2017年职称英语等级考试综合C级模拟试题(一)

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2017年职称英语等级考试综合C级模拟试题(一)

  一、单选题

  (词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分) 。下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。)

  1、

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  The normal price of a ticket for an adult is $230.

  A) ordinary

  B)proper

  C) fair

  D)medium

  标准答案: a

  解析:normal和 ordinary的词义相近,都具有“通常的,普通的”的含义。 fair是“公平的”; proper是“适当的, 正确的” ;medium是“中间的, 中等的”。该句的含义是“每位成年人的通常票价是230美圆。”

  2、

  Of the reptile groups, the snake group was the final one to appear.

  A) last

  B)best

  C) ugliest

  D)longest

  标准答案: a

  解析:final作为形容词其含义是“最后的, 最终的”,last(最后的)是final的近义词。ugliest是形容词ugly(丑的)的最高级。该句的含义是“在爬行类物种中,蛇是排在最后一种。”

  3、

  A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased (adj.已故的)are realized.

  A) fulfilled

  B) accepted

  C) adopted

  D) received

  标准答案: a

  解析:考点:考察多义词词义的确定。多义词realize与 the wish (愿望)搭配使用, 其含义是“实现”。fulfill vt.履行, 实现, 完成(计划等),该词与划线词的含义最接近。adopt vt.采用, 收养, accept vt.接受, 认可, 承担。 该句的含义是“遗嘱是确保已故的人的心愿能够被实现的文件。”

  4、

  The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

  A) rejected

  B) investigated

  C)proposed

  D)exposed

  标准答案: b

  解析:可直接根据局部搭配结构的含义--“...的可能性”判断出B(调查,研究)最合适。reject vt.拒绝, 抵制; propose vt.建议, 向...提议; expose vt. 使曝光,使面临;该句的含义是“会议研究了增进贸易联系的可能性。”

  5、

  Both main parties are backing these proposals.

  A) supporting

  B)discussing

  C) suggesting

  D)making

  标准答案: a

  解析:back在句子中用作动词, 其含义是“支持”, 因此A(支持)是答案。该句的含义是“两个主要政党都支持这些提议。” discuss是“讨论”,suggest是“建议”, make是多义词, 其常见的含义有“做,作,造, 制定,设置”。

  6、

  I didn’t ask because I was afraid of looking stupid.

  A) foolish

  B)boring

  C) childish

  D)exciting

  标准答案: a

  解析:考点:考察派生词。派生词的考察是词汇题部分的常见考点。foolish (愚蠢的)= fool + ish; boring(令人厌烦的) = bor(e)+ ing; childish(孩子气的) = child + ish; exciting(令人兴奋的) = excit(e) + ing。 stupid是“愚蠢的”, 所以答案是A。 该句的含义是“因为我担心自己会被认为很愚蠢, 所以没问”。

  7、

  The committee comprises five persons.

  A) absorbs

  B)concerns

  C)excludes

  D)involves

  标准答案: d

  解析:comprise v.包含, 由...组成;该词和D(involve vt.包括) 是近义词。absorb vt.吸收, 吸引; concern vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心; exclude vt. 把...排除在外; 该句含义是“这个委员会是由5个人组成。”

  8、

  All the people gathered at Mary's house.

  A) collected

  B)fixed

  C) divided

  D)assist

  标准答案: a

  解析:gather vt.集合, 聚集, 搜集;该词和A( collect v.收集, 聚集)是近义词。fix vt.使固定, 装置, 修理;divide vt. 区分,划分;assist v.援助, 帮助;该句含义是“所有的人都聚集在玛丽的房子里。”

  9、

  The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.

  A) develop

  B) disappear

  C) link

  D) renew

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:and的使用表明前后两个结构是在语法结构对称,且含义上色彩一致,这样排除A(“发展”和“失去重要性”在词义色彩上相反)和D(renew = re + new(re表示“再次”)),所以可推出renew是“更新”)。 借助句意判断disappear(消失)是答案。该句含义是“旧的公司失去了它们的重要性,而其中的一些公司完全得消失了。”link vt, vi(常与together, to, with连用)连接。

  10、

  The government is debating the education laws.

  A) discussing

  B) defeating

  C) delaying

  D) declining

  标准答案: a

  解析:分析:根据句意(“政府正在..教育法”)排除B(搭配词义不通顺),C和D(C和D都通常和进行时态连用)。debate: vt, vi讨论,争论;discuss : vt谈论;讨论;商讨(with sb. );delay: vt, vi, n. 推迟;延缓 ;decline: vt, vi下降;下滑;下倾

  11、

  They had a far better yield than any other farm miles away around this year.

  A) goods

  B) soil

  C) climate

  D) harvest

  标准答案: d

  解析:分析:在该句中yield 是用作名词(因为该词的前面有不定冠词a),分析:抓住句子中与划线部分相关的结构或用词特点:能与不定冠词a搭配使用的被选项只有C和D(气候,倾向, 风气,如:a mild climate温和的气候)。再借助句子中其他特征词:farm判断harvest“收成”是答案。该句含义是“这一年中他们的收成要比数英里以外的其他任何农场的收成都好得多。”yield: vt, vi出产, (常与to连用)放弃;投降;让步 n. 产量;收成

  12、

  Techniques to employ the energy of the sun are being developed.

  A) convert

  B) store

  C) use

  D) receive

  标准答案: c

  解析:分析:根据句意(人们正在研制开发…太阳能的技术。)判断C合适。convert vt.使转变, 转换...; store vt.贮藏, 贮备, 存储n.商店, 店铺, 贮藏。

  13、

  Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.

  A) conventionally

  B) obviously

  C) especially

  D) inevitably

  标准答案: c

  解析:分析:根据句意(医学依靠其他领域获得它所需要的基本信息,尤其是从其中一些从事专门研究的领域中获取信息。)判断C(尤其是)最合适。conventionally adv.按照惯例;inevitably adv.不可避免;obviously adv.明显地

  14、

  The company recommended that a new petrol station(should) be built here.

  A) ordered

  B) insisted

  C) suggested

  D) demanded

  标准答案: c

  解析:分析:该题考察与虚拟语气相关的常见动词。 recommend是“推荐”; order是“命令”; insist是“坚持”; demand 是“要求”;suggest 是“建议”。只有suggest与recommend语义相近,所以答案为C。该句含义是“公司建议在这里修建一座新的汽油站”

  15、

  It hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.

