职称英语考试综合类C级模拟试题及答案解析一

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职称英语考试综合类C级模拟试题及答案解析一

第一部分:词汇选择

(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1. The normal price of a ticket for an adult is $230.
A) ordinary B)proper
C) fair D)medium

2.We have to ask them to quit talking in order that all people present could hear us clearly.
A) decrease B)cease
C) continue D)keep

3.The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.
A) location B)view
C) event D)landscape

4. Of the reptile groups, the snake group was the final one to appear.
A) last B)best
C) ugliest D)longest

5.Universities usually give diplomas or certificates to students who complete course requirements adequately.
A) responsibly B)sufficiently
C) patiently D)successfully

6.A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased (adj.已故的)are realized.
A) fulfilled B) accepted
C) adopted D) received

7. She has been the subject of massive media coverage.
A) extensive B) negative
C) expensive D)active

8.The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.
A) rejected B) investigated
C)proposed D)postponed

9. What were the effects of the decision she made?
A) reasons B)results
C) causes D)bases

10. The sea was calm and still.
A) quite B)quiet
C) yet D)rough

11. In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.
A) confuses B)excites
C) scares D)satisfies

12. Mary called me up very late last night.
A) shouted at me B)visited me
C) telephoned me D)waked me

13. Mary gets up at the same time every morning.
A) rises B)raises
C) arrives D)awakes

14. The committee comprises five persons.
A) absorbs B)concerns
A) excludes D)involves

15. All the people assembled at Mary's house.
A) collected B)fixed
C) asserted D)assist

 

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第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。
如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

Dining Custom

Every land has its own dining custom, and the United States is no exception. Americans feel that the first rule of being a polite guest is to be on time. If a person is invited to dinner at 6: 30, the hostess expects him to be there at 6: 30 or not more than a few minutes after. Because she usually does her own cooking, she times the meal so that the coffee and meat will be at their best at the time she asks the guest to come. If he is late, the food will not be so good, and the hostess will be disappointed. When the guest can not come on time, he calls his host or hostess on the telephone, gives the reason, and tells at what time he thinks he can come.
As guests continue to arrive, the men in the group stand when a woman enters and remain standing until she found a chair. A man always rises when he is being introduced to a woman. A woman does not rise when she is being introduced either to a man or a woman unless the woman is much older.
When the guests sit down at a dinner table, it is customary for the men to help the ladies by pushing their chairs under them.
Even an American may be confused by the number of knives, forks, and spoons besides his plate when he sits down to a formal dinner. The rule is simple, however: use them in the order in which they lie, beginning from the outside. Or watch the hostess and do what she does. The small fork on the outside on the left is for salad, which is often served with the soup. The spoon on butter spreader, on a small bread-and-butter plate at the left. As the bread is passed, each quest puts his piece on the bread-and-butter plate.

1. As a country of immigrants, the U.S. does not have its own dinning customs.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

2. The guest is expected to arrive on time because the coffee and meat will be at their best at the time he is required to come.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

3. A woman usually rises when she is being introduced to an aged gentleman.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

4. At a dinner table, it is customary for the men to arrange chairs for ladies.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

5. At formal American dinner, the knives, forks, and spoons besides the plate are placed in a certain order.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

6. The right order to use the knives, forks and spoons at a formal dinner is from the left to the right.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

7. At a formal dinner, bread is usually served together with salad and soup.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Adult Education

1 Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling, get new skills or job training, find out about new technological developments, seek better self-understanding, or develop new talents and skills.
2 This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries, correspondence courses, or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges, study groups, workshops, clubs and professional associations.
3 Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution. Great economic and social changes were taking place: people were moving from rural areas to cities; new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system. These and other factors produced a need for further education and re-education of adults.
4 The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s, with the founding of an adult school in Nottingham and a mechanics' institution in Glasgow. Benjamin Franklin and some friends found the earliest adult education institution in the U.S. in Philadelphia in 1727.
5 People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today. For example, parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs. Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs.

