2017年职称英语考试全真模拟试题卫生类C级(二)

日期:03-01| http://www.59wj.com |卫生类|人气:268

2017年职称英语考试全真模拟试题卫生类C级(二) 第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1 There's no fun in spending the whole evening playing cards.
A enjoyment B strength C temper D excitement

2 On Thanksgiving in the United States, families gather and give thanks for the blessing(祝福) of the past year.
A pick up B come together C compete D correspond

3. In Tom's eyes, the restaurant at the corner of the street is a very smart one.
A clever B elegant C loyal D brave

4. He was said to have been removed from the position of manager for a recent conflict with an important customer.
A dismissed B released C picked D exposed

5 I don't feel secure when I am alone in the house.
A safe B pretty C distant D obvious

6 Swedish is the native language of most Swedes.
A natural B home C mother D ancient

7 Ms Hawkins handles the company's accounts.
A deals with B deals in C holds on D holds out

8 I reserve the right to disagree.
A deserve B keep C perceive D notice

9 The solid facts he provided in his speech left a deep impression on his audience.
A strong B entire C reliable D hard

10 We can't take more than 100 guests.
A hold B set C let D catch

11 My sister has a talent for music.
A interest B limitation C dream D gift

12 The city was literally destroyed.
A word-for-word B eventually C actually D likely

13 It is very late; hence you must go to bed.
A from now on B later C elsewhere D thus

14 This book embraces many subjects.
A adopts B covers C presses D accepts

15 He is sure of the coming of investment boom after adopting the new investment policies.
A decrease B increase C influence D preparation

第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

Most Adults in U.S.Have Low Risk of Heart Disease

More than 80 percent of US adults have a less than l O-percent risk of developing heart disease in the next 10 years,according to a report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.Just 3 percent have a risk that exceeds 20 percent.
“I hope that these numbers will give physicians,researchers,health policy analysts,and others a better idea of how coronary heart disease is distributed in the US population.”lead author Dr.Earl S.Ford,from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention‘in Atlanta, said in a statement.
The findings are based on analysis of data from 13,769 subjects,between 20 and 79 years of age, who participated in the 1nbjrd National Health and Nutrition Exanimation Survey from 1988 to 1994.
Overall,82 percent of adults had a risk of less than 10 percent, 15 percent had a risk that fell between 1 0 to 20 percent.and 3 percent had a risk above 20 percent.
The proportion of subjects in the highest risk group increased with advancing age,and men were more likely than women to be in this group.By contrast, race or ethnicity had little effect on risk distributions.
Although the report suggests that most adults have a low 10一year risk of heart disease,a large proportion have a high or immediate risk,Dr.Daniel S.Berman,from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles,and Dr.Nathan D.Wong,from the University of California at Irvine, note in a related editorial.
Aggressive treatment measures and public health strategies are needed to shift the overall population risk downward,they add.

练习:
1.The 10-year risk of heart disease is low for most US adults.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
2. Only 3 percent of US adults have a more than 10 percent 10-year risk of heart disease.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
3. More than 100thousandpeopleparticipatedinthe survey.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
4. There was a greater proportion of men than women in the survey.
A Right Wrong C Not mentioned
5. The distributions of the risk of heart disease are closely related to race.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
6. Elderly people have a higher risk of heart disease than younger people.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
7. The US government will take measures to reduce the overall population risk.
A Right B Wrong C. Not mentioned



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第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:

(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Many Benefits from Cancer Organization

1. Do you know a child who survived leukemia? Do you have a mother,sister or aunt whose breast cancer was found early thanks to a mammogram? Do you have a friend or coworker who quit smoking to reduce their risk of lung cancer? Each of these individuals benefited from the American Cancer Society’s research program.
2. Each day scientists supported by the American Cancer Society work to find breakthroughs that will take US one step closer to a cure.The American Cancer Society has long recognized that research holds the ultimate answers to the prevention,diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
3. As the largest source of nonprofit cancer research funds in the United States,the American Cancer Society devotes over$100 million each year tO research.Since 1946,they’ve invested more than$2.4 billion.in research.The investment has paid rich dividends. In 1946,only one in four cancer patients was alive five years after diagnosis;today 60 percent live longer than five years.
4. Investigators and health professionals in universities,research institutes and hospitals throughout the country receive grants from the American Cancer Society.Of the more than 1,300 new applications received each year,only 11 percent can be funded. If the American Cancer Society had more money available for research funding,nearly 200 more applications considered outstanding could be funded each year?
5. You can help fund more of these applications by participating in the American Cancer Society Relay for Life,a team event to fight cancer.More funding means more cancer breakthroughs and more lives being saved.To learn more,call Donna Hood,chair with the Neosho Relay for Life of the American Cancer Society at 451—4880. ’

