2012年3月公共英语考试三级模拟试题二及答案

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2012年3月公共英语考试三级模拟试题二及答案   Section I Listening Comprehension(25 minutes) (略)

  Section Ⅱ  Use of English(15 minutes)

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or Don your ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Text
  Most young people enjoy physical activities, walking, cycling, football, or mountaineering.

  These who have a passion  26  climbing high and difficult mountains are often  27   with astonishment. Why are men and women  28  to suffer cold and hardship, and to   29  on high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activities  30   which men give their leisure.

  There are no man-made rules, as there are for  31   as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which it would be dangerous to  32   , but it is this freedom from man-made rules   33   makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to their own   34   .

  If we   35   mountaineering with other more familiar sports, we might think that one big difference is   36   mountaineering is not a “team work”. However, it is only our misunderstanding. There are, in fact, no :matches”   37   “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may   38   , obviously, there is teamwork.

  A mountain climber knows that he may have to fight with natural  39   that ate stronger and more powerful than man. His sport requires high mental and   40    qualities.

  A mountain climber   41   to improve on skill year after year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty, and most international tennis champions   42  in their early twenties. But it is not  43   for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more   44   than younger men, but they probably climb more skill and less   45   of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.

  26. [A]for              [B]in                [C]to            [D] of
  27. [A]looked up to      [B]looked forward     [C]looked into     [D] looked upon
  28. [A]willing          [B]reluctant           [C]unwilling      [D] probable
  29.[A]take pains        [B]run risk            [C] take a risk     [D] make efforts
  30. [A]to              [B]with               [C]for           [D]towards
  31. [A]so              [B] various            [C] different      [D]such
  32. [A] apply           [B] worry             [C] ignore        [D] notice
  33. [A] which           [B] that              [C] how          [D] why
  34. [A] methods         [B] forms            [C] rules          [D] activities
  35. [A] correlate         [B] relate            [C] compare       [D] contrast
  36. [A] for             [B] what              [C] which        [D] that
  37. [A]within           [B]from              [C]beyond        [D]between
  38. [A]exist             [B]go               [C]depend        [D]confide
  39. [A]strength          [B]storms            [C]powers        [D]forces
  40. [A]physician         [B]physical           [C]physiological   [D]psychological
  41. [A]tries             [B]continues          [C]wants         [D]decides
  42. [A]will be            [B]appear             [C]are                [D]is
  43. [A]unusual           [B]normal             [C]common           [D]strange
  44. [A]strength           [B]efforts             [C]energy             [D]time
  45. [A]shortage          [B]lack                [C]rubbish            [D]waste

  SectionⅡ Reading Comprehension(40 minutes)

科目名称 精讲班 报名
主讲 课时 试听  
公共英语一级 30
公共英语二级
公共英语三级 古老师
公共英语四级

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 Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

  Text I

  Fifteen years ago, I entered the Boston Globe, which was a temple to me then. It wasn’t easy getting hired. But once you were there, I found, you were in.

  Globe jobs were for life-guaranteed until retirement. For 15 years I had prospered there — moving from an ordinary reporter to foreign correspondent and finally to senior editor. I would have a lifetime of security is I struck with it. Instead, I had made a decision to leave. I entered my boss’s office. Would he rage? I wondered. He had a famous temper. “Matt, we have to have a talk,” I began awkwardly. “I came to the Globe when I was twenty-four. Now I’m forty. There’s a lot I want to do in life. I’m resigning.” “To another paper?” he asked. I reached into my coat pocket, but didn’t say anything. I handed him a letter that explained everything. It said that I was leaving to start a new media company. We were at a rare turning point in history. I wanted to be directly engaged in the change. “I’m glad for you,” he said, quite out of my expectation. “I just came from a board of directors meeting and it was seventy-five percent discouraging news. Some of that we can deal with. But much of it we can’t, ” he went on. “I wish you all the luck in the world,” he concluded. “And if it doesn’t work out, remember, your star is always high here.”

  Then I went out of his office, walking through the newsroom for more good-byes. Everybody was saying congratulations. Everybody — even though I’d be risking all on an unfamiliar venture: all the financial security I had carefully built up.

  Later, I had a final talk with Bill Taylor, chairman and publisher of the Boston Globe. He had turned the Globe into a billion-dollar property. “I’m resigning, Bill, ”I said. He listened while I gave him the story. He wasn’t looking angry or dismayed either. After a pause, he said, “Golly, I wish I were in your shoes.”