1. Paragraph 2___________ A. Necessity for developing adult education
B. Early days of adult education
2. Paragraph 3 ___________ C. Ways of receiving adult education
D. Growth of adult education
3. Paragraph 4 ___________ E. Institutions of adult education
F. Definition of adult education
4. Paragraph 5 ___________

5. Some adults want to learn _____________.

6. There are various forms of adult education, including _____________.

7. Adult education has been made necessary by _____________.

8. The earliest organized adult education originated in _____________.

A. by social and economic changes
B. guided self-study and correspondence courses
C. by studying together with children
D. what they did not manage to learn earlier
E. dates back to the eighteenth century
F. mass production



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第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

第1篇

Medical Journals

Medical journals are publications that report medical information to physicians and other health professionals.
In the past,these journals were available only in print.With the development of electronic publishing,many medical journals now have Web sites on the Internet,and some journals publish only online.A few medical journals,like the Journal of the American Medical Association,are considered general medical journals because they cover many fields of medicine.Most medical journals are specialty journals that focus on a particular area of medicine.
Medical journals publish many types of articles.Research articles report the results of research studies on a range of topics varying from the basic mechanisms of diseases to clinical trials that compare outcomes of different treatments.Review articles summarize and analyze the information available on a specific topic based on a careful search of the medical literature.
Because the results of individual research studies can be affected by many factors,combining results from different studies on the same topic can be helpful in reaching conclusions about the scientific evidence for preventing,diagnosing or treating a particular disease.Case conferences and case reports may be published in medical journals to educate physicians about particular illnesses and how to treat at them.Editorials in medical journals are short essays that express the views of the authors,often regarding a research or review article published in the same issue.
Editorials provide perspective on how the current article fits with other information on the same topic.Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of the medical journal to express comments, questions or criticisms about articles published in that journal.
1. The main readers of medical journals are
A)the general public.
B1healthprofessionals. ,
C)medical critics.
D、news reporters.
2. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) Many medical journals also publish online.
B)A few medical journals are general medical journals.
C)Most medical journals publish only online.
D)Most medical journals are specialty journals.
3. How many major types of articles are mentioned in the passage?
A、Five.
B)Seven.
C)Four.
D)Six.
4. An article dealing with results from different studies on the same topic is called
A)a research article.
B)a review article.
C)a case report.
D)an editorial.
5.Letters to the editor enable readers of a medical journal to express comments on
A)any medical event.
B) articles published in the same issue.
C)articles published in that journal
D)medical development.

第2篇

Feast On Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving

Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets.That was
Halloween.‘In a few weeks American houses will be red and green and filled with presents.For Christmas.
As if all this isn’t enough,on Thursday this week,America will enjoy another festival—Thanksgiving.
Children will have two days off school,shops will close and houses will be filled with families enjoying mountains of food. Every year, in Gainesville,Florida,all entire class celebrate Thanksgiving together.The class dresses up and puts on plays for their families.After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie.
Dean Foster, an 1 1-year-old boy will take part in this celebration.He said:‘I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school,lots of nice food and a happy family.’’
His brother Ben,nine,said:‘the best thing about Thanksgiving,is that when it is finished,it is time to start Christmas.’
But behind the food and the large amount of money spent there is another message.On Thursday evening,Dean and Ben’s family will make a basket and put it on the table as they eat their evening meal.
Each of them will write a 1ist of things that they are thankful for and place the paper in the basket.The family will read the pieces of paper and take time to thank God and each other for providing them with comfortable and happy lives.
Thanksgiving is a traditional festival that started in 1621,when the first pilgrims arrived in the US to start a new lire.After a hard year, they had a big autumn harvest.They held a feast and invited the native American Indians along to thank God for giving them enough food.
Many countries celebrate Thanksgiving.They often fall after the fields have been harvested and the crops collected for winter.
词汇:
turkey n.火鸡
pumpkin n.南瓜
pilgrim n.朝圣者
1.Thanksgiving:感恩节(11月的第四个星期四)
2.Halloween :10月3 1日之夜(据传此时可见到鬼)
3.Christmas:圣诞节(12月25日)

1. On Halloween, children in the United States often dress up as
A)ghosts
B)players.
C)pilgrims.
D)visitors.

2.When are turkey and pumpkin pie eaten?
A)On Halloween.
B)On Thursday.
C)On Thanksgiving.
D)On Christmas Day.

3.Thanksgiving is the time for the American people to thank God for
A)looking after them.
B)providing them with comfortable and happy lives?
C)clothing them.
D)protecting them

4.Many children in the United States like Thanksgiving because
A)they call stay with their parents at home and eat a lot of nice food?
B)they can dress up like monsters.
C)they can put on plays.
D)they call visit American Indians.

