When it comes to IELTS reading, candidates are deeply convinced that this element is where most skills lie.As a matter of fact, the most efficient and essential strategy to handle reading part can be referred to as ‘exchange of synonyms’. This essay is in an attempt to assist candidates in surpassing barriers in the field of reading and hopefully can function as a reminder of one linguistic skill— flexible use or deployment of synonyms .
In broad terms, exchange of synonyms can be separated into three categories. Initially, the most crucial and most widely –encountered one can be identified as ‘synonyms with varied roots but with same part of speech’. A further and most obvious form can be known as ‘synonyms with same root, whereas the part of speech differs’ .The significance of final type can never be lessened since it is a virtual combination of attributes from the two aforementioned categories and can be referred to as ‘synonyms with varied roots and different part of speech’
Ⅰ.Specific Exemplifications of ‘Synonyms with Varied Roots but with Same Part of Speech’
A. Specific Exemplifications of ‘Synonyms with Varied Roots but with Same Part of Speech’ in Summary Completion with a Box
Cambridge IETLS 4test1 passage 3 question 39
… it was found that they made ----choices.
(One of the answer choice ‘similar’ is corresponding to a word ‘resemble’ in textbook. A further step is to check grammar and context meaning. Here by filling in the gap with the word ‘similar’, grammatical accuracy and appropriate meaning are well balanced. So this choice is correct.)
B. Specific Exemplifications of ‘Synonyms with Varied Roots but with Same Part of Speech’ in Multiple Choices
Cambridge IETLS 4test3 passage 1
Question 3: Which of the following is mentioned by the writer as a reason why children end up living on the streets?
(The answer choice is C. Starting by analyzing the question ,it is not hard for us to notice a frequently-encountered logic word reason ,then we can find its synonym cause and factor in passage. Then we read intensively nearby, ‘demand for income’ is identifiable in text as a substitute for poverty)
Ⅱ.Specific Exemplifications of ‘Synonyms with Same Root, Whereas the Part of Speech Differs’
A. Specific Exemplifications of ‘Synonyms with Same Root, Whereas the Part of Speech Differs’ in Classification
Cambridge IETLS 6test3 passage 3
Classify the following descriptions as relating to
A. caloric-restricted monkeys
B. control monkeys
C. neither caloric-restricted monkeys nor control monkeys
33. Monkeys were less likely to become diabetic.
The synonym of this word, namely diabetes, is identifiable in text.
…. (Pointing to a reduced risk for diabetes…)….
Because the subject in this paragraph is caloric-restricted monkeys, in the text, ‘diabetes’ acts as a substitute for ‘diabetic’ in the question then after some analysis, the answer choice A is thought to be perfect.
B. Specific Exemplifications of ‘Synonyms with Same Root, Whereas the Part of Speech Differs’ in Flow Chart
Cambridge IETLS 6test3 passage 3 Question 39
Theory 1: cells less damaged by disease because fewer -------are emitted it’s not hard to find its corresponding word ‘emission’ in textbook. The whole sentence goes like this: one possibility relates to the ATP-making machinery‘s emission of free radicals,which are…. With the choice of free radicals, grammar and context meaning can also be assured, so the answer is correct.
Ⅲ.Specific Exemplifications ‘Synonyms with Varied Roots and Different Part of Speech’
A. Specific Exemplifications ‘Synonyms with Varied Roots and Different Part of Speech’ in YES /NO/NOT GIVEN
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