2017年职称英语等级考试综合AB级模拟试题(一)

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2017年职称英语等级考试综合AB级模拟试题(一)

  一、单选题

  (词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分) 。下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。)

  1、

  The committee comprises five persons.

  A) absorbs

  B)concerns

  C) excludes

  D)involves

  标准答案: d

  解析:comprise v.包含, 由...组成;该词和D(involve vt.包括) 是近义词。absorb vt.吸收, 吸引; concern vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心; exclude vt. 把...排除在外; 该句含义是“这个委员会是由5个人组成。”

  2、

  The room was furnished with the simplest essentials, a bed, a chair, and a table

  A)supplied

  B) gathered

  C)grasped

  D)made

  标准答案: a

  解析:分析:根据划线词后的介词搭配(with)判断答案A。furnish..with..= supply/provide..with../给..提供..; gather n.集合, 聚集vi.集合, 聚集vt.使聚集; grasp

  vt./ n.抓住,掌握, 领会;该句含义是“这个房间配备了最基本的物品:一张床,一把椅子,和一张桌子。”

  3、

  The local government decided to merge the two firms into a big one.

  A)motivate

  B) combine

  C)compact

  D)nominate

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:根据句意(当地的政府决定把两家公司合并成一家公司)判断B((使)联合)是答案。motivate v.激发; compact adj.紧凑的, 紧密的, 简洁的; nominate vt.提名, 推荐, 任命

  4、

  He emphasized a feasible plan which can be accepted by the both sides.

  A)favorable

  B) possible

  C)formal

  D)genuine

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:该句含义是“他强调要制定出一个能够被双方都接受的可行计划” 。feasible adj.可行的, 切实可行的; favorable adj.赞成的, 有利的, 赞许的;genuine adj.真实的, 真正的

  5、

  Because administering the whole company, he sometimes has to work around the clock.

  A)adjusting

  B) evaluating

  C)engaging

  D)managing

  标准答案: d

  解析:分析:根据句意(因为管理着整个公司,他有时候得夜以继日地工作)判断D(管理)是答案。evaluate vt.评价, 估计; adjust vt.调整, 调节, 校准; engage vt.使忙碌, 使从事于, 使参加 vi.答应, 从事

  6、

  He invested a considerable amount of money in the project.

  A) immense

  B) positive

  C) powerful

  D) realistic

  标准答案: a

  解析:分析:借助划线词所在搭配结构:amount(数量)只能说大小, 因此只有A(大的) 是答案。该句大意是“他在这个项目上投了一大笔的钱”。 positive是“确实的,积极的”,powerful是“有力的,强大的”,realistic是“现实主义的”。

  7、

  The interview took place around the kitchen table and was very causal.

  A) formal

  B) informal

  C) regular

  D)irregular

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:被选项A和B, C和D从词形上看都分别构成正反义词。句子中前面部分的内容说“采访是在餐桌旁进行”, 因此推断该采访应该是“非正式的” , 所以答案是B。regular是“规则的, 定期的”, irregular是“不规则的, 非定期的”。

  8、

  We should contemplated the problem from all sides.

  A) deliberated

  B)thought

  C) described

  D) designed

  标准答案: a

  解析:分析:借助搭配结构“…问题”排除B(think后通常带宾语从句)和D(与“问题”搭配不合理)。根据句意(我们应该…问题的各个方面)判断A(仔细考虑)最合适。

  9、

  He has a passionate interest in music.

  A) enthusiastic

  B) perfect

  C) practical

  D)funny

  标准答案: a

  解析:借助搭配结构直接判断答案。划线词修饰的词语是“interest(兴趣)”, 从这个搭配语义上看, A(强烈的, 热烈的)是最合适的选项。该句的大意是“他对音乐有着强烈的兴趣。”passionate是“热烈的, 强烈的, 多情的”, perfect是“完全的,完美的”, practical是“事实上的,实际上的”, funny是“有趣的,好笑的”。

  10、

  He has a very outgoing personality and makes friends very easily.

