2017年职称英语考试理工类A级模拟题及答案

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2017年职称英语考试理工类A级模拟题及答案

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,第题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1 We consume a lot more than we are able to produce

  A waste

  B buy

  C use

  D sell

  2 As a writer, he turned out three novels that year.

  A refused

  B read

  C produced

  D accepted

  3 Winston Churchill gave a moving speech

  A nervous

  C stirring

  B foolish

  D fast

  4 We tried to restrict our conversation to arguments relevant to the topic.

  A put

  B suit

  C confine

  D resort

  5 It doesn't stand to mason that he would lie.

  A seem logical

  B look pleasant

  C appear obvious

  D sound important

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  6 The company recommended that a new gas station be built here

  A ordered

  B insisted

  C suggested

  D demanded

  7 A plastic wheel can be as tough as a metal one.

  A useful

  B tight

  C weak

  D strong

  8 Of all the planets in this solar system, Mercury is nearest the Sun

  A most like

  B closest to

  C hotter than

  D heavier than

  9 If wool is put into hot water, it tends to shrink.

  A disappear

  B expand

  C break

  D contract

  10 The train came to an abrupt stop, making us wonder where we were.

  A an uncertain

  B a slow

  C an unexpected

  D a smooth

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  11 Almost all economists agree that nations gain by trading with one another.

  A work

  B profit

  C rely

  D prove

  12 The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

  A denied

  B investigated

  C stressed

  D created

  13 The chemical is deadly to rats but safe to cattle.

  A fatal

  B hateful

  C good

  D useful

  14 During his lifetime he was able to accumulate quite a fortune.

  A control

  B spend

  C collect

  D exchange

  15 It's impolite to cut in when two persons are holding a conversation

  A leave

  B talk ioudly

  C standup

   D interrupt

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  第2部分:阅读判断(16~22题,第题1分,共7分)

  新闻记者下面这篇短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

  Plants in Desert

  Only special plants can survive the terrible climate of a desert, for these are regions where the annual range of the soil temperature can be over 75℃. Furthermore, during the summer there are few clouds in the sky to protect plants from the sun's ray. Another problem is the fact that there are frequently strong winds which drive small, sharp particles of sand into the plants, tearing and damaging them. The most difficult problem for all forms of plant life, however, is the fact that the entire annual rainfall occurs during a few days or weeks in spring.

  Grasses and flowers in desert survive from one year to the next by existing through the long, hot, dry season in the form of seeds. These seeds remain inactive unless the right amount of rain falls. If no rain falls, or if insufficient rain falls, they wait until the next year, or even still the next. Another factor that helps these plants to survive is the fact that their life cycles are short. By the time that the water from the spring rains disappears -- just a few weeks after it falls -- such plants no longer need any.

  The perennials have special features which enable them to survive as plants for several years. Thus, nearly all desert perennials have extensive root systems below ground and a small shoot system above ground. The large root network enables the plant to absorb as much water as possible in a short time. The small shoot system, on the other hand, considerably limits water loss by evaporation.

  Another feature of many desert perennials is that after the rainy season they lose their leaves in preparation for the long, dry season, just as trees in wetter climates lose theirs in preparation for the winter. This reduces their water loss by evaporation during the dry season. Then, in next rainy season, they come fully alive once more, and grow new branches, leaves and flowers, just as the grasses and flowers in desert do.

  16 Ordinary plants are unable to survive in the desert mainly because of the changeable weather.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 Grasses and flowers in desert are able to survive because they stay in the form of seeds to wait for the right amount of water to come.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 Grasses and flowers in the desert whose life cycles are short shows their ability to adapt to the quick disappearance of rainwater there after it falls in spring.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 Winter is the toughest season for grasses and flowers to survive in desert

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 The shoot system of perennials can help the plants absorb less of the sun's ray.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

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  21 The theme of the second last paragraph is why the perennials can survive as plants for several years.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 Desert perennials lose their leaves after the rainy season just as trees lose theirs in wetter climates before winter arrives, but the reasons for this feature are different.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23~30题,第题1分,共8分)

  新闻记者下面这篇短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选取项中为第2~5段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题材要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Local Newspapers in Britain

  1. Britain has a large circulation (发行量) of the national newspapers. The Daily Mirror and The Daily Express both sell about 4 million copies each day. On average, every family will buy one newspaper in the morning, and take two or three on Sundays.

  2. Local newspapers are just as popular as the national ones in Britain. Local papers have a weekly circulation of 13 million. Nearly every town and country area has its own paper, and almost every local paper is financially holding its own. Many local newspapers are earning good profits.

  3. Local newspapers have their special characteristics. They mainly satisfy interest in local events - births, weddings, deaths, council meetings, and sports. Editors often rely on a small staff of people who know the district well. Clubs and churches in the neighborhood regularly supply these papers with much local news. Local news does not get out of date as quickly as national news. If there is no room for it in this week's edition, a news item can be held over until the following week.

