大学英语专业八级之人文地理:英国经济2

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大学英语专业八级之人文地理:英国经济2

  97.Just as the 1940s decade is remembered in Britain as the era of nationalization. The 1980s will be remembered as the decade of privatization. During past decade almost 40% of the Britain state enterprises were privatized.

  正如20世纪40年代在英国以国有化的十年被记住一样,80年代的十年将以私有化被人们记住,过去十年里几乎有40%的国有企业被私有化。

  98.Compared with many other countries, Britain has considerable reserves of coal. It was the development of Britain’s coalfields which led to the Industrial Revolution. Today British coal mining is called a “sick” industry.

  和其他许多国家相比,英国煤储备相当丰富。正是英国煤田的发展引起了工业革命,今天的英国媒业被称为“生病”工业。

  99.Later nature gas was discovered in 1965 and oil in 1970 under the North Sea. Today Britain is not only self-sufficient in oil but also has a surplus for export.

  过去天然气和石油分别在1965年和1970年在北海发现,今天的英国石油不仅能自给自足,还有盈余出口。

  100.The Midlands has deposits of coal and iron located near each other. Because of these resource the Midlands became the center of steal industry. But today local supplies have became exhausted ore must be imported from Spain·Sweden and elsewhere. The original advantages of the location of many steal works in Britain have gone.

  中部地区既有煤储藏也有铁矿石储藏,因此中部地区成为钢铁中心。但今天当地储备已枯竭,矿石必须从西班牙、瑞典和其他地方进口,英国许多钢铁厂原先的地理优势已经一去不返。

  101.The main textile producing regions of Britain are the east Yorkshire and humberside, and northern Ireland. Britain’s textile industry has declined markedly especially in the cotton 、jute and linen production. But the production of high quality woolen goods has not been so severely affected.

  英国主要纺织基地是现在的中东部,约克郡和汉伯塞德郡及北爱尔兰。英国纺织业德显著衰退尤其表现在棉布、黄麻和亚麻布的生产上。但高质的羊毛商品还未受影响。

  

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