  A) sincere

  B) hard

  C) strict

  D) tight

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:借助与划线词直接相关的搭配结构含义(..情况)判断B(艰苦的)。sincere是“真诚的”; hard是“艰苦的”; strict是“严肃的”; tight是“紧的”。该句含义是“年轻人很难想象出他们的父辈们曾经生活在怎样恶劣的环境下。”

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  二、匹配题

  16、

  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

  Smoking

  Since 1939, numerous studies have been conducted to determine whether smoking is a health hazard. The trend of the evidence has been consistent and indicates that there is a serious health risk. Research teams have conducted studies that show beyond all reasonable doubt that tobacco smoking is associated with a shortened life expectancy.

  Cigarette smoking is believed by most research workers in this field to be an important factor in the development of cancer of the lungs and cancer of the throat and is believed to be related to cancer of some other organs of the body. Male cigarette smokers have a higher death rate from heart disease than non-smoking males. Female smokers are thought to be less affected because they do not breathe in the smoke so deeply.

  Apart from statistics, it might be helpful to look at what tobacco does to the human body. Smoke is a mixture of gases, vaporized chemicals, minute particles of ash and other solids. There is also nicotine, which is powerful poison, and black tar. As smoke is breathed in, all those components from deposits on the membranes of the lungs. One point of concentration is where the air tube and bronchus divides. Most lung cancer begins at this point.

  Filters and low tar tobacco are claimed to make smoking to some extent safer, but they can only slightly reduce, not eliminate the hazards.

  1. It is easy to determine whether smoking is hazardous.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. Smoking reduces one's life expectancy.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3. Smoking may induce lung cancer.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. There is evidence that smoking is responsible for breast cancer.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4 ------  请选择 E

  标准答案: B,A,A,C

  解析:1. B.该题考察考生的推断/或总结概括能力。利用hazardous(问题句中的修饰词)作为答案线索词,这样找到答案相关句:Since 1939, numerous studies have been conducted to determine whether smoking is a health hazard(hazardous的名词形式).该句说“自从1939年以来, 已经进行了许多次实验以确定是否吸烟会对健康造成危害。”, 因此可以推断出判断“吸烟是否有害”并不容易。

  2. A。借助常识判断该句说法正确,因此答案可能是正确或没提到(提示:违背我们常识和/或背景知识的内容往往都是错误的)。利用题干中life expectancy(新信息)作为答案线索词,直接在文章中找到答案相关句: Research teams have conducted studies that show beyond all reasonable doubt that tobacco smoking is associated with a shortened life expectancy.该句说“研究小组所做出的研究结果都表明吸烟与寿命的缩短有关, 这些研究结果不容质疑。”该句内容与问题句的说法一致, 因此答案为正确。

  3. A。 借助背景知识判断该句说法正确,因此推测答案可能是正确或没提到。利用题干中的lung cancer(特征词)作为答案线索词,这样直接在文章中找到答案相关句:Cigarette smoking is believed by most research workers in this field to be an important factor in the development of cancer of the lungs and cancer of the throat and is believed to be related to cancer of some other organs of the body.划线结构的内容说“从事这一领域研究的大部分研究工作者都认为吸烟是导致肺癌的一个重要因素。”因此判断问题句的说法正确。

  4. C。 利用题干中的breast cancer(特征词)作为答案线索词,没有在文章中找到包含该答案线索词的句子, 所以判断问题句的说法为“没提到”。

  17、

  5. Male smokers have a lower death rate from heart disease than female smokers

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. Nicotine is poisonous.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. Filters and low tar tobacco make smoking safer.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案: B,A,B

  解析:5. B。 该题考察考生的推断能力。 利用题干中的heart disease,male smokers, female smokers(特征词)作为答案线索词,这样找到答案相关句: Male cigarette smokers have a higher death rate from heart disease than non-smoking males. Female smokers are thought to be less affected because they do not breathe in the smoke so deeply.以上两句说“男性烟民死于心脏病的概率高于男性不吸烟者。 女性烟民被认为受到较小的影响, 因为她们不会象男性烟民那样把烟深深地吸入肺里”。综合这两句内容可以得出的结论应该是“女性烟民死于心脏病的概率要低于男性烟民”, 因此判断问题句的说法不正确。

  6. A。 借助背景知识判断该句说法正确,因此推测答案可能是正确或没提到。利用题干中的Nicotine(特征词)作为答案线索词,这样直接在文章中找到答案相关词句:There is also nicotine, which is powerful poison, and black tar(焦油). 该题考察考生对非限制定语从句的理解。 which is powerful poison是非限制定语从句, 修饰前面的名词Nicotine, 该从句的内容是“有着很强的毒性的(尼古丁)”, 因此判断问题句的说法正确。

  7.B. 利用题干中的Filters(过滤器) 和 low tar tobacco(低焦油)作为答案线索词,这样在文章中找到直接答案相关句:Filters and low tar tobacco are claimed to make smoking to some extent safer, but they can only slightly reduce, not eliminate the hazards.该句说:“但是它们(过滤器和低焦油)只能稍微减少吸烟的危险, 而不能消除吸烟的危险”, 因此判断问题句(过滤器和低焦油使吸烟更加安全)不正确(因为“过滤器和低焦油使吸烟更加安全”这种说法的言外之意就是“吸烟本身是安全的, 而过滤器和低焦油能使吸烟更加安全”, 显然这与文章的主题—“吸烟有害健康”不一致。)。

  18、

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  The fridge

  The fridge is considered a necessity. It has been so since the 1960s when packaged food first appeared with the label: "store in the refrigerator."

  In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily. The milkman came daily, the grocer, the butcher, the baker, and the ice-cream man delivered two or three times a week. The Sunday meat would last until Wednesday and surplus bread and milk became all kinds of cakes. Nothing was wasted and we were never troubled by rotten food. Thirty years on, food deliveries have ceased, fresh vegetables are almost unobtainable in the country.

  The invention of the fridge contributed comparatively little to the art of food preservation. A vast variety of well-tried techniques already existed -- natural cooling, drying, smoking, slating, sugaring, bottling…

  What refrigeration did promote was marketing -- marketing hardware and electricity, marketing soft drinks, marketing dead bodies of animals around the globe in search of a good price.

