同shorten, reduce, condense, abridge
Scott abbreviated his speech, so he would not bore anyone.
同adjoining, bordering, neighboring, contiguous
Nick‘s house is adjacent to a large park.
同choice, option, selection, substitute
Fred felt he had very few alternatives in choosing a career.
同1.dictatorial, subjective, domineering 2.random, capricious
The boss‘ arbitrary demands on his staff were unbearable.
同diversion, hobby, occupation, pastime
Louis‘ avocation as a ski instructor gradually became his full-time employment.
同nominee, office-seeker, applicant, aspirant
Teresa has decided to become a candidate for mayor of our town.
同solidify, jell, congeal, clot, curdle
The blood around the wound began to coagulate, slowing the loss of blood.伤口边的血开始凝结，减缓了血液的流失。
同hide, cover, secrete, stow
The brothers tried to conceal the puppy from their parents, but it was soon discovered.
同juxtaposition, abutment, union, meeting
Our apartment building‘s contiguity to a supermarket is very convenient.
同dazzle, confuse, stum
The math problem dazed all of the students in the class.
同strip, dispossess, divest, bereave, denude
The prisoners were deprived of any communication with the outside world.这些囚犯被剥夺了与外界进行沟通的自由。
同inconsistency, disagreement, divergence, discordance
The manager found a discrepancy between the company‘s records and what actually sold.
同erase, eradicate, expunge, delete
The wind had effaced the deer‘s hoofprints from the snow.
同absorb, preoccupy, engage
Richard engrossed himself in the study of marine biology.
同racial, national, native
Our school has students from different ethnic backgrounds.
同smooth, ease, promote, speed up
Melissa‘s help facilitated our work to clean up the garage.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. Eating more grains is a healthy _____ to eating a lot of meat.
2. Three of the presidential _____ participated in the televised debate.
3. Jenny was _____ by the breathtaking scenery of the waterfall.
4. Diane was _____ in reading a book when I entered the room.
5. The fax machine has _____ communication between offices and homes considerably.
解答：1. Alternative 2. Candidates 3. Dazed 4. Engrossed 5. facilitated www.59wj.com 如果觉得《《托福高阶词汇》LIST13》托福词汇考试指导,tofu不错，可以推荐给好友哦。