2017年职称英语等级考试理工C级模拟试题(五)

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2017年职称英语等级考试理工C级模拟试题(五)

  一、单选题

  (词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分) 。下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。)

  1、

  一、词汇(15分)

  Since the Great Depression, the United States government has protected farmers from damaging drops in grain prices.

  A) slight

  B) surprising

  C) sudden

  D) harmful

  标准答案: d

  解析:

  2、

  They have a far better yield than any other farm for miles around.

  A) expectation

  B) soil

  C) climate

  D) harvest

  标准答案: d

  解析:

  3、

  The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.

  A)location

  B) view

  C) event

  D) landscape

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  4、

  Jim has gained so much weight that a lot of his clothes don't fit him any more.

  A) put off

  B)put down

  C) put on

  D) put up

  标准答案: c

  解析:

  5、

  When she was invited to the party, she readily accepted.

  A) willingly

  B) suddenly

  C) firmly

  D) quickly

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  6、

  Because of her rudeness to the customers, the waitress has been fired.

  A) expired

  B) resigned

  C) designed

  D) dismissed

  标准答案: d

  解析:

  7、

  A plastic wheel can be as tough as a metal one.

  A) useful

  B) tight

  C) rough

  D) strong

  标准答案: d

  解析:

  8、

  The city has decided to do away with all the old buildings in its center.

  A) get rid of

  B) move away

  C) repair

  D) paint

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  9、

  A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased(死者) are realized.

  A) fulfilled

  B) affected

  C) advised

  D) received

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  10、

  A beautiful woman attended to me in that store yesterday.

  A) waited on

  B) talked to

  C) spoke to

  D) stayed with

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  11、

  There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance.

  A) beats

  B)matches

  C) maintains

  D)announces

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  12、

  Loud noises can be annoying.

  A) hateful

  B) painful

  C) horrifying

  D)irritating

  标准答案: d

  解析:

  13、

  They always mock me because I am ugly.

  A) smile at

  B) look down at

  C) look up to

  D)laugh at

  标准答案: d

  解析:

  14、

  These are our motives for doing it.

  A) reasons

  B) arguments

  C) targets

  D)stimuli

  标准答案: a

  解析:

  15、

  The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

  A) rejected

  B) investigated

  C) proposed

  D) postponed

  标准答案: b

  解析:

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  二、匹配题

  ()

  16、

  二、阅读判断(7分)

  Easy Listening

  Students should be jealous. Not only do babies get to doze their days away, but they’ve also mastered the fine art of learning in their sleep.

  By the time babies are a year old they can recognise a lot of sounds and even simple words. Marie Cheour at the University of Turku in Finland suspected that they might progress this fast because they learn language while they sleep as well as when they awake.

  To test theory, Cheour and her colleagues studied 45 mewborn babies in the first days of their lives. They exposed all the infants to an hour of Finnish vowel sounds – one that sounds like “oo”, another like “ee” and a third boundary vowel peculiar to Finnish and similar languages that sounds like something in between, EEG recordings of the infants brains before and after the session showed that the newborns could not distinguish the sounds.

  Fifteen of the babies then went back with their mothers, while the rest were split into two sleep-study groups. One group was exposed throughtout their night-time sleeping hours to the same three vowels, while the others listened to other, easier-to-distinguish vowel sounds.

  When tested in the morning, and again in the evening, the babies who’d heard the tricky boundary vowel all night showed brainwave activity indicating that they could now recognise this new sound. They could identify the sound even when its pitch was changed, while none of the other babies could pick up the boundary vowel at all.

  Cheour doesn’t know how babies accomplish this night-time learning, but she suspects that the special ability might indicate that unlike adults, babies don’t “turn off” their cerebral cortex while they sleep. The skill probably fades in the courses of the first year of life, she adds –so forget the idea that you can pick up tricky French vowels as an adult just by slipping a language tape under your pillow. But while it may not help grown-ups, Cheour is hoping to use the sleeping hours to give remedial help to babies who are genetically at risk of language disorders.