  Consequently, most of the world's fridges are to be found, not in the tropics where they might prove useful, but in the wealthy countries with mild temperatures where they are climatically almost unnecessary. Every winter, millions of fridges hum away continuously, and at vast expanse, busily maintaining an artificially-cooled space inside an artificially-heated house -- while outside, nature provides the desired temperature free of charge.

  The fridge's effect upon the environment has been evident, while its contribution to human happiness has been insignificant. If you don't believe me, try it yourself. Invest in a food cabinet and turn off your fridge next winter. You may miss the hamburgers but at least you'll get ride of that terrible hum.

  1. Paragraph 2 ________ A. The invention of the fridge

  2. Paragraph 4 ________ B. The pollution caused by fridges

  3. Paragraph 5 ________ C. The widespread need for fridges

  4. Paragraph 6 ________ D. The days without the fridge

  E. The waste of energy caused by fridges

  F. The fridge's contribution to commerce

  标准答案: D,F,E,B

  解析:1. D。分析: 段首句(观点句)说“在我童年的时候还没有冰箱, 但是我吃的很好, 吃的是很健康的食物”,接着提到了“送奶工每天送奶,食品商等每周几次的送货” , 这在内容上是具体说明“没有使用冰箱时生活的情况”, 在该段最后一句中提到“三十年过去了, 供货者已经不再送食物(上门)了,…”,结合该句内容不难推断该段中前面部分的主要内容是有关“没有冰箱”时生活情况的描述,因此判断D (没有冰箱的日子)是答案。

  2. F。 分析: 段首句是观点句, 该句说“冰箱的确促进了市场销售”,而“marketing(市场销售)”这个词也是在段落中反复出现, 因此判断选项中应该出现与该词相呼应的词或内容, 因此判断F(commerce(贸易)与marketing(销售)呼应)是答案。

  3. E。分析: 该段段首句很长,但是注意到段首句中出现了由转折词but所引导的转折句(段首句/段未句中的转折分句处的句意往往很可能是段落的主题句), 该部分内容说“但是(世界上绝大多数的冰箱被发现是用在那些气候温和的,富有国家里, 这些国家从气候上说几乎是没有必要使用冰箱。)”, 借助这部分内容判断E(由冰箱所造成的能源浪费)是答案的最佳选项。

  4. B。分析: 段首句是观点句, 该句说“冰箱对环境的影响一直是很显著的(借助常识和背景知识, 我们能意识到这里所说“对环境的影响”是指“对环境的污染”), 而冰箱对人类所带来的幸福却是微不足道的”, 这个句子很明确地反映了作者的观点, 对比剩下的被选项, 判断B(冰箱所带来的污染)是最佳的选项。

  19、

  5. Before fridges came into use, it was still possible for people to have fresh foods because ____________________.

  6. The invention of the fridge has not provided a new, economical way in which ____________________.

  7.An important contribution made by the invention of the fridge is that ______________.

  8. If you stop using the fridge, at least you won't be troubled by the noise ____________________.

  A. milk, meat, vegetables, etc. were delivered

  B. it has promoted the sales of many kinds of commodities

  C. foods can be preserved

  D. most kids like iced soft drinks

  E. every housewife needs food

  F. the fridge produced when it is working

  标准答案: A,C,B,F

  解析:5 A。分析:空格所在句子的基本时态(主句时态)是一般过去时, 所以空格所在的结构(从句结构)应该是过去时态的一种,所以只有A, D,F可能是答案。从搭配语意(在冰箱开始使用之前, 因为牛奶,肉, 蔬菜等食物都会送上门, 所以人们仍然可能获得新鲜的食物。)上看, A最合适。

  6. C。分析:从搭配语意(冰箱的发明并没有提供出一种新型的, 经济的方法来保存食物。)上看, C最合适。

  7. B。分析:空格前面部分的内容说“冰箱的发明所作出的一个重要的贡献是…”,我们在解答概括大意部分的题时,已经了解到“市场销售/贸易”是“冰箱的贡献”, 对比剩下的选项, 判断B(冰箱促进了各种商品的销售)是答案。

  8. F。分析:空格前面部分的内容说“如果你停止使用冰箱, 至少你不会被…噪音所影响。”, 从搭配语意上直接选择F(当冰箱工作时产生的)。

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  20、

  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇

  Feast On Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving

  Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets.That was

  Halloween.‘In a few weeks American houses will be red and green and filled with presents.For Christmas.

  As if all this isn’t enough,on Thursday this week,America will enjoy another festival—Thanksgiving.

  Children will have two days off school,shops will close and houses will be filled with families enjoying mountains of food.

  Every year, in Gainesville,Florida,all entire class celebrate Thanksgiving together.The class dresses up and puts on plays for their families.After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie.

  Dean Foster, an 1 1-year-old boy will take part in this celebration.He said:‘I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school,lots of nice food and a happy family.’’

  His brother Ben,nine,said:‘the best thing about Thanksgiving,is that when it is finished,it is time to start Christmas.’

  But behind the food and the large amount of money spent there is another message.On Thursday evening,Dean and Ben’s family will make a basket and put it on the table as they eat their evening meal.

  Each of them will write a 1ist of things that they are thankful for and place the paper in the basket.The family will read the pieces of paper and take time to thank God and each other for providing them with comfortable and happy lives.

  Thanksgiving is a traditional festival that started in 1621,when the first pilgrims arrived in the US to start a new life.After a hard year, they had a big autumn harvest.They held a feast and invited the native American Indians along to thank God for giving them enough food.

  Many countries celebrate Thanksgiving.They often fall after the fields have been harvested and the crops collected for winter.

  词汇:

  turkey n.火鸡

  pumpkin n.南瓜

  pilgrim n.朝圣者

  1.Thanksgiving:感恩节(11月的第四个星期四)

  2.Halloween :10月3 1日之夜(据传此时可见到鬼)

  3.Christmas:圣诞节(12月25日)

  1. On Halloween, children in the United States often dress up as

  A)ghosts

  B)players.

  C)pilgrims.

  D)visitors.

  2.When are turkey and pumpkin pie eaten?

  A)On Halloween.

  B)On Thursday.

  C)On Thanksgiving.

  D)On Christmas Day.

