2017年职称英语考试理工类(C级)精选模拟题

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2017年职称英语考试理工类(C级)精选模拟题

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。

  第 1 题 You must your shoes.

  A.polish

  B.clear

  C.wash

  D.mend

  【正确答案】: A

  第 2 题 She was sent a box of chocolates along witha letter saying she was .

  A.killed

  B.shot

  C.dismissed

  D.murdered

  【正确答案】: C

  第 3 题 She is .

  A.fat

  B.weak

  C.ill

  D.mad

  【正确答案】: C

  第 4 题 We all think that Mary's husband is avery person.

  A.shy

  B.stupid

  C.dull

  D.selfish

  【正确答案】: C

  第 5 题 The ice is not thickenough to the weight of a tank.

  A.suffer

  B.accept

  C.receive

  D.support

  【正确答案】: D

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  第 6 题 I wear a raincoat because I spend most of my time in a car.

  A.normally

  B.seldom

  C.frequently

  D.usually

  【正确答案】: B

  第 7 题 The policeman wrote down all the of the accident

  A.secrets

  B.details

  C.benefits

  D.words

  【正确答案】: B

  第 8 题 He that this wasabsolutely impossible.

  A.stated

  B.answered

  C.said

  D.claimed

  【正确答案】: B

  第 9 题 It took us a long time to thehouse.

  A.build

  B.destroy

  C.design

  D.repair

  【正确答案】: D

  第 10 题 Did call when I wasout?

  A.everyone

  B.someone

  C.nobody

  D.anybody

  【正确答案】: D

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  第 11 题 Jack was .

  A.fired

  B.fined

  C.exhausted

  D.criticized

  【正确答案】: A

  第 12 题 The policemen acted quickly because lives were .

  A.in despair

  B.in danger

  C.inmisery

  D.in pain

  【正确答案】: B

  第 13 题 I wear a raincoat because I spend most of my time in a car.

  A.normally

  B.continuously

  C.seldom

  D.usually

  【正确答案】: C

  第 14 题 He thought it better to begin working .

  A.at once

  B.recently

  C.early

  D.rapidly

  【正确答案】: A

  第 15 题 She will be to meetyou.

  A.angry

  B.happy

  C.sad

  D.unwilling

  【正确答案】: B

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  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。

  根据下列文章,请回答 16~22 题。

  Earthquake

  How does an earthquake start?

  What makes an earthquake happen? The rock of the earth's crust (地壳) may have a'fault', a kind of break in the surface. The blocks which make up the earth move, and sometimes this may cause the sides of the fault to move up and down or lengthways (纵向地) against each other. When one piece of rock starts to rub on another with great force, a lot of energy is used. This energy is changed into vibrations (振动) and it is these vibrations that we feel as an earthquake. The vibrations can travel thousands of kilometers and so an earthquake in Turkey may be felt in Greece.

  What to do during an earthquake?

  At school

  As soon as the earthquake starts, students should get under the desks immediately and wait until the teacher tells them it is safe to come out. The teacher should, at the same time, go immediately to the teacher's desk, get underneath (在……下面) it and stay there till the danger is over. Students must not argue with the teacher or question instructions. As soon as the tremors (震动) stop, all students should walk towards the exit and go straight to the school playground or any open space such as a square or a park. They must wait there until the teacher tells them it is safe to go.

  At home

  If you are at home when the earthquake occurs, get immediately under the table in the living room or kitchen. Choose the biggest and strongest table you can find. You must not go anywhere near the window and don't go out onto the balcony (阳台). Once the tremors have stopped, you can come out from under the table but you must leave the building straight away. You should walk down the stairs and should not use the lift - there may be a power cut as a result of the earthquake and you could find yourself trapped inside the lift for hours.

  In the street

  If you are in the street when the earthquake takes place, do not stand near buildings, fences or walls - move away as quickly as possible and try to find a large open space to wait in. Standing under trees could also be dangerous.

