81．The first steam engine was devised by Thomas newcomer at the end of 17th century, and the Scottish inventor james watt modified and improved the design in 1765.
82．As a result of the industrial revolution, Britain was by 1830 the “workshop of the world”.
83．In the 18th and 19th centuries, the lords had far more influence than it has today and the commons were also really gentry on the edge of aristocracy.
84．The chartist movement was, however, the first nationwide working class movement and drew attention to serious problems.
85．In 1900, representatives of the trade unions, the ILP, and a number of socialist societies set up the labour representation for the general which changed its name to the labour party in time for the general election for 1906.
86．English colonial expansion began with the colonization of Newfoundland in 1583. By 1900 Britain had built up a big empire, “on which the sun never set”.
87．During world war Ⅰ， Britain lost over a million people, most of them under age of 25.
88．Chamberlain was not the man to lead his country in such a crisis, Winston Churchill , his first lord of admiralty took over as Prime Minster in 1940.
89．In January, 1973, Britain finally became a member of the Europe Economic Community, which was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957.
90．The election of 1979 returned the conservative party to power and Margaret Chatcher became the first woman prime minister in Britain.