英语专业四级考试全真模拟试卷十(2)

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英语专业四级考试全真模拟试卷十(2)

PART ⅥREADING COMPREHENSION[30 MIN.]

SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION[25 MIN.]

In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choices on your ANSWER SHEET.

TEXT A

In Britain arrangements for inviting and entertaining guests at a wedding are usually the responsibility of the bride’s family. In most cases it is mainly friends and relations of both families who are invited, but when the bride’s father is businessman of some kind, the wedding reception may provide a useful occasion for establishing social connections with clients or customers and other people whose good will may be of advantage to him. It is, however, the bride’s mother who had the job of sending out the formal printed invitation cards.

In the case of a church wedding, the vicar of each parish in which the ceremony bride and bridegroom live is normally informed about a month in advance of the ceremony so that an announcement of the coming wedding can be made in church on each of three Sundays before it takes place. Anyone who may know of an existing marriage of either partner is ordered to give information about it, though this means of avoiding bigamy must have been more effective in the days when people moved about the world less than they do today. Often up to a hundred or more people attend the religious service and the bride usually wears the traditional long white dress and veil, while her bride-maids, who are often children, wear long dress in attractive colors. This may also happen in the case of a civil wedding in a register office but is probably less usual.The reception which follows may be held in a restaurant, a local hall or, when there are few guests, in the bride’s own home. Refreshments are provided, a special iced wedding-cake is cut (usually to the accompaniment of speeches) and distributed to the guests, toasts are drunk and dancing may follow. At some point in the celebrations, the bride goes off the change into everyday clothes and then leaves the party with her husband to go on their honeymoon, the journey they will make together, often in romantic surroundings abroad.

66. According to the passage some guests may be invited because____.

A. they are likely to be annoyed if they are not

B. they may give valuable presents

C. their presence could provide future benefits

D. they may help with the expenses of the wedding

67. What possible difference is suggested between a church and a civil wedding?

A. Civil weddings are less commonly followed by a reception.

B. It is less usual for guests to attend the civil wedding formalities.

C. Guests at civil weddings are less formally dressed.

D. There could be less attention paid at the latter to convention and picturesque effect.

68. Why are the arrangements for a church wedding usually made some time before?

A. To allow the necessary length of time for publishing the wedding.

B. To provide time for organizing the reception.

C. To make sure that the guests can arrange to be free on the day.

D. To ensure a thorough investigation of the couple’s existing marital status.

69. The couple leave for their honeymoon ____.

A. after the church or register office ceremony

B. immediately after the cake has been cut and the speeches made

C. at the end of the reception

D. as soon as the bride is ready to leave

TEXT B

The great treasure of America is not the land, as bountiful as it is. Nor is it the gold and paper currency in bank vaults.America’s greatest treasure can be found in any telephone directory that lists a representative sample of the millions of skilled working men and women who make this country go.

As with most blessings, we take these people for granted. Were it not for this great army of people who know how to do things and how to do them right America would collapse overnight. But they are mostly absent from television, movies and newspapers. When a new high-rise office complex is announced, the emphasis is on who will occupy it and who is financing it. Virtually nothing is said about the team of workers who, from bare ground and blueprints, will build it.

Those in the building trades are only part of the treasure. The millions of men and women who make our industries, businesses and service organizations work are also part of this largely untold story.

It’s fashionable these days to talk about American’s decline. It’s also fashionable to talk about the loss of the work ethic. Fashionable bunk.

America is not in decline. Since 1982 the economy has grown at an impressive average annual rate of four percent; and the productivity of workers in our manu facturing industries has risen at the fastest rate since World War IIaveraging an unheard-of five percent a year.

Nor has our work ethic dropped off. More Americans are working now than ever, and the unemployment rate is the lowest it has been in over 15 years. Look away form the TV screen at the real world. What do you see? Men and women, working day and night, seven days a week. They are the heart that pumps life into the American economy.

70. According to this passage, the great treasure of America is ____.

A. the telephone directory

B. the gold and paper currency in bank vaults

C. the team of workers of building trade

D. millions of skilled working men and women

71. The great army of working people ____.

A. are often taken for granted

B. seldom watch TV, go to the cinema or read newspaper

C. are heroes in stories

D. are looked down upon in the society

72.What’s the writer’s attitude toward the saying about America’s decline and the loss of the work ethic?

