2002年英语专业八级考试答案及解析

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2002年英语专业八级考试答案及解析 2002年英语专业八级考试答案及解析

  PAPER ONE

  PART Ⅰ LISTENING COMPREHENSION

  SECTION A TALK答案:B

  【问句译文】根据该短文,十八、十九世纪城市小的原因是什么?

  【试题分析】本题为细节理解题。

  【详细解答】谈话首段第二句说"Throughout those years the total urban population re mained small and so with the cities."由此可见,因为当时城市人口少,所以城市也就 小。答案:A

  【问句译文】在以前的年代城市生存下来的主要原因是什么?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题。

  【详细解答】谈话第二段第三句说"Throughout the pre-modern era, this part of urban life remained so overwhelmingly commercial that almost every city owed its devel opment to trade."由此可知,经济贸易活动是当时城市生存下来的主要原因,故答案选A 。答案:D

  【问句译文】下列哪一项不是城市居民的经济活动?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题,可用排除法解答。

  【详细解答】短文第二段第四句说"…they also collected and processed goods from the se areas and distributed them to other cities."因此distribution,processing是包 含在经济活动里,所以应排除选项B和C。commerce意为trade,故可排除A。因此选项D)tran sportation为正确答案。答案:C

  【问句译文】下列哪一项不属于都市人离开城市的原因?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题,可用排除法解答。

  【详细解答】谈话第四段倒数第三句说"These individuals and groups sought economic o pportunities or looked for a better social, political or religious atmosphere." 这里提到了"的经济机会","更自由的社会和政治环境","更加宽松的宗教环境" ,只是没有提到"的教育机会",故选项C为正确答案。答案:D

  【问句译文】在整个18世纪,为什么早期城市不能像预期的那样快速发展?

  【试题分析】本题为主旨题。

  【详细解答】谈话倒数第二段最后一句说"For the next thirty years, the proportion re mained relatively stable and it was not until the 1830 did the urban figure move d back up to the level of 1690." 由此可知,人口相对稳定是根本原因,故选项D为正 确答案。

  SECTION B INTERVIEW

  6.答案:B

  【问句译文】根据Janet的观点,影响谈判的主要因素是什么?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题。

  【详细解答】当采访者指出商业谈判中可能会遇到一些情况,而且并不是每个人都能达到自己 的谈判目的。Janet回答说"Well, because, I mean, negotiations between business pa rtners from different countries normally mean we have negotiations between indiv iduals who belong to distinct cultural traditions."由此可知,不同的文化传统是影 响谈判的主要因素,故答案选B。

  7.答案:D

  【问句译文】Janet对美国式的谈判态度如何?

  【试题分析】本题为推理题。

  【详细解答】当采访者问到Janet对美国式谈判的态度时,她回答说 "…the American negot iators make their points in a direct, sophistical way."这里的关键词sophistical 意为"复杂的,老练的",那么和美国人谈判就必须小心谨慎,故答案选D。

  8.答案:A

  【问句译文】下列哪一项不是巴西和美国谈判者的区别?

  【试题分析】本题为细节推理题。

  【详细解答】女士在提到巴西和美国谈判者的特点时说"Brazilian importers look at peop le they‘re talking to straight in the eyes a lot. They spend time on what some p eople thinks to be background information. They seem to be more indirect.…Ameri can style of negotiating, on the other hand, is far more like that of point-maki ng; first point, second point, third point, and so on.",这里是说巴西谈判者谈话 不是很直接,而美国谈判者在谈判之前要罗列很多点。由此可知,巴西和美国谈判者在谈判 时都拐弯抹角,故答案选A。

  9.答案:C

  【问句译文】下列哪一种人谈话最直接?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题。

  【详细解答】前面已经说到"…the American negotiators make their points in a direct , sophistical way."而采访中并没有说英国人或德国人谈话直接,故答案选C。

  10.答案:B

  【问句译文】下列哪一项不是日本人的特征?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题,可用排除法解答。

  【详细解答】在谈到日本人的特征时,Janet分别说到"…the average Japanese business p erson does choose his or more really her words very carefully." 由此可排除选项A .Reserved(矜持的,寡言的);由"Many Europeans nod its extreme politeness of t heir Japanese counterpart…",可排除选项C . Polite(礼貌的);由"They‘re also ve ry reserved to people they don‘t know well. " 由此可排除选项D.Prudent(谨慎的 )。只有选项B.Prejudiced(偏见的)没有提及,故为正确答案。

www.59wj.com   SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST

  News Item 1

  11.答案:B

  【问句译文】这则新闻主要是讲什么的?

  【试题分析】本题为主旨题。

  【详细解答】新闻首句说"The first International Tibetan Traditional Medicine Conference will be held…",由此可知,这则新闻主要是讲一次大型医药会的,故答案选B。

  News Item 2

  12.答案:C

  【问句译文】该新闻主要关注香港哪一方面问题?

  【试题分析】本题为主旨题。

  【详细解答】新闻第三句说"She outlined three policy objectives in developing an E-government in Hong Kong at the IBM Asian E-government Executive Seminar."由此句可知,该新闻主要关注香港的E-govermnent问题。

  13.答案:D

  【问句译文】三个政治目标中没有下列哪一项?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题,可用排除法解答。

  【详细解答】新闻末尾说到三个政治目标问题,即"The first policy objective is to develop an electronic and peopleless government so as to improve the efficiency, cost-effectiveness and quality of public service. The second is to promote the wide adoption of E-commence with the government setting a leading example. The third is, through the E-government program, to integrate service delivery across motorable department and agencies."这里提到了"to improve the efficiency","to promote the wide adoption of E-commence",和"to integrate service delivery",故可排除选项A、B、C。

  News Item 3

  14.答案:C

  【问句译文】下列哪一项是Donovan Bailey当年排在第二的最好纪录?

  【试题分析】本题为细节题。

  【详细解答】新闻第二句说"Bailey recorded the second best time of the year short of the 9. 91 set…",由此可知Donovan Bailey当年排在第二的最好纪录是9. 91秒。

  15.答案:D

  【问句译文】该记录表明Bailey怎样?

  【试题分析】本题为推理题。

  【详细解答】解答本题的关键句是Bailey自己说的一句话,"I would have run 9. 80 if I‘d really pushed myself. "即要是他真正冲出去的话,跑9.80秒是没问题的,而实际记录为9. 91秒,由此可知,他这次并没有发挥好,故选项B为正确答案。

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