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  第 16 题 People knew long ago how an earthquake starts.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: C

  第 17 题 Thousands of people were killed during an earthquake in Turkey.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: C

  第 18 题 As soon as an earthquake occurs, students should leave the building.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: B

  第 19 题 Students should go to the school playground or an open space once the tremors stop.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: A

  第 20 题 If you are at home when an earthquake occurs, stand near a big table.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: B

  第 21 题 The best way to leave the building during an earthquake is to get into a lift.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: B

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  第 22 题 If you are in the street when an earthquake occurs, stay in a large open space.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Not mentioned

  【正确答案】: A

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  根据下列文章,请回答 23~30 题。

  Ford

  1 Ford's great strength was the manufacturing process--not invention. Long before he started a car company, he was a worker, known for picking up pieces of metal and wire and turning them into machines. He started putting cars together in 1891. Although it was by no means the first popular automobile, the Model T showed the world just how creative Ford was at combining technology and market.

  2 The company's assembly line alone threw America's Industrial Revolution into overdrive (高速运转). Instead of having workers put together the entire car, Ford's friends, who were great toolmakers from Scotland, organized teams that added parts to each Model T as it moved down a line. By the time Ford's Highland Park plant was humming(嗡嗡作响) along in 1914, the world's first automatic conveyor belt could turn out a car every 93 minutes.

  3 The same year Henry Ford shocked the world with the $5-a-day minimum wage scheme, the greatest contribution he had ever made. The average wage in the auto industry then was $2.34 for a 9-hour shift. Ford not only doubled that, he also took an hour off the workday. In those years it was unthinkable that a man could be paid that much for doing something that didn't involve an awful lot of training or education. The Wall Street Journal called the plan "an economic crime", and critics everywhere laughed at Ford.

  4 But as the wage increased later to daily $10, it proved a critical component of Ford's dream to make the automobile accessible (可及的) to all. The critics were too stupid to understand that because Ford had lowered his costs per car, the higher wages didn't matter--except for making it possible for more people to buy cars.

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  第 23 题 Paragraph 1_________

  A.Ford's opponents

  B.The assembly line

  C.Ford's great dream

  D.The establishment of the company

  E.Ford's biggest contribution

  F.Ford's great talent

  【正确答案】: F

  第 24 题 Paragraph2_________

  【正确答案】: A

  第 25 题 Paragraph 3_________

  【正确答案】: E

  第 26 题 Paragraph 4_________

  【正确答案】: C

  第 27 题 The assembly line made it possible to_________

  A.criticized by the media

  B.the low wage in the auto industry

  C.their lower prices

  D.produce cars in large numbers

  E.the 8-hour shift

  F.combined technology and market

  【正确答案】: D

  第 28 题 Ford was the first to adopt _________

  【正确答案】: E

  第 29 题 Ford's cars became available to ordinary people thanks to_________

  【正确答案】: C

  第 30 题 Ford's higher-wage and lower-cost strategy was strongly_________

  【正确答案】: A

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  第4部分:阅读理解:第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容,从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  根据下列文章,请回答 31~35 题。

  Computers in Cars

  You're far from home on a lonely road. Shadowy forests stretch away on both sides.A.thick mist (雾) makes it difficult to see far beyond your car's windshield (挡风玻璃).

  "Can this be route 90A?" you wonder. If it is, you should be near a town. Yet there's no hint of one. Night is closing in. And you're low on gasoline.

  This is a situation where an in-car computer that can navigate would be a big help. A.car computer that navigates? Yes! Such computers exist. Several experimental models are being tested by General Motors, Ford, Chrysler, and several foreign car makers. These computers vary in detail. But they all contain series of maps on videodiscs or videotapes. For example, one computer system contains 13,300 maps covering the continental US.

  Before starting out on a trip, a driver can type in the code for the region he or she plans to drive through. The computer then shows a map of that region. At the same time, a tiny radio receiver linked to the computer goes to work. It picks up signals from navigation satellites such as the NAVSTAR network. Using these signals, the computer shows the car's position at all times and displays this position on the map. The computer can also calculate and display the best route to follow.