A. Supportive.B. Optimistic.

C. Opposed.D. Pessimistic.

73. Through the last paragraph, the writer wants to prove ____.

A. it’s fashionable these days to talk about America’s decline

B. it’s fashionable to talk about the loss of the work ethic

C. it’s fashionable bunk to talk about the loss of the work ethic

D. America’s economy is growing at an impressive rate

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TEXT C

How extraordinarily different, again, are the attitudes of different people to their fellow men! One man, in the course of a long train journey, will fail entirely to observe any of his fellow travelers, while another will have summed them all up, analyzed their characters, made a shrewd guess at their circumstances, and perhaps even ascertained the most secret histories of several of them. People differ just as much in what they feel toward others as in what they ascertain about them. Some men find almost everybody boring; others quickly and easily develop a friendly feeling toward those with whom they are brought in contact, unless there is some definite reason for feeling otherwise. Take again such a matter as travel; some men will travel through many countries, going always to the best hotels, eating exactly the same food as they would eat at home, meeting the same idle rich whom they would meet at home, conversing on the same topics upon which they converse at their own dinner table. When they return, their only feeling is one of relief at having done with the boredom of expensive locomotion. Other men, wherever they go, see what is characteristic, make the acquaintance of other people who typify the locality, eat the food of the country, learn its manner and its language, and come home with a new stock of pleasant thoughts for winter evenings.

74. Which statement best express the main idea?

A. The attitudes of different people toward others are very strangely different.

B. Some people are much interested in conversing on the same topics in the course of a long train journey.

C. The attitudes of some people are to develop a friendly feeling toward those with whom they come into contact. 

D. Some people have keen interest in whatever they see and whomever they make the acquaintance of.

75. The paragraph could be entitled ____.

A. Different Travelers with Different Ideas

B. Good Observers with Different Interests

C. Different Eaters with Different Tastes

D. Different Attitudes of Different People

76. Which of the following statements is NOT true? 

A. Some men find almost everybody boring. 

B. Some men may ascertain the most secret histories of several of the passengers in the course of a long train journey. 

C. Some may find it easy to develop a friendly feeling towards others. 

D. Some may like to travel with the same idle rich. 

TEXT D

Being considered a leader in our society is the ultimate compliment.“Leadership has become the universal vitamin C pill,” says psychologist David Campbell of the Center for Creative Leadership in Colorado Springs, Colo. ” people seem to want megadoses.”No wonder, Leadership bestows power, commands respect and , most important, fosters achievement. Unlike vitamins, though, leadership pills can’t be easily gulped down. They must be carefully cultivated. 

Contrary to popular belief, most good leaders are made not born.They hone their skills in their everyday lives. But which do they cultivate? How do they (and how can you) get others to follow?

Always give credit. Many leaders note that the most efficient way to get a good performance from others is to treat them like heroes. Giving public credit to someone who has earned it is the best leadership technique in the world. It is also an act of generosity that’s never forgotten. Giving credit is more effective than even the most constructive criticism, which often hurts rather than helps. Kenneth Blanchard, coauthor of The One-Minute Manager, agrees. “Catch people doing something right!” he says. Then tell everyone about it. The loyalty you will generate is arguably the most important currency a leader has. 

“The best leaders know that taking a risk is not a thoughtless exercise,” says management consultant Marilyn Machlowitz. “Sky divers don’t go up in an airplane without checking the parachutes beforehand.”

Because the idea of risk also carries with it the possibility of failure, many of us tend to wait for others to take charge. But if you want to be a leader, you must learn to fail-and not die a thousand deaths. Pick yourself up and start all over again. 

Show the way. In 1965, Lee Ducat was a Philadelphia homemaker with a child who had just been found to have diabetes. Ducat tried to reach out to other mothersof diabetic kids, but at first no one wanted to talk. 