leukemia n.白血病
breast n.乳腺 .
manunogram n.乳腺X光照片
relay n.接力
nonprofit adj.非营利的 、
dividend n.回报,效益
coworker n.一起工作的人,同事

1.Paragraph 2 ___.
2.Paragraph 3 ___.
3.Paragraph 4 ___.
4.Paragraph 5 ___.

A What Could Be Done with More Money
B Establishment of the American Cancer Society
C Significance of Funded Research
D Other Sources of Funding for Cancer Research
E Benefits Achieved Through Investment
F How You Can offer Help

5.The American Cancer Society’s research program has benefited___.
6.The survival period for 60% of Cancer patients today is___.
7. Many outstanding applications are turned down each year for___.
8. More cancer breakthroughs can be made with___.
A. Lack of funding
B. Many cancer patients
C. More lives being saved
D. More than five years
E. The ultimate answers
F. More funding

第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

第1篇:A Miracle Cancer cure

Unless you have gone through the experience yourself, or watched a loved one’s struggle, you really have no idea just how desperate cancer can make you. You pray, you rage, you bargain with God, but most of all you clutch at any hope, no matter how remote, of a second chance at life.
For a few excited days last week, however, it seemed as if the whole world was a cancer patient and that all humankind had been granted a reprieve. Triggered by a front-page medical news story in the usually reserved New York Times, all anybody was talking about – on the radio, on television, on the Internet, in phone calls to friends and relatives – was the report that a combination of two new drugs could, as the Times put it, cure cancer in two years.
In a matter of hours patients had jammed their doctors’ phone lines begging for a chance to test the miracle cancer cure. Cancer scientists raced to the phones and fax lines to make sure everyone knew about their research too, generating a new round of headlines.
The time certainly seemed ripe for a breakthrough in cancer. Only last month scientists at the National Cancer Institute announced that they were halting a clinical trial of a drug called tamoxifen – and offering it to patients getting the placebo – because it had proved so effective at preventing breast cancer (although it also seemed to increase the risk of uterine cancer). Two weeks later came the New York Times’ report that two new drugs can shrink tumors of every variety without any side effects whatsoever.
It all seemed too good to be true, and of course it was. There are no miracle cancer drugs, at least not yet. At this stage all the drug manufacturer can offer is some very interesting molecules, and the only cancers they have cures so far have been in mice. By the middle of last week, even the most breathless TV talk-show hosts had learned what every scientist already knew: that curing a disease in lab animals is not the same as doing it in humans. “The history of cancer research has been a history of curing cancers in the mouse,” Dr. Richard Klausner, head of the National Cancer Institute, told the Los Angles Times. “We have cured mice of cancer for decades – and it simply didn’t work in people.”

1. The first paragraph describes people’s ___ after they know they or their loved ones have cancer.
A. complex feelings
B. desire to live long
C. hatred of God
D. love of their family

2. What caused all the people to talk about cancer?
A. New York Times published a medical news story
B. Radio broadcast a medical news story

C. TV showed a film about cancer
D. The Internet had a story about cancer

3. According to the New York Times report, the two drugs can ___.
A. cure all kinds of tumors but with side effects
B. cure all kinds of tumors without side effects
C. shrink all kinds of tumors but with side effects
D. shrink all kinds of tumors without side effects

4. What is the meaning of the statement “It all seemed too good to be true, and of course it was.”?
A. The news seemed very good and real and it was good.
B. The news seemed very good, but not so real, and it was false.
C. The news seemed not good, but real, and it was not good.
D. The news seemed not good, but real, and it was not good.