  A)capacity

  B) character

  C) reality

  D)attitude

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:借助搭配结构直接判断答案。修饰划线词的形容词是outgoing(开朗的), 借助这个搭配结构判断B(性格, 特征) 是最合适的选项。 该句的大意是“他的性格很开朗, 很容易与人交朋友。”personality是“人格,品格, (有名)人物”, capacity是“能力,才干,容积 ”, reality是“现实”, attitude是“态度”。

  11、

  He is assigned to oversee the production of the assembly lines.

  A)supervise

  B) watch

  C)suspect

  D)predict

  标准答案: a

  解析:分析:借助搭配结构直接判断答案。借助搭配结构“…装配线的生产”判断A(监督,指导)是答案;oversee v.俯瞰, 检查, 视察;suspect v.怀疑, 猜想; predict v.预知, 预言, 预报

  12、

  Soldiers have to obey orders.

  A)reply to

  B) apply for

  C)abide with

  D)comply with

  标准答案: d

  解析: 借助搭配结构直接判断答案。借助搭配结构“…命令”判断D(遵守)是答案。reply to v.回答; apply for请求, 申请; abide with sb.和某人住在一起。abide by v.坚持, 遵守

  13、

  She wore a gorgeous Victorian gown which was said to be worth thousands of dollars.

  A)beauty

  B) splendid

  C)expensive

  D)simple

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:该句含义是“ 她穿着一件维多利亚时期的…长袍,而这件长袍的价值据说是上千美圆。”。gorgeous在口语中常用,其含义是“华丽的, 灿烂的”,splendid (adj.壮丽的, 辉煌的, 极好的)是该词的近义词。beauty n.美, 美景, 美好的东西; expensive adj.花费的, 昂贵的

  14、

  His health had deteriorated while he was in prison.

  A) became better

  B)became worse

  C) became stronger

  D) became weaker

  标准答案: b

  解析:分析:借助搭配“健康…”,排除C和D(strong(强)和 weak(弱)都不和“健康”搭配使用,只能说“身体” strong或 weak),再借助句意(在监狱服刑期间他的健康变得恶化了)判断B(变得更糟糕)是答案。deteriorate v.(使)恶化。

  15、

  Smoking is inhibited in public places.

  A) instructed

  B)inquired

  C) forbidden

  D) strived

  标准答案: c

  解析:分析:借助句意(吸烟在公共场合被..)判断C是答案。instruct vt.教, 命令, 指示;inquire

  v.询问, 问明, 查究;forbid vt.禁止, 不许;strive v.努力, 奋斗。

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  二、匹配题

  ()

  16、

  (每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

  American Sports

  The United States is a sports-loving nation. Sports in America take a variety of forms: organized competitive struggles, which draw huge crowds to cheer their favorite team to victory; athletic games, played for recreation anywhere sufficient space is found; and hunting and fishing. Most sports are seasonal, so that what is happening in sports depends upon the time of year. Some sports are called spectator sports, as the number of spectators greatly exceeds the number playing in the game.

  Baseball is the most popular sport in the US. It is played throughout the spring and summer, and professional baseball teams play well into the fall. Although no other game is exactly like baseball, perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game of cricket.

  Football is the most popular sport in the fall. The game originated as a college sport more than 75 years ago. It is still played by almost every college and university in the country, and the football stadiums of some of the largest universities seat as many as 80,000 people. The game is not the same as European football or soccer. In American football there are 11 players on each team, and they are dressed in padded uniforms and helmets because the game is rough and injuries are likely to occur.

  Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges. Like football, basketball originated in the US and is not popular in other countries. Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game. It is a very popular game with high schools, and in more than 20 states, state-wide high school matches are held yearly.

  Other spectator sports include wrestling, boxing, and horse racing. Although horse-racing fans call themselves sportsmen, the accuracy of the term is questionable, as only the jockeys who ride the horses in the races can be considered athletes. The so-called sportsmen are the spectators, who do “not assemble” primarily to see the horses race, but to bet upon the outcome of each race. Gambling is the attraction of horse racing.