  3.Thanksgiving is the time for the American people to thank God for

  A)looking after them.

  B)providing them with comfortable and happy lives·

  C)clothing them.

  D)protecting them

  4.Many children in the United States like Thanksgiving because

  A)they call stay with their parents at home and eat a lot of nice food·

  B)they can dress up like monsters.

  C)they can put on plays.

  D)they call visit American Indians.

  5.The first pilgrims settled in the United States in

  A)1621.

  B)1620.

  C)1622.

  D)1619.

  标准答案: A,C,B,A,A

  本题分数: 15.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:1 A 该题问:在10月31日之夜’,美国儿童常常打扮成什么样子? 首先利用问题中的特征词Halloween作为答案线索,这样很快在文章第二句中找到涉及到答案相关句: That was Halloween.代词That提示我们应该接着看前面的句子:Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets.这句话中出现了与问题句中的核心结构children in the United States呼应的结构,因此判断这个句子需要认真看, 这个句子说“四周前,美国儿童打扮成怪物,四处要糖吃。”“鬼”(ghosts)跟“怪物”(monsters)比较接近,A正确。

  2. C. 该题问:火鸡和南瓜饼是什么时候吃的? 火鸡和南瓜饼是感恩节的传统食品。利用提干中的新信息词(也是标志词)turkey 和pumpkin 作为答案线索,这样在第4段的最后一个句子中找到答案相关句:After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie. (演出过后这些家庭将分享传统的感恩节食物,如火鸡和南瓜馅饼) , 因此判断C(感恩节)是答案。

  3 B;该题问:感恩节是美国人因为什么而感谢上帝的日子? 这个句子中的新信息是“感谢上帝”, 所以利用“thank God”作为答案线索,这样在文章的倒数第三段中找到答案相关句:The family will read the pieces of paper and take time to thank God and each other for providing them with comfortable and happy lives (感谢上帝为他们提供了舒适、幸福生活的日子), 因此判断B是答案。

  4.A.该题问:许多美国儿童喜欢感恩节的原因是什么? 利用问题句中的核心结构“like Thanksgiving”作为答案线索,这样在第5段中找到答案相关句:Dean Foster, an 1 1-year-old boy will take part in this celebration.He said:‘I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school,lots of nice food and a happy family.’’(喜欢感恩节是因为它以为着学校放假,有很多好吃的食物, 而且能和家人在一起享受快乐), 选项A(他们可以呆在家里,跟父母在一起,并且会吃到很多好吃的东西)与该句内容一致,答案是A。

  5 A 该题问:第一批朝圣者是什么时候到美国来定居的? 被选项都是年代,所以直接注意文章中表示年代的数字,这样栽倒数第二段的第1个句子中找到答案相关句:Thanksgiving is a traditional festival that started in 1621,when the first pilgrims arrived in the US to start a new life.该题考查考生对when引导的定语从句的理解。该句说“感恩节是源于1621年的美国传统节日,在这一年第一批朝圣者抵达美国开始新的生活。”因此答案是A。

  21、

  第2篇

  His own way to express love

  Yesterday was our three-year anniversary. We didn’t do anything romantic: we just walked hand in hand and talked about our past and future. This was pretty much what I had expected.

  Andy is unromantic guy: no sweet words or roses. Smart as he is, he is a little bit shy expressing his love. In contrast, I am an outspoken girl who likes to show her feelings directly. So needless to say, I often feel that is insensitive. I envy other girls who are surrounded by sweet words.

  I was in this sullen mood until I heard a beautiful sentence one day: “someone does not love you in the way you like, it does not mean that he does not love you.” This simple but sensible sentence made me think about our happy days and recall his deep concern for me.

  One cold winter night, I got a high fever. He hurried to my dorm and took me to the hospital. He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks. After arrival, he ran through the hospital handling all the formalities. When I was put on a drip, he told me interesting stories to make me happy. Being held in his warm arms and listening to his tender voice, I never felt so safe and comfortable. Gradually, I felt asleep. When I woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling to me. He explained that if he had stopped talking I would have woke up. At that moment, I found love in his sparkling eyes.

  Another time, I had a bad quarrel with my best friend. Although I knew it was my fault, I refused to admit it. I was angry when he insisted I apologize to her. He said that it was difficult to admit a mistake, but this was what everyone should do. The next morning, I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.

  My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father, understand me like my mother and helps me like my elder brother.(344 words)

  1. Who is Andy?

  A. the writer’s father

  B. the writer’s mother

  C. the writer’s elder brother

  D. the writer’s boyfriend

  2. When did the writer and Andy fall in love?

  A. three years ago

  B. yesterday

  C. on a cold winter night

  D. after a quarrel

  3. Which statement is true of the writer?

  A. she likes running after romantic guys

  B. she does not like sweet words

  C. she likes expressing her feelings directly

  D. she does not like roses

  4. The writer tells the reader two stories to show that

  A. Andy is a romantic guy

  B. Andy has his own way to express love

  C. Andy is an interesting guy

  D. Andy is a foolish guy

  5. The word sullen in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by

  A. cheerful

  B. calm

  C. painful

  D. bad

  标准答案: D,A,C,B,D

  本题分数: 15.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:1. D. 问题句问“谁是Andy?” ,利用题干中的特征词(Andy)作为答案线索, 这样在文章中找到答案相关句:

  Yesterday was our three-year anniversary. We didn’t do anything romantic: we just walked hand in hand and talked about our past and future. This was pretty much what I had expected.

  Andy is unromantic guy: no sweet words or roses. Smart(聪明的, 漂亮的) as he is, he is a little bit(有点) shy(害羞的)expressing his love. In contrast(相反), I am an outspoken(坦率直言的) girl who likes to show(表达) her feelings(情感) directly(直接地). So needless to say, I often feel that is insensitive. I envy other girls who are surrounded by sweet words.

  第2段的第1句是答案相关句, 该句说“Andy不是一个浪漫的人: 他没有甜言蜜语, 也没有玫瑰花” ,借助该句内容, 结合文章标题(他自己表达爱的方式)综合判断Andy应该是文章作者的男朋友。

  2.A.问题句说: “什么时候作者和Andy相爱的?” 被选项都涉及到具体的时间状语(特征性结构), 因此可分别利用它们作为答案线索在文章中查找与这些被选项呼应的句子, 对被选项进行判断:

  Yesterday was our three-year anniversary. (该句说“昨天是我们第三周年”, 因此判断“他们的相爱发生在至少三年以前”, 因此首先排除B。) .

