英语专业四级考试全真模拟试卷十四(2)

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英语专业四级考试全真模拟试卷十四(2)

PART ⅥREADING COMPREHENSION[30 MIN.]

SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION [25 MIN.]

In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer.

Mark your choices on your ANSWER SHEET.

TEXT A

On April the 18th, 1960, it was a few minutes after 5 o’clock in the morning. Most people in San Francisco were asleep, but the rattling of the milkmen’s carts and bottles meant that the city was waking to another busy day.

At that moment the land suddenly moved. The vibration was so strong that great buildings fell down, including the new seven-million-dollar City Hall, which the community had good reason to be proud of. Main water pipes burst. Cooking stoves overturned and electric wires flashed. The fires which started caused damage in large areas of the city.

What had happened? The rocks had broken apart along nearly three hundred miles of a crack in the earth of California, a feature of the physical map of that region known as a “fault”.

The damage was greatest in San Francisco which was near the center of the fault. Many buildings were destroyed by fire or by the earthquake itself, and hundreds of people were killed. Many people also died from diseases which broke out in the dirty camps later occupied by homeless people. The fires got out of control and, before they died out, four square miles of the city were burnt out.The loss of property was serious. The loss from fire alone amounted to 400,000,000 dollars, more than nine-tenths of the total damage. In those days this was an enormous sum. 

The effects of the earthquake were widespread. Rivers and streams began to run in new directions and their flow patterns were changed. Trees six feet in diameter were uprooted within half a mile of the central break. An area of wet fields on the side of a hill actually moved half a mile downwards. A road which crossed the fault burst apart and a gap of 21 feet remained between the broken ends.

The California earthquake is remembered because it was so sudden and because it occurred in a city, where the damage and destruction were plainly visible and where many people were killed simultaneously. Actually, deaths on American roads from car accidents are now greater in almost any week of the year, but we are so accustomed to road accidents that we do not pay much attention to them.

Scientists and engineers studied the effects of the San Francisco earthquake. The city was rebuilt, and new features were introduced to strengthen buildings and maintain a constant water supply in the event of another earthquake. The water mains were fitted with control values which would enable water to travel by different routes round broken places. Large underground tanks were constructed to supply water if normal supplies could not be tapped. Special measures were taken to prevent fires, which often do more damage than earthquakes themselves.

The San Francisco earthquake provided scientists with valuable information, since the effects of the break were visible and reports of the incident were an important contribution to the world’s store of knowledge about earthquakes.

66. The main cause of the great loss of property after the San Francisco earthquake in 1960 is ____.

A.falling buildings

B.broken pipes

C.fires

D.floods

67. One of the reasons why the California Earthquake is very impressive is that ____.

A. it was the first time that so many people were killed

B. it was over suddenly

C. the damage and destruction of the city could be easily seen

D. the damage and destruction of the city were nothing unusual

68. In paragraph 7, the author mentions road accidents in order to tell people____.

A. Americans are not afraid of traffic accidents

B. Americans take road accidents for granted because they do not observe trafficrules

C. speeding is the major cause of road accidents in America

D. road accidents actually kill more people than earthquake but are neglected in America

69. We can infer from the passage that scientists are ____.

A. writing reports

B. observing what happened to San Francisco

C. providing more information about the California Earthquake

D. learning more about earthquakes

TEXT B

Decades before the American Revolution of 1776, Jesse Fish, a native New Yorker,retreated to an island off St. Augustine, Florida, to escape unhappy family situation. In a time he became Florida’s first orange baron and his oranges were in great demand in London throughout the 1770’s. The English found them juicy and sweet and preferred them to other varieties, even though they had thin skins and were hard to peel.

There would probably have been other successful commercial growers before Fish if Florida had not been under Spanish rule for some two hundred years. Columbus first brought seeds for citrus trees to the New World and planted them in the Antilles. But it was most likely Ponce de León who introduced oranges to the North American continent when he discovered Florida in 1513. For a time, each Spanish sailor on a ship bound for America was required by law to carry one hundred seeds with him. Later, because seeds tended to dry out, all Spanish ships were required to carry young orange trees. The Spaniards planted citrus trees only for medicinal purpose, however, they saw no need to start commercial groves because or anges were so abundant in Spain.