5. What can the new drugs really do?
A. it can cure all cancers
B. it can cure nothing
C. it can only cure cancer in mice
D. it can cure cancer in all animals

第2篇:ulcers

Even though ulcers appear to run in families,lifestyle plays more of a role than genetic
factors in causing the illness,according to a report in the April 13th Journal of Internal Medicine.
In particular ,smoking and stress in men and the regular use of pain.releasing medicines in women were linked with an increased risk of developing all ulcer.
Overall,61%of ulcer risk appears to be due to environmental factors,such as smoking, and the remaining 39%is due to genes according to Dr.Ismo Raiha of the University of Turky and colleagues at the University of Helsinki,Finland.Some researchers had suggested that families may spread Helicobacteria pylori ,the bacteria that can cause ulcers.However。the new study suggests this is unlikely,according to the report.
Raiha and colleagues studied data from more than 1 3,000 pairs of twins“to examine the roles of genetic and environmental factors in the origin of peptic ulcer disease.”they explain.Both twins were more likely to develop an ulcer if the pair were genetically the same as compared with a par of fraternal twins,suggesting that there must be some genetic susceptibility to ulcer development.
However,the risk was no greater in twins living together compared with twins living apart, suggesting that shared exposure to H. pylori was not to blame.“Environmental effects were not due to factors shared by family members ,and they were related to smoking and stress in men and the Use of analgesics in women,”the authors wrote.“The minor effects of shared environment to disease liability do not support the concept that the grouping of risk factors,such as H.pylori infection,would explain the genetic factor of peptic ulcer disease,”they concluded.
词汇:
ulcer/n.溃疡
lifestyle/n.生活方式
genetic/adj.基因的,遗传(性)的
stress/n.压力,紧张,造成紧张的因素
overall/adv.总的说来,大体上
environmental/adj.环境的,有关环境(保护)的
gene/n.基因
colleague/n.同事,同僚
bacteria/n.【bacterium的复数】细菌
peptic/adj.消化性的 .
fraternal/adj.异卵双生的,两合子的
susceptibility/n.敏感性,过敏性
analgesic/n.止痛剂,镇痛药
liability/n.倾向

练习:
1.According to the passage,which of the following is a very likely cause of ulcer in men?
A)Smoking and stress.
B)Drinking and smoking.
C)Genes and children.
D)Use of a certain medicine.

2.What factors contribute to over half the ulcers?
A)Hereditary factors.
B)Economic factors.
C)Environmental factors.
D)Genetic factors.

3.In relation to ulcers,experts study twins in order to examine
A)the roles of genetic factors.
B)the roles of environmental factors.
C)the roles of both genetic and environmental factors.
D)the roles of brotherhood.

4.”Environmental effects” in the fourth paragraph refers to effects brought about by
A)a clean environment.
B)smoking and stress in men and use of pain-killing medicine in women.
C)factors shared by family members such as genes and the food they eat.
D)shared exposure to H. pylori infection.

5.The passage argues that
A)ulcers are related to genes.
B)ulcers are chiefly related to lifestyle.
C)ulcers appear in men and women.
D)ulcers are caused by pylori infection



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第3篇:Losing Weight

Girls as young as 1 0 years old are dieting and in danger of developing unhealthy attitudes
about weight,body image and food,a group of Toronto researchers reported Tuesday.


Their study of 2,279 girls aged 10 to 14 showed that while the vast majority had healthy
weights,nearly a third felt they were overweight and were trying to lose pounds.Even at the tender agez of 10,nearly 32 per cent of girls felt“too fat'’and 31 per cent said they were trying to diet.
McVey,a researcher at.the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto,and her colleagues
analyzed data collected in a number of surveys of southern Ontario school girls between 1 993 and 2003,reporting their findings in Tuesday’s issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Nearly 80 per cent of the girls had a healthy body weight and only 7.2 per cent were
considered overweight using standard weight-to.height ratios.Most researchers suggest the rate of overweight children in this country is several times higher than that figure.
Nearly 30 per cent of the girls reported they Were currently trying to lose weight,though few admitted to dangerous behavior such as self-induced vomiting.
Still,a test that measured attitudes towards eating showed 10.5 per cent of survey
Participants were already at risk of developing an eating disorder.
‘'We’re not talking about kids who’ve been prescribed a diet because they’re above average weight or overweight. We’re talking about children who are within a healthy weight range。And they have taken it upon themselves to diet to lose weight,”McVey said,acknowledging she found the rates disturbing.She said striking a balance between healthy weights and healthy attitudes towards food and body image is a complex task,with no easy solutions.