  Anavigation computer may also receive and use data about road construction, weather conditions, and traffic jams. This information would be displayed to the driver and the computer would also use the information to work out alternate (交替的) roules.

  Most cars nowadays also contain computers that help cars run more efficiently. Microprocessors ( 微处理机) control certain engine functions by regulating the mixing of fuel. Data on car speed, oil pressure, revolutions per minute, engine temperature, and fuel level can be displayed as digital data (numbers) or warning lights.

  Some auto designers suggest that a central computer display be used to clearly present such timely information as car speed and fuel level. Warning lights would indicate a drop in oil pressure or a. sudden rise in engine temperature. To get more information on these conditions, the ddver could call it up on the computer display screen. When needed, the computer could be "asked" to provide navigation aid or information about the car's condition.

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  第 31 题 By describing a typical situation of a lost driver on the road, the author intends to

  A.make us believe how complex the highway computer network is.

  B.let us know how in-car computers are linked to road signs.

  C.show us how helpful a navigation computer can be.

  D.tell us that NAVSTAR has come into use.

  【正确答案】: C

  第 32 题 The word "navigate" in Paragraph 3 means

  A."help one control the traffic".

  B."help one find one's way".

  C."give a ship correct information about its course".

  D."direct a plane to its destination".

  【正确答案】: B

  第 33 题 The navigation computers have one thing in common: they all

  A.contain series of maps on videodiscs or videotapes.

  B.contain 13,300 maps covering the continental US.

  C.can be obtained free of charge.

  D.cost a lot of money.

  【正确答案】: A

  第 34 题 Without signals from navigation satellites, the in-car computer

  A.would still be able to locate the. car's position at all times.

  B.would fail to locate the car's position.

  C.could still work out the best route to follow.

  D.would seek help from the radio receiver linked to it.

  【正确答案】: B

  第 35 题 Of the following functions, which is NOT possessed by the navigation computer?

  A.Showing a map of the region a driver plans to drive through.

  B.Predicting a car crash on the road.

  C.Getting information about road construction, weather conditions, and traffic jams.

  D.Showing the car's position at all times and displaying it on the map.

  【正确答案】: B

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  根据下列文章,请回答 36~40 题。

  Too Late to Regret It

  When I was a junior, I met a second-year student in my department. He wasn't tall or good-looking, but he was very nice, attractive and athletic. He had something that I admired very much. He was natural, warm, and sincere.

  I disregarded (不顾) my parents' disapproval. We were very happy together. He picked me up from my dorm every morning, and after class we would sit alongside the stream that ran through campus, or sunbathe (晒太阳) on the lawn. At night he would walk me back to my dorm. He came from a poor family, but in order to make me happy, he borrowed money from his friend to buy presents and meals for me. Our fellow students looked up to him as a role model, and the girls envied (妒忌) me. He wasn't a local, but wanted to stay here after graduation. I thought we had a future together.

  However, when I got a part-time job during the summer vacation, people began giving me a lot of pressure, saying that a pretty, intelligent girl like me should find a better guy to spend time with. This was also what my family thought. He spent the summer in his hometown, so I was all by myself. When he got back, I began finding fault with him. But his big heart and warmth soon drove all unpleasant thoughts away. However, I had no idea how badly I had hurt him and that things would get worse.

  I had a good part-time job off campus that paid pretty well. With my good performance at school, I also got admission to graduate school at one of China's best universities. He, on the other hand, did not do so well at school or at work. I had to worry about his living expenses, job and scores.

  Almost all my colleagues and friends advised me to break up with him. Then we had a quarrel last June. He was in great pain, and my cold words and bad moods started turning him away.

  Graduation time was drawing near, and he said he wanted to go back to his hometown. He said that he couldn't put up with me anymore. I was shocked and looked at him in despair,True love happens only once, but I found it out too late.

  第 36 题 When did the author fall in love with the boy?

  A.After she had a quarrel with him.

  B.When she was a junior.

  C.When she was a second-year student.

  D.After she found a part-time job.

  【正确答案】: B

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