  46. From the passage we know that the Globe is a famous _______.
  [A] newspaper            [B] magazine
  [C]temple                [ D ] church
  47. If the writer stayed with the Globe _________.
  [ A] he would be able to realize his lifetime dreams.
  [ B] he would let his long-cherished dreams fade away.
  [ C ] he would never have to worry about his future life.
  [ D] he would never be allowed to develop his ambitions.
  48. The writer wanted to resign because _________.
  [A] he had serious trouble with his boss.
  [ B ] he got underpaid at his job for the Globe.
  [ C ] he wanted to be engaged in the new media industry.
  [ D ] he had found a better paid job in a publishing house.
  49. When the writer decided to resign the Globe was faced with _______.
  [ A ] a trouble with its staff members
  [ B ] a shortage of qualified reporters
  [ C ] an unfavorable business situation
  [ D ]an uncontrollable business situation
  50. By “:I wish I were in your shoes.” (in the last paragraph) Bill Taylor meant that _______.
  [ A ] the writer was to fail.
  [ B] the writer was stupid
  [ C ] he would do the same if possible
  [D] he would reject the writer’s request

  Text 2

  Do you find it very difficult and painful to get up in the morning? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.

  During the hours when your labor through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues as: “Get up, Peter! You’ll be late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that Peter is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

  You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit if better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning, but you have an important to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but  you’ll get up steam and work better at your low point.

  Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

  51. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably ________.
  [A] he is a lazy person.
  [ B ] he refuses to follow his own energy cycle.
  [C] he is not sure when his energy is low.
  [D] he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening.
  52. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
  [AJ Unawareness of energy cycles.
  [B] Familiar monologues.
  [C]A change in a family member’s energy cycle.
  [D] Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.
  53. If one wants to work efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should __________.
  [A]change his energy cycle
  [B] overcome his laziness
  [C]get up earlier than usual
  [D] go to bed earlier
  54. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will __________.
  [A] help to keep your energy for the day’s work.
  [B] help you to control your temper early in the day
  [C] enable you to concentrate on your routine work
  [D] keep your energy your energy cycle under control all day
  55. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
  [A] Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.
  [B] Dr. Kletman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.
  [C] Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.
  [D] Children have energy cycles, too.

科目名称 精讲班 报名
主讲 课时 试听  
公共英语一级 30
公共英语二级
公共英语三级 古老师
公共英语四级

   特别提醒:基于安全需要,通过上门收费或学习卡支付的用户不能赠送vip,通过网上支付、银行转帐、邮局汇款方式汇款将赠送vip。

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Text 3

  There was one thought that air pollution affected only the area immediately around large cities with factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is literally worldwide. On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution. Some scientists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) is creating a “greenhouse effect”— conserving heat reflected from the earth and raising the world’s average temperature. If this view is correct and the world’s temperature is raised only a few degrees, much of the polar ice cap will melt and cities such as New York, Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water.

 

 Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is blocking sunlight and lowering the earth’s temperature — a result that would be equally disastrous. A drop of just a few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would mane agriculture difficult or impossible in many of our top farming areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen (though one recent government report drafted by experts in the field concluded that the greenhouse effect is very possible) Perhaps, if we are lucky enough, the two tendencies will offset each other and the world’s temperature will stay about the same as it is now. Driven by economic profits, people neglect the damage on our environment caused by the “advanced civilization”. Maybe the air pollution is the price the human beings have to pay for their development. But is it really worthwhile?

  56. As pointed out at the beginning of the passage, people used to think that air pollution _______.
  [ A ] cause widespread damage in the countryside
  [ B ] affected the entire eastern half of the United States
  [ C ] had damaged effect on health
  [ D ] existed merely in urban and industries areas
  57. As to the greenhouse effect, the author __________.
  [ A ] share the same view with the scientist.
  [ B ] is uncertain of its occurrence
  [ C ] rejects it as being ungrounded
  [ D ] thinks that it will destroy the world soon
  58. The word “offset” in the second paragraph could be replaced by _________.
  [ A] slip into                 [ B ] make up for
  [ C ] set up                  [ D ] catch up with
  59. It can be concluded that ____________.
  [ A ] raising the world’s temperature only a few degrees would not do much harm to life on earth.
  [ B] lowering the world’s temperature merely a few degrees would lead major farming areas to disaster.
  [C] almost no temperature variations have occurred over the past decade.
  [D] the world’s temperature will remain constant in the years to come.
  60. This passage is primarily about __________.
  [A]the greenhouse effect..
  [ B ] the burning of fossil fuels..
  [C] the potential effect of air pollution.
  [ D] the likelihood of a new ice age.

