1 The Mayan civilization flourished on the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico.
A profited B gained C benefited D prospered
2 The field of international finance involves policies and procedures that affect the flow of money and credit among countries.
A appraisal B numeration C availability D circulation
3 When an electric current flows through a wire, a magnetic field appears around the wire.
A travels B vibrates C alternates D fluctuates
4 It was difficult to see ships in the distance because of the fog.
A sweat B haze C dew D frost
5 Many tourists are attracted to the New England states by the autumn foliage.
A weather B leaves C festivals D harvest
6 Though chess players may now compete against computers, they still follow rules that were used over 800 years ago.
A come after B abide by C recite D allow
7 The harpsichord, developed during the Middle Ages, was one of the forerunners of the piano.
A competitors B imitators C predecessors D offspring
8 Strict sanitary procedures help to forestall out-breaks of disease.
A prevent B control C minimize D preview
9 Even the best-build machine will not run forever without proper maintenance.
A eternally B smoothly C dependably D accurately
10 For financial reasons, scientists are often compelled to forsake their research.
A extend B resume C abandon D redirect
11 Archaeologists have discovered fossils of million-year-old animals in excavations.
A remnants B graves C records D paws.
12 The oldest preserved manuscripts are those written on papyrus, which were found in Egyptian tombs.
A protected B hidden C sought D discovered
13 Mary frosted the cake.
A served B iced C split D cooled
14 In the first decades of the twentieth century, the individual gene could not be seen, but could be worked with fruitfully.
A blindly B completely C productively D carefully
15 Grounded whales often struggle fruitlessly to reenter deep water.
A violently B desperately C in vain D at length
How to Design Kitchen Well
Over the years economic, social and technological factors have influenced the design of kitchens. Since it is often used simultaneously by both family members as well as guests, the kitchen requires not only a glamorous look but a practical one. Also, the design elements must meet the needs of the modern family.
Environmental concerns have had an enormous impact on kitchen design. This concern includes recycling of household materials, as well as energy efficient appliances and the purity of both water and air. Research shows that up to 85 percent of the population is concerned about what might be in their drinking water. They are also often dissatisfied with the taste and odor of what comes out of their tap. This is why it’s important to consider adding a water filter system.
The character of today’s kitchen is very different from the way it was thirty years ago. There’s more sophistication in food preparation, and more technological help with cooking and clean up.
When choosing cabinets, first consider the style. Use the architectural style of your house as a guide. Because cabinets are a big investment, it is best to choose quality. Popular styles in kitchen cabinets are framed panel doors with raised or recessed panels of wood, cabinet fronts with glass panes, or simple slab doors in a rich painted or laminated finish. Cabinet pulls, handles and knobs are offered in a myriad of designs and finishes. Treat hardware as jewelry and don’t be afraid to mix and match styles.
Because many of today’s kitchens consist of two or more cooks sharing in the meal preparation, there is a need for more counter space, cooktops and sinks. Although lifestyles are changing, the primary function of the kitchen as an area for preparing food has remained unchanged. The sink remains one of the most used areas in the kitchen as well as an important decorative statement.
Appliance technology is moving at a very fast pace. Choosing what type of appliances as well as how many will depend on several factors such as how often and how much you cook and the size of your kitchen. .
Don’t limit yourself to one of each kind of appliance. You can have a refrigerator in one place and a freezer in a separate area or two sets of cooktops, one on the counter next to the wall oven and one on an island. You can even have two dishwashers if size and budget require and permit—think of it as saving time in the long run.
16 A well-designed kitchen should be modern, beautiful and practical at the same time.
A Right B Wrong C. Not mentioned
17 Being harmless to the environment is the top priority in kitchen design.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18 Quality matters the most when you are choosing kitchen cabinets.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19 More counter space, cooktops and sinks are needed in today’s kitchens because food preparation is more complicated than it used to be.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20 The design of the sink is indicative of a kitchen designer’s intelligence.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
21 Means of saving labor, appliances should be replaced whenever new models come out.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
22 It is the amount of time you can spend in the kitchen that decides how many appliances of the same kind you should buy.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
A Brief to Singapore
1 Singapore is an independent city-state in southeastern Asia, consisting of one major island—the Singapore Island—and more than 50 small islands, located off the southern tip of Malay. The city of Singapore, the capital of the country, is at the southeastern end of the Singapore Island;it is one of the most important port cities and commercial centers of Southeast Asia. he total area of the republic is 640 sq. km.
2 Lowlying Singapore Island has no outstanding relief(轮廓鲜明的) features. A central area of hills rises to the maximum height of 176 m. The country has a wet tropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 27. 20℃. The average annual rainfall is 2, 413 mm;the wettest months are November through January. .
3 Singapore is governed under a constitution of 1959. A president, elected to a four-year term is head of state, and a prime minister is head of government. The president used to be selected by Parliament, but by a 1991 constitutional amendment(修正案), the president is now elected directly by the people. The Parliament is the law-making body with its 81 members popularly elected.
4 In the late 1980s the country had some 290 primary schools with 278, 300 pupils and 160 secondary schools with 200, 200 students. The main institutions of higher education are the National University of Singapore, several technical colleges, and a teachers college.
5 Singapore has one of the highest standards of living of any country in Asia. In the late 1980s the gross domestic product was estimated at $23. 7 billion, or $8. 870 per person. The fishing industry is centered on the port of During. on southwestern Singapore Island. Industry has grown rapidly since the 1960s, and Singapore now produces a diversity(多样化的) of goods, including chemicals, electronic items, clothing, and processed foods, etc. Shipbuilding and petroleum refining are also important
23 Paragraph 2
24 Paragraph 3
25 Paragraph 4
26 Paragraph 5
B Land and climate
C State system
D Natural resources
27 Singapore is a small state in the southeast of Asia .
28 According to the constitution of Singapore, the president of the state is selected .
29 Compared with people in other Asian countries, the Singaporeans .
30 Though small, Singapore has an industry of its own and can .
A live a better life
B made up of more than 50 islands
C have more farmland
D not by the Parliament, but by the people
E produce goods of various kinds
F have a big population.
第一篇 Famous American Foods
What, besides children, connects mothers around the world and across the seas of time? It’s chicken soup, one prominent American food expert says.
From Russian villages to Africa and Asia, chicken soup has been the remedy for those weak in body and spirit. Mothers passed their knowledge on to ancient writers of Greece, China and Rome, and even 12th century philosopher and physician Moses Maimonides extolled (赞美)its virtues.
Among the ancients, Aristotle thought poultry should stand in higher estimation than four-legged animals because the air is less dense than the earth. Chickens got another boost (吹捧)in the Book of Genesis, where it is written that birds and fish were created on the fifth day, a day before four-legged animals.
But according to Mimi Sheraton, who has spent much of the past three years exploring the world of chicken soup, much of the reason for chicken’s real or imagined curative (治愈的)powers comes from its color.
Her new book, “The Whole World Loves Chicken Soup”, looks at the beloved and mysterious brew, with dozens of recipes from around the world. Throughout the ages, she said, “There has been a lot of feeling that white-colored foods are easier to eat for the weak-woman and the ill”.
In addition, “soups, or anything for that matter eaten with a spoon ” are considered “comfort foods” Sheraton said. “I love soup and love making soup and as I was collecting recipes I began to see this as an international dish. It has a universal mystique as something curative, a strength builder, ” Sheraton said from her New York home.
Her book treats the oldest remedy as if it was brand new.
The National Broiler Council, the trade group representing the chicken industry, reported that 51 percent of the people it surveyed said they bought chicken because it was healthier, 50 percent said it was versatile, 41 percent said it was economical and 46 percent said it was low in fat.
31 Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A Prominent American Foods
B History of the Chicken Soup
C Chicken Soup Recipes
D Chicken Soup, a Universal Cure All
32 Since ancient times, the value of chicken soup .
A has been over-estimated
B has been widely acknowledged
C has been appreciated only by philosophers
D has been known only to mothers.
33 Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A Chicken soup has a very long history.
B Since ancient times, chicken soup has been a home remedy.
C Poultry usually stands higher than four-legged animals.
D Four-legged animals were said to be created on the sixth day.
34 Chicken soup has curative powers mainly for according to Sheraton.
A its color
B its taste
C its flavor
D its recipe
35 It can be said from the survey that chicken is .
A a main dish
B a popular food
C cheaper than any other food
D all of the above
第二篇 15 Million Americans Suffer from Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder prevents some 15 million Americans from leading normal social and romantic lives, a new survey finds.
The disorder leaves many isolated, ashamed and often misdiagnosed. Thirty-six percent of those with social anxiety disorder have symptoms for 10 years or more before seeking help, the Anxiety Disorders Association of America reports.
"Social anxiety disorder is when somebody has an intense, persistent and irrational fear of social or performance situations," Jerilyn Ross, the association's president and CEO, said during a teleconference Wednesday.
"The condition causes people to avoid common, everyday situations and even other people for fear of being judged or criticized or humiliated or embarrassing themselves," Ross said.
Social anxiety disorder can interfere with daily routines and job performance, Ross noted. "It also makes it very difficult for people to develop friends and romantic partnerships," she said.
People with this disorder recognize their fear is excessive and irrational, Ross noted. "But they feel powerless to do anything about it," she said..
Social anxiety disorder can start in the early teens, Dr. Mark H. Pollack, director of the Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, said during the teleconference.
"This is a disorder that starts affecting people early on," Pollack said. "The typical age of onset is early adolescence, age 12 or 13, and many individuals report a history of anxiety dating back to earlier childhood."
The disorder also has physical symptoms, including heart palpitations, feelings that their throat will close up, sweating, blushing, faintness, trembling and stammering, Ross said.
Among people with the disorder, 75 percent said the condition affected their ability to do normal activities. In addition, 69 percent said they didn't want people to think they were crazy, and 58 percent said they were embarrassed by their condition, Ross said.
However, when the condition is diagnosed and treated, many reported improvement in their lives. In fact, 59 percent who were receiving treatment said treatment had a positive effect on their ability to have a romantic relationship. In addition, 39 percent who had received treatment said knowing that treatment can be successful aided their decision to get help, Ross noted.
36. People with social anxiety disorder are known for their fear of
A being left alone.
B leading normal lives.
C embarrassing other people.
D facing social or performance situations.
37. What do people with social anxiety disorder think of their fear?
A They think it's beyond their control.
B They think it's beneficial.
C They think it's controllable.
D They think it's justified.
38. Which is NOT true of people with social anxiety disorder?
A They're often isolated and ashamed.
B They find it difficult to make friends.
C They often fail to get timely treatment.
D They tend to judge or criticize other people:.
39. The symptoms of social anxiety disorder include all the following EXCEPT
A heart palpitations.
B sore throat.
40. It can be seen from the last paragraph that treatment of the disorder
A has no positive effect at all.
B is unavailable to most sufferers.
C tends to be refused by the sufferers.
D can lead to improvement in the sufferers' lives.
第三篇 Hypertension Drugs Found to Cut Risk of Stroke
Australian doctors declared Monday that a cocktail of simple antihypertensive drugs can lower the risk of patients suffering a repeat stroke by more than a third. This is the result of their research. The research, presented at a medical conference in Italy over the weekend, has been valued highly as a major breakthrough in stroke prevention.
Strokes kill 5 million people a year, and more than 15 million suffer non-fatal strokes that often leave them with useless limbs, slurred speech and other serous disabilities. One in five stroke survivors goes on to have a second, often fatal, stroke within five years of the first.
An international six-year study of 6,100 patients directed from Sydney University found that by taking two blood pressure-lowering drugs, the risk of secondary strokes can be reduced by up to 40 per cent. Even taking one of the commonly available drugs can cut the risk by a third, the study said. The drugs are the diuretic indapamide and the ACE inhibitor perindopril, better known by its brand name Coversy. The combination was effective even in patients who did not have high blood pressure, the researchers said. They even found that the risk of another stroke could be cut by three quarters among the one-in-10 patients who had suffered a cerebral hemorrhage, the worst type of stoke, where there is direct bleeding into the brain.
Stephen McMahon, who presented the research at the Milan congress of the European Society of hypertension, said about 50 million people were alive who had suffered at least one stroke. “If most of those patients were able to get access to this treatment, it would result in maybe the avoidance of half a million strokes a year,” the professor told Australia’s ABC Radio.
McMahon said doctors had long known that lowering the blood pressure of those with hypertension could help prevent strokes. “What we have shown for the first time is that it does not really matter what your blood pressure is; if you have had a stroke, the lowering blood pressure will produce large benefits, to begin with—even for people whose blood pressure is average or below average,” he said.
McMahon said the Milan gathering had heralded the research as a “major breakthrough in the care of patients with strokes—perhaps the biggest step forward that we have made in the last couple of decades. ”.
41. How many people surviving the first stroke may suffer another attack during the following five years?
A. More than 33% of them. B. Up to 40% of them
C. 20% of them. D. 10% of them.
42. Taking two blood pressure-lowering drugs may produce _____less risk of secondary strokes than taking only one such drug.
A. three quarters B. nearly four tenths
C. one fifth D. about one fourteenth
43. Which of the following is NOT a symptom left by strokes?
A. Habitual sleeplessness.
B. Losing the function of one more extremities.
C. Speaking unclearly.
D. Serious disabilities such as facial paralysis.
44. How many strokes may be reduced in a year if most of stroke patients can be treated in the way as the article recommends?
A. 5,000,000 B. 500,000
C. 50,000,000 D. 15,000,000
45. What patients among those who have had a stroke will benefit greatly from taking blood pressure-lowering drugs?
A. Those whose blood pressure is high.
B. Those whose blood pressure is average.
C. Those whose blood pressure is below average.
D. All of the above..
Living Alone Is Joyful
More and more Americans are living alone. Some live alone because of divorce or the death of a partner. 46 According to a recent U. S. census (人口普查)，25 percent of all households in the U. S. are made up of just one person. This is a dramatic change from the extended families of just a couple of generations ago.
The typical person living alone is neither old nor lonely. 47 The majority of these people have chosen to live alone. They are responding to decreasing social pressure to get married and have a family.
It’s now socially acceptable, even fashionable, to live alone. As people get better jobs and become financially independent, it becomes possible for them to maintain a one-person household. 48 However, people who do get married are marrying at a later age and divorcing more often.
The number one reason given by most people for living alone is that they simply enjoy doing what they want when they want to do it. “Living alone is a luxury, ”says Nina Hagiwara, 338. “Once you do it, you can’t ever go back to living with others. ”David C-Debaca, 46, agrees. 49
Children think that being grown up means being able to do exactly as they please. 50 The chance to discover whether that freedom is as wonderful as it sounds is a chance more and more Americans are taking.
A There’s more pressure to get married nowadays.
B The growing number of women with good jobs has done much to increase the number of people living alone.
C However, even more people are living alone because they have chosen to.
D It seems that many grown-ups today are realizing that childhood dream.
E In fact, a quarter of the 23 million single people in the U. S. are under the age of 35.
F He says, “I like being by myself. ”
Is Your Child's Stomach Pain All in His Head?
We all know there are times that kids seem to complain ___51 __ a stomach ache to get out of chores or going to school. Don't be so sure that the pain they 52 is all in their minds. We're learning more now about a condition 53 "functional abdominal pain" that is experienced by millions of kids every day.
Like many teenagers, Kyle Brust makes it a point to do his homework as 54 as he gets home. Unlike most, Kyle often did his with a terrible stomach ache. In fact, the 55 often started while he was at school, but getting help there was getting harder.
"Some of my teachers wouldn't let me go, because I'd asked so many times before and they thought I was trying to get out of __56 __ ," says Kyle..