词汇:
overweight adj.超重的;过重的
induce vt.引起,导致
prescribe vt.处方;开药;嘱咐

1.The study showed that most of the girls
A)were overweight.
B) were on a diet.
C)had unhealthy attitudes about weight
D)had a healthy body weight.

2.What percentage of the girls considered themselves overweight?
A)Nearly 80 percent.
B)7.2 percent.
C)Nearly 30percent.
D)10.5 percent.

3.The survey participants were girls
A)whowere 10.
B)who were 14.
C)who were 10 to 14.
D)who were 10 to 18.

4. What kind of institution does the lead researcher work with?
A)A schoo1.
B)A hospital.
C)An association.
D)A charity.

5. Unhealthy attitudes about weight,body image and food may
A)lead to an eating disorder.
B)result from self-induced vomiting.
C)make it easier to gain weight.
D)bring about greater competition.

第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

Weight Worries May Start Early for Slim Women

There is a range of reasons why thin women think they’re too heavy,but the distorted body image may often have its roots in childhood,me results of a new study suggest.
Researchers found that among more than 2.400 min women they surveyed,nearly 1 0 percent thought they were too heavy.——(1)——.
According to the study authors,led by Dr.Susanne Kruger Kjaer of the Danish Cancer Society,Copenhagen,society’s“ideal”female body is moving toward an underweight physique? ___2___.
To investigate body image among thin women,the researchers gave questionnaires to 2,443 women ages 27 to 38 whose body mass index was at the low end of normal.——(3)——.
Overall,almost 1 0 percent of the women thought they were too heavy.Those who reported certain“severe life events”in childhood or adolescence,such as having a parent become ill or having their educational hopes dashed,were more likely than others to have a distorted body image.——(4)——.
In contrast,traumatic events in adulthood,such as serious illness or significant marital problems, were not related to poor body image,the researchers report
一(5)——

underweight adj.重量不足的
physique n.体格
questionnaire n.调查表
dash vt.使(希望、计划等)破灭,挫败
traumatic adj.使人不快的

A The same was true of4 women who started having sex or drinking alcohol when they were younger than 1 5 years old.
B Experiences’in childhood.including having an ill parent,or starting to drink or have sex at a particularly young age,were among the risk factors for having a distorted body image?
C “Our results indicate that the risk of being dissatisfied with (one’s)own body weight may be established early in life,”Kjaer and her colleagues write.
D Research suggests that many normal-weight women wish to weigh less.
E If worries have altered your appetite or weight,it will help to talk to someone about it.
F The women were asked about factors ranging from childhood experiences to current
exercise habits.



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第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

A Health Profile

A health profile is a portrait of all of the factors that influence your health.To draw your health profile,you will __1__what diseases run in your family, what health hazards you may be exposed to __2__ work,how your daily __3__ compares to the recommended standards,how much time per week you __4__ exercising and what type of exercise you engage__5__,how stressful your work and family environments are,what kinds of illnesses you get regularly, and__6__or not you have any one of a number of addictions.__7__this portrait,your should have a checkup to determine how your blood, heart,and lungs are functioning.This checkup will serve __8__ a baseline,to which you can then compare later tests.
__9__this profile is thoroughly drawn,you can begin to think about setting health
priorities based__10__ your particular portrait.For example,if you drink two martinis
every evening,have a high-stress__11__,are overweight,smoke a pack of cigarettes a day,
and use marijuana occasionally on weekends,you should quit smoking first,followed__12__

losing the excess weight,reducing the stress of your job,giving up your marihuana habit,and then finally giving some__13__to those martinis if you want to prevent first cancer, and then heart disease.Even for the youthful working person who has never been sick a day in his life,who is __14__ excellent health,a good look at all health habits and at work and home environments may suggest changes that will __15__ him in the future.

