全国英语等级考试三级全真模拟试题(5)

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全国英语等级考试三级全真模拟试题(5)

Directions:

      This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are two parts in this section, Part A and Part B.

      Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 3 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet onto your ANSWER SHEET I.

      If you have any questions, you may raise your hand NOW as you will not be allowed to speak once the test has started.

      Now look at Part A in your test booklet.

                               Part A

You will hear 10 short dialogues. For each dialogue, there is one question and four possible answers. Choose the correct answer-A, B, C or D, and mark it in your test booklet. You will have 15seconds to answer the question and you will hear each dialogue ONLY ONCE.
     Example:

      You will hear:
     W: Could you please tell me if the Beijing flight will be arriving on time?
     M:Yes, Madam. It should be arriving in about ten minutes.
     You will read:
     Who do you think the woman is talking to?

     [A] A bus conductor.
     [B]A clerk at the airport.
     [ C] A taxi driver.
     [D]A clerk at the station.

     From the dialogue, we know that only a clerk at the airport is most likely to know
the arrival time of a flight, so you should choose answer [ B ] and mark it in your test
booklet.

     Sample Answer: [A]   [B]   [C]      [D]

Now look at question 1.

 1. What does the woman think of the swimming lessons?
    [ A ] They are too expensive.            [ B ] They are very rewarding.
    [C] They are too easy.                 [D] They are given by a strict teacher.

 2. What does the woman mean?
    [A] Her mother would like some pies.   [B] Her mother made better pies.
    [ C] This is a very good pie.            [ D] This is too much for a pie.

 3. What does the man mean?
    [A] He has a friend who majored in hotel management.
    [ B] He hasn' t taken more than one hotel management course.
    [C] He's been learning a lot this year, too.
    [D] He couldn' t make any sense out of this course.
  4. What does the man mean?

     [A] He's afraid to work at night.
    [B] He's afraid the work will be really hard.
     [ C] He doesn' t want to work tomorrow night.
     [ D] He can't find the way to get rid of the work.

  5. What will the man do for the woman?
     [ A ] Bring her some water.
     [ B ] Buy her some plants.
     [ C ] Water her plants while she is away.
     [ D] Water her plants while he is on vacation.

  6. How much will the man have to pay if he buys two pens?
     [A]15 cents.                        [B] 20 cents.
     [C] 30 cents.                        [D] 40 cents.

  7. How much time did she have between her meeting?
     [A] 6 hours.                         [B] 10 hours.
     [C]4 hours.                         [D]l hour.

   8. When did the woman buy the dress?
     [A] Shortly after the New Year' s Day.  [B] In the spring.
     [C]During the New Year's holidays.   [D] During a sale.

   9. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
     [ A ] Waitress-customer.               [ B ] Hostess-guest.
     [C] Wife-husband.                   [D] Mother-son.

  10. What problem did she mention?
      [A]They had too much stress.          [B] They had nothing to do in their spare time,
      [ C] They were worried about their meals. [ D] The pace was terrible.

                                            Part B

     You are going to hear four conversations. Before listening to each conversation, you will have 5 seconds to read each of the questions which accompany it. After listening, you will have time to answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. You will hear each passage or conversation ONLY ONCE.

Mark your answers in your test booklet.

     Questions 11 -14 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 11 - 14.

     11 . Why did the man ' s children buy the pen?
         [A] It's a present for the man' s birthday.
         [B] It's a birthday present for the man' s wife.
         [C] It's a birthday present for the man' s son.
         [D] It's a birthday present for the man ' s daughter.

     12. What's the color of the pen?
         [A] Red.                           [B] Black.
         [C] Yellow.                         [D] Purple.

     13. How much is the pen?
         [A] $11.                      [B] $14.
         [C] $9.                       [D] $10.

     14. Why did the man want to exchange the pen?
         [A] Because of the color.              [B] Because it is too expensive.
         [C] Because it is too cheap.           [D] Because it doesn't work.