5.The first pilgrims settled in the United States in
A)1621.
B)1620.
C)1622.
D)1619.

第3篇

Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles

The Ford motor company’s abandonment of electric cars effectively signals the end of the road for the technology,analysts say.
General Motors。and Honda’ceased production of battery.powered cars in 1 999, to focus on fuel cell and hybrid electric gasoline engines, which are more attractive to the consumer.Ford has now announced it will do the same.
Three years ago.the company introduced the Think City two—seater car and a golf cart called the THINK, or Think Neighbor.It hoped to sell 5,000 cars each year and 10,000 carts.But a lack of demand means only about l,000 of the cars have been produced,and less than 1。700 carts have been sold so far in 2002.
“The bottom line is we don’t believe that this is the future of environment transport for the mass market.”Tim Holmes of Ford Europe said on Friday.“We feel we have given electric our best shot”
The Think City has a range of only about 53 miles and up to a six-hour battery recharge time.General Motors’EVI electric vehicle also had a limited range。of about 100 miles.
The very expensive batteries also mean electric cars cost much more than petrol-powered alternatives.An electric Toyot~RAV4 EV vehicle costs over$42,000 in the US,compared with just $17,000 for the petrol version.Toyota and Nissan…are now the only major automanufacturers to produce electric vehicles.
“There is a feeling that battery electric has been given its chance.Ford now has to move on with its hybrid program“,and that is what we will be judging them on,”Roger Higman,a senior transport campaigner at UK Friends of the Earth,told the Environment News Service.
Hybrid cars introduced by Toyota and Honda in the past few years have sold well.Hybrid engines Offer Greater mileage than petrol—only engines , and the batteries recharge themselves. Ford says it thinks such vehicles will help it meet planned new guidelines“on vehicle emissions” in the U.S.
However,it is not yet clear exactly what those guidelines will permit.In June,General Motors and Daimler Chrysler won a court injunction,delaying by two years Californian legislation requiring car—makers to offer 100,000 zero-emission and other low—emission vehicles in the state by 2003.Car manufacturers hope the legislation will be rewritten to allow for more low--emission,rather than zero—emission,vehicles.
1. What have the Ford motor company.General Motor’s and Honda done concerning electric cars?
A)They have started to produce electric cars.
B)They have done extensive research on electric Cars
C They have given up producing electric cars.
D)They have produced thousands of electric Cars

2. According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe,battery-powered cars
A)will be the main transportation vehicles in the future
B1 will not be the main transportation vehicles in the future.
C)will be good to the environment in the future
D)will replace petrol—powered vehicles in the future.

3. Which auto manufacturers are still producing electric vehicles?
A)Toyota and Nissan
B)General Motor’s and Honda
C)Ford and Toyota
D)Honda and Toyota

4.According to the eighth paragraph,hybrid cars
A)offer fewer mileage than petrol driven cars
B)run faster than petrol driven cars
C)run more miles than petrol driven cars
D)offer more batteries than petrol driven cars

5.Which of the following is true about the hope of car manufacturers according to the last paragraph?
A)Low-emission cars should be banned.
B)Only zero-emission cars are allowed to run on motorways.
C)The legislation will encourage car makers to produce more electric cars.
D)The legislation will allow more 10w.emission to be produced.



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第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

How One Simple Movement Can Let Slip the Secrets of the Mind

Body language is the quiet,secret and most powerful language of all! It is said that our body movements communicate about 50 per cent of what we really mean while words themselves only express 7 per cent.So,while your mouth is closed,just what is your body saying…
Alms. _1_ If you keep your arms to the sides of your body or behind your back,this suggests you are not afraid of taking on whatever comes your way. _2_ If someone upsets you,just cross your arms to show you’re unhappy!
Head.When you want to appear confident,keep your head level.If you are monitor in class,you cart also take on this position when you want your words to be taken seriously. _3_
Legs.Your legs tend to move around a lot more than normal when you are nervous or telling lies.If you are at interviews,try to keep them still!
Posture.A good posture makes you feel beRer about yourself. _4_ This makes breathing more difficult,which in turn can make you feel nervous or uncomfortable.
Mouth.When you are thinking,you often purse your lips.You might also use this position to hoId back all angry comment you don’t wish to show. _5_

posture /n.姿势
purse/vt.皱缩;皱拢
inwards/adv.向内
outgoing/adj.开朗的
receptive/adj.善于接受的,能接纳的

A If you are feeling down,you normally don’t sit straight,with your shoulders inwards.
B If you are pleased,you usually open your eyes wide and people Can notice this.
C Outgoing people generally use their arms with big movements,while quieter people keep them close to their bodies.
D How you hold your arms shows how open and receptive you are to people you meet.
E However, it will probably still be noticed,and people will know you’re not pleased.
F However, to be friendly in listening or speaking,you must move your head a little to one side.