  One cold winter night, I got a high fever(发高烧). He hurried to my dorm and took me to the hospital. He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks. After arrival, he ran through the hospital handling all the formalities. When I was put on a drip, he told me interesting stories to make me happy. Being held in his warm arms and listening to his tender voice, I never felt so safe and comfortable. Gradually, I felt asleep. When I woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling to me. He explained that if he had stopped talking I would have woke up. At that moment(时刻), I found(发现) love in his sparkling(闪闪发光的) eyes.该答案相关句涉及到文章中重要的细节信息, 因此推测该段可能存在考点. 该段最后一句(划线句)说“在那一时刻(作者生病窝床), 在他闪闪发光的眼中我发现了爱”, 根据该句判断此时可能此时文章作者和Andy已经相爱了。

  Another time, I had a bad quarrel with my best friend. Although I knew it was my fault, I refused to admit it. I was angry when he insisted I apologize to her. He said that it was difficult to admit a mistake, but this was what everyone should do. The next morning, I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.

  My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father, understand me like my mother and helps me like my elder brother.

  文章倒数第2段中提到了选项D中的核心词“争吵”, 但是该段中根本没有“love”这样的字眼出现, 因此D不是答案。综合比较A和C,相比之下选择A更合适些。

  3. C. 问题句说“下列哪个说法与作者的实际情况一致?”。利用被选项中的细节信息(A: romantic guys, B: sweet words; C: express feelings directly;D:roses)作为答案线索,在文章中查找与被选项形成呼应的句子,对被选项进行一一判断:

  Yesterday was our three-year anniversary. We didn’t do anything romantic: we just walked hand in hand and talked about our past and future. This was pretty much what I had expected.

  Andy is unromantic guy: no sweet words or roses. Smart as he is, he is a little bit shy expressing his love. In contrast, I am an outspoken(坦率直言的) girl who likes to show her feelings directly. So needless to say, I often feel that is insensitive. I envy(羡慕, 嫉妒) other girls who are surrounded by(被...围绕) sweet words.

  第2段中出现了所有被选项中涉及到的细节信息,因此推测真正答案相关句应该出现在该段落中。该段第2个相关句(划线句)说“我是一个坦率直言的人, 我喜欢直接表达我的情感”, 该句内容与C 一致, 因此C是答案。

  4. B. 解析: 选项B与文章标题/主题(His own way to express love)一致, 因此B是答案。

  提示: 被选项的内容如果与文章主题一致, 或直接/间接包含文章主题, 则该被选项成为答案选项的可能性较大。

  该题涉及文章主题, 文章第3段就是整篇文章的主题句(观点句):

  (第3段)I was in this sullen(闷闷不乐的) mood(心情, 情绪) until(到...为止) I heard(听到) a beautiful(美丽的) sentence(句子)one day: “someone(某人, 有人) does not love you in the way(方式, 道路) you like, it does not mean(意味着) that he does not love you.” This simple(简单的) but sensible(有哲理的, 明智的) sentence made me think about(考虑) our happy(快乐的) days and recall(回忆) his deep(深切的, 深奥的, 深的) concern(关怀, 关心, 关心的事情) for me.

  One cold winter night, I got a high fever. He hurried to my dorm and took me to the hospital. He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks. After arrival, he ran through the hospital handling all the formalities. When I was put on a drip, he told me interesting stories to make me happy. Being held in his warm arms and listening to his tender voice, I never felt so safe and comfortable. Gradually, I felt asleep. When I woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling to me. He explained that if he had stopped talking I would have woke up. At that moment, I found love in his sparkling eyes.

  Another time(另一次), I had a bad quarrel with(与.. 争吵) my best friend. Although I knew it was my fault, I refused to admit it. I was angry when he insisted I apologize to her. He said that it was difficult to admit a mistake, but this was what everyone should do. The next morning, I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.

  My unromantic boyfriend cares about(担心) my health like my father, understand(理解) me like my mother and helps(帮助) me like my elder brother.(概括句)

  第3段说“我一直闷闷不乐, 直到有一天我听到了一句动人的话语: 他爱你的方式可能你不喜欢, 但这并不意味着他不爱你, 这句简单而有哲理的话语使我想起我们快乐的时光, 回忆起他对我深切的关怀。”该段暗示Andy有自己表达爱的方式。接下来作者例举了两个具体的例子以论证他(Andy)表达爱的方式很特别。 文章最后一句是概括总结句, 该句再次暗示文章作者的男朋友拥有自己独特的表达爱的方式。

  考点: 考察文章主题。

  5. D. 解析: 问题句说“哪个被选项是第3段中sullen的最佳替代词?”。该题可以直接通过查字典确认sullen的词义为“闷闷不乐的”, D的含义最接近, 因此D是答案。

www.59wj.com

  22、

  第3篇

  The Street Violinist

  I got up and dressed, stuck my violin under my jacket, and went out into the streets to try my luck. I wandered about for an hour, looking for a likely spot, feeling as though I were about to commit a crime. Then I stopped at last under a bridge near the station and decided to have a try.

  I felt tense and nervous. It was the first time, after all. I drew the violin from under my coat like a gun. It was here, in Southampton, with trains rattling overhead, that I was about to declare myself. One morning I was part of the hurrying crowds, the next I stood apart, my back to the wall, my hat on the pavement before me, the violin under my chin.

  The fist notes I played were loud and raw, like a declaration of protest. Then they settled down and began to run more smoothly and to stay more or less in turn. To my surprise I was neither arrested nor told to shut up. Indeed, nobody took any notice at all. Then an old man, without stopping, surreptitiously tossed a penny into my hat as though getting out of some guilty evidence.

  I worked the streets of Southampton for several days, gradually acquiring the truths of the trade by trial and error. It was not a good thing, for instance, to let the hat fill up with money -- the sight could discourage the patron. Nor was it wise to empty it completely, which could also confuse him, giving him no hint as to where to drop his money. Placing a couple of pennies in the hat to start the thing going soon became a regular ritual, making sure between tunes, to hide most of the earnings, but always leaving two pennies behind.

