2012年新托福(TOEFL)考试阅读部分基本技能解析

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2012年新托福(TOEFL)考试阅读部分基本技能解析

  新托福阅读基本技能

  朗阁海外考试研究中心

  版权所有,转载请注名作者与出处及相关链接

  Academic Reading Skills

  The Reading section measures test takers’ ability to understand university-level academic texts and passages. In English-speaking academic environments students are expected to read and understand information from textbooks and other types of academic material. Below are three possible purposes for academic reading.

  Reading purposes include

  1. Reading to find information, which involves

  a.effectively scanning text for key facts and important information

  b.increasing reading fluency and rate

  2. Basic comprehension, which requires the reader to

  a.understand the general topic or main idea, major points, important facts and details, vocabulary in context, and pronoun references.

  b.make inferences about what is implied in a passage

  3. Reading to learn, which depends on the ability to

  a.recognize the organization and purpose of a passage

  b.understand relationships between ideas (for example, compare-and-contrast, cause-and-effect, agree-disagree, or steps in a process)

  c.organize information into a category chart or a summary in order to recall major points and important details

  d.infer how ideas throughout the passage connect

  The TOEFL iBT test includes three basic categories of academic texts. The categories are based on the author’s objectives:

  a.Exposition

  b.Argumentation

  c.Historical biographical/event narrative

  Test takers do not need any special background knowledge to correctly answer the questions in the Reading section; all the information needed to answer the questions is contained in the passages.

  Test takers must read through or scroll to the end of each passage before receiving questions on that passage. Once the questions appear, the passage is located on the right side of the computer screen, and the questions are on the left.

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