第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Where Did All the Ships Go?

The Bermuda Triangle is one__1__the greatest mysteries of the sea.In this triangular area between Florida,Puerto Rico and Bermuda in Atlantic,ships and airplanes __2__to disappear more often than in__3__parts of the ocean。And they do so__4__ leaving any sign of all accident or any dead bodies.
It is__5__that Christopher Columbus was the first person to record strange
happenings in the area.His compass stopped working,a flame came down from the sky,and a wave 1 00 to 200.feet.high carried his ship about a mile away.
The most famous disappearance in the Bermuda Triangle was the US Naval Air Flight 19.__6__December 5,1945,five bomber planes carrying 14 men.__7__ on a training mission’from the Florida coast.Later that day, all communications with Flight 1 9 were lost.They just disappeared without a trace.
The next morning,242 planes and 19 ships took part in the largest air-sea search in history. But they found nothing.
Some people blame the disappearances__8__supernatural forces.It is suggested the
__9__ships and planes were either transported to other times and places,kidnapped
by aliens__10__ attacked by sea creatures.
There are__11__natural explanations,though.The US Navy says that the Bermuda triangle is one of two places on earth __12__a magnetic compass points towards true north__13__magnetic north.__14__planes and ships can lose their way if they don’t make adjustments.
The area also has changing weather and is known__15__its high waves.Storms
Can turn up suddenly and destroy a plane or ship.Fast currents could then sweep away any trace of an accident.

Bermuda Triangle 百慕大三角区
Florida 佛罗里达,美国的一个州
Pueto Rico 波多利加]
Compass n.罗盘,指南针
Supernatural adj.超自然的
Kidnap v.绑架
Alien n.外星人
Magnetic adj.有磁性的
Trace n.痕迹

练习:
1.A)from B) Of C)about D) on
2.A)often B)look C)sometimes D) seem
3.A)rest B) another C) other D)others
4.A)without B)by C)from D)upon
5.A)saying B)being said c)said D)says
6. A) On B)In C) from D) since
7.A)took up B) took as C) took after D) took off
8. A)for B) about C) on D) from
9.A)missing B) missed C) miss D) having missed
10.A) and B) or C) nor D) neither
11.A)also B) no C) more D) beside
12.A) which B) there C) where D) that
13.A)instead of B) except
C) than D) nor
14.A)Similarly B) furthermore
C) However D) Therefore
15.A) as B) for C)by D) from
答案及解析 见下页



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答案及解析
第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,
请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1.A.划线词和四个被选项这5个形容词都是C级应该掌握的常见词汇。Normal和 ordinary的词义相近,都具有“通常的,普通的”的含义。 Fair是“公平的”; proper是“适当的, 正确的” ;medium是“中间的, 中等的”。该句的含义是“每位成年人的通常票价是230美圆。”

2 B。划线词和四个被选项这5个动词都是C级应该掌握的常见词汇。其中除A以外,其余的被选项都可以跟动名词结构:quit doing.. = cease doing../停止..., continue doing../继续.., keep doing../一直…。该句的含义是“我们得要求他们停止说法以便所有在场的人都能清楚地听见我们的声音。”

3 A. 划线词和四个被选项这5个名词都是较为常见词汇。其中,scene是“现场, 场面, 情景, 景色”;view是“景色, 风景, 观点, 见解”;event是“事件”, landscape“风景, 山水画, 地形”。从句意(克朗代克河地区是人们迄今为止所知道的最大淘金热(发生地)之一)来看scene的含义是“地点”,所以答案是A。

4 A。final作为形容词其含义是“最后的, 最终的”,last(最后的)是final的近义词。Ugliest是形容词ugly(丑的)的最高级。该句的含义是“在爬行类物种中,蛇是排在最后一种。”

5. B。 adequate adj.适当的, 足够的,该词在含义上与sufficient (adj.充分的, 足够的)接近,因此它们的副词结构adequately和sufficiently词义接近。该句的含义是“大学通常会给已经很好地达到了课程学习要求的学生颁发文凭或证书”。Responsibly adj.有责任地, 可靠地。