词汇:
profile n.侧影,概貌
hazard n.危险,危害
checkup n.健康检查,体检
martini n. 马提尼酒
portrait n.画像,肖像
addiction n.嗜好,瘾
baseline n.基础,起点
marihuana n.大麻烟(一种毒品)

练习:
1.A)know B) have known C) need know D) need to know
2.A)with B) in C) on D) at
3.A)diet B) meals C) food D) dinner
4.A)use B) devote C) spend D) take
5.A)on B) in C) with D) about
6.A)if B) whether C) either D) neither
7. A)To complete B) Completing
C) Completion D) To be completed
8. A)as B) for C) on D) about
9.A)Unless B) Once C) If D) Although
10.A) around B) with C) about D) on
11.A)work B) task C) job D) place
12.A) on B) with C) after D) by
13.A) thought B) idea C) thinking D) talk
14.A)for B) in C) with D) on
15.A) reap B) harvest C) benefit D) lead



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第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1. A. 分析:根据句意(花整个晚上玩牌没有什么意思)确认答案A(乐趣)。
strength n. 长处,优点; enjoyment n.乐趣,享乐, 快乐; temper n.(钢等)韧度, 回火, 性情, 脾气

2. B.分析:可以借助句子中相关词语(Thanksgiving)的提示和搭配结构(每个家庭都..)判断B(聚集在一起)是答案。pick up用手拿起(某物),承载(客人,货物等),学得(知识); correspond: v. (与with, to连用)符合,(常与with连用)通信;compete vi 竞争;竞赛

3. B。分析:利用搭配结构语意(餐厅是..)判断答案选项B(雅致的)。该句含义是“在汤姆看来,位于街道拐角处的那家餐厅是非常雅致的一家餐厅。”
Smart adj. 聪敏的,才思敏捷的, 雅致的;时髦的;Loyal adj.(常与to连用)忠诚的,忠实的;elegant adj.文雅的, 端庄的

4. A. 分析:根据搭配结构“被从经理的职位上…”判断A(解职)是答案。该句含义是“据说由于他最近与一个重要的客户之间发生了冲突,所以被解除了经理的职位。” Dismiss vt.解散, 下课, 开除; release n.释放vt.释放, 解放; pick vt.摘, 挑选; expose vt.使暴露, 受到, 使曝光

5. A. 分析:借助句意(当我一个人在家里的时候我感到不..)判断A(安全的)是答案。Secure adj安全的, 可靠的;稳定的;pretty: adj. 漂亮的;迷人的;可爱的;adv. 相当;颇

6. C. 分析:该题也是考察常见词汇。借助句意(瑞典语是大多数瑞典人的..语言)判断答案是C(本国的)。Native adj. 出生地的, 本地的;土生土长的;ancient adj.远古的, 旧的。

7. A. 分析:利用组成成分的基本词义(deal n.交易vi.处理, 应付; hold n.把握, 控制vt.拿着, 保存)猜测短语大意。并借助句意(霍金斯夫人..公司的帐户)判断答案A。deal with v.安排, 处理, 涉及;deal in v.经营; hold on v.继续, 不挂断;hold out v.伸出, 提供.

8. B。分析:借助句意(我…不一致的权利)判断答案是B(保留)。Reserve: v. 保留;预订;预约;Perceive vt.察觉, 感到, 认识到; deserve vt.应受, 值得

9. C。 分析:借助搭配结构语意(..的事实)判断答案C(可靠的)。Solid adj固态的,固体的, 坚固的, 可靠的;hard adj. 坚硬的, 困难的,难的adv.努力地;艰苦地; 强烈地;entire adj.全部的, 完整的

10. A。分析:该题考察常见词汇的词义。借助句意(我们容纳不下100名以上的客人)判断答案为A(容纳)。Take: v. 容纳;装; Let: v. 允许,让, 出租;set: v. 调整;安排; (星星、月亮、太阳)落下,沉没

11. D. 该句含义是“我的妹妹(姐姐)有音乐方面的才华”。talent n.天才, 才干; interest n.兴趣, 关心, 重要性, 影响, 利息, [常 pl.] 利益, 利害vt.使发生兴趣; limitation n.限制, 局限性; dream v.做梦, 梦见, 梦想n.梦, 梦想; gift n.赠品, 礼物, 天赋