  练习:

  1.Babies can learn language even in their sleep.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  2. An infant can recognize a lot of vowels by the time he or she is a year old.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  3. Finnish vowels are easy to distinguish.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  标准答案: A,C,C

  解析:

  17、

  Easy Listening

  Students should be jealous. Not only do babies get to doze their days away, but they’ve also mastered the fine art of learning in their sleep.

  By the time babies are a year old they can recognise a lot of sounds and even simple words. Marie Cheour at the University of Turku in Finland suspected that they might progress this fast because they learn language while they sleep as well as when they awake.

  To test theory, Cheour and her colleagues studied 45 mewborn babies in the first days of their lives. They exposed all the infants to an hour of Finnish vowel sounds – one that sounds like “oo”, another like “ee” and a third boundary vowel peculiar to Finnish and similar languages that sounds like something in between, EEG recordings of the infants brains before and after the session showed that the newborns could not distinguish the sounds.

  Fifteen of the babies then went back with their mothers, while the rest were split into two sleep-study groups. One group was exposed throughtout their night-time sleeping hours to the same three vowels, while the others listened to other, easier-to-distinguish vowel sounds.

  When tested in the morning, and again in the evening, the babies who’d heard the tricky boundary vowel all night showed brainwave activity indicating that they could now recognise this new sound. They could identify the sound even when its pitch was changed, while none of the other babies could pick up the boundary vowel at all.

  Cheour doesn’t know how babies accomplish this night-time learning, but she suspects that the special ability might indicate that unlike adults, babies don’t “turn off” their cerebral cortex while they sleep. The skill probably fades in the courses of the first year of life, she adds –so forget the idea that you can pick up tricky French vowels as an adult just by slipping a language tape under your pillow. But while it may not help grown-ups, Cheour is hoping to use the sleeping hours to give remedial help to babies who are genetically at risk of language disorders.

  练习:

  4. The three vowels mentioned in this article are all Finnish sounds.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  5. The study shows that the infant’s cerebral cortex is working while he is asleep.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  6. If an adult wants to learn a language faster, he can put a language tape under his pillow.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  7. Cheour’s finding is worthless.

  A right

  B Wrong

  C Not mentioned

  标准答案: B,A,B,B

  解析:

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  18、

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Ford

  Ford’s great strength was the manufacturing process- not invention. Long before he started a car company, he was an inveterate tinker, known for picking up loose scraps of metal and wire and turning them into machines. He’s been putting cars together since 1891. Although by no means the first popular automobile, the Model T showed the world just how innovative Ford was at combining technology and market.

  The Company’s assembly line alone threw America’s Industrial Revolution into overdrive. Instead of having workers put together the entire car, Ford’s cronies, who were great tool- and diemakers from Scotland, organized teams that added parts to each Model T as it moved down a line. By the time Ford’s sprawling Highland Park plant was humning along in 1914, the world’s first automatic conveyor belt could turn out a car every 93 minutes.

  The same year Henry Ford shocked the world with what probably stands as his greatest contribution ever, the $5-a-day minimum wage scheme. The average wage in the auto industry them was $2.34 for a 9-hour shift. Ford not only doubled that, he also took an hour off the workday. In those years it was unthinkable that a guy could be paid that much for doing something that didn’t involve an awful lot of training or education. The Wall Street journal called the plan “an economic crime,” and critics everywhere heaped “Fordism” with euqal scorn.

  But as the wage increased later to daily $10, it proved a critical component of Ford’s quest to make the automobile accessible to all. The critics were too stupid to comprehend that because Ford had lowered his costs per car, the higher wages didn’t matter- except for making it feasible for more people to buy cars.