  4. The editor of a local newspaper never forgets that the success of any newspaper depends on advertising. For this reason, he is keen to keep the good will of local businessmen. If the newspaper sells well with carefully chosen news items to attract local readers, the businessmen will be grateful to the paper for the opportunity of keeping their products in the public eye.

  5. Local newspapers seldom comment on problems of national importance, and editors rarely take sides on political questions. But they can often provide service to the community in expressing public feeling on local issues. A newspaper can sometimes persuade the council to take action to improve transport, provide better shopping facilities, and preserve local monuments and places of interest.

  23 Paragraph 2     .

  24 Paragraph 3     .

  25 Paragraph 4     .

  26 Paragraph 5     .

  A Keeping Good' Relations with Local Businessmen

  B Service Provided by Local Newspapers

  C Large Circulation of the National Newspapers

  D Special Features of Local Newspapers

  E Power of Local Newspapers

  F Popularity of Local Newspapers

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  27 British people have the habit of reading newspapers in the     .

  28 Many local newspapers in Britain are making     .

  29 Local newspapers are well received because they carry articles that please     .

  30 Local newspapers rarely give opinions on     .

  A a lot of money

  B local people

  C morning

  D local people

  E national issues

  F local issues

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇幅短文后有5道题,每题材后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择一个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第一篇        Sony's Vision For The Future

  As the television, communications and telecommunications industries emerge, compatibility (兼容性) becomes a big issue for consumers. I think we should maintain open and compatible standards and create features particular to Sony, in other words, the system should be open but the services could be distinctive --- like restaurants. The menus may be alike but the services are different.

  Being president of Sony Corporation, I am often asked by this question: With digital cameras and digital camcorders (摄像机), what will be the future of digital imaging?

  In 1997, optimists see non-traditi0nal cameras ~ digital cameras achieving sales of one million units in Japan. We are selling a new digital camera. Even though the price is quite high, it is selling well. And laser and ink-jet printers have improved greatly for printing colour pictures. But traditional pictures are still more popular than those from today's electronic cameras. Because of that, traditional cameras and digital cameras will co-exist for a long time.

  If you want me to sum up Sony's vision for the next few years, all I can say is that there will be a big change. We can run our business at Sony based on today's technologies ~ which means the digitalisation of audio and video. But beyond 2000, there will be a big change and we should be prepared. This will be the network environment. So we are preparing for a big change in technologies and for a change in the way of thinking as well.

  We celebrate our 50~ anniversary this year (1997), and this coincides (与……一致) with what I call the transistor cycle, which has also lasted fifty years Since we started using transistors in radios, the electronic industry has undergone a big evolution. But a new technology wave started with the invention of the microprocessor, about 14 or 15 years ago. My theory is that each business cycle lasts 50 years, with one cycle overlapping (重叠) another. The information age started 15 years ago with microprocessors and for another 10 years it will be in the takeoff stage. Like an airport, a 747 approaching the end of the runway is still gathering speed. So for information technology, for another five to seven years there will not be so much change, only increasing speed. But after that you fly. What that will mean, I cannot foresee. I'm just preparing for the takeoff stage while I'm president. The job of the next generation will be more important. I'm just in-between.

  31 Why does the president of Sony Corporation mention restaurants in the first paragraph?

  A To praise Japanese restaurants for offering good services.

  B To explain that Japanese restaurants are distinctive.

  C To explain what has just been said.

  D To emphasize that restaurants are all alike.

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  32 What is the president's view on digital cameras and traditional ones?

  A Digital cameras will be cheaper than traditional ones in the near future.

  B Digital cameras and traditional cameras will co-exist for ever.

  C The prices of digital cameras will go down very soon.

  D Digital cameras will not take the place of traditional ones in the next few years.

  33 What will take place in the next few years, according to the president?

  A A big change in technologies and in the way of thinking.

  B A change in digitalisation.

  C A change in the way of manufacturing.

  D A change in the business cycle.

  34 How long does each business cycle last, according to the president?

  A 10 years.

  B 14 or15 years.

  C 25 years.

  D 50 years.

  35 What does the president say he is doing?

  A He is designing jobs for the next generation.

  B He is preparing for the 'fly' stage.

  C He is doing something for the takeoff stage.

  D He is flying an aircraft.

  第二篇              Laughter

  There is an old saying in English: "Laughter is the best medicine". Until recently, few people took the saying very seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to investigate laughter and the effects it has on the human body. They have found evidence that laughter really can improve people's health.

  Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films, while doctors checked their heart rate blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart rate and the rate of breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even the feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.

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  Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be capable of reducing the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group which tolerated the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce endorphins (内啡肽) in the brain. These are natural chemicals which diminish both stress and pain.