12. C.该句的含义是“这座城市实际上被摧毁了”。Literally adv.照字义, 逐字地, 差不多, 实际上; Eventually adv. 最后; likely adj.很可能的adv.或许, 很可能; word-for-word adj.逐字的, 逐字翻译的

13.D.分析:借助句意(很晚了,…你必须上床睡觉了)确认答案D(因此)。Elsewhere adv. 在别处,到别处; from now on adv.从现在开始

14. B。分析:借助句意(这本书…许多主题)判断B(包括)是答案。Embrace vt.拥抱,包括,包含; Cover vt(常与with连用)盖;报导; adopt vt.收养, 采取;采用

15. B. 分析:注意到被选项A和B正好是正反项,所以重点注意。借助句意(他相信在采取了新的投资政策后,投资的高涨(投资的增加)一定会到来)判断B(增加)是答案。Decrease n.减少, 减少之量v.减少; influence n.影响, 感化, 势力, 有影响的人(或事) vt.影响, 改变; preparation
n.准备, 预备

第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

Most Adults in U.S.Have Low Risk of Heart Disease
1.A 文章第一段提到,美国80%以上的成年人未来十年内患心脏病的风险低于10%,
而文章第六段进而表明该数字是低的。
2. B 文章第四段提到,未来十年内,美国成年人患心脏病的风险高于10%的可分为两
类,一是10%至20%之间的占15%,一是20%以上的占3%。
3. B 文章第三段提到,有13 769人参加了此次调查,即有一万多人参加了此次调查,
而“more than 100 thousand people”表示的是“十万多人”。
4. C. 文章第5段提到,男人进入高危组的概率大于女人,但并没有表明参加此次调查的男性多于女性。
5. B. 文章第5段提到,种族对患病风险的分布影响很小。
6. A. 文章第5段提到,年龄越大, 进入高危组的比例也越大。
7. C. 文章第7段提到,研究人员说,只有采取积极的治疗措施才能降低所有人群患病的风险概率,但没有提到美国政府是否会这样做。

第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Many Benefits from Cancer Organization
1. C 文章第二段主要讲得到美国癌症学会资助的科学家们日复一日地工作,以便早日找到攻克各种癌症的答案,而该学会之所以资助这些科学家们是因为其很久以来便认识到科研在攻克癌症方面无可取代的重要性。
2. E 文章第三段主要讲美国癌症学会多年投资所取得的成果。
3. A 文章第四段主要讲的是,虽然每年有一千多个科研项目申请美国癌症学会的资助,但只有一百多个项目得到资助。如果有更多资金的话,许多被认为是相当杰出的项目就不会被放弃了。
4. F 文章第五段主要讲读者个人怎样也能出把力,使更多杰出的项目获得资助。
5. B 从文章的第一段可以得知,美国癌症学会科研项目已经造福了许多癌症病人。
6. D 文章第三段提到,如今60%的癌症病人的存活时间在五年以上。
7. A 文章第四段提到,由于资金有限,每年有将近二百项申请虽然很有潜力,但却得不到资助。
8. F 文章第五段提到,更多的资金意味着癌症研究会有更多的突破,更多的生命得以挽救。



更多资料清访问:

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第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,

从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
第1篇:A miracle cancer cure
1. A. 全段生动地描述了人们得了癌症或得知亲人得了癌症后的悲痛欲绝,呼天抢地但又怀有希望等复杂的心情。
2. A。 第2段中讲到triggered by a front-page …, 所以选择A。B, C和D 三项都不存在“头版新闻”的语境。
3. D。 答案依据在第4段最后一句,two new drugs can shrink tumors of every variety without any side effects whatsoever.
4. B. 全句是省略句,完整的句子是:It all seemed too good to be true, and of course it was too good to be true.
5. C. 根据最后一段,the only cancers they have cured so far have been in mice. 后面讲到的Curing a disease in lab animals也不是指全部动物,只指mice,这从后面几句可得到证实。


第2篇:答案与题解:
1.A 因第一段中提到“smoking and stress in men…”,其他各项均与文中内容不符。
2.c 第二段的第一句“Overall,61%of ulcer risk appears to be due tO environmental
factors…”,故选C项。
3.C 第三段谈到该项研究的目的,即“examine the roles of genetic and environmental
factors…’’
4.B 第四段明确指出,“they were related to smoking and s~ess in men and the use of
analgesics in women.”
5.B 从全文看,文章主旨在第一段即已提出,即“…lifestyle plays more of a role than
genetic factors in causing the illness.’’


