《托福高阶词汇》LIST22

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《托福高阶词汇》LIST22

abolish v.废除

同annul, abrogate, wipe out

In the United States, slavery was abolished during the Civil War.美国的奴隶制度在南北战争时被废除了。

adopt v.①接受;采用②收养

同1.embrace, accept 2.foster, take in

Our company has adopted the practice of allowing workers more flexible hours.

本公司已采用让员工有弹性上班时数的办法。

amateur n.业余者

同nonprofessional, dilettante, hobbyist

This tennis competition is for amateurs only; no professionals are allowed to participate.

该网球比赛只提供给业余选手,职业选手不准参加。

arduous adj.费力的

同laborious, toilsome, onerous, strenuous, difficult

Because construction work can be very arduous, few people want that kind of job.

因为建筑工作会很辛苦,所以很少人想从事这种行业。

barren adj.不毛的

同unproductive, infertile, sterile, desolate

Many people moved away from the village because the farmland there had become barren.

许多人搬离了这个村庄,因为那里的土地已变得贫瘠。

carve v.刻

同cut, sculpture, slice

The sculptor carved a figure of a sitting boy out of stone.

这位雕刻家用石头雕刻了一尊坐着的男童像。

coin v.铸造;编造

同create, invent, mold, fabricate

Physicists call that particle a“quark”,a nonsense word coined by a famous Irish author.

物理学家称那种粒子为“夸克”,这个词没有任何含义,是一位著名的爱尔兰作家编造出来的。

contrive v.构想;设计

同devise, construct, design, concoct, fabricate

The children contrived a pulley to lift things into their tree house.

这些小孩子设计了一个滑轮,可以将东西吊进他们树上的房子。

pulley n.滑轮

coy adj.娇羞的

同bashful, reserved, shy

He was charmed by the young woman’s coy smile.

他被这名年轻女子的娇羞笑容迷住了。

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decay v.衰微;****

同rot, decline, degenerate

Their family situation decayed to the point that they argued with each other all the time.

他们的家境中落到极点,大家无时无刻不在争吵。

descent n.降落

同fall, droop, comedown

The plane’s descent was very rough, and many of the passengers were frightened.

飞机猛然降落,许多乘客都吓坏了。

disgust v.使厌恶

同nauseate, sicken, offend

The smell of rotten fish disgusts me.

腐烂的鱼的味道令我作呕。

elastic adj.弹性的

同flexible, pliable, adaptable

Most bathing suits are made of an elastic material that allows the suit to stretch.

大部分的泳衣是由弹性材料制成的,具有伸缩性。

enlist v.入伍;征募

同enroll, engage, join, sign up, register

Gary did not want to enlist in the army, but he felt it was his duty.加里并不想入伍,但他觉得这是他的义务。

eulogy n.颂辞;颂扬

同compliment, glorification, tribute, commendation

Mr. Garth gave a long eulogy about their achievements in the research.

加思先生对他们的研究成果大大地颂扬了一番。

fake n.赝品

同copy, fraud, imitation, phony

You can tell that watch is a fake because the words carved on the back are misspelled.

你可以看出这表是赝品,因为刻在背面的字拼错了。

Exercise: Fill in the blanks.

1. The state has decided to _____ a five-day work week.

2. The _____ desert is not an inviting place for people to live.

3. Sam and Mary’s mutual friends _____ a plan to get the two of them out on a date.

4. The smell of cigarette smoke really _____ me.

5. Merchants in the night market have every kind of name brand _____ you can think of.

解答1. adopt 2. barren 3. contrived 4. disgusts 5. fake www.59wj.com 如果觉得《《托福高阶词汇》LIST22》托福词汇考试指导,tofu不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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