  Old ladies were most generous, and so were women with children, shopgirls, typists and barmaids. As for the man, heavy drinkers were always willing listeners and so were big guys with muscles. But never a man with a gentleman's hat, briefcase or dog. Respectable types were the meanest of all. Except for retired army officers, who would yell " why aren't you working, young man?" and then toss some money into the hat to hide their confusion.

  1. How long did the author wander about in the streets before he stopped under a bridge?

  A) a day.

  B) an hour.

  C) all morning.

  D) all afternoon.

  2. The first time the author played the violin in the street, he expected

  A) he would became a great musician.

  B) he would get into trouble.

  C) people would be happy to give him money.

  D) people would stop and listen.

  3. The first person who gave him money

  A) was an old lady.

  B) stopped and listened for a while.

  C) dropped the money by mistakes.

  D) didn't want to be noticed.

  4. According to the author, what is the best way to encourage people to give a street violinist money?

  A) To wear an attractive hat.

  B) To fill up the hat with money.

  C) To leave a couple of pennies in the hat.

  D) To empty the hat completely.

  5. The retired army officers gave him money

  A) to show they were most generous.

  B) to show they were most respectable.

  C)to hide their confusion.

  D) to show they were rich.

  标准答案: B,A,D,C,C

  本题分数: 15.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:1. B。 答案相关句在第一段的第2句:I wandered about for an hour, looking for a likely spot, feeling as though I were about to commit a crime,我转悠了一个小时, 寻找着一个合适的地方, 颇有去作案的感觉。About在句子中是副词, 表示“在周围”。

  2 A。 第3段说“To my surprise I was neither arrested not told to shut up.”令我惊讶的是既有人逮捕我也没有人不让我演奏。 可见作者开始拉小提琴时想到了可能会遇到某种麻烦, 因此A是正确答案。

  3. D。 第3段最后一句说“Then an old man, without stopping, surreptitiously tosses a penny into my hat as though getting rid of some guilty evidence”然后来了一个老人, 没有停下来就偷偷地往我的帽子里仍了一个便士, 就像要扔掉犯罪的证据一般。因此判断D是正确答案。

  4. C。 第4段最后依据中的but always leaving too pennies behind是关键, 说明在帽子里留少量的钱才是让人们给钱的好办法。 因此C是正确答案。

  5. C。与此题相关的是文章最后一句话中的“then over-tip to hide their confusion”然后, 多给些钱来掩饰他们的困惑。 此题中用cover up替代了 hide。

  23、

  第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  2004年理工C补全短文考题

  False Fear of Big Fish

  Many people believe sharks(鲨鱼)are dangerous and will always try to hurt or even kill humans.___(1)

  A shark exhibition at the National Aquarium(水族馆)in Baltimore,US,proves this.Visitors can touch young sharks.see their eggs develop and watch a dozen different species swim smoothly around a huge tank.

  Most people fail to realize that shark attacks don’t happen very often.Humans are more likely to be killed by lightning than by a shark.___(2)There,kids Call learn,from an early age,not to fear sharks.

  “People fear what they don’t know,”said Nancy Hotchkiss, an organizer of the exhibition.“Sharks have been around for 400 million years and play 1til important role in the ocean’s food chain.We want people to discover that sharks are amazing animals that need our respect and protection.’’

  ___(3)A study, published in January in the US magazine,Science,found that almost all recorded shark species have fallen by half in the past eight to 15 years.

  Thousands of sharks are hunted in Asia for special foods,such as shark fin(鱼翅)soup.And many others get caught in nets,while fishermen are hunting other fish. ___(4)

  “Some fishing methods are actually cleaning out the ocean for sharks,”said Dave Schofield, the manager of the aquarium’s ocean health program.___(5)

  A They can watch them develop inside their eggs and feel the skin of the older swimmers

  B A shocking 100 million sharks are killed every year around the world by humans.

  C In fact, 94 percent of the world’s 400 species are harmless to humans

  D It is a worrying situation and some areas have put measures in place to protect these special fish.

  E And to make this point clear, the museum has set up a special touching pool for children.

  F More than half of the sharks caught are smaller than 1 meter long.

  标准答案: C,E,B,F,D

  本题分数: 10.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:1. C. 分析:根据句意:空格前句说“许多人相信。。”,在接下来的句子中提到“实际怎样。。”的描述是常见的逻辑发展结构(引出主题相关背景+ 点明文章主题)。因此判断答案为C。

  提示:考察以in fact, but, however, on the contrary等结构引出的作者实际上真正想表达的意图是常见的考点之一。

  2. E. 分析:空格后出现指示代词there,因此空格处应该出现there的指代内容,这样直接判断E(E中的the museum可以回应后句中出现的there, 而且the museum与前文中的the National Aquarium(水族馆)形成指代关系)合适。

  3. B 分析:空格后说“一项研究发现几乎所有有记录的鲨鱼物种在过去8-15年间数量都减少了一半。”该句在提供数字说明鲨鱼数量的减少,而B与之相呼应:B也是在讲述鲨鱼数量的减少(每年有10亿条鲨鱼被人类屠杀)。

  4. F。分析:空格前句中提到的“被网捕住”与F中的“被逮住的鲸鱼一半左右都没有一米长”在内容上呼应。

  5. D. 分析:空格位于文章最后一句,所以应该在这个位置出现观点句的内容,因此判断D正确(观点句,而且提到应该采取的应对这个问题(捕鲸过度)的措施)。

  24、

  第6部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  London Cabbies

  Every city in the world has taxi to take tourists to interesting places. London is the only city in the world where taking a taxi is an __1__ experience for tourists. This is partly because of the special black cabs, which are found in no other country. But it is also because of the drivers themselves. __2__ British people are famous for being polite and reserved, London cabbies are well known __3__ their willingness to talk.

  Some customers say that once the door shuts and the cab __4__ off they are a captive audience. It is impossible to get the taxi driver to stop __5__. “They’re self-confident and free thinking,” said Malcolm Linskey, the author of a history of taxi drivers in London.

  They are also expensive. London has the most expensive taxis of any city in the world except Tokyo. That’ why Ken Livingstone, the Mayor of London, is planning to make taxi drivers negotiate their fares with __6__ before they take a ride.