第3篇
Losing Weight
1. D 文章第二段中的第一句和第四段中的第一句先后提到,接受调查之女孩中的绝大
多数体重都在健康范围内。
2. C 文章的第二段提到,有将近三分之一的女孩认为自己超重。
3. C 文章的第二段提到,接受调查的是年龄为10岁至14岁的女孩。
4. B 文章的第三段提到,主要研究人员McVey女士在一家医院工作。
5. A 文章的第六段提到,有关体重、身体形象和食品等的不健康态度使得一些女孩子
面临饮食失调的危险。

第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

Weight Worries May Start Early for Slim Women
1. B 文章的第一段已经提到,身体瘦削的女性自认为身体肥胖的原因可谓不少,但一项新的研究表明,对身体形象所存有的不正确的态度时常有可能与儿时的经历有关。文章的第二段是对第一段内容的进一步展开与细化。
2. D 本空的前一句讲到,体重不达标逐渐被普遍视为“理想的”女性身材。因此,“研究表明,许多正常体重之女性希望自己体重再轻些”作为接下来的一句是十分合适的。
3. F 本空之前的一句提到,调查是以发放问卷进行的。因此,接下来的一句应涉及问卷的内容。
4. A 文章的第二段已经提到,造成对身体形象存有不正确之态度的危险因素是与儿时的经历相关联的,其中包括:父亲或者母亲生病、特别年幼时便开始酗酒或是过性生活。空格之前的一句提到了儿时经历父亲或是母亲生病,接下来的句子肯定涉及特别年幼时便开始酗酒或是过性生活的经历。
5. C 文章的最后一句是对研究结果的重述。

第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1.D 从句子的意思看,这里应该有“需要”的意思,所以选择应该在C和D之间,need可以作情态动词用,也可以作普通动词用,前面既用了will,那说明这里应该跟作普通动词用的need,所以答案是need to know。
2. D 这里what引导的从旬的意思是“在工作时你可能面临什么不利健康的因素”,“在工作时”的英语是at work,是一个固定的表达方式。
3. A 这句用how引导的从句的意思是“你每日的饮食和推荐的标准相比之下如何’,最合适的说法是daily diet。
4. C exercising这个-ing形式提示这里必须用spend这个动词,通常我们说spend…doing…,如果要用devote,那应该有to,devote的用法是devote…to…。要表示用多少时间,英语里不用use这个动词,如果用take,那么主语一般不会是人。

5. B engage in是一个动词短语,意思是“从事……活动”。
6. B 这里是you will need to know后面一系列宾语从句中的最后一个,这个空格里要
求填入的是引导该宾语从句的连接词,表示的是“是否……”这个意思,只有whether
or not…合适。 、
7. A 这个置于旬首的短语要表示的是目的,即“为了要……”你应该进行一次体检,以确定你的血液、心脏、肺功能是否正常。表示目的要用不定式,A和D的区别是A是主动态,D是被动态,这里要用主动态。
8. A serve as是个短语,意思是“作为……,起……的作用”。
9. B 这里需要的是一个连接两个从句的连接词,四个选项都具有这个功能,但意义各不相同,once的意思是“一旦”,符合本句的意思。
10.D to be based on是个固定的表达方式,意思是“在……的基础上,以……为基础”。
11.C work在作?‘工作”解时是不可数的,前面有不定冠词a,所以被排除了。余下的三个选项的意思各不相同,have ajob是“有工作”的意思,符合这里的需要。
12.D to be followed by是“后面跟着”的意思,其他几个介词都不对。
13.A 在四个选项中,和“思想”有关的是前三个,但give some thought to是一个习惯的表达方式,意思是“考虑……,对……想一想”。
14.B to be in good/poor health是短语,意为“身体好/身体不好”,其他介词都不能用。
15.C benefit是及物动词,意为“使……得益”,reap是“收获”的意思,harvest一般作名词用,lead则完全不相干。



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