  1.Hunting and fishing are mainly favored by men, young and old, in the US.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2.Professional baseball teams can continue to play for a long period of time in the fall after the regular baseball seasons of spring and summer.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3.Baseball shares many features with the English game of cricket.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4.Football can be classified as a spectator sport.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  5.Many Americans like basketball better than football because the latter is so harsh that players have to wear special uniforms.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案: C,A,A,A,B

  解析:American Sports

  1. C. 分析:利用题干中的核心结构hunting and fishing和特征结构men, young and old作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Sports in America take a variety of forms: organized competitive struggles, which draw huge crowds to cheer their favorite team to victory; athletic games, played for recreation(娱乐) anywhere sufficient space is found; and hunting and fishing.发现答案相关句中并没有提到men, young and old,根据该相关句及相邻句子的句意不能“推出”也不能“反驳”问题句的句意,所以该句的说法为“没提到”。

  2. A. 分析:利用题干中的核心结构和特征结构(professional baseball teams和the regular baseball seasons of spring and summer)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Baseball is the most popular sport in the US. It is played throughout the spring and summer(对应the regular baseball seasons of spring and summer.), and professional baseball teams play well into the fall(对应play for a long period of time in the fall). 判断该句的句意与问题句的句意一致,该题主要是考察well into the fall(一直到秋季末)结构的含义。

  3. A。 分析:利用题干中的核心结构(baseball 和cricket)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Although no other game is exactly like baseball, perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game of cricket(板球),判断该句的句意(与棒球运动最接近的就是英国的板球)与问题句的句意一致, 因此该问题句的说法“正确”。

  4. A。 分析:利用题干中的核心结构(football 和spectator sport)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Some sports are called spectator sports, as the number of spectators greatly exceeds the number playing in the game.(第一段最后一句)…the football stadiums of some of the largest universities seat as many as 80,000 people.该题考察考生的推断能力:既然最大的足球体育馆能容纳下80,000观众,那么根据spectator sports(观赏性运动)的定义,足 球应该是spectator sports。

  5. B. 分析:利用题干中的核心结构(basketball 和football)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges. Like football, basketball originated in the US and is not popular in other countries. Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game. 该相关句的说法与问题句的说法不一致(主要是“理由”的表述方面不一致),所以判断问题句的说法“不正确”。

  17、

  American Sports

  The United States is a sports-loving nation. Sports in America take a variety of forms: organized competitive struggles, which draw huge crowds to cheer their favorite team to victory; athletic games, played for recreation anywhere sufficient space is found; and hunting and fishing. Most sports are seasonal, so that what is happening in sports depends upon the time of year. Some sports are called spectator sports, as the number of spectators greatly exceeds the number playing in the game.

  Baseball is the most popular sport in the US. It is played throughout the spring and summer, and professional baseball teams play well into the fall. Although no other game is exactly like baseball, perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game of cricket.

  Football is the most popular sport in the fall. The game originated as a college sport more than 75 years ago. It is still played by almost every college and university in the country, and the football stadiums of some of the largest universities seat as many as 80,000 people. The game is not the same as European football or soccer. In American football there are 11 players on each team, and they are dressed in padded uniforms and helmets because the game is rough and injuries are likely to occur.

  Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges. Like football, basketball originated in the US and is not popular in other countries. Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game. It is a very popular game with high schools, and in more than 20 states, state-wide high school matches are held yearly.

  Other spectator sports include wrestling, boxing, and horse racing. Although horse-racing fans call themselves sportsmen, the accuracy of the term is questionable, as only the jockeys who ride the horses in the races can be considered athletes. The so-called sportsmen are the spectators, who do “not assemble” primarily to see the horses race, but to bet upon the outcome of each race. Gambling is the attraction of horse racing.

  1.Basketball in American is so popular with universities that nationwide university matches are held yearly.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2.Horse-racing fans cannot be considered sportsmen because they are spectators whose primary interest is gambling.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  1 ------  请选择 A B C 2 ------  请选择 A B C

  标准答案: C,A

  本题分数: 2.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:1. C。 分析:利用题干中的核心结构(nationwide university matches)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:It is a very popular game with high schools, and in more than 20 states, state-wide high school matches are held yearly.发现该句的说法与问题句的说法“不一致”,但又不能因此而判断问题句的说法“错误”。因此判断该题的说法为“没提到”。

  2. A。 分析:利用题干中的horse-racing fans作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Other spectator sports include wrestling, boxing, and horse racing. ... The so-called sportsmen are the spectators, who do “not assemble” primarily to see the horses race, but to bet upon the outcome of each race. Gambling is the attraction of horse racing.根据相关句群的句意(赛马比赛的吸引人之处是赌博, 赛马迷只是对赌博感兴趣)发现问题句的说法与这些相关句的说法一致,因此问题句的说法“正确”

  18、

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  More Than 8 Hours Sleep Too Much of a Good Thing

  Although the dangers of too little sleep are widely known,new research suggests that people who sleep too much may also suffer the consequences.