70. What is the main topic of the passage?

A.The role of Florida in the American Revolution

B.The discovery of Florida by Ponce de León in 1513

C.The history ofthe cultivation of oranges in Florida

D.The popularity of Florida oranges in London in the 1770’s

71. According to the passage, Spanish vessels began to bring orange tree seedling to North America when ____.

A. the United States agricultural laws were revised

B. ambitious sailors began to smuggle seeds

C. doctors reported a lack of medical supplies

D. authorities realized that seeds did not travel well

72. According to the passage, Florida oranges were valued by the Spanish primarily____.

A. as a medium of exchange

B. for their unusual seeds

C. for their medical use

D. as a source of food for sailors

73. The Spaniards did not grow oranges commercially in the New World because ____.

A. oranges tended to dry out during shipping

B. Florida oranges were very small

C. there was no great demand for oranges in Europe

D. oranges were plentiful in their home country

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TEXT C

The rapid, pervasive, and truly unprecedented transformation resulting from science and technology is a central fact of our lives. It calls for the strengthening of institutional capability for objective, scholarly analysis of critical issues based on a broad foundation of knowledge and experience. Colleges and universities, academies, and freestanding institutes can mobilize a wide range of talent to address the great issue of our time in a sustained, fascinating, and effective way. They can give us a better chance to get the complex facts straight and to clarify the most promising options —all this in a way that is in— credible and even intelligible to nonspecialists. Such efforts can be helpful to open-minded policy-makers, but also-and perhaps more importantly in the long run—to the education of a broadly informed public on the great issues of our time and the policy choices available to us.

Surely the problems associated with the social and economic concomitants of technological change are not insuperable. The opportunities provided by the advancing technology, if wisely utilized, suggest that it is worth a lot of trouble and hard work to find ways to make a decent social adjustment.

74. What is the best alternative of the word “address” in the firstparagraph?

A.Speak.

B.Write.

C.Explanation.

D.Talk.

75. In the second paragraph, the author tells us that ____. 

A. a better explanation of the great issue of our time has some advantages

B. nonspecialists can get help from studying in colleges and universities

C. education system will benefit from the research of the great issue of our time

D. all of the above

76. We know from the passage that transformation resulting from science and technology ____.

A. has brought about many social and economic problems

B. has brought about many unsolvable social and economic problems

C. has brought about technological problems in the economic society

D. has brought about many social and economic problems for us to solve

77. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. We are living in a transformed world, so it’s necessary for us to raise the education standard.

B. The transformation calls for a better understanding of the happening of our time and an anticipation of major technological tendency.

C. The transformation calls for enlarging colleges and universities and helping policy-makers make better policies.

D. Problems resulting from transformation are so hard to solve that we must mobilize a wide range of talent to solve them.

TEXT D

The Stone Age was a period of history which began in approximately 2 million B.C. and lasted until 3000 B.C. Its name was derived from the stone tools and weapons that modern scientists found. This period was divided into the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic Ages. During the first period,(2 million to 8000 B.C.) the first hatchet and use of fire for heating and cooking were developed.

As a result of the Ice Age, which evolved about 1 million years into the Paleolithic Age, people were forced to seek shelter in caves, wear clothing, and develop new tools.

During the Mesolithic Age (8000 B.C. to 6000 B.C.) people made crude pottery and the first fish hooks, took dogs hunting, and developed a bow and a arrow, which was used until the 14th century A.D.The Neolithic Age (6000 to 3000 B.C.) saw humankind demonstrating sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle, being less nomadic than in previous eras, establishing permanent settlements, and creating governments.

78. Which of the following was developed earliest?

A.The fish hook.

B.The first hatchet.

C.The bow and arrow.

D.Pottery.

79. Which period lasted longest?

A. Paleolithic

B. Ice Age

C. Mesolithic

D. Neolithic

80. Which of the following periods saw people develop a more communal form of living ?

A. Paleolithic

B. Ice Age

C. Mesolithic

D. Neolithic

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SECTION A SKIMMING AND SCANNING[5 MIN.]

In this section there are four passages with a total of ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

TEXT E

First read the following questions.

81. According to the passage, when will the dream of turning the mirage of today into an oasis come true?

A.Tomorrow.

B.Shortly.

C.In 3 years time.

D.Not stated.

82. Who funds/fund the $ 20 million project?

A. The Egyptian government.

B. The United States.

C. The Egyptian government and the Italian government.

D. The Italian Oil Corp and Egypt’s National Petroleum Co.

83. Which of the following information is NOT correct?

A. One hundred and twenty hectares of barren desert could be turned into a selfsufficient farm community.

B. As much as 80 tons of beef could be produced each year.

C. The Sun’s energy will be converted to 360,000 kilowatt hours of photovoltaic energy.

D. The project is located 1500 kilometers south of Cairo.

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

On a patch of sun-baked Egyptian soil 1500 kilometers south of Cairo, the mirage of today may become the oasis of tomorrow. Agip Nucleare, the alternativeenergy arm of ENI the Italian Oil Corpis embarking on a land-reclamation project that could turn 120 hectares of barren desert into a self-sufficient farm community of 2,000 people.