6. A. realize与 the wish (愿望)搭配使用, 其含义是“实现”。Fulfill vt.履行, 实现, 完成(计划等),该词与划线词的含义最接近。Adopt vt.采用, 收养, accept vt.接受, 认可, 承担。 该句的含义是“遗嘱是确保已故的人的心愿能够被实现的文件。”

7. A。根据搭配—“...媒体报道”判断A(大量的,广大的,广阔的)合适。而借助mass 的含义(n.块, 大多数, 质量, 群众, 大量adj.群众的, 大规模的, 集中的)也可猜测出massive的含义与“大量的”有关,这样也能判断答案。Negative adj.否定的, 消极的, 负的; expensive adj.昂贵的; active adj.积极的, 能起作用的。该句的含义是“她一直是许多媒体报道的对象。”

8.B. 根据搭配--“...的可能性”判断B(调查,研究)最合适。Reject vt.拒绝, 抵制; propose
vt.计划, 建议, 向...提议; postpone vt.推迟, 使延期;该句的含义是“会议研究了进行更加紧密的贸易联系的可能性。”

9.B. effect 是常见的基本词汇,其含义是“结果, 效果”。因此B(结果)是答案。该句的含义是“她作出的决定所带来的结构/影响是什么?”

10.B.根据and的使用特点:前后结构对称,词义色彩一致,因此判断B((平静的和)安静的)是答案。Rough adj.粗糙的, 粗略的, 大致的, 粗暴的,汹涌澎湃的。该句的含义是“大海安静而又平静”。

11.B. 句子中出现了“In a bullfight(在斗牛中)..颜色”这样的结构和词语,因此猜测划线词所在的结构含义可能是“(刺激)牛”。因此判断B(使..兴奋)是答案。Confuse vt.搞乱, 使糊涂;scare v.惊吓; satisfy vt.满足, 使满意;该句的含义是“在斗牛比赛中,让牛兴奋的是物体的运动,而不是物体的颜色。”

12.C.call up v.使想起, 打电话给(某人),因此C(给我打电话)是答案。该句含义是“玛丽昨晚很晚了的时候给我打了电话。”

13.A. get up v.起床; rise v.起床,上升; 因此A是答案。Awake vi.醒, 觉醒,觉悟vt.唤醒
adj.警觉的, 醒的; raise vt. 提高, 饲养, 筹集; 该句含义是“玛丽每天在同一时间起床。”

14.D. comprise v.包含, 由...组成; 该词和D(involve vt.包括) 是近义词。absorb vt.吸收, 吸引; concern vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心; exclude vt. 把...排除在外; 该句含义是“这个委员会是由5个人组成。”

15.A.assemble vt.集合, 聚集, 装配vi.集合;该词和A( collect v.收集, 聚集)是近义词。fix vt.使固定, 装置, 修理;assert v.断言, 声称;assist v.援助, 帮助;该句含义是“所有的人都在玛丽的房子里集合。”

第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

解题技巧说明:
在解答阅读判断题,阅读理解题,以及完成句子题时都可以考虑采用“核心词/特征词定位”的方法。“核心词”是指在出现在要求考生作出判断的句子中的主句和从句中的主语和谓语部分的词语/结构(如果有宾语也可考虑宾语部分的词语/结构)。选取这些词语/结构的时候要考虑是否这些将被选择作为答案线索的词语和结构是标志“新信息”的内容,如果是,则可以选取;否者就考虑句子中其他结构中标志“新信息”的词语/结构。(注:“新信息”是在前面问题的内容中没有出现过的信息)如:

问题前句:As a country of immigrants, the U.S. does not have its own dinning customs.

