Part 2描述题的拓展策略

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Part 2描述题的拓展策略

  雅思口语第二部分的卡片题对很多考生而言是个挑战,其难点在于话题拓展不开,无话可说。出现这种状况的原因有两方面,一是口语基本功不扎实,想到的内容说不出来。二是对雅思口语话题还不够了解,没有做充分的思考和准备。对于第一种情况,即基本功的提高不可一蹴而就,需假以时日,持之以恒。本文将针对第二种情况,谈谈可用于卡片题内容拓展的两大策略,并结合真题做具体分析说明。

  策略一:4W+1H疑问词法

  4W— When, Where, Who, What, Why;

  1H— How

  【真题实例】Describe a festival that is popular in your country.

  You should say:

  What the festival is

  What time of year it is

  What people do during this festival

  Whether this festival has changed in recent years.

  【答题思路】以该例为代表的事件题最容易从时间,地点,人物角度入手探寻素材。话题卡本身会以特殊疑问句形式给出四个方面提示。就该题而言,what time=when, what people do=how, 对照4W+1H, 我们还可以自己加三点提示,即where to celebrate, with whom to spend,和why it is important to celebrate。那么内容一下子增加了近一半。

  【细节详解】

  卡片提示(4点)

  (what)The Spring Festival, is one of the\major traditional festivals in China.

  (when)It falls on the first day of the first lunar month.

  (what to do)Ways to celebrate the Chinese new year vary from place to place, but generally speaking, setting fireworks and firecrackers is a shared tradition and people across China decorate their house with the red color.

  (whether)In recent years, Spring festival is more like a time for family get-together and personal relaxation , not a tradition to celebrate.

  可增加的内容(3点)

  (where) Chinese people would like to spend the holiday at home, watching TV or playing mahjong.

  (who) On this day, family members who study or work away from home all come back and stay together. It is a time for family reunion.

  (why) It is essential to have such a festival to celebrate, coz it offers the working people a chance to slow down, to strengthen the family bond and more importantly, to remember their tradition.

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