《托福高阶词汇》LIST13

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《托福高阶词汇》LIST13

Abbreviate v.缩减

同shorten, reduce, condense, abridge

Scott abbreviated his speech, so he would not bore anyone.

斯科特缩减了他的演讲,以免让人感到厌烦。

adjacent adj.邻接的

同adjoining, bordering, neighboring, contiguous

Nick‘s house is adjacent to a large park.

尼克的家与一个大公园毗邻。

alternative n.选择

同choice, option, selection, substitute

Fred felt he had very few alternatives in choosing a career.

弗瑞德觉得他在职业上的选择余地很小。

arbitrary adj.①武断的;****的②随意的

同1.dictatorial, subjective, domineering 2.random, capricious

The boss‘ arbitrary demands on his staff were unbearable.

老板****的命令让职员无法忍受。

avocation n.副业;嗜好

同diversion, hobby, occupation, pastime

Louis‘ avocation as a ski instructor gradually became his full-time employment.

滑雪教练一职已从路易斯的副业逐渐变成他的全职了。

candidate n.候选人

同nominee, office-seeker, applicant, aspirant

Teresa has decided to become a candidate for mayor of our town.

特雷萨已决定作为候选人参加本镇镇长的竞选。

coagulate v.凝结

同solidify, jell, congeal, clot, curdle

The blood around the wound began to coagulate, slowing the loss of blood.伤口边的血开始凝结,减缓了血液的流失。

conceal v.隐藏

同hide, cover, secrete, stow

The brothers tried to conceal the puppy from their parents, but it was soon discovered.

这几个兄弟试图把小狗藏起来不让父母看到,但不久小狗就被发现了。

contiguity n.邻接

同juxtaposition, abutment, union, meeting

Our apartment building‘s contiguity to a supermarket is very convenient.

我们的公寓和超级市场相邻,购物相当方便。

daze v.使晕眩;使困惑

同dazzle, confuse, stum

The math problem dazed all of the students in the class.

这道数学题难倒了全班学生。

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deprive v.剥夺

同strip, dispossess, divest, bereave, denude

The prisoners were deprived of any communication with the outside world.这些囚犯被剥夺了与外界进行沟通的自由。

discrepancy n.差异;不符

同inconsistency, disagreement, divergence, discordance

The manager found a discrepancy between the company‘s records and what actually sold.

经理发现公司的纪录与实际的销售不符。

Efface v.消除

同erase, eradicate, expunge, delete

The wind had effaced the deer‘s hoofprints from the snow.

风吹散了雪地上鹿留下的蹄印。*hoofprint n.蹄印

engross v.全神贯注

同absorb, preoccupy, engage

Richard engrossed himself in the study of marine biology.

理查德在全神贯注地研究海洋生物。

ethnic adj.种族的;人种的

同racial, national, native

Our school has students from different ethnic backgrounds.

我们学校的学生有着不同的种族背景。

facilitate v.使容易;促进

同smooth, ease, promote, speed up

Melissa‘s help facilitated our work to clean up the garage.

梅利莎的帮助加快了我们打扫车库的工作。

Exercise: Fill in the blanks.

1. Eating more grains is a healthy _____ to eating a lot of meat.

2. Three of the presidential _____ participated in the televised debate.

3. Jenny was _____ by the breathtaking scenery of the waterfall.

4. Diane was _____ in reading a book when I entered the room.

5. The fax machine has _____ communication between offices and homes considerably.

解答:1. Alternative 2. Candidates 3. Dazed 4. Engrossed 5. facilitated www.59wj.com 如果觉得《《托福高阶词汇》LIST13》托福词汇考试指导,tofu不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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