  Drivers agree that their fares are expensive. That’s because their black taxis __7__ more than other cars, they say. And the customer is also paying for a more driving expertise than anywhere else in the world.

  Before someone can qualify as a London taxi driver, that person has to pass a test __8__ simply as “The Knowledge”. This involves __9__ the name and location of every street within six miles of a point in the exact center of London. The trainee must also learn the exact location of every important building within these streets. Finally he or she must be able to use this knowledge to work out the __10__ distance between any two destinations within this area.

  It can __11__ up to three years to pass “the knowledge”. Every day it is possible to see trainee taxi drivers on the streets of London, taking careful notes of popular destinations before tracing the route to their next stop. Cab driving is a job often __12__ down in families. Many taxi drivers take their children out in their spare time to memorize __13__ they need to know when it is their turn to “do the knowledge”.

  The effect of this is to make London cabbies experts at their job. They also have bigger brains. Recent research found that the part of the brain that remembers things was larger and more __14__ in cab drivers. They have to fit the whole of London into their heads, so their brains grow bigger. So perhaps it is not __15__ that taxi drivers have lots to say.

  1. A. rewarding B. interesting C. happy D. delightful

  2. A. Before B. After C. When D. While

  3. A. for B. as C. of D. at

  4. A. departs B. leaves C. moves D. takes

  5. A. arguing B. saying C. telling D. talking

  标准答案: B,D,A,C,D

  解析:1. A. rewarding (有益的, 值得的) B. interesting C. happy D. delightful(令人愉快的)

  B. 分析:因为C和D词义接近, 因此彼此排除掉。 空格前是不定冠词an, 因此空格处的词语的首字母发音应该以元音, 因此B是答案。

  提示:语法考点在完型部分仅限于对连词和从句结构进行考察, 所以冠词的使用这个考点不会在考题中出现。

  This is partly(部分地,在一定程度上) because of (因为)the special (特殊的, 专门的)black(黑色的) cabs(出租车), which are found (被发现)in no(没有) other(其他的,)其他人) country(国家). But it is also because of the drivers(司机) themselves(他们自己). __2__ British people (英国人)are famous for (因…而出名)being polite(有礼貌的) and reserved(保守的, 保留的), London cabbies are well known(出名的) __3__ their willingness(愿意) to talk(交谈, 说话).

www.59wj.com

  2. A. Before(在…之前) B. After(在…之后) C. When(在…的时候) D. While(在…期间, 而)

  2.D. 分析:空格2所在的句子是把前后两句内容进行对比:英国人是出了名的保守,而英国的司机却因愿意交谈而闻名, 因此空格出需要填入能使前后句在句意上形成对比的连词, 因此D(而)是答案。

  补充:

  Where/ whereas: 然而, 但是

  e.g. Some people like fat meat, whereas others hate it.

  3. A. 解析:be famous/ known/ well-known/ noted for…因为…而出名

  Some customers(顾客) say that once(一旦, 曾经) the door(门)shuts(关上) and the cab __4__ off(离开, break off中断,完成write off写完) they are a captive(被俘虏的) audience(听众).

  4. A. departs (离开) B. leaves(离开) C. moves(移动, 搬家, 感动) D. takes(拿走,占领,获得 )

  4.C. 解析:能与off 搭配使用的词语只有B,C和D(leave off/停止; move off/离开, take off/脱衣, 起飞), 从空格所在句子说“一些顾客说车门一旦关上, 出租车…, 他们就成了被俘的听众”, 因此判断C(move (off)/离开)是答案。

  It is impossible (不可能的) to get the taxi driver(司机) to stop(停止) __5__.

  5. A. arguing (争论, 辩论) B. saying(说, 讲) C. telling(告诉) D. talking(谈话, 谈论,讲话)

  5.D.解析:空格处应该填入不及物动词,因此排除B和C(及物动词)。 借助前文内容:“英国出租汽车司机却因为愿意谈话而出名”, 判断D(谈话)是答案。

  补充:

  argue for 赞成;

  argue against 反对

  argue with 与某人议论

  saying n. 格言;谚语;名言

  e.g. There is (有) a saying that behind(在…的后面)every successful(成功的) man(男人) there's a woman(女人).

  “They’re self-confident (自信的)and free thinking(思想自由的),” said Malcolm Linskey, the author(作者) of a history(历史) of taxi drivers in London.

  They are also expensive(昂贵的). London has the most expensive (最昂贵的)taxis of any city in the world except (除了)Tokyo(东京). That’ s why(为什么) Ken Livingstone, the Mayor(市长) of London, is planning to (计划)make taxi drivers negotiate(协商, 谈判) their fares (车票费用)with __6__ before(在…之前) they take a ride/(乘车).

  25、

  6. A. customers B. hosts C. guests D. bosses

  7. A. buy B. cost C. sell D. consume

  8. A. called B. entitled C. known D. understood

  9. A. to memorize B. memorize C. memorized D. memorizing

  10. A. shortest B. shorter C. shortened D. short

  标准答案: A,B,C,D,A

  解析:6. A. customers(顾客) B. hosts(主人) C. guests(客人) D. bosses(老板)

  A.解析:借助空格所在局部结构的语意(市长计划让出租汽车司机先与…协商车费, 然后再让他们上车)判断A(顾客)是答案。

  Drivers (司机)agree(认同) that their fares(车票) are expensive(昂贵的). That’s because(因为) their black(黑色的) taxis __7__ more than other cars, they say. And the customer is also paying for (为…支付钱)a more driving(驾驶的,推进的)expertise(专门技术) than anywhere else (其他的任何地方)in the world(世界上的).

  7. A. buy(买,购买) B. cost (花费(时间, 金钱等), 使失去, 费用) C. sell(卖) D. consume(消耗,消灭)

  7.B.解析:空格所在的句子说“那是因为他们黑色的出租车比其他的车辆…” , 结合该句前一句(司机认同他们的车票贵), 综合判断B(花费(更多))是答案。

  Before(在…之前) someone(有人, 某人) can qualify as (具有作为…的资格)a London taxi driver, that person has to pass(通过) a test(测试) __8__ simply(仅仅, 完全地,朴素地) as “The Knowledge(知识)”.