     You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions II -14.
     Questions 15 -17 are based on the following talk. You now have 15 seconds to read the questions 15-17.

     15. Who is the speaker?
         [A] A librarian.                       [B] A professor.
         [C]A researcher.                      [D]A student.

     16. For whom is the course intended?
         [A] All second-year students who failed first-year English.
         [B] All first-year, second-year, and third-year students.
         [ C ] Students who don ' t know how to write a research paper.
         [ D ] Students who want extra credit in English.

     17. What does the speaker ask the students who have already learned to write a research paper to do?

         [A] Take notes.                       [B] Help the other students.
         [C] Speak to her after class.            [D]  Enroll in another English class.

     You now have 30 seconds to check your answers to questions 15-17.
     Questions 18-21 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 18 -21.

     18. When does the conversation take place?
         [A] In the middle of the semester.      [ B] At the beginning of exams.
         [C] At the end of the school year.      [D] In the middle of summer vacation.

     19. Where do Bob and Ellen want to go?
         [A] To a rock and mineral show.       [B] To an opera at the concert hall.
         [ C] To a movie at the student center.   [D] To a popular music concert.

     20. Why is Ellen buying the tickets?
         [A] She gets a student discount.       [B] Bob doesn't have much money.
         [C] She lost a bet and owed Bob money. [D] Bob left his wallet at home.

     21. What is Bob going to pay for?
         [A] His ticket only.                   [B] Their vacation.
         [C] His supper only.                  [D] Their supper.

     You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 18 -21.
     Questions 22 - 25 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 22 -25.

     22. What is the woman looking for?
         [A] The bookstore.                   [B] The telephone company.
         [C]A map of the town.               [D]A shoe repair shop.

     23. What can be said about the way the man teaches the woman?
         [ A ] He seems to be in a hurry to leave.
         [B] He seems to be curious about her.
         [ C] He seems to be happy to assist her.
         [ D] He seems to be unfamiliar with the town.

     24. Which source of information about the town does the man recommend to the woman?
         [A] A guidebook.                    [B] A police report.
         [C] The newspaper.                   [D] The telephone company.

     25. Where is the shoe shop?
         [A] Right down the street.             [B] Next to a bookstore.
         [C] About four blocks away.           [D] Across town.

     You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 22 -25.
      Now you have 1 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet to the ANSWER SHEET 1.
     That is the end of the listening comprehension section.

                              Section I  Use of English
                                        (15 minutes)


Directions:

     Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or D on your ANSWER SHEET 1.

                                              Text

     Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the students.   26   a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the   27   in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The   28   student is considered to be   29   who is motivated ( 散发) to learn for the sake of  30  , not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned   31    brief written comments but without a grade. Even if n. grade is not given, the student is   32   for learning the material assigned. When research is   33   , the professor expects the students to take it actively and complete it with   34 guidance. It is the   35   responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain   36   a university library works; they expect students,   37 graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference'   38   in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but   39   that their students should not be   40   dependent on them. In the United States professors have many other duties   41   teaching, such as administrative or research work.  42  , the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is   43  .If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either   44   a professor during office hours   45   make an appointment.

     26. [A] If            [B] Although        [C] Because         [D] Since
     27. [A] suggestion      [ B ] context        [ c ] abstract           [ D ] information
     28. [AJ poor          [B] ideal            [C] average          [D] disappointed
     29. [A] such         [B] one            [C] any            [D] some
     30. [A] fun           [B] work            [G] learning         [D] prize
     31. [A] by           [B]in             [C] for            [D] with
     32. [A] criticized       [B] innocent         [C] responsible       [D] dismissed
     33. [A] collected       [B] distributed        [C] assigned          [D] finished
     34. [A] maximum      [B] minimum        [C] possible         practical
     35. [A] student's      [B] professor's       [G] assistant's       [D] librarian's
     36. [A] when         [B] what           [C] why           [D] how
     37. [A] particularly     [B] essentially        [C] obviously         [D] rarely
     38. [A] selections      [B] collections        [C] sources           [D] origins
     39. [A] hate           [B] dislike           [C] like              [D] prefer
    40. [A] too           [B] such           [C] much           [D] more
    41. [A] but           [B] except       '   [C] with             [D] besides
     42 .[A] However       [B] Therefore        [C] Furthermore      [D] Nevertheless
     43. [A] plentiful        [B] limited           [C] irregular          [D] flexible
     44. [A] greet          [B] annoy           [C] approach         [D] attach
     45. [A] or           [B] and            [C] to             [D] but