The guest is expected to arrive on time because the coffee and meat will be at their best
新信息 新信息 新信息 新信息
at the time he is required to come.
在选取直接作为线索词/结构的内容时还要注意“标志原则”,比如在选定的“新信息内容”中“on time(准时)”和“coffee and meat(咖啡和肉)”由于其词义的特点是很可能在文章中直接出现的结构,所以考虑采用“on time(准时)” 和“coffee and meat(咖啡和肉)”作为直接答案线索。

“特征词” 是指在出现在要求考生作出判断的句子中表示“时间,人名,地名, 组织机构名”等,在文章如果出现往往很容易就会被发现的词语/结构,因为这些结构总是以特殊的形式出现在文章中:“时间”—往往是以阿拉伯数字的形式出现;“人名,地名, 组织机构名”—往往是以单词的首字母大写的形式出现。

另外,要求考生作出判断的句子中出现的修饰词,限制词(往往形容词/副词)可以直接考虑作为答案线索。在利用选出的词语/结构作为答案线索时要注意在文章出现的与这些词/结构含义相近的词语/结构。

Dining Custom

1. 答案为B。文章第一段的第一句是说“每个国家都有自己的饮食风俗,美国也不例外。”
2. 答案为A。答案查找的相关线索词:on time(准时) 和coffee and meat(咖啡和肉)。于是先在第一段的第二句中找到on time,并在该段的第四句发现coffee and meat,再看该句的语义:“因为女主人计算时间做饭,以便当客人在预期的时间里到达时可以享受到最可口的咖啡和饭菜”,所以该说法正确。
3. 答案为B。该问题说“当一个妇女被介绍给一个年长的男人时,她通常站起来。”答案查找的相关线索词:woman(妇女)和an aged gentleman(一个年长的男人)。于是先在第二段的最后一句中找到woman和old( aged的近义词)。而该句说的是“年长的人的妇女”这种情况,而不是年长的男人,所以该说法不正确。
4. 答案为C。该问题说“在餐桌上,按照习俗男人应为女人安排座位。”答案查找的相关线索词:arrange chairs for ladies(为女人安排座位)或该短语的同义短语/句子。于是不难发现原文中并没提到该动作,所以答案为C。
5. 答案为A。该问题说“在正式的美国宴席上,盘子旁边的刀,叉子和调羹按一定的顺序摆放。”。答案查找的相关线索词:knives, forks and spoons(刀,叉子和调羹)。于是不难发现在第三段的第一句发现knives, forks and spoons,并在随后的一句发现提到了顺序。该句说“原则是按照它们摆放的顺序使用。”,所以刀,叉子和调羹是有摆放顺序的。
6. 答案为B。该问题说“在正式的美国宴席上,盘子旁边的刀,叉子和调羹的使用顺序是从坐到右。”。这道题与前一题相关,在前一题我们已发现了涉及刀,叉子和调羹摆放顺序的句子,而该句说“从外到里”,所以应是从右到左,而不是从坐到右。
7. 答案为C。该问题说“在正式的美国宴席上,面包通常和色拉和汤一块儿吃。”。答案查找的相关线索词:bread 和soup。于是不难在原文的第三段的四句中发现“色拉和汤一块儿吃”的说法,但并没提到面包,所以答案为C。

第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。


概括大意题解题思路:
1. 如果段首句和或段尾句是观点句,可借助段首句和或段尾句的句意判断答案;
2. 借助段落中反复出现的核心词/核心结构判断答案;
3. 如果段落中有举例的内容,可参考举例内容判断答案;
4. 注意段落中出现的观点句(观点句中有时出现这样的一些结构: to sum up (adv.总之, 总而言之); in a word (adv.总之), in conclusion (adv.最后, 总之)等或内容上提到“..研究发现..”, “.某某研究者发现..”),转折句(往往句子中出现“but, however, although, though, nevertheless”等词),因为这些句子可能就是段落的中心句,可参考这些句子句意判断答案。



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Adult Education
1.C.解题思路:该段中列举了“图书馆”,
“函授课”等教育方式,所以C是答案。
2.A.解题思路:该段段首句也较长,转而看段尾句,发现段尾句中有“need”对应A中的necessity(需要)。
3.B.解题思路:该段只有两句,但两句中都提到了“earliest”(最早的),该词对应B中的early days(早期)。
4. D.解题思路:该段段首句很长,所以转而看段尾句,该句用了“spring up”(出现) ,该词对应D中的growth(发展情况)。

5. D.首先结合搭配句意判断,选项中只有A和D合适。再利用“learn”作为答案线索词判断答案相关句在第1段的最后一句:Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling, get new skills or job training, find out about new technological developments, seek better self-understanding, or develop new talents and skills.
6. B.该题可直接借助句意判断答案为B。如果借助原文:利用“forms”作为答案线索词,则在第2段的第1句中找到答案相关句:This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries, correspondence courses, or broadcasting.
7. A.利用“necessary”作为答案线索词,则在第3段的最后一句找到答案相关句:These and other factors(great economic and social changes) produced a need for further education and re-education of adults.
8. E.该题可直接借助搭配句意选择答案。如果借助原文:利用“originated”作为答案线索词,这样在第4段的第1句找到答案相关句:The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s ….