  8. A. called(呼叫, 称呼, 打电话) B. entitled (授权) C. known(知道, 了解, 认识,) D. understood(理解)

  8.C. 解析:能与介词搭配使用的只有C:(be)known as…/被称作为, 因此C是答案。

  提示:了解单词的习惯搭配结构对提高阅读速度, 并快速从近义词词组中确认答案选项的关键。

  补充:

  call sb. sth.

  e.g. We'll call the baby(婴儿) David.

  entitle vt.(常与to连用)授权(entitle sb. to sth.(授权某人…)/ entitle sb. to do sth.(授权某人去做…))

  e.g. Officers(官员) are entitled to travel(旅行)(in)first class(头等舱).

  understand: vt. 理解

  e.g. Then he spoke slowly, but I could not understand him.

  This involves(包括, 使陷入) __9__ the name (名字)and location(位置,场所) of every (每一的,每个的)street (街,街道)within(在…之中) six miles(英里) of a point(任意一点,要点,分数) in the exact (准确地,精密的)center (中心)of London(伦敦).

  9. A. to memorize(记住, 记忆) B. memorize C. memorized D. memorizing

  9.D. 解析:involve是及物动词, 因此需要带名词或动名词结构充当其宾语, 因此D是答案。

  The trainee(培训生) must also(也,同样地) learn(了解, 学习) the exact location of every important(重要的) building (建筑物)within these streets. Finally(最终,最后) he or she must be able to (能够)use(利用) this knowledge (知识)to work out (设计出, 计算出)the __10__ distance(距离) between (在…之间)any two destinations(目的地)within this area(地区,区域,领域).

  10. A. shortest(最短的) B. shorter(更短的) C. shortened(缩短, 使变短) D. short(短的, 矮的)

  10.A. 解析:空格所在的句子说“最终, 他或她必须能够利用这个知识计算出这个地区里任意两点之间的…距离”, 借助常识, 出租车司机应该为乘客找出两个位置(起始站和终止站)之间的最短距离, 因此判断A是答案。

  26、

  11. A. spend B. take C. give D. occupy

  12. A. inherited B. sent C. handed D. given

  13. A. roads B. routes C. streets D. lanes

  14. A. constructed B. concentrated C. devoted D. developed

  15. A. surprising B. wondering C. doubting D. suspecting

  标准答案: B,C,B,D,A

  解析:It can __11__ up to (直到)three years to pass(通过) “the knowledge”. Every day it is possible(可能的) to see (看见)trainee taxi drivers(司机学员) on the streets of London, taking careful(小心的,仔细的) notes of (记录)popular (受欢迎的, 流行的)destinations (目的地), before (在…之前)tracing(追踪, 追查) the route (路线,通路)to their next(下一个的) stop(车站,停止) .

  11. A. spend (花费,度过) B. take (花费) C. give(给) D. occupy(占据)

  11.B.解析:A和B是近义词, 因此首先重点关注。 句子主语是“非”的it, 因此B更可能是答案, 空格所在的句子说“要花三年的时间通过这种知识的测试”, 句意通顺, 因此B 就是答案。

  补充:

  It takes/took time/money (for sb.) to do sth./(某人)花…时间/金钱做…

  e.g. It takes a lot of (大量的) money to buy(购买) a house(房子).

  Spend所在句子的主语一定是人,spend的习惯搭配结构为:sb. spend time/money on sth. 或 sb. spend time/money in doing sth. 如:

  How much (多少)money (钱)do you spend each week(每周)?

  I spent an hour(小时)(in) reading(阅读).

  Occupy: 占

  occupy space 占空间

  occupy a position 占据职位

  occupy time 占时间

  比较:占(比例)make up/ constitute

  e.g. The girls(女孩) make up/ constitute 50% in our class.

  Cab driving is a job(工作) often (经常)__12__ down in families(家庭).

  12. A. inherited(继承) B. sent (送) C. handed(传递, 交给) D. given (给, 授予)

  12.C. 解析:能与副词down连用的只有B和C, 空格所在的句子说“开出租车这种工作常常在家庭里….”, 因此判断C((代代)传递/(代代)延续)是答案。

  send down v. 使下降, 把...向下发送

  hand down v. 传递, 传下去

  Many(许多的) taxi drivers take their children(孩子) out in their spare (多于的, 剩下的, 备用的) time (空闲时间)to memorize(记住) __13__ they need to (需要)know (知道)when it is their turn(时机,机会,转动, 翻转) to “do the knowledge”.

  13. A. roads (道路, 公路) B. routes (线路, 路程) C. streets (街道) D. lanes(小路, 小巷)

  13.B. 解析:前文中已经出现过route, 因此B很可能是答案(完型部分常见考点:上下文中的用词)。 空格所在的句子说“许多的出租车司机在空闲时间带他们的孩子外出, 以记住当轮到他们参加线路测试时他们需要记住的…”, 根据上文相关内容判断route(线路)是答案。

  The effect(结果, 影响, 实现) of this is to make(使) London cabbies experts at (…方面的专家) their job(工作). They also have bigger brains(智力,大脑). Recent(最近的) research(研究) found(发现) that the part (部分)of the brain that remembers(记住) things(东西, 事情) was larger(更大) and more __14__ in cab drivers.

  14. A. constructed(建造, 构造) B. concentrated(集中(注意力, 思想等) ) C. devoted (投身于, 献身) D. developed(发展, 发达)

  14.D. 解析:空格所在的局部结构说“出租车司机用于记忆事情的大脑会更大, 更…”, 借助常识或参考前文内容(记忆路线的结果是使伦敦的出租车司机在他们的工作上更专业, 他们的大脑也更大)判断D(发达的)是答案。

  They have to fit(安装, 使适应, 使合身) the whole(全部的, 全部) of London into their heads(大脑), so their brains grow bigger. So (因此)perhaps (可能)it is not __15__ that taxi drivers have lots(大量) to say(说).

  15. A. surprising(令人惊讶的, 令人惊讶) B. wondering(觉得奇怪,想知道,感到吃惊的) C. doubting(怀疑的, 怀疑) D. suspecting(令人怀疑,猜想)

  15.A. 解析:空格所在的句子说“因此为什么出租车司机有这么多可说的这一问题就不…了”,因此判断A和B在词义上合适, 但是wonder(想知道, 对…感到惊讶)的逻辑主语只能是“人”,而句子的主语是it (非人), 因此A是答案。

  .

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