  Investigators at the University of California in San Diego found that people who clock up 9 or 10 hours each weeknight appear to have more trouble falling and staying asleep,as well as a number of other sleep problems,than people who sleep 8 hours a night.People who slept only 7 hours each night also said they had more trouble falling asleep and feeling refreshed after a night’s sleep than 8-hour sleepers.

  These findings, which DL Daniel Kripke reported in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, demonstrate that people who want to get a good night’s rest may not need to set aside。more than 8 hours a night.He added that“it might be a good idea'’for people who sleep more than 8 hours each night to consider reducing the amount of time they spend in bed, but cautioned that more research is needed to confirm this.

  Previous studies have shown the potential dangers of chronic shortages of sleep一for instance, one report demonstrated that people who habitually sleep less than 7 hours each night have a higher risk of dying within a fixed period than people who sleep more.

  For the current report,Kripke reviewed the responses of 1,004 adults to sleep questionnaires,in which participants indicated how much they slept during the Week and whether they experienced any sleep problems.Sleep problems included waking in the middle of the night,arising early in the morning and being unable to fall back to sleep,and having fatigue interfere with day-to-day functioning.

  KriDke found that people who slept between 9 and 10 hours each night were more likely to report experiencing each sleep problem than people who slept 8 hours.In an interview, Kripke noted that long sleepers may struggle to get rest at night simply because they spend too much time in bed.As evidence,he added that one way to help insomnia is to spend less time in bed.“It stands to reason that if a person spends too long a time in bed, then they’ll spend a higher percentage of time awake.”he said.

  1. Paragraph 2 ___.

  2. Paragraph 4___.

  3. Paragraph 5___.

  4. Paragraph 6___.

  A. Keprike’s research tool

  B. Dangers of Habitual shortages of sleep

  C. Criticism on Kripke’s report

  D. A way of overcoming insomnia

  E. Sleep problems of long and short sleepers

  F. Classification of sleep problems

  标准答案: E,B,A,D

  解析:1. E: Investigators ...found that people who clock up 9 or 10 hours each weeknight appear to have more trouble falling, than...该句回应了文章的主题—睡眠时间太长不是好事;对应被选项发现只有E和F与这个内容有关系,但段落最后一句中又提到了睡眠不足的人的问题,因此判断E是答案(睡眠长和睡眠短的人所面临的睡眠问题)。

  2。B.分析:段落的结构-- Previous studies have shown the potential dangers of chronic shortages of sleep一for instance..表明了该段的中心是讲述“长期睡眠不足的潜在危险”。

  3. A. 分析:对于该段落答案的选择具有一定的迷惑性,A和F容易相互成为干扰项,但由于段落中提到的“睡眠问题”是属于问卷上要回答的内容,是和Keprike的直接研究有关,所以判断A是答案。同时猜测F可能是出题者设置的干扰项。

  4. D: 段落中出现的Kripke found, Kripke noted和he added表明“Kripke的观点和态度应该是该段的中心”,对比被选项排除C(段落中没有出现批评的话语)和F(段落中没有具体提到睡眠问题的表现形式),而段落最后第2句提到了克服失眠的方法—少花时间在床上,与D呼应。

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  19、

  More Than 8 Hours Sleep Too Much of a Good Thing

  Although the dangers of too little sleep are widely known,new research suggests that people who sleep too much may also suffer the consequences.

  Investigators at the University of California in San Diego found that people who clock up 9 or 10 hours each weeknight appear to have more trouble falling and staying asleep,as well as a number of other sleep problems,than people who sleep 8 hours a night.People who slept only 7 hours each night also said they had more trouble falling asleep and feeling refreshed after a night’s sleep than 8-hour sleepers.