                       Section II Reading Comprehension
                                        (40 minutes)
                                            Part A

Directions:
     Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

                                             Text I

     Usually when we hear the word " artist" we think of a person who paints pictures, but the word has a much wider meaning than that, for anyone who adds beauty to a thing has shown that he is an artist. In the publishing world, there are many artists besides the illustrators, as you can find if you trace the steps introducing a book.

     After the author ( who is an artist in the choice of ideas and words ) has sold a manuscript to the publisher, an editor goes over it. The work of editing involves artistic skill too, for the editor may know how to improve the author' s work by cutting and revising the manuscript. Then the editor looks over the manuscript and decides how it may be best illustrated. The editor and a designer discuss how all the parts of the book-the illustrations, words, paper, and binding-shall be put together so that the book best communicate the subject and the spirit which was intended by the author.

     Illustrations are drawn which will not only emphasize without words things said in the story, but which will add information or ideas that cannot be put into words. When the illustrations and text are completely prepared they are sent to the printer who carefully, and often artistically, sets the type and prints the book.

     Once the material has been printed, it is sent to the binder who makes the book into a unit for selling and reading. The binder, too, is an artist, for he makes use of special techniques to make the outside of the book attractive, as well as appropriate to the contents. Meanwhile, a sales staff is at work preparing advertisements to help sell the book.

     46. How many steps in producing A book are mentioned in the passage?
         [A] 4.                                 [B] 6.
         [C] 5.                                  [D] 7.

       47. Which of the following is NOT involved in the work of editing?
           [A] Deciding which parts are to be illustrated.
           [ B ] Accepting or rejecting a manuscript.
           [C] Considering the beauty of a book as a whole.
           [ D ] Rewriting or rearranging long paragraphs.

      48. Illustrations must _________.
           [ A ] make all text fit to print and read
          [ B ] add the ideas overlooked by the author
          [ C ] closely touch what is said in the story
          [ D ] have much to do with what is not emphasized

      49. Designing the advertisements for a book is started when _________.
          [ A ] the book is being bound             [ B ] the book is made into a unit
          [ C ] the illustrations and text are prepared [D] all the steps are finished

      50. The best title for this passage would be _________.
          [A] The Beauty of a Book               [B] Art and the Printed World
          [ C ] Who Deserves the Name of Artist    [D] The Steps in Producing A Book

                                                Text 2

In November 1965, New York was blacked out by an electricity failure. The authorities promised that it would not happen again. Pessimists were certain that it would occur again within five years at the latest. In July 1977, there was a repeat performance which produced varying degrees of chaos throughout the city of eight million people. In 1965, the failure occurred in the cool autumn and at a time of comparative prosperity. In 1997, the disaster was much more serious because it came when unemployment was high and the city was suffering from one of its worst heat waves.

In 1965, there was little crime or looting during the darkness, and fewer than a hundred people were arrested. In 1977, hundreds of stores were broken into and looted. Looters smashed shop windows and helped themselves to jewelry, clothes or television sets. Nearly 4, 000 people were arrested but far more disappeared into the darkness of the night. The number of policemen available was quite inadequate and they wisely refrained from using their guns against mobs which far outnumbered them and included armed men.

     Hospitals had to treat hundreds of people cut by glass from shop windows. Banks and most businesses remained closed the next day. The black-out started at 9:30 p.m., when lightning hit and knocked out vital cables. Many stores were thus caught by surprise.

