] interested in     [C] asked        [D] shown
38. [A] living        [B] old            [G] first          [D] world
39. [A] that          [B] which         [C] where        [D] it
40. [A] like          [B] with           [C] under        [D] as
41. [A] books        [B] says           [C] stories        [D] words
42. [A] spare        [B] the sky        [C] summer      [D] the night
43. [A] all          [Bj half           [C] one          [D] nine
44. [A] beat         [B] heated         [C] win         [D] won
45. [A] kingdom      [B] capital         [C] world        [D] part
46. [A] of which      [B] among which    [C] one of which  [D] whose one
47. [A] high         [B] his            [C] strong        [D] wide
48. [A] side by side   [B] together         [C] forward       [D] in good order
49. [A] wonder       [B] to wonder      [C] wondered     [D] wondering
50. [A] believe        [B] to believe       [C] believed      [D] believing
51. [A] rided        [B] rode          [C] ridden       [D] had ridden
52. [A] on          [B] in           [C] by         [D] for
53. [A] disappeared   [B] appeared       [C] ran          [D] broke
China is one of the oldest countries in the world. She lias a _36   of over forty-four thousand
54. [A] gave         [B] put           [C] got    [D] arrived
55. [A] the work      [B] by the work     [C] the M  [D] by the hand

第三部分  阅读理解

          阅读下列短文 ,从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中选出最佳选项 ,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

The bus was crowded with passengers going home from market, most of them carrying heavy bags,
and baskets full of fruit and vegetables they had bought there. There were no seats left when Jane got on the bus, and she was forced to stand beside a very fat woman on one side and on the other side a thin,serious-looking man in dark glasses. There was nothing to hold on to, and the bus was going so fast that if it had not been for the people on each side of her, Jane would have fallen over. Suddenly she felt her bag slipping down (?{l@l) her arm but could not move to pull it up again.

" Oh, dear, " She said, " I ' m losing my bag. " " Don ' t worry, " said the thin man, " I ' II see if I canget it for you." Somehow he managed to bend down and pull the bag up round her shoulder againThanks a lot, said Jane. ' Not at all,  the man spoke hurriedly.  Anyway, I m getting off in amoment. You ' II have more room. "

At the next stop the man and half a dozen people got off. Jane was at last able to get a seat. She felt so tired and hungry that she opened her bag to find the chocolate ( -PJ ~@L ~h ) she had bought in the market.

The chocolate was there, but her wallet with all her money and the return ticket in it had gone.

56. As the bus was going fast, Jane managed _______
[A] to stop her bag from falling
[B] not to fall
[C] to pull her bag up again
[D] to hold on to the fat woman and the thin man

57. The word room in the story means _________.
[A] space
[B] seat
[C] ground
[D] position

58.Jane was seated to find_____had gone.
[A] all her money
[B] her return ticket
[C] her wallet
[D] all the above

59.Who do you think was most probably the thief?
[A] The thin man.
[B] Nodbody
[C] The fat woman.
[D] Someone else.

B

Waves are beautiful to look at, but they can destroy (@@) ships at sea, as well as houses and
buildings near the shore. What causes waves? Most waves are caused by winds blowing over the surface of the water. The sun heats the earth, causing the air to rise and the winds to blow. The winds blow across the sea, pushing little waves into bigger and bigger ones.

The size of a wave depends on how strong the wind is, how long it blows, and how large the body ofwater is. In a small bay(海湾) big waves will never build up. But at sea the wind can build up giant,powerful waves.

A rule says that the height of a wave(in meters) will usually be no more than one-tenth of the wind' sspeed(in kilometers). In other words, when the wind is blowing at 120 kilometers per hour, most waves will be about twelve meters. Of course, some waves may combine to form giant waves that are much higher. Li 1933 the United States Navy(海军) reported the largest measured wave in history. It rose in the Pacific Ocean to a height of thirty-four meters.

60. One can guess the height of a wave by knowing
[A] how fast the wind is blowing
[ B ] how long the wind blows
[ C ] how large the body of water is
[D] how the wave is built up

61 . The largest measured wave in history was in __
[A] the Indian Ocean
[B] the Atlantic Ocean
[C] the Pacific Ocean
[D] the Mediterranean sea

62.When the wind is blowing at 80 kilomenters per hour,the height of most waves will be______.
[A] about one meter
[B] about eight meters
[C] about eighty meters
[D] about ten meters

63.Air rises when _________.
[A] the wind is blowing
[B] the body of water is large
[C] there is a powerful wave
[D] the sun heats the earth

64. The best title for this selection is_______.
[A] What Causes Waves
[B] The Largest Waves in History
[C] Beautiful Waves
[D] Waves in the Pacific Ocean

C

With a phonecard you can make up to 200 calls without any difficulty at all. What do you do withit?

Go to a telephone marked " Phonecard ", put in your card, make your call and when you 've
finished, a screen tells you how much is left on your card.

It costs nothing extra for the cards, and the calls cost 10 cents per unit, same to any other payphone call.

You can buy in units of 10, 20, 40, 100, or 200 now appearing in a shop near you.

Near each cardphone position you II find a shop where you can buy one. You can easily find a
cardphone at bus and train stations, universities, hospitals, clubs and shopping centers.