  These findings, which DL Daniel Kripke reported in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, demonstrate that people who want to get a good night’s rest may not need to set aside。more than 8 hours a night.He added that“it might be a good idea'’for people who sleep more than 8 hours each night to consider reducing the amount of time they spend in bed, but cautioned that more research is needed to confirm this.

  Previous studies have shown the potential dangers of chronic shortages of sleep一for instance, one report demonstrated that people who habitually sleep less than 7 hours each night have a higher risk of dying within a fixed period than people who sleep more.

  For the current report,Kripke reviewed the responses of 1,004 adults to sleep questionnaires,in which participants indicated how much they slept during the Week and whether they experienced any sleep problems.Sleep problems included waking in the middle of the night,arising early in the morning and being unable to fall back to sleep,and having fatigue interfere with day-to-day functioning.

  KriDke found that people who slept between 9 and 10 hours each night were more likely to report experiencing each sleep problem than people who slept 8 hours.In an interview, Kripke noted that long sleepers may struggle to get rest at night simply because they spend too much time in bed.As evidence,he added that one way to help insomnia is to spend less time in bed.“It stands to reason that if a person spends too long a time in bed, then they’ll spend a higher percentage of time awake.”he said.

  5.To get a good night’s rest,people may not need to ___.

  6.Long sleepers are reported to be more likely to___.

  7. One of the sleep problems is waking in the middle of the night,unable to___.

  8. One survey showed that people who habitually ___each night have a higher risk of dying.

  A fall asleep again .

  B become more energetic the following day

  C sleep less than 7 hours

  D confirm those serious consequences

  E suffer sleep problems

  F sleep more than 8 hours

  1 ------  请选择 E F 2 ------  请选择 E F 3 ------  请选择 E F

  4 ------  请选择 E F

  标准答案: F,E,A,C

  本题分数: 4.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:5.F.分析:根据搭配结构need to do sth.判断所有选项都在语法上合适。借助搭配句意:“为了获得晚上好的休息,人们没有必要。。”判断F(睡眠超过8小时)。

  6.E.分析:借助搭配句意:“睡眠时间长的人根据报道更有可能。。”,并结合文章主题—睡眠时间长不是好事情,判断E合适。也可借助文章中的相关内容(利用题干中的Long sleepers和more likely 作为答案线索):KriDke found that people who slept between 9 and 10 hours each night were more likely to report experiencing each sleep problem than people who slept 8 hours.

  7.A. 分析:借助搭配句意:“其中的一个睡眠问题是在午夜醒来,不能。。”,直接判断A(再次入睡)合适。

  8. C.分析:借助搭配句意:“一项调查显示那些习惯性每晚...的人有更高的死亡风险。”

  20、

  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇

  Milosevic’s Death

  Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic was found dead last Saturday in his cell at the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The 64-year-old had been on trial there since February 2002.

  Born in provincial Pozarevac in 1941, he was the second son of a priest and a school teacher. Both of his parents died when he was still a young adult. The young Milosevic was “untypical”, says Slavoljub Djukic, his unofficial biographer. He was “not interested in sports, and avoided excursions and used to come to school dressed in the old-fashioned way – white shirt and tie.” One of his friends said, he could “imagine him as a station-master or punctilious civil servant”.

  Indeed that is exactly what he might have become, had he not married Mira. She was widely believed to be his driving force.

  At university and beyond he did well. He worked for various firms and was a communist party member. By 1986 he was head of Sebia’s Committer. But still he had not yet really been noticed.

  It was Kosovo that gave him his chance. An autonomous province of Serbia, Kosovo was home to an Albanian majority and a Serbian minority. In 1989, he was sent there to calm fears of Serbians who felt they were discriminated against. But instead he played the nationalist card and became their champion. In so doing, he changed into a ruthless and determined man. At home with Mira he plotted the downfall of his political enemies. Conspiring with the director of Serbian TV, he mounted a modern media campaign which aimed to get him the most power in the country.

  He was elected Serbian president in 1990. In 1997, he became president of Yugoslavia. The rest of the story is well-known: his nationalist card caused Yugoslavia’s other ethnic groups to fight for their own rights, power and lands. Yugoslavia broke up when four of the six republics declