英语专业四级考试模拟试题(词汇语法篇3)

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英语专业四级考试模拟试题(词汇语法篇3)

  1. The bank is reported in the local newspaper ____ in broad daylight yesterday.

  A. to be robbed B. robbed

  C. to have been robbed D. having been robbed

  2. ____ before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success.

  A. Though having never acted

  B. As he had never acted

  C. Despite he had never acted

  D. In spite of his never having acted

  3. By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the world’s population ____ in cities rather than in the country.

  A. are living B. will be living 

  C. have lived D. will have lived

  4. Mr. Milton prefers to resign ____ part in such dishonest business deals.

  A. than take B. than to take

  C. rather than take D. rather than to take

  5. No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything ____ going on in the world.

  A. it is B.as is C.there is D.what is

  6. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, ______ a sudden loud noise.

  A. being there B.should there be

  C.there was D. there have been

  7. Bit by bit , a child makes the necessary changes to make his language ____.

  A. as other people B.as other people’s

  C.like other people D.like other people’s

  8.Clothing made of plastic fibres has certain advantages over ____made of natural fibres like cotton, wool, or silk.

  A. one B.the one C.that D.what

  9.The treasury issued an order stating that ____ land purchased from the government had to be paid for in gold and silver.

  A. henceforth B.moreover C. whereby D.however

  10.The students expected there ____ more reviewing classes before the final exams.

  A. is B.being C. have been D.to be

  11. It was during summer breaks that we first taste the satisfaction work that ____ into hard currency.

  A. translates B. transfers

  C. transplants D. transmits

  12.In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics ____or may give you a choice of topics to write about.

  A. in advance B. ahead of C. above all D. right away

  13.It was the driver’s ____ that caused him to step on the gas instead of the brake after his car went over the curb.

  A. fraud B. alarm C. terror D. panic

  14.Danny left this ____ message on my answering machine:

  “I must see you. Meet me at twelve o’clock.” Did he mean noon or midnight?

  A. ambiguous B.responsible

  C. implicit D. thoughtful

  15.We looked for a table to sit down, but they were all ____.

  A.reserved for B. engaged in

  C. used up D. taken up

  16.She will have to find somewhere else to work, for she can’t ____ this loud noise any longer.

  A. come up with B. catch up with

  C. keep up with D. put up with

  17.Tom ____ his new job with confidence.

  A. set out B. set off C. set up D. set about

  18.The truck driver was fined for exceeding the speed ____.

  A. range B. limit C. rule D. regulation

  19.The crippled Jack proudly walked with a ____ to the platform to join the children.

  A. jump B. limp C. hop D. jog

  20.He cannot ____ a car, for he does not earn much money.

  A. obtain B. afford C. donate D. consume

  21.The message is clear: Just as tea and banana cant’t go together, ______ should the son of a low class family expect to marry the daughter of a nobleman.

  A. either B.not C. neither D. nor

  22.Though ____ rich, she was better off than at any other period in her life.

  A. by means of B. within her means

  C. by all means D. by no means

  23.It is a(n) ____ attitude to take towards life.

  A. absurd B. silly C. stupid D. authentic

  24.Every year, one student in our high school wins a scholarship that ____ one year of college.

  A. improves B. subsidizes C. obliges D. inflicts

  25.He wrote the book in ____ with his wife.

  A. proportion B. installment

  C. correspondence D. collaboration

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  答案详解:

  1. C)【句意】据当地报纸报道,那家银行昨天在光天化日下遭到抢劫。

  【难点】动词不定式的完成式做主语的补足语,说明不定式的行为发生在谓语动作之前。

  2. D)【句意】虽然他以前从未表演过,但他为业余剧团做的首次表演还是很成功。

  【难点】in spite of意为“尽管,虽然”,后接名词或名词性短语,引导出来状语。选项A)没有主语或逻辑主语,选项B)是原因状语从句,选项C)的despite不能引导状语从句,因为它是介词。

  3. B)【句意】到二十一世纪中叶,世界上大多数人口将生活在城市而不是农村。

  【难点】因为时间状语by the middle of the 21st century指的是将来,所以选将来进行时。

  4. C)【句意】米尔先生宁愿辞职也不参加这种不诚实的商业交易。

  【难点】prefer意为“宁愿”,其后接名词或动词不定式;prefer to do th.rather than do sth.意为“宁愿…而不愿…”,rather than后接不带to的不定式。

  5. C)【句意】大家都没有时间去读或去听有关世界上正在发生的一切事件的描述。

  【难点】在以there be为谓语动词的定语从句中,如关系代词作主语,则关系代词便可省略。

  6. B)【句意】如果突然出现巨大的噪音,这些动物真的有可能受到惊吓。

  【难点】该句是一个省略if的倒装的虚拟条件句,可还原为“if there should be...”。

  7. D)【句意】一点一点地,儿童就会将自己的语言作些必要的修改,而使之与他人的语言相像。

  【难点】as和like都可以表示“像…一样”,但as是连词,后跟从句,like是介词,后跟名词或名词性短语。

  8. C)【句意】用塑料纤维制成的衣服比用棉花、羊毛或丝绸等天然纤维制成的衣服有些优势。

  【难点】clothing是衣服、被褥的总称,不能用one或the one来指代。what相当于“先行词+that”,后边要接从句。所以只能用that指代clothing。

  9. A)【句意】财政部发布命令,从即日起,向政府购买土地须以金、银支付。

  【难点】henceforth意为“从今以后”,符合题意要求。

  10. D)【句意】学生们期望期末考试前能有更多的复习课。

  【难点】动词expect后必须接动词不定式作其宾语,因此,只有D)为正确。

  11. A)【句意】暑假期间,我们第一次尝到了把劳动变成货币的滋味。

  【难点】translate意为“变换,把…转化成”;transfer意为“移交,迁移”;transplant意为“移植(器官)”;transmit意为“传染(疾病),传达(知识)”。

  12. A)【句意】在有些情况下,你的导师会事先告诉你题目或把题目给你由你选写。

  【难点】in advance意为“事先,预先”;ahead of意为“在…之前”;above all意为“尤其,最重要的是”;right away意为“立刻;马上”。

  13. D)【句意】车上了马路边后,司机由于惊慌,没踩刹车,却踩了油门。

  【难点】panic意为“惊慌,慌乱”;fraud意为“欺骗,骗局”;alarm意为“警报”;terror意为“恐怖”。

  14. A)【句意】丹尼在我们回答机上留下一条模棱两可的信息:“我必须见你。12点来接我。”他是说中午还是半夜?

  【难点】ambiguous意为“模棱两可的;含糊的”;responsible意为“负责的”;implicit意为“暗含的”;thoughtful意为“沉思的,思考的”。

  15. D)【句意】我们要找个桌子坐下,可是所有餐桌都已有人。

  【难点】take up意为“占去(时间、地方、注意力等)”;reserve for意为“为…留出,保留”;engage in意为“从事;参加”;use up意为“用完,用光;耗尽”。

  16. D)【句意】她将不得不去别处找工作,因为她再也不能忍受这么大的噪音。

  【难点】put up with意为“忍受,容忍”;come up with意为“(针对问题、挑战)提出,想出”;catch up with意为“赶上”;keep up with意为“跟上(人、潮流、形势等)”。

  17. D)【句意】汤姆满怀信心地投入新的工作。

  【难点】set about意为“开始;着手”;set out意为“开始”,常与as, in, on连用;set off意为“(使)做某事”;set up意为“开业,开始经商”。

  18. B)【句意】卡车司机因超速而被罚款。

  【难点】limit意为“限制;界限”;range意为“(知识、知觉、听觉等的)范围

  ”;regulation意为“规定,规则”;rule和regulation是近义词,意为“规定,规章”。

  19. B)【句意】跛脚的杰克充满自豪,一颠一跛地走上台,加入孩子们的行列。

  【难点】limp意为“跛行”;jump意为“跳,跃”;hop意为“(人们)单足跳”;jog意为“慢跑;缓行”。

  20. B)【句意】他买不起小汽车,因为他挣钱不多。

  【难点】afford意为“买得起”;obtain意为“得到,获得”;donate意为“捐,赠”;consume意为“消耗,耗尽”。

  21. C)【句意】这是明摆着的事:就像茶叶和香蕉不相搭配一样,下层阶级家庭的儿子也不可能指望娶一个贵族的女儿。

  【难点】neither用于否定句之后,意为“…亦不…”;either用于否定句,意为“(二者之中的)任何一方都(不)…”;nor意为“…也不…(置于否定句之后)”;not在本句中说不通。

  22. D)【句意】虽谈不上有钱,但她目前的境况比以往任何时候都要好。

  【难点】by no means意为“一点也不…”;by means of意为“用,依靠”;within one’s means不是固定短语;by all means意为“无论如何,务必”。

  23. A)【句意】这是一种荒唐的生活态度。

  【难点】absurd意为“荒唐的;滑稽可笑的”;silly意为“傻的;愚蠢的”;stupid意为“笨的,麻木的”;authentic意为“可靠的;真诚的;真的”

  24. B)【句意】每年,我们学校会有一名同学获得一笔奖学金作为一年的大学生活补贴。

  【难点】subsidize意为“给…津贴;资助”;improve意为“改进,改善”;oblige意为“施恩惠于,帮…忙”;inflict意为“予以(打击);使遭受(损伤,苦痛等)”。

  25. D)【句意】他和妻子合作写了一本书。

  【难点】collaboration意为“合作;协作”,in collaboration with为固定搭配;proportion意为“比例”;installment意为“分期付款”;correspondence意为“符合;一致”。

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