第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

第1篇
Medical Journals
1. B.分析:细节题。问题问及“医疗杂志的主要读者”,借助题干中的main readers作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Medical journals are publications that report medical information to physicians and other health professionals.(该句间接的回答了问题—向内科医生和其他健康专家提供医疗信息,所以答案是B。)
2. C.分析:细节题。发现被选项在内容上都是涉及到“医疗杂志的出版”,所以借助publish作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:many medical journals now have Web sites on the Internet(该句与A内容一致),and some journals publish only online.(该句直接与C矛盾)A few medical journals,like the Journal of the American Medical Association,are considered general medical journals because they cover many fields of medicine.(该句与B内容一致)Most medical journals are specialty journals that focus on a particular area of medicine.(该句与D内容一致)
3. A. 分析:细节题。该题涉及到文章类型。注意文章中提及文章类型的句子。这样发现答案相关句:Medical journals publish many types of articles.Research articles report the results of …Review articles summarize and analyze ...Case conferences and case reports may be published in medical journals ..Editorials provide perspective on ...Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of ..
4. B.分析:细节题。利用题干中的核心结构different studies on the same topic作为答案线索,这样找到答案相关句:Review articles summarize and analyze the information available on a specific topic based on a careful search of the medical literature.(该句说“综述文章是在对医学文献进行了仔细的查询后找出的有关某一具体主题的信息进行汇总和分析”)Because the results of individual research studies can be affected by many factors,combining results from different studies on the same topic (“对于同一主题的不同研究结果的汇总”在含义上与上句“综述文章”的目的一致,因此判断B是答案。)can be helpful in reaching conclusions about the scientific evidence for preventing,diagnosing or treating a particular disease.
5. C. 分析:借助题干中的核心结构Letters to the editor和express comments on作为答案线索,这样在文章最后部分找到答案相关句:Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of the medical journal to express comments, questions or criticisms about articles published in that journal。(该句内容直接回答了问题:对杂志上发表的文章进行评论,提出问题或提出批评意见)

第2篇
Feast On Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving
1 A 该题问的是:在10月31日之夜’,美国儿童常常打扮成什么样子?文章的第一段第一个句子说“四周前,美国儿童打扮成怪物,四处要糖吃。”“鬼”(ghosts)跟“怪物”(monsters)比较接近,因此A正确。
2. C. 该题问的是:火鸡和南瓜饼是什么时候吃的? 火鸡和南瓜饼是感恩节的传统食品。这一信息可以从第4段的最后一个句子中找到。
3 B;该题问的是:感恩节是美国人的什么样的日子? 选项B说的是:是感谢上帝为他们提供了舒适、幸福生活的日子。该答案可以从文章的倒数第三段中找到。
4.A.该题问的是:许多美国儿童喜欢感恩节的原因是什么?选项A说的是:他们可以呆在家里,跟父母在一起,并且会吃到很多好吃的东西。答案可以从第三段和第五段找到。
5 A该题问的是:第一批朝圣者是什么时候到美国来定居的? 答案可以在倒数第二段的第1个句子中找到。

第3篇
Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles
1.C 第一段第一个句子告诉我们福特汽车公司放弃了电动汽车,第二段说通用汽车公
司和本田汽车公司停止生产电动汽车。
2.B 第四段第一个句子是Tim Holmes对电动汽车未来的评价,他认为未来的交通运输
的大众市场不可能是电动汽车。
3.A 答案的依据是第六段最后一句。
4.C 答案的依据是倒数第二段第二句.
5.D 答案的依据是文章的最后一句:the legislation will be written to allow for low-emission, rather than zero-emission, vehicles.



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第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

补全短文解题常用思路:
1. 借助空格前后句句意进行判断;
2. 如果空格所在的段落的段首句是观点句,可借助段首句的句意进行判断;
3. 借助空格前后句中的核心词/核心结构与被选项中用词的呼应进行判断;
4. 借助被选项中出现的逻辑词(逻辑连词,逻辑副词)判断空格前句可能的语意。
5. 借助被选项中出现的人称代词,指示代词,定冠词结构在空格前句中寻找相呼应的内容,判断答案。
6. 借助空格在段落中出现的位置猜测空格处的句子可能是具有的语意功能:在段首句/出现的句子可能是观点句/总结句/概括句;在段尾句中出现的句子可能是观点句/总结句/概括句/承上启下句;在文章最后一句中出现的句子往往是观点句或中心引申句。
7. 观点句,举例句,语意转折句, 因果句等常常是考察点。

How One Simple Movement Can Let Slip the Secrets of the Mind
1.D本段讲的是手臂的动作。已知的两个句子是对手臂在具体情况下具体动作的描述。从所处的位置上看,用以补充的句子应该是对手臂动作的概括性描述。D符合条件。
2. c这个位置的前后两个句子都是对手臂在具体情况下具体动作的描述。用以补充的句子也应该如此。C讲的是开朗的人和沉默寡言的人手臂的动作,符合条件。
3. F.本段前两句讲在哪种情况下不能歪头。F讲的是应该歪一点头的情况,恰好与前面构成对比。
4. A本段讲身体姿势。填充句后一个句子提到“This(这)”会使呼吸更加困难,“This”显然指的是一种不太好的身体姿势,A与此相吻合。
5. E本段讲嘴的动作。填充旬的上一个句子谈到,如果想要抑制自己,使自己不发火,可以将嘴唇收拢。但事实上,这样做别人仍能看出自己不高兴,也就是E的内容

第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

完型填空解题思路:
1. 借助被选项的特点缩小答案范围,确认答案判断方向;
2. 借助空格两端的搭配结构特点判断答案;
3. 借助空格所在句子中用词特点猜测答案;
4. 借助空格所在句子句意判断答案;
5. 围绕文章中心(标题反应内容)猜测答案;
6. 借助上下文用词/语意判断答案;

Where Did All the Ships Go?
1. B. 分析:借助搭配 “最..一个”判断B是答案。考点:‘ Of 表达“部分”和“整体/特征群”的关系’的用法。
2. D。 分析:借助搭配—不定式符号to,判断D合适。考点:seem to do sth./看起来..
3。C. 分析:借助搭配结构含义—“比海洋的..部分更经常..”,判断C合适。考点:考察代词的使用。
4. A。分析:根据句意判断A(没有)正确。考点:考察省略结构(they do so = they(ships and airplanes) disappear)
5 C. 考察结构:it is said/reported/predicted/…
6. A. 分析:借助搭配—具体的时间前面介词需要用on,判断A是答案。考点:考察常见介词的习惯用法。
7. D. 分析:借助句子中的相关词语(bomber planes)含义直接判断答案。
8. C.分析:借助搭配结构 (blame the disappearance.. supernatural force)判断C是答案。考点:考察常见动词短语。blame ..(on, upon).. 把...归咎于.. ;e.g. Don't blame it on him, but on me.别怪他, 该怪我。Blame..for..指责..造成了..e.g. They blamed the secretary for the delay of the plan.他们怪罪秘书造成计划延误。
9 A. 分析:根据空格语法结构特点—作定语和搭配结构词语(..ships and planes),判断A(失踪的)是答案。考点:考察由同一词根构成的不同分词结构。
10. B. 分析:根据句子中的结构相关词语(either)判断B(or)是答案。考点;考察表示逻辑关系的固定搭配结构。neither..nor../ 既不...也不...;one..another..一个...另一个...;some..others..一些...其他...;not only..but also..不但...而且...
11. A。 分析:根据句子逻辑语意(尽管也有一些从自然环境的角度上进行的结实)判断A是答案。(though是答案线索)考点:考察句子逻辑关系。
12.C.分析:根据空格所在句子的特点:空格后是一个从句,空格前面是表示地点的词语,因此猜测C是答案。考点:考察定语从句。
13.A. 分析:根据搭配特点—空格前后是两个同类结构,因此判断A((不是)…(而是))是答案。考点;考察常见介词短语结构。
14. D. 分析:借助前句句意(指南针指向的是真正的北方而不是磁场中的北方)判断D(因此)是答案。考点;考察前后句的逻辑关系。
15.B.分析:根据搭配结构语意判断(这个地区…大浪被闻名)B是答案。know..as..把..看作..;know..for..因为..而了解..



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