Finally Ducat managed to find three other mothers willing to share their experience, and from that beginning she went on to found and lead the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, which currently has 150 chapters worldwide. Ducat also formed and now heads the National Disease Research Interchange, which procures human tissues for vital research. Lee Ducat’s secret? Being a role model. “Have you ever noticed that if you smile at people, they smile back?” she asks,“ Well, if you’re giving, people want to give right back. If you’re sure-footed, they want to follow in your footsteps. If you’re confident about reaching a goal, others echo that confidence and try to achieve it for you.”

“The best thing you can do is to get followers to mirror your actions by being what you wish them to be.”

77. When the writer says leadership has become the universal vitamin C pill, he means ____.

A. leadership can cure many diseases as vitamin C does.

B. leadership is an essential part of everybody.

C. leadership can prevent one from failure.

D. leadership brings power, respect, achievement, etc.

78. What can be inferred from this passage?

A. Most people believe that good leaders are born.

B. Leadership skills are not easily obtained.

C. Leaders develop their leading skills in their everyday lives.

D. Leaders seem to want megadoses of vitamin C.

79. If you want to be a leader, you____.

A. may diethousand deaths

B. should take more thoughtful exercises

C. get rid of the idea of risking so as to succeed

D. take the risk of failure

80. What’s the main idea of this passage?

A. What is good leadership.

B. How to be a leader.

C. Leadership has become the universal vitamin C pill.

D. Most effective leaders are made not born.

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SECTION BSKIMMING AND SCANNING [5 MIN.]

In this section there are five passages with a total of ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

TEXT E

First read the following questions.

81. John Waston was refused a job in the café because of____.

A. his sexB. his age

C. his past experienceD. his beard

82. The present selection may be taken from ____.

A. a book about employment

B. a medical report

C. a local newspaper

D. a book about bacteria

Now read Text E quickly and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.British employment tribunal has ruled that supermarket chain Waitrose was justified in refusing to employ a man with a beard because it posed a hygience risk. 53-year-old John Watson was told by the supermarket that he would have to shave off his cheek and chin whiskers if he wanted a job in the café at one of its branches because beards were “a host for bacteria.” Watson, who has had a beard for 28 years, previously worked as a chef at a nearby supermarket run by rival chain Somerfield without any problems. He decided to take Waitrose to a tribunal claiming sex discrimination. But tribunal chairman Stephen Scott backed Waitrose.

“The tribunal accepts that hair from the head and face poses a significant food safety risk,” he said. Waitrose said the company had not discriminated against Watson on grounds of his sex. “After all, if a bearded lady had applied we might have had to refuse her as well,” a Waitrose spokesman said.

TEXT F

First read the following questions.

83. The general idea of the passage is about____.

A. a diagnosis of lung cancer

B. the development of lung cancer

C. a new technique to detect lung cancer earlier

D. lung-cancer mortality

84. For patients who developed lung cancer four years later, the test result was ____percent.

A. 90B. 91C. 88D. 70

Now read Text F quickly and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Over 150,000 people receive a diagnosis of lung cancer every year, and nearly 90 percent die within five years. But lung cancer may be detected much earlier with a new screening technique being tested at the National Cancer Institute, the Johns Hopkins University and the University of Pennsylvania.

The technique uses monoclonal antibodies to detect changes in bronchial cells,A study of cells trapped in sputum specimens (fluid coughed up from the lungs) obtained at least ten years ago found 91 percent of the specimens from patients who developed lung cancer two years later tested positive; 88 percent of specimens from people without lung cancer tested negative. For patients who developed this cancer four years later, the test was 70 percent accurate.

It will take four or five years of further study to confirm these preliminary results. If they prove out, this could be “ a critical first step” in lowering lung-cancer mortality, the highest of any cancer, says Dr. James L. Mulshine of the NCI, who helped develop the technique. 

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TEXT G

First read the following questions.

85. Current regulations require a minimum of ____ capitalization for thrift.

A. six percent

B. five percent

C. three percent

D. one percent

86. The general tone of the passage is ____.

A. argumentative

B. descriptive

C. instructive

D. critical

Now read Text G quickly and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Is Your S&L on the Brink?

THERE ARE SEVERAL WAYS to tell if your thrift is in trouble, One is to simply ask the institution for financial data. While only publicly held S&Ls must provide such data to customers, many mutual S&Ls will also supply it. Be suspicious if your S&L refuses. You can also get such information from the federal home-loan bank in your area. 