  1. Paragraph1_______

  2. Paragraph2_______

  3. Paragraph3_______

  4. Paragraph4_______

  A “Fordism” Accepted by the Car Industry

  B Assembly Line Used to speed up Production

  C Ford’s Cronies Rejected

  D Ford’s Biggest Contributions

  E Ford’s Quest for Making His Cars Accessible to All

  F Ford’s Manufacturing Talent

  标准答案: F,B,D,E

  解析:

  19、

  Ford

  Ford’s great strength was the manufacturing process- not invention. Long before he started a car company, he was an inveterate tinker, known for picking up loose scraps of metal and wire and turning them into machines. He’s been putting cars together since 1891. Although by no means the first popular automobile, the Model T showed the world just how innovative Ford was at combining technology and market.

  The Company’s assembly line alone threw America’s Industrial Revolution into overdrive. Instead of having workers put together the entire car, Ford’s cronies, who were great tool- and diemakers from Scotland, organized teams that added parts to each Model T as it moved down a line. By the time Ford’s sprawling Highland Park plant was humning along in 1914, the world’s first automatic conveyor belt could turn out a car every 93 minutes.

  The same year Henry Ford shocked the world with what probably stands as his greatest contribution ever, the $5-a-day minimum wage scheme. The average wage in the auto industry them was $2.34 for a 9-hour shift. Ford not only doubled that, he also took an hour off the workday. In those years it was unthinkable that a guy could be paid that much for doing something that didn’t involve an awful lot of training or education. The Wall Street journal called the plan “an economic crime,” and critics everywhere heaped “Fordism” with euqal scorn.

  But as the wage increased later to daily $10, it proved a critical component of Ford’s quest to make the automobile accessible to all. The critics were too stupid to comprehend that because Ford had lowered his costs per car, the higher wages didn’t matter- except for making it feasible for more people to buy cars.

  1. One of Ford’s biggest innovations was to install in his car plant__________.

  2. Along with his $5-a-day minimum wage scheme, Ford was the first to practice_______.

  3. Ford’s cars were accessible to more car purchasers thanks to __________.

  4. The U.S. media at that time did not welcome Ford’s ________.

  A an 8-hour work shift

  B the modified Model T

  C an assembly line

  D their lower prices

  E daily minimum wage scheme

  F training or education

  标准答案: C,A,D,E

  解析:

  20、

  四、阅读理解(45分)

  第一篇:

  Orbital Space Plane

  While scientists are searching the cause of the Columbia disaster, NASA is moving ahead with plans to develop a new craft that would replace shuttles on space station missions by 2012 and respond quickly to space station emergencies.

  The space agency released the first set of mission needs and requirements several days ago for the orbital space plane, which would be designed to transport a crew of four to and from the International Space Station.

  Although it includes few specifics, the plan stipulates the orbiter will be safer, cheaper and require less preparation time than the shuttle. It would be able to transport four crew members by 2012 – though it would be available for rescue missions by 2010. NASA says the craft should be able to transport injured or ill space station crew members to “definitive medical care” within 24 hours.

  The release of the requirements showed NASA remains focused on the long-term priorities of space exploration, even as questions linger concerning the loss of Columbia and its seven-member crew on February 1, 2003.

  Experts at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, have been working for years on a successor to the shuttle. The project, known as the Space Launch Initiative, was divided last year into two parts – one focusing on a future launch vehicle, the other on a space station orbiter. The orbiter is expected to be ready sooner.

  The program’s managers say NASA officials have told them not to alter Space Launch Initiative in light of the Columbia disaster.

  U.S. President George W. Bush asked Congress for about US$1 billion for Space Launch Initiative in 2004, funds that would be almost equally split between the Orbital Space Plane and Next Generation Launch Technology.

