专业英语四级考试全真模拟试题含答案解析

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专业英语四级考试全真模拟试题含答案解析

1. Although ____ Spanish, he attended the course.

A. he was knowing B. he is knowing

C. having a knowledge of D. knows

 

2. You ____that letter to James. However, you didn‘t.

A. ought to write B. ought to have written

C. should write D. should be writing

 

3. Joseph was very lucky ____ with his life; he almost did not get out of the room.

A. to escape B. to have escaped

C. to escaping D. to be escaping

 

4. Bread and butter ____liked by Westerners.

A. is

B. are

C. were

D. be

 

5. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, ____ very pleasant to sit on in summer.

A. which is

B. which it is

C. it is

D. where it is

 

6. He set up in business ____ his own and was very successful.

A. in

B. of

C. on

D. by

7. John‘s score on the test is the highest in the class; he ____ last night.

A. must study

B. should have studied

C. must have studied

D. is sure to study

 

8. Frank almost never received any education, ____?

A. would he

B. did he

C. didn‘t he

D. wouldn‘t he

 

9. Even if his letter ____ tomorrow, it ____ too late to do anything.

A. will arrive……is

B. should arrive……were

C. arrives……will be

D. arrives……would be

 

10. We can hear ____from the back of the room.

A. just as good

B. just as easy 

C. just as well

D. easily as well

 

11. To obtain a satisfactory result, one must apply two ____ of paint on a clean surface.

A. coats

B. levels

C. times

D. courses

 

12. The small mountain village was ____ by the snow for more than one month.

A. cut back

B. cut out

C. cut off

D. cut away

 

13. Miss Green was ____ $100 for driving after drinking.

A. fined

B. charged

C. punished

D. posed

 

14. Modern ____ perhaps causes more problems than it solves.

A. technique

B. technology

C. tactics

D. tendency

 

15. Mary tiptoed over and took the clock away because she hated to hear it ____ when she was trying to go to sleep.

A. sounding

B. ringing

C. ticking

D. humming

 

16. Under this ____ pressure some of the rocks even became liquid.

A. intensive

B. weighty

C. intense

D. bulky

 

17. Of course, most immigrants did not get rich overnight, but the ____ of them were eventually able to improve upon their former standard of living.

A. maximum

B. minority

C. majority

D. minimum

 

18. Nancy was surprised that they have ____。 They seemed to be a happy couple.

A. split up

B. broken down 

C. fallen through

D. knocked out

 

19. The beach is in an ideal ____ to draw tourists.

A. condition

B. situation

C. state

D. publicity

 

20. Our ____ sensitivity decreases with age. By age 60, most people have lost 40 percent of their ability to smell and 50 percent of their taste buds.

A. sensible

B. senseless 

C. sensitive

D. sensory

21. The eldest child is thoroughly ____ because they always give him whatever he wants.

A. wasted

B. spoiled

C. destroyed

D. uneducated

 

22. If a substance is dissolved in water or heated, it may ____ a gas.

A. give into

B. give over

C. give off

D. give away

 

23. His manner was so pleasant that Bolla felt at ____ with him at once.

A. peace

B. large

C. ease

D. best

 

24. —Can you take the day off tomorrow?

  —Well, I‘all have to get ____ from my boss.

A. permission

B. permit

C. allowance

D. possession

 

25. The ____ in Janet‘s character has hindered her froom advancement in her career.

A. weakness

B. merit

C. defect

D. shortcoming

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  试题答案与解析 

C) 「句意」 虽然只懂一点西班牙语,但他还是参加了这个课程的学习。

  「难点」 know是静态动词,不能用于进行时;选knows从句中又缺少主语。knowledge作“知识”讲时是不可数名词,但作“了解”讲时,前面可加“a”,常用于词组haver a knowledge of中,所以选C)。

  2. B) 「句意」 你本应该给詹姆斯写信,然而,你没写。

  「难点」 ought to have written是虚拟语气,与本句句意相符。

  3. B) 「句意」 约瑟夫幸运地逃了性命;他险些没从房间里逃出来。

  「难点」 to have escaped 是不定式的完成式,表示过去的某一动作业已x完成。

  4. A) 「句意」 黄油面包受西方人青睐。

  「难点」 bread and butter 是西方人吃的一种食品,虽然有三个字,表达的却是一个东西,并且是不可数名词,作单数。

  5. A) 「句意」 我家的后花园有一片草坪,夏天坐在上面会令你心旷神怡。

  「难点」 which引出非限制性定语从句,在句中作主语,且和sit on 构成动

  宾关系。类似的句子有:This room is comfortable to live in 这句中live in 和this room构成动宾关系。

  6. C) 「句意」 他独自一人开始经商,并且做得很成功。

  「难点」 on one‘s own 是个常用的介词词组,意为“独自”;of one’s own表示“某人自己的(东西)”,如:I have a flat of my own.我自己有套房子。