  Part B

  Directions:

  Read the following article in which five people talk about their ideas of dieting. For questions 61 to 65 , -match name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to C ) given below. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

  Abbey

  You can always recognize dieters from the sour expression on their faces. They spend most of their time turning their noses up at food. They are forever consulting calorie charts, gazing at themselves in mirrors, and leaping on to weighing-machines in the bathroom. They spend a lifetime fighting a losing battle against spreading hips, protruding tummies and double chins. What a miserable lot dieters are!

  Marlin

  I began making some dietary and lifestyles changes during my second year of college and have been eating this way ever since. I like the way I feel when I don't eat animal foods so much more than the pleasure I used to get from eating them. I have much more energy; I need less sleep; I feel calmer; I can maintain an ideal body weight without worrying about how much I eat, and I can think more clearly.

  Maggie

  During my first year of college, I gained forty pounds when I began throwing the javelin. For the next twenty years, I carried all of this extra weight and kidded myself that I was in good shape since that's what I weighed in college. Now that I've lost all that extra weight, I feel great! People say all the time, "Well, how do you live without eating cheeseburgers or this or that?" and I say, "You just don't. It' s not even an option. It's not that hard once you get on it. "

  Belinda

  If you are on a diet, you're always hungry. You can't be hungry and happy at the same time. All the horrible concoctions you eat instead of food leave you permanently dissatisfied. A complete food it may be, but not quite as complete as juicy steak. So at least three times a day you will be exposed to temptation. How miserable to watch others tucking into piles of mouth-watering food while you munch a water biscuit and sip unsweetened lemon juice! And if hunger just proves too much for you, in the end you will lash out and devour five huge guilt-inducing cream cakes at a sitting. Then things will turn out to be even worse.

科目名称 精讲班 报名
主讲 课时 试听  
公共英语一级 30
公共英语二级
公共英语三级 古老师
公共英语四级

   特别提醒:基于安全需要,通过上门收费或学习卡支付的用户不能赠送vip,通过网上支付、银行转帐、邮局汇款方式汇款将赠送vip。

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Wood

  I went on diet when my doctor told me that my blood pressure tended to be high. Only at that time did I realize the danger of being overweight. Since I began making dietary changes in 1982, eating this way has become increasingly accepted. I don't feel I've lost something after dieting. Instead, I’ve got something valuable. That is good health.

  Now match each of the persons to the appropriate statement.

  Note: there are two extra statements.

  Statements

  61. Abbey               [A] Being on a diet is a torture.
  62. Marlin               [ B] I feel better with vegetarian food.
  63. Maggie              [C] I lost weight after dieting.
  [ D] I began dieting for the sake of health.
  64. Belinda              [E] Dieting enables people to enjoy life more.
  65. Wood                [F] Dieting simply causes endless worries.
  [ G] Dieting does more harm than good to one' s health.

  Section IV   Writing (40 minutes)

  You should write your responses to both parts on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Part A

  66. Suppose you have got the news that the university of Science and Technology of China is offering a scholarship for chemistry majors and that you have just received an MS degree in chemistry and are eager to have a personal interview with Dr. Wu Han wei , the Chairman. Write a letter of application for the scholarship. Your letter should include:

  1. your performance at University

  2. your eagerness for the personal interview

  3. You should write approximately 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter. Use “Wang Lin” instead. You do not need to write the address.

  Part B

  67. Write an essay of about 120 words on cell phone. Refer to the following points:

  1. explain the reasons why more people use cell phone nowadays
  2. Talk about the advantages or disadvantages of cell phones
  3. your conclusion

  答案及试题分析:

