雅思口语杀手级别话题:law

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雅思口语杀手级别话题:law

law这一话题被学生们戏称为杀手级别话题,因为大多数学生对这一话题的背景知识和相关材料准备的不足,导致在考场中发挥不出自己应有的水平.其实法律这一话题,只要掌握相关的词汇以及简单例子自然轻松搞定.

真题还原:

Describe a law in your country.
You should say
what the law is
what type of law it is (or, what kind of behaviour this law seeks to regulate)
how good (how necessary or effective or how suitable) you think this law is

And explain how this law affects people.

例文:

The law that I think is good is the plastic-bag usage law which took effect on June 1st 2008. Plastic bags are no longer offered for free when shopping. You now need to either bring your own bag or pay for a plastic bag. I think it is a great law because it aims to protect the environment by reducing white pollution.

I remember the day the law took effect. It was the weekend and I was at the supermarket buying food for the week. I normally try to do all my shopping during the weekend, because I don’t have time during the week to go to the supermarket. I got to the check-out counter with a full basket of food. The check-out woman asked if I had a bag or if I wanted to purchase a bag. I had completely forgotten about the new law! I ended up having to purchase a bag, but instead of buying a plastic bag I opted to buy a reusable canvas bag. Though it was more expensive, I still use that same bag every time I go shopping.

It pleases me to see more and more people bringing their own shopping bags with them to the super market since the law took effect last year. It just goes to show that people really do care about our environment.

词汇及材料扩展:

Restricting the use of plastic packaging限制塑料袋的使用

塑料袋 (plastic bags or plastic packaging)  

白色污染 (white pollution)

环保袋 (environment-friendly bags)       

生物可降解 (biodegradable)

能源消耗 (energy consumption)  

不可再生资源 (non-renewable energy resources)

出台法律 (roll out/introduce/ put forth/pass the law)

Intellectual Property Right Law知识产权法

正版 (authentic/real/genuine copy)   

盗版 (pirated/fake copy)

下载 (download)  下载文件链接 (download link)

打击 (crack down on/stamp out)   
在线观看 (online video streaming)

睁一只眼闭一只眼 (turn a blind eye to)   

What the law is? 

New Labour law 新劳动法            
Traffic Laws 交通法
Environmental Protection law  环境保护法   
Taxation law 税务法
New plastic-bags standards塑料袋使用规定 
One Child Policy 独生子女政策

When it went into effect?

Come into force
Go into effect
Become effective
Take effect
New Labour law 新劳动法:Jan, 2008
New plastic-bags standards 塑料袋使用规定:  June, 2008

What contents?

第几章第几条:chapter, article
规定,说明:states...says...
  
New labour law

The new law greatly limits the use of short-term contracts. The new law allows employers to assign only two consecutive fixed-term contracts. After that the employer must offer the employee an open-ended contract.
  
The LCL imposes severe restrictions on the use of probationary periods in the employment relationship. Probationary periods are permitted, but the length is limited. Furthermore, an employee can only be subject to a single probationary period by a single employer. Wages during the probationary period must also be no less than 80% of the contract wage.
  
New plastic-bags standards 
  
New standards forbid supermarkets and shops from handing out colorized plastic bags. Authorities say those bags are mainly made of wasted plastics which will pollute the environment. The standards also have other industrial requirements. For example, plastic bags should have a thickness of no less than 0.025 millimeter, so that they can be reused. Enterprises fail to conform to standards will face severe punishment.

And explain how good you think this law is.

New labour law
 
Chinese workers are increasingly aware of their rights
  
these laws seem more favorable to workers
  
The LCL has been actively publicized and employees are well informed about their rights under the new law.
  
try to redress the balance of power between workers and employers.
  
For example, mines and construction sites have been getting a lot of attention for several years now. workers were clearly being abused. All of this represented a source of social instability, and I think they just decided they couldn't afford it. So they decided to get at one root cause: the lack of contracts.

Implementation and enforcement are traditionally the weakest points of labor law in China.

New plastic-bags standards :


China's new standard is to change consumers' shopping habits.
If everyone can use just one plastic bag a day, he or she can save around 300 bags a year. And that would mean as much as a 2-thirds reduction in the use of plastic bags for the entire country.
Mainly aimed at protecting the environment.
Stop the "White pollution".

One Child Policy

reward of only child policy 独生子女的政策奖励    
force implement 强制执行

impose a penalty on sth 超生罚款
Reducing the population 减少人口
favorable to economic growth 有利于经济增长
one-child policy has helped the fight against global warming by avoiding 300 million births. 独生子女政策减少了三亿人口的出生, 帮助阻止全球变暖。

Road Traffic Safety Law  
  
It has been rightly said that when a man is sitting behind a steering wheel, his car becomes the extension of his personality. 有一种说法我认为是对的,每当人们手握方向盘的时候,他们的个性就显露出来了。
  
Only Stricter Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents. 只有制定更严格的法律才能防止事故发生。
  
Creating a safe, harmonious, orderly and convenient traffic environment. 创造安全、和谐、有序、方便的交通环境。
  
Drunken driving may cause traffic accident and death. Strictly abide by traffic law will guarantee a safe driving. 酒后驾车会导致交通事故及死亡,严格遵守交通法规保证驾驶安全
 

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