  7. C) 「句意」 约翰的考试分数全班最高;他晚上一定学习了。

  「难点」 表示对过去某一动作行为的猜测须要用must have done这一句型结构。

  8. B) 「句意」 弗兰克几乎从未受过任何教育,是不是?

  「难点」 这是一句含有否定副词never的一般过去时的句子,由于主句为否定形式,所以反意问句用肯定形式。

  9. C) 「句意」 即使他的信明天到也无济于事了。

  「难点」 在条件句中表示现在将来的时间,需要用一般现在时,主句中使用将来时。

  10. C) 「句意」 我们在房间的后面也能听得很清楚。

  「难点」 as well意为“(程度)同样地好”,是副词短语修饰动词hear;just表示程度,意为“刚好”。

  11. A) 「句意」 为获得一个满意的结果,你必须在一个干净的表面上涂两层油漆。

  「难点」 coat意为“覆盖物,层”;level意为“(建筑物)楼层”;times意为“次,回”;courses意为“(一层)砖面;一排”。

  12. C) 「句意」 这个小山村被大雪封住达一个多月。

  「难点」 cut back意为“削减;缩减”;cut out意为“停止;切下”;cut off意为“切断;使隔断”;cut away意为“切除;砍掉”。

  13. A) 「句意」 格林小姐因酒后驾车被罚100美元。

  「难点」 fine意为“处…以罚金”;charge意为“要(价),收(费),要(人)支付(钱)“;punish意为”罚,惩罚“;pose意为”造成,引起(困难)“。

  14. B) 「句意」 现代技术所引发的问题也许比它所能解决的要多。

  「难点」 technique意为“技法;具体的技术”;technology意为“工业技术“;tactics意为”战术,兵法,策略“;tendency意为”倾向“。

  15. C) 「句意」 玛丽蹑手蹑脚走过来把钟拿走了,因为她讨厌在自己想睡觉的时候听它滴哒地响。

  「难点」 sound意为“作声,发声,响”;ring意为“鸣,发出清脆响亮的声音“;tick意为“发出滴哒声”;hum意为“发连续低沉的声音(如蜜蜂、马达的嗡嗡声)”。

  16. C) 「句意」 在这种强大的压力下,一些岩石甚至变成了液体。

  「难点」 intensive意为“加强的;集中的”;weighty意为“沉重的;笨重的”;intense意为”强烈的,剧烈的”;bulky意为“庞大的;粗壮的”。

  17. C) 「句意」 当然,大多数移民不是一夜之间就发财的,但是他们大多最终改善了自己的生活水平。

  「难点」 maximum意为“最大限量;最高点”;minority意为“少数,半数以下”;majority意为“大多数”;minimum意为“最低限度,最低点”。

  18. A) 「句意」 南希对他们的离婚表示十分惊讶,因为他们似乎是一对快乐的夫妇。

  「难点」 split up意为“分裂,离婚”;break down意为“(精神方面)垮掉;(健康)变得

  衰弱;崩溃“;fall through意为”失败;成为泡影“;knock out意为”使筋疲力尽“。

  19. B) 「句意」 这片海滩所处位置理想,吸引了很多游客。

  「难点」 condition意为“状况;形势”;situation意为“位置,地点,环境“;state意为”状态,情形“;publicity意为”公众的注意,名声“。

  20. D) 「句意」 我们的感官能力随着年龄的增长而下降。比如说,到60岁的时候,多数人失去了他们40%的嗅觉能力和50%的味觉能力。

  「难点」 sensible意为“明智的,合情理的”;senseless意为“失去知觉的,不省人事的“;sensitive意为”敏感的“;sensory意为”感觉的,传递感觉的“。

  21. B) 「句意」 他们的大孩子被彻底宠坏了,因为他要什么,他们就给什么。

  「难点」 waste意为“使衰弱;使消瘦”;spoil意为“宠坏,溺爱”;destRoy意为“破坏;毁灭”;uneducated意为“未受(良好)教育的”。

  22. C) 「句意」 如果一种物质溶解在水里或被加热,它可能释放出一种气体。

  「难点」 give into为非固定搭配;give over意为“托付,交托”;give off意为“散发”;give away意为“送掉,分发(奖品)等”。

  23. C) 「句意」 他那平易近人的风度使得博拉立刻放松了情绪。

  「难点」 at peace意为“和平地”;at large意为“自由地;大体地”;at ease意为“不拘束”;at best意为“至多”。

  24. A) 「句意」 你明天能休一天吗?

  呵,我要征得老板的允许。

  「难点」 permission意为“允许”;permit意为“许可证”;allowance意为“津贴”;possession意为“拥有”。

  25. C) 「句意」 詹妮特的性格缺陷阻碍了她事业进步。

  「难点」 weakness意为“弱点;嗜好”;merit意为“优点,长处”;defectt意为“缺点,缺陷”;shortcoming意为“缺点,短处”。

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