     The vast majority of New Yorkers, however, were not involved in looting. They helped strangers , distributed candles and batteries, and tried to survive in a nightmare world without traffic lights , refrigerators, elevators, water and electrical power. For twenty-four hours, New York realized how helpless it was without electricity.

     51. Look at the first paragraph, who were right? The authorities or the pessimists?
         [A] The authorities.                      [B] The pessimists.
        [C] Both.                                [D] Neither.

    52. In what way was the blackout of 1977 not really a repeat performance?
        [A] There was much more disorder.       [B] This time the electricity supply failed.
        [C] It was quite unexpected.           [D] It did not occur within five years of 1965.

    53. As far as maintaining the peace was concerned, conditions in 1977 were comparatively _________.
        [ A ] more favourable                      [B] less favourable
        [ C ] unchanged                           [ D ] improved

    54. What caused the blackout in July 1977?
         [A] Excessive heat probably made people switch on too many electrical appliances.
         [ B ] Because of unemployment, some machines were not in proper working order.
         [C] During a storm, lightning damaged supply cables,
         [D] The passage does not mention the cause.

     55. Why did many looters manage to escape?
         [A] The police could not see them in the dark.
         [ B] Many of the looters were armed with guns.
         [ C ] There were not enough policemen to catch them all.
         [D] They were hidden inside big buildings.

                                               Text 3

     " Culture consists of all shared products of human society" ( Robertson, 1981). This means not only such material things as cities, organizations and schools, but also non-material things such as ideas, customs, family patterns, languages. Putting it simply, culture refers to the entire way of life of a society, "the ways of a people".

     Language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it. Some social scientists consider it the keystone of culture. Without language, the maintaining of culture would not be possible. On the other hand, language is influenced and shaped by culture, it reflects culture. In the broadest sense, language is the symbolic representation of a people, and it comprises their historical and cultural backgrounds, as well as their approach to life and their ways of living and thinking.

We should not go further into the relationship between language and culture. What needs to be stressed here is that the two interact, and that understanding of one requires understanding of the other.

 Social scientists tell us that cultures differ from one another, that each culture is unique. As cultures are diverse, so languages are diverse. It is only natural then that with differences in cultures and differences in languages, difficulties often arise in communicating between cultures and across cultures. Understanding is not always easy.

      Learning a foreign language well means more than merely mastering the pronunciation, grammar, words and idioms. It means learning also to see the world as native speakers of that language see it, learning the ways in which their language reflects the ideas, customs, and behaviors of their society, learning to understand their "language of the mind". Learning a language, in fact, is inseparable from learning its culture.

             56. According to the first paragraph, the term "culture" refers to_________.
                 [ A ] things like cities, organizations and schools
                 [ B ] ideas, customs, family patterns, and languages
                 [C] all things produced by human race
                [D] the total that constitute a society

            57. The second paragraph tells about_________.
                [ A j the role language plays in culture
                [B] the relationship between language and culture
               [ C ] the influence culture has on language
               [ D ] the representation of culture

           58. There will be no difficulty in communication if_________.
               [ A ] people from different countries can speak each other ' s languages
               [ B ] people from different countries can know each other ' s cultures
              [C] people from different countries can know each other ' s languages and cultures
              [ D ] there were no difference between the two cultures

          59. Learning a foreign language means_________.
              [ A ] learning to express oneself in the way native speakers do
              [ B ] getting to know the way native speakers think
             [ C ] getting to know the way native speakers behave
             [D] mastering the language and learning its culture

         60. This passage is probably taken from a book _________.
             [ A ] on culture
             [ B j on language learning
            [C] on learning a language through its culture
            [D] on learning a culture through its language

                                                 Part B
  Directions:
       Read the following article in which four people talk about their work and life. For questions 61 to 64, match name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to F) given below. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