Work is to begin shortly on what looms as the world’s largest farming operation run by renewable resources. According to planners, each year the Agip project should produce as much as 80 tons of beef, 1 million liters of fresh milk, 30,000 kilos of poultry, 9 million eggs, and 120 tons of vegetables. That’s enough to feed an produce income for the community’s 500 families.

Through the use of solar panels, the sun’s energy will be converted to 180,000 kilowatt hours of photovoltaic energy to pump irrigation water from deep wells. The farmland will provide vegetables as well as fodder for the chicken and beef operations.

In turn, the manure produced by the chickens will be channeled into a 500-cubiometer biodegrading power that will generate another 180,000 kilowatt hours of energy in the form of methanethe by-product of the fermentation of anaerobic microorganisms. The methane will supply power to cool the chicken houses as well as a refrigerated warehouse.

The $ 20 million project, funded by ENI and Egypt’s National Petroleum Co.will take 3 years to complete.

Solar energy in particular could be the key to bring the modern agriculture techniques to a majority of the world’s rural areas, where a lack of resourcesin both money and fuellimits the populations to subsistence farming.

TEXT F

First read the following questions.

84. Who was NOT a politician?

A.Bryan.

B.Buchan.

C.Buchanan.

D.Buck.

85. Who is the author of The Thirty-Nine Steps?

A. Bryan.

B. Buchan.

C. Buchanan.

D. Buck.

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Bryan, William Jennings (1860-1925) American Democrat politician who was famous as an orator. He was defeated three times as presidential candidate, and was Secretary of State, 1913-15.Buchan, John, Baron Tweedsmuir (1875-1940) Scottish writer and statesman. He was Governor-General of Canada (1935-1940). He wrote adventure stories that were very popular and successful, such as Prester John (1910) and The Thirty-Nine Steps(1915).Buchanan, James (1971-1868) 15th President of the USA (1857-61),a Democrat, born in Pennsylvania. He tried without success to prevent the Civil War.Buck, Pearl (1892-1972) US novelist who grew up in China and returned there as an English teacher. She wrote many novels about life in China and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. Her best known book is The Good Earth (1931), East WindWest Wind (1930) and Dragon Seed(1942).

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TEXT G

First read the following questions.

86. This product is likely to taste ____.

A.bitter

B.salty

C.sweet

D.sour

87. Which is NOT contained in this product?

A.Riboflavin.

B.Niacin.

C.Vitamin A.

D.Vitamin B.

Now skim the table below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Product Information per Serving

Calcium30% R.D.A.

Riboflavin15%

Niacin20%

Vitamin A25%

Vitamin D15%

Vitamin C5%

Protein20%

Calories85

WARNING: This product contains saccharin, a nonnutritive sweetener which has been determined to cause cancer in rats in laboratory experiments.

TEXT H

First read the following questions.

88. Compared with a typewriter, a word processor is ____. 

A.simpler

B.much easier

C.more complicated

D.more difficult

89. Basic word processing programs can help people manipulate ____.

A.words

B.movie clippings

C.product prints

D.moving pictures

90. Which of the following the word processing programs can not do ?

A.Changing the order of words or paragraphs

B.Coining new words 

C.Correcting misspelling

D.Discarding regrettable phrasings

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Word processing is one of the most common uses for personal computers because it’s a tool that just about anybody can make good use of. Essentially, a word processor is a program that turns a computer into a vastly more sophisticated cousin of the typewriter.

Programs come in all degrees of sophistication, but, even at its most basic, word processing offers so many improvements over a typewriter that writing becomes qualitatively different: You can revise a document as many times as you like on the computer’s screen with almost no effortcorrecting misspelling, changing the order of words or paragraphs, discarding regrettable phrasingsbefore a word ever appears on paper. Any document, from a 100-page report to a business letter to a resume, can be perfect on the first printing. And if it’s not, you need type in only your corrections: the computer will handle the drudgery of retyping the whole thing. www.59wj.com 如果觉得《英语专业四级考试全真模拟试卷十四(2)》专四模拟试题,yyzszb不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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