65. What do you think a "phonecard" is?
[A] It's a special telephone looking like card.
[B] It ' s a special card to make a free phone call.
[C] It's a special card used to make phone calls.
[D] It's a special machine to record what you are talking on the phone

66. Choose the correct order when you use the phonecard.
a. Put in your phonecard.
b. Look at the screen to find out how many calls you can still make.
c. Go to a telephone box marked Phonecard .
d. Make your call.
[A] c, a, b, d
[B] a, b, c, d
[C] c, b, a, d
[D] c, a, d, b

67. You ' d better have a phonecard because _________.
[A] you don't have to pay for your phone calls
[B] you can pay less for your calls
[G] it is not easy to be damaged
[D] you don't have lo bring a lot of coins with you for phone calls

D

The relationship between the home and market economies has gone through two distinct stages. Early industrialization began the process of transferring some production processes (e.g. clothmaking, sewing and caning foods) from the home to the marketplace. Although the home economy could still produce these goods, the processes were laborious(费力的) and the market economy was usually more efficient.

Soon, the more important second stage was evident@the marketplace began producing goods and services that had never been produced by the home economy, and the home economy was unable to produce them (e.g. electricity and electrical appliances, the automobile, advanced education, sophisticated medical care). In the second stage, the question of whether the home economy was less efficient in producing these new goods and services was irrelevant; if the family were to enjoy these fruits of industrialization, they would have to be obtained in the marketplace. The traditional ways of taking care of these needs in the home, such as in nursing the sick, became socially unacceptable ( and, in most serious cases, probably less successful ).

Just as the appearance of the automobile made the use of the horse-drawn carriage illegal and then impractical, and the appearance of television changed the radio from a source of entertainment to a source of background music, so most of the fruits of economic growth did not increase the options available to the home economy to either produce the goods or services or purchase them in the market. Growth brought with it increased variety in consumer goods, but not increased flexibility for the home economy in obtaining these goods and services. Instead, economic growth brought with it increased consumer reliance on the marketplace. In order to consume these new goods and services, the family had to enter the marketplace as wage earners and consumers. The neoclassical (新古典主义的) model that views the family as deciding whether to produce goods and services directly or to purchase them in the marketplace is basically a model of the first stage. It cannot accurately be applied to the second (and current) stage.

68. The reason why many production processes were taken over by the marketplace was that
[ A ] it was a necessary step in the process of industrialization
[B] the available electricity they depended on was only to the market economy
[C] it was troublesome to produce such goods at home
[D] the marketplace was more efficient with respect to these processes

69. It can be seen from the passage that in the second stage ________.
[A] some traditional goods and services were not successful when provided by the home economy
[B] the market economy provided new goods and services never produced by the home economy
[C] producing traditional goods at home became socially unacceptable
[D] whether new goods and services were produced by the home economy became irrelevant

70. During the second stage, if the family wanted to consume new goods and services, they had to enter the marketplace _________ .
[A] as wage earners
[B] both as manufacturers and consumers
[C] both as workers and purchasers
[D] as customers

71.Economic growth did not make it more flexible for the home economy to obtain the new goods
and services because _________.
[Aj the family was not efficient in production
[B] it was illegal for the home economy to produce them
[G] it could not supply them by itself
[D] the market for these goods and services was limited

E

The earthworm is a useful animal out of the ground. It is food for other animals. In the ground,it makes rich soil for fields and gardens. Earthworms dig tunnels that loosen the soil and make it easy for air and water to reach the roots of plants. Their tunnels help the soil well drained.

Earthworms drag dead leaves, grass, and flowers into their caves. When this plant material decays,it makes the soil more fertile.

No other animals are so useful in building up good topsoil. It is estimated (估计) that in one year fifty thousand earthworms cany about eighteen tons of fine soil to the surface of an acre ( 公亩) of land.

72.The best title for the passage is _________.
[A]   Working Underground
[B]   Earthworm and land
[C]  Fertilizing the Soil
[D]  How Earthworms Improve the Soil
73.The plant carried underground by earthworms makes soil_____.
[A]   well drained
[B]   richer
[C]  easier to plough
[D]  uneven
74.The earthworm helps to _____by digging tunnels.
[A]   destroy weeds
[B]   pack earth tightly around plant roots
[C]  carry water and air to the roots of plants
[D]  both Band c
75.The word "drag"means_____.
[A]   force
[B]   lead
[C]  pull
[D]    drop

第四部分   写作

    第一节  短文改错


    此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上面一个勾(/);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正。

    多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行石边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
    缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
    锗一个词:在铺的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
    注意:原行没有错的不要改。

Many people make their living with their            
hands. Ed makes his living with his feet. He        
plays soccer on the Santors team. He is thought      76._________
as the best player in the world. He can make the     77._________
ball to do anything he wants , people said. He       78._________
can kick it by his right foot or his left foot.      79._________
Or he can kick it one side or the other,             80._________
wherever he wants it to go to. These words are right.
Ed is making a lot of money. But he doesn't
spend it all in himself. He uses most of it          82._________
to help poor people. Years before, he gave his       83._________
family a new house. He also bought many houses  
that he let the poor live for free.                  84._________
He said, "I can always have friend though            85._________
I can ' t be the King of soccer always. "

    第二节  书面表达

    假如你是一名导游,陪同外宾游览长城,下车前用英语告诉外宾:
    1·长城的长度、历史、世界奇观之一;
    2·讲话时间是A点半,在长城停留两个小时,十点半离开。游览车在人口处等,请记住车牌号,准时上车;
    3·随身带好贵重物品,下车前关好车窗;
    4·祝大家玩得愉快。

    注意:

    1、词数100词左右;
    2、请直接将书面表达写在答题卡背面。

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