 Joyce Swenson

     Joyce is 36 years old and has worked for a publishing company in New York City for II years. Presently, she is working as a Senior Editor in charge of developmental programs. An opening for a vice-presidential position has just opened. Joyce is one of four people applying for the position. The other three applicants are men who have been at the company approximately as long as she has. The requirements for the job include a Master ' s degree and a minimum of ten years experience working as a manager in a publishing company. Historically, the company has hired from within. Joyce has applied for promotions before but she has been passed over each time by a male candidate. When Joyce joined the company, she was single. Now she is married and has two school-age children and one preshooler. Joyce feels she has been discriminated against because of her sex. She feels motherhood is viewed by the company as a negative factor in job promotion.

 Ardith Trachsel

      Ardith is 39 years old. She is a single mother of three children. She works full time as a marketing manager for a fast-food chain. Ardith works 50 hours a week and carpools her 12-year-old daughter to gymnastics after work three days a week. She also makes sure that she is in the stands to watch her 16-year-old son wrestle or watch her 15-year-old daughter play soccer. Ardith finds herself staying up late nightly in order to catch up on the wash or housecleaning. She also spends many evenings catching up on reports that couldn ' t be finished at work.

      Ardith takes her role as mother and employee very seriously. She feels that her children
shouldn ' t have to help out around the house because they are too busy with academics and sports activities. This same attitude carries over to the workplace. She hates to burden her secretary with extra work, so instead, she does a lot of it herself. She feels that she must be everything to everybody she comes in contact with.

      It is important to note that Ardith grew up in the 1950s. Her mother was always there for her. There was never a day that Ardith did not come home and find her mother waiting for her( sometimes with milk and cookies). Her mother was involved with the parents' organization at school and was her Girl Scout leader. Although the family was not well-off financially, Ardith always dressed well. Her mother was an excellent dressmaker.

Mary Healy

     Ardith ' s friend Mary is 37 years old. She also is a single mother with three as she possibiv can. She has limited her volunteering on committees. The one activity that she does get involved in is !he annual Book Sale at school. Her children are responsible for many of the household chores. She has created a rotation system so that they all learn how to wash, iron, clean and cook.

Caria

     Caria received her nursing degree while working part time as a clerk or typist, ")he also ia raising her sons Jeff and Jason. Caria married when she was about 25 years old. Caria met her husband Paul at a friend' s party. It was sort of a fix up. Paul was much older than her; about 40 years old. Caria was anxious to get married. She had been dating on and off but never seriously. Her parents felt time was running out especially if Caria was to begin a family. Paul and Caria never really fought but a silence ran through their marriage. The children were what made Caria come to life. Paul was content to sit at home, watch TV, or work on his hobby carving wooden figures. The marriage seemed to just extinguish itself. Caria ran the house, worked, went to school, and raised her two sons. The household, though hectic, was usually lively and happy.

     Now match each of the persons to the appropriate statement.

     Note', there are two extra statements.

                                      Statements

    61. Joyce Swenson         [A] She likes to do everything by herself.
    62. Ardith Trachsel        [ BJ She had an outstanding mother.
    63. Mary Healy            [Cj She believes the children should help out with the house chores.
    64. Caria                  [ D] She feels that she is a victim of the sex discrimination.
                               [ E] It's never too old to learn for her.
                               [F] Her marriage life is not satisfying.

                                  Section IV  Writing
                                (40 minutes)


     You should write your responses to both parts on ANSWER SHEET 2.

                                            Part A

     65. You are to write a composition about How to Keep Healthy. You should write an essay of
about 150 words making reference to the following points;
     1 ) physical exercises;
     2 ) food;
     3 ) habit.

                                            Part B

     66. Below is a graph showing China's Tourism Ranking in the world. Look at the graph and
write an essay of about 150 words.

                         China ' s Tourism Ranking in the World
 
Year Foreign exchange earnings Numbers of visitors   
1978 41 51   
1991 21 12   
1994 10 6   
1996 9 6   
1997 8 6

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