  练习:

  1. The orbital space craft has been designed for

  A. controlling the International Space Station.

  B. carrying astronauts to the International Space Station.

  C. transporting equipment to the International Space Station.

  D. training astronauts in space flights.

  2. From the passage we know that the design of the orbiter indicates

  A. NASA’s determination to continue its space exploration projects.

  B. the U.S. space technology superiorities.

  C. a victory in space exploration.

  D. the birth of an absolutely safe space craft.

  3. When did the scientists start working on a successor to the shuttle?

  A. Immediately after the Columbia disaster.

  B. One year after the Columbia disaster.

  C. Years before the explosion of Columbia.

  D. Not mentioned in the passage.

  4. Besides the main mission stipulated by NASA, the orbiter would also be used as

  A. a space hospital.

  B. a medical research center.

  C. a medicine-transporting vehicle.

  D. a space ambulance.

  5. According to the passage, the funds, if granted, would

  A. be used for developing the orbiter only.

  B. be equally shared by the two projects under Space Launch Initiative.

  C. be given to Marshall Space Flight Center.

  D. be mainly used to improve space lau

  标准答案: B,A,C,D,B

  解析:

  21、

  标准答案: D,D,A,B,C

  解析:

  22、

  标准答案: C,B,D,D,A

  解析:

  23、

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  五、补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  Don't rely on plankton to save the planet

  Encouraging plankton growth in the ocean has been touted by some as a promising way to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. ___1___.

  Adding iron to patched of ocean can make plankton bloom temporarily. The microscopic organisms suck up dissolved carbon dioxide from the water, which in turn is replaced by carbon dioxide from the air. ___2___.

  Jorge Sarmiento from Princeton and his colleagues developed a complex computer model to analyze how factors such as ocean chemistry and water circulation would affect the process if 160,000 square kilometers of ocean were seeded with iron for a month. ___3__.

  In their scenario, which covers an area 10 times as big as the largest experiment of this kind ever proposed, fertilizing the ocean removes 1 million tons of carbon from the atmosphere-- just 0.2 percent of the carbon dioxide humankind spews out each month.

  Rough estimates in the past have predicted similarly disappointing results. __4__ Says Sallie Chisholm, an environmental engineer from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "But the take-home message is the same. ___5___."

  A. Its opponents argue, however, that it will stop global warming.

  B. Its opponents fear that will damage the marine ecosystem, and now a computer model shows that the trick would also be remarkably inefficient.

  C. As plankton die and settle on the ocean floor, their carbon is supposedly locked up in the seabed.

  D. They found that 100 years later only between 2 and 11 percent of the extra carbon that was originally taken up plankton had actually been removed from the atmosphere.

  E. "These are newer and better models,"

  F. Ocean fertilization is not the answer to global warming.

  标准答案: B,C,D,E,F

  解析:

  24、

  (六)完型填空(15分)

  Unpopular Subjects

  Is there a place in today's society for the study of useless subjects in our universities? Just over 100 years ago Fitzgerald of Fitzgerald Contraction Fame argued in well-written letter to Nature that "Universities must be allowed to study useless subjects -- if __1__ don't, who will?" He went on to use the example of Maxwell's electrodynamics as one case where a "useless subject" has been transformed to a __2__ subject.

  Nowadays this argument is again very much active in many __3__. Indeed one suspects that it is one of those arguments that must be found anew by each generation. But now there is an __4__ twist -- subjects must not only be useful, they __5__ also be popular enough that students will flock to do them, and even flock to __6__ to do them.

  As universities become commercial operations, the pressure to eliminate subjects or departments that are less popular will become __7__. Perhaps this is most acutely felt at the moment by physics. There has been much discussion in the press of universities that are __8__ physics departments and incorporate them with mathematics or engineering departments.

  Many scientists think otherwise. They see physics as a __9__ science, which must be kept alive if only to provide a __10__ for other sciences and engineering. It is of their great personal concern that physics teaching and research is __11__ in many universities. How can it be preserved in the rush towards commercial __12__? A major turnaround in students popularity may have to wait __13__ the industrial world discovers that it needs physics and starts paying then well.

  Physics is now not only unpopular; it is also "hard". We can do more about the latter by __14__ teaching in our schools and universities. We can also develop cooperative arraignments to ensure that physics __15__ their research and teaching up to date.