  There is also some evidence to suggest that laughter helps the body's immune system, that is, the system which fights infection. In an experiment, one group of students watched a funny video while another group served as the control group - in other words, a group with which to compare the first group. Doctors checked the blood of the students in both groups and found that the people in the group that watched the video had an increase in the activity of their white blood cells, that is, the cells which fight infection.

  As a result of these discoveries, some doctors and psychiatrists (精神病学) in the United States now hold laughter clinics, in which they try to improve their patients' condition by encouraging them to laugh. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.

  36 We learn from the first paragraph that laughter

  A is good for one's health.

  B is related to some illness.

  C has been investigated long since.

  D has no effect on the body.

  37 Doctors have found that laughter

  A keeps down blood pressure.

  B has similar effects to physical exercise.

  C decreases the heart rate.

  D increases stress.

  38 Which of the following statements is NOT true of laughter, according to the passage?

  A It reduces pain,

  B It exercises the body.

  C it improves the body's immune system.

  D It can cure cancer.

  39 In a laughter clinic, doctors

  A laugh at their patients.

  B encourage their patients to laugh.

  C smile when they don't feel like laughing.

  D never stop laughing. -

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  40 The writer's attitude towards laughter is

  A critical.

  B doubtful.

  C positive.

  D negative.

  第三篇        Greenhouse Effect

  A greenhouse is a building made of glass which is used for keeping plants warm when the outside temperature is low. In a similar way, there are several gases in the atmosphere which trap the heat generated by the sun and prevent it from escaping. These gases are known as "greenhouse gases", and the way in which they trap heat in the atmosphere is called the "greenhouse effect". This is not simply air pollution like photochemical smog (光化学烟雾), for example. Most of the main greenhouse gases occur naturally in small amounts in our atmosphere, and without them the earth would be thirty degrees colder and human life would not exist. In other words, the greenhouse

  effect is a natural process which is to some extent beneficial to us.

  The problem is that in the last century and a half, we have been putting excessive amounts of these gases into the earth''''s atmosphere by burning large quantities of coal and oil and by cutting down forests. In 1850, there were 280 parts per million of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) in the atmosphere. Now there are 360, and this figure is expected to rise to 460 by the year 2030. We now put 24 billion metric (公制的) tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. We have also created a group of artificial greenhouse gases that are 20,000 times more effective than carbon dioxide in trapping heat in the atmosphere. These are the chlorofluorocarbon (氟氯碳) gases, which are used in refrigerators and air conditioning systems.

  The rapid increase in greenhouse gases is making the world warmer. The world''''s temperature has already gone up by half a degree this century, and the sea level has risen by ten centimeters. If the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere doubles, there will probably be a rise in the earth''''s temperature of between 1~ and 4~. This may seem a small increase, but it would be enough to cause major changes in geography and agriculture. Large areas of the world would be flooded, and some regions would become dry and unable to produce crops. It is important, too, to consider that there maybe a delay of about thirty years in the greenhouse effect. This means that we are probably experiencing only now the effect of the gases put into the atmosphere up to the 1960s. Since then, our use of these gases has greatly increased.

  41 According to the passage, a greenhouse is built to

  A keep the plants warm.

  B prevent air pollution.

  C stop the greenhouse effect.

  D produce useful gases.

  42 Without the greenhouse gases, the earth would

  A become warmer.

  B be much colder.

  C move more slowly.

  D move quickly.

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  43 A major cause of the increase in the greenhouse gases is

  A the burning of trees and crops.

  B the building of many greenhouses.

  C the burning of large quantities Of coal and oil.

  D the flooding of large areas of the world.

  44 According to the passage, chlorofluorocarbon gases differ from carbon dioxide in that

  A they are more useful.

  B they are much heavier.

  C they are more efficient in making the'''' world colder.

  D they are more effective in catching the heat from the sun.

  45 A small increase in the earth''''s temperature may bring about

  A a decline in agriculture.

  B a drop of the sea level.

  C the death of all animals.

  D a delay in the greenhouse effect.

  第5部分:补全短文 (第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  The Building of the Pyramids

  The oldest stone buildings in the world are the pyramids. (46) There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the "Step" pyramid and the "Bent" pyramid.

  Some of the pyramids still look much the same as they must have done when they were built thousands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of men who were looking for treasure or, more often, for stone to use in modern buildings.(47). These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, but perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last for ever. (48). However, there are no writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids themselves.(49)

  Nevertheless, by examining the actual pyramids and various tools Which have been found, archaeologists have formed a fairly clear picture of them.

  One thing is certain: there must have been months of careful planning before they could begin to build.(50) You may think this would have been easy with miles and miles of empty desert around, but a pyramid could not be built just anywhere. Certain rules had to be followed, and certain problems had to be overcome.

  .
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