日期:12-30| |专四写作辅导|人气:848


  1. 开头技巧一:名人名言


  A proverb says, “you are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)

  It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于只记住大致意思的名言)

  经典句型:As everyone knows, no one can deny that…


  2. 开头技巧二:数字统计


  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.


  A recent statistics shows that …



  1. 对立法 : 先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,



  1) When asked about....., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that ... But I think/view a bit differently.

  2) When it comes to .... , some people believe that ....... Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true . There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements , but (I tend to the proffer/latter ...)

  3) Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that .... They claim/believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....

  2. 现象法 引出要剖析的现象或者问题, 然后评论 .

  1) Recently the rise in problem of/(phenomenon of) ... has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/worldwide concern.

  2) Recently the issue of the problem of/the phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus. ( has been brought to public attention)

  3)Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

  3. 观点法 开门见山,直截了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法.

  1) Never history has the change of .. been as evident as ...Nowhere in the world/China has the issue/idea of .. been more visible/popular than...

  2) Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

  3) Now there is a growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to......Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ......

  4) Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that.......

  4. 引用法 - 先引出有代表性的看法, 来引出文章要展开论述的观点!

  1) "Knowledge is power." such is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

   "Education is not complete with graduation." Such is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

  2) "........." How often we hear such statements/words like those/this. In our own days we are used to hearing such traditional complains as this "......".

  5. 比较法通过对过去,现在两种不同的倾向,观点的比较, 引出文章要讨论的观点. 

  1) For years, ...had been viewed as ... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ... , people ....... .

  2) People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new.

  6. 故事法先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣, 引出文章的主题.

  1) Once in (a newspaper) , I read of/learnt .... The phenomenon of... has aroused public concern.

  2) I have a friend who ... Should he .... ? Such a dilemma we are often confront with in our daily life.

  3) Once upon a time , there lived a man who ... This story may be (unbelievable) , but it still has a realistic significance now.

  7.问题法 - 先用讨论或解答的设问, 引出自己观点, 适用于有争议性的话题.

  Should/What ...... ? Options of ... vary greatly, some ..., others ...But in my opinion, ...... .




  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.



  2. 主题句原则



  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

  3. 一 二 三原则

  领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 虽然罗嗦。但是毕竟条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。解决方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就可以了。

  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)

  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

  8)most important of all, moreover, finally

  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

  4. 短语优先原则


  I cannot bear it.

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

  I want it.

  可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.


  5. 多实少虚原则

  原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个人很好的时候,不应该直说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:

  走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room,但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

  小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room,小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room,老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room,所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩。 



  都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:

  I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.


  Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.

  其它的短语可以用:besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover



  The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. the coat was thin, but it was warm.

  的短语:despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  (3)因果(so, so, so)


  The snow began to fall, so we went home.

  短语:then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that



  举例:This is what I can do.

  Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.


  When to go, why he goes away…



  The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

  I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.

  Mr Liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.

  其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。



  Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.

  Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, and the wind and ocean tides.

  We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)

  要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可。 如果觉得《PETS写作—开头的写作技巧》专四写作辅导,yyzszb不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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