  1. A we B they C people D it

  2. A useful B useless C usable D unusable

  3. A countries B parts of thew world C universities D institutions

  4. A added B wanted C justified D organized

  5. A would B may C can D must

  标准答案: B,A,C,A,D

  解析:

  25、

  Unpopular Subjects

  Is there a place in today's society for the study of useless subjects in our universities? Just over 100 years ago Fitzgerald of Fitzgerald Contraction Fame argued in well-written letter to Nature that "Universities must be allowed to study useless subjects -- if __1__ don't, who will?" He went on to use the example of Maxwell's electrodynamics as one case where a "useless subject" has been transformed to a __2__ subject.

  Nowadays this argument is again very much active in many __3__. Indeed one suspects that it is one of those arguments that must be found anew by each generation. But now there is an __4__ twist -- subjects must not only be useful, they __5__ also be popular enough that students will flock to do them, and even flock to __6__ to do them.

  As universities become commercial operations, the pressure to eliminate subjects or departments that are less popular will become __7__. Perhaps this is most acutely felt at the moment by physics. There has been much discussion in the press of universities that are __8__ physics departments and incorporate them with mathematics or engineering departments.

  Many scientists think otherwise. They see physics as a __9__ science, which must be kept alive if only to provide a __10__ for other sciences and engineering. It is of their great personal concern that physics teaching and research is __11__ in many universities. How can it be preserved in the rush towards commercial __12__? A major turnaround in students popularity may have to wait __13__ the industrial world discovers that it needs physics and starts paying then well.

  Physics is now not only unpopular; it is also "hard". We can do more about the latter by __14__ teaching in our schools and universities. We can also develop cooperative arraignments to ensure that physics __15__ their research and teaching up to date.

  6. A order B collect C pay D change

  7. A lighter and lighter B stronger and stronger

  C larger and larger D smaller and smaller

  8. A setting up B closing down C financing D upgrading

  9. A profitable B reliable C fundamental D usable

  10. A port B station C base D knowledge

  标准答案: C,B,B,C,C

  解析:

  26、

  Unpopular Subjects

  Is there a place in today's society for the study of useless subjects in our universities? Just over 100 years ago Fitzgerald of Fitzgerald Contraction Fame argued in well-written letter to Nature that "Universities must be allowed to study useless subjects -- if __1__ don't, who will?" He went on to use the example of Maxwell's electrodynamics as one case where a "useless subject" has been transformed to a __2__ subject.

  Nowadays this argument is again very much active in many __3__. Indeed one suspects that it is one of those arguments that must be found anew by each generation. But now there is an __4__ twist -- subjects must not only be useful, they __5__ also be popular enough that students will flock to do them, and even flock to __6__ to do them.

  As universities become commercial operations, the pressure to eliminate subjects or departments that are less popular will become __7__. Perhaps this is most acutely felt at the moment by physics. There has been much discussion in the press of universities that are __8__ physics departments and incorporate them with mathematics or engineering departments.

  Many scientists think otherwise. They see physics as a __9__ science, which must be kept alive if only to provide a __10__ for other sciences and engineering. It is of their great personal concern that physics teaching and research is __11__ in many universities. How can it be preserved in the rush towards commercial __12__? A major turnaround in students popularity may have to wait __13__ the industrial world discovers that it needs physics and starts paying then well.

  Physics is now not only unpopular; it is also "hard". We can do more about the latter by __14__ teaching in our schools and universities. We can also develop cooperative arraignments to ensure that physics __15__ their research and teaching up to date.

  11. A under threat B on high demand C in progress D at work

  12. A investigation B competition C research D advice

  13. A in order that B so that C. until D. unless

  14. A studying B quitting C simplifying D improving

  15. A will interact B. interact C are interacting D. would interact

  标准答案: A,B,C,D,B

  解析:

  .

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