  26. A  have a passion for sth “对---有强烈的感情、爱好”
  27. D  look up to“仰慕、尊敬某人”, look forward“期盼,盼望”, look into“调查”, look upon“把---看作,把---视为”
  28. A  willingly“愿意的”
  29. C  run risk“冒险”(被动的处于危险之中), take a risk“冒险”,
  30. A  give leisure to sth “把空闲时间用于---”
  31. D  so + adj + a(n) + n., such + a(n)+ adj + n
  32. C  此处的含义为“不遵守规定登山会很危险”
  33. B  It is --- that ---为强调句型
  34. A  文中的意思为“登山者们自由地选择登山的方法”。
  35. D  compare with“与---比较”, contrast with“对比、对照”,指比较某一事物与另一事物,以显示它们的相异之处,表现明显的差别。
  36. D  连词that引导的从句作系动词 is的表语
  37. D  between“在---之间”
  38. C  depend on sb or sth“需要某人或某事的支持和帮助
  39. D  strength“力量的强度”, power“运用能力或体力和脑力来做某事”, force“实施力量,产生行动或征服对手”。
  40. B  mental“智力的”, physical“体力的”
  41. B  year after year后应该选有“持续”之意的动词。
  42. C  be + in + one’s twenties 表示“在某人二十多岁时”
  43. A  unusual “不寻常的”
  44. D  根据文章的含义,爬山者年龄大应该使用更多的时间。
  45. D  shortage“短缺”, waste“浪费”
  46. A 第二段老板提到“是不是到另一家报纸去”根据此推测这是一家报社。
  47. C 第二段提到“假如留下,会有生活保障”从而推断若不离开未来生活无忧。

科目名称 精讲班 报名
主讲 课时 试听  
公共英语一级 30
公共英语二级
公共英语三级 古老师
公共英语四级

   特别提醒:基于安全需要,通过上门收费或学习卡支付的用户不能赠送vip,通过网上支付、银行转帐、邮局汇款方式汇款将赠送vip。

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48. C 第二段提到“我要离开公司去开一家新传媒公司”
  49. C 第二段提到“老板说从董事会那里得到的75%的消息都是坏消息”从而推断,报社商业处境艰难。
  50. C be in one’s shoes 为“处于某人的地位”文中指老板赞同作者的看法,表示假如他处于和作者相同的情况,他自己也会做出相同的事。
  51. D 第二段“The possible explanation to the trouble is that Peter is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening”。
  52. A 第二段最后一句
  53. C 第三段“If your energy is low in the morning, but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour”。
  54. A 最后一段第一行
  55. B 文章开头提到可莱曼特博士有一种新的解释,证明每个人都有一个每日的能量周期,但是后文也提到了每人能解释这个周期。
  56. D 由第一段第一句话可推知。
  57. B 第一段最后一句“If this view is correct ---”表明作者只是引用这种现象并不确定其正确性。
  58. B offset补偿, make up for弥补, set up建立, catch up with赶上
  59. B 根据第二段第二句话“A drop of just a few degrees ---”可推知。
  60. C 文章是在讨论大气污染给人类带来的潜在影响。
  61-65 ABCGD

  66.

  Dear Dr. Wu,

  I have read the announcement in the newspaper that the University of Science and Technology of China is providing a scholarship in chemistry for the students. And I would like to apply for the scholarship.

  I received my MS degree in chemistry last year, and graduated with honors. I have worked as an assistant in the department of Chemistry on my university for two semesters. And in this letter I enclose my resume and a recommendation letter from my professor. I wish to have a personal interview with you at your earliest convenience.

  Yours sincerely,
  Wang Lin

  67.

  Cell Phone

  The brave new world of cell phones has finally arrived in China. The light weight, pocket-sized cell phones make our life more convenient, efficient and colorful. So nowadays there are more and more people liking to use them.

  Firstly, cell phones can facilitate communications. It is very convenient for us to get in touch people with cell phones. Wherever we are, if we want to talk to people, the only thing we need to do is to pick up a cell phone.

  Secondly, cell phones can make the businessmen’s work more efficient. Some smart cell phones have the capacity of the computers; they can store and run simple programs. With the id of GPRS, people also can send or receive e-mail via cell phones.

  Lastly, we can entertain ourselves with cell phone. When you are bored, you can play the built-in java games, listen to radio or record a short video with your cell phone.

  I think cell phone plays an important part in our daily life. I wish with the help of cell phones our future life would be more convenient and beautiful.

科目名称 精讲班 报名
主讲 课时 试听  
公共英语一级 30
公共英语二级
公共英语三级 古老师
公共英语四级

   特别提醒:基于安全需要,通过上门收费或学习卡支付的用户不能赠送vip,通过网上支付、银行转帐、邮局汇款方式汇款将赠送vip。

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