Look first at the ratio of equity capital or net worth to assets (primarily loans). Most analysts agree that five-percent capitalization is a minimum for the strongest S&Ls, with six percent preferred for smaller institutions. Current regulations require a minimum of three-percent capitalization for thrifts. Another good indicator is return on assents, which measures profits as a percentage of assets. Analysts say one percent or more is a good sign.

If your S&L is insolvent or likely to be taken over, is your money safe? Yes,if your deposits are fully insuredthat is, under the $100,000 limit per account classification per institution. The insurance will still apply in a takeover. So it is not worth incurring any early-withdrawal penalties if you have a certificate of deposit that is yet to mature. However, if you have deposits over $100,000 that are not insured , transfer them to a financially strong institution.

Bill Sing in Los Angeles Times

TEXT H

First read the following questions.

87. The passage is chiefly about ____. 

A. shin pads

B. M-LAW

C. Wacky Warning Labels contest

D. product liability lawsuit

88. The general tone of the passage is ____. 

A. descriptive

B. instructive

C. critical

D. argumentative 

Now read Text H quickly and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Be warned: “Shin pads cannot protect any part of the body they do not cover.” That label on a pair of shin guards beat out nearly 100 competitors to win the Michigan Lawsuit Abuse Watch’s Wacky Warning Labels contest. M-LAW, a nonprofit group formed in 1997, seeks to call attention to the effects of product-liability lawsuits. “I picked up the label and found it absolutely ridiculous,” said Joe Schanderson, who won $ 500 for submitting the entry. Schanderson’s find beat out a label affixed to a toilet inside a public restroom: “ Recycled flush water unsafe for drinking.”

Other runners-up included:

A warning on an electric router: “This product not intended for use as a dental drill.”A warning on a rock garden set: “Eating rocks may lead to broken teeth!”

TEXT I

First read the following questions.

89. This advertisement is for ____.

A. medical instrument

B. dog drug

C. adult drug

D. business service

90. Merck & Co.Inc. belongs to the state of ____.

A. Florida

B. North Dakota

C. California

D. New Jersey

Now read Text I quickly and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

With HEARTGARD-30 You Only Have toRemember Once a month

HEARTGARD-30 (ivermectin) is the first only once-a-month heartworm disease preventive. Now, instead of having to give your dog a tablet every single day during the mosquito season, you only have to give one treatment each month (over a 6 month period, that’s just 6 tablets instead of 180).

This is important, because if you should forget to give the daily treatment for just two consecutive days, your dog could be in danger-even if you resume treatment. And HEARTGARD-30 is less risky because the one monthly treatment is easier to remember.So see your veterinarian for a heartworm test and ask him about the easy once-a-month heartworm disease preventive.

Composition: Each HEARTGARD-30 tablet contains 68,136,or 272 micrograms ivermect in. Indications: HEARTGARD-30 is for use in dogs to prevent heartworm disease caused by Dirofilaria immitis by eliminating tissue stage larvae. Precautions: Dogs should be tested by your veterinarian for existing heartworm infections prior to starting treatment with HEARTGARD-30. A mild hypersensitivity-type reaction, involving a transient diarrhea, may occur after the treatment of dogs that have circulating microfilariae. When given at many times the recommended dose, ivermectin (the active ingredient in HEARTGARD-30) caused serious adverse reactions, including death, in certain dogs, particularly of the collie breed. Observe collies closely for at least eight hours after treatment. If unusual signs, such as dilated pupils, depression, or a staggering gait are seen following treatment, contact your veterinarian immediately. HEARTGARD-30 is not effective for treatment of adult heartworm infections or for clearance of microfilariae. Caution: Federal (U.S.A.) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children. See your veterinarian for complete information. MSD AGVET, Division of Merck & Co., Inc., Ratway. NJ07065-0912,USA. HEARTGARD-30 is a registered trademark of Merck & Co., Inc.,Ratway, NJ07065, USA. All rights reserved. HGD-8-0286-AJA. www.59wj.com 如果觉得《英语专业四级考试全真模拟试卷十(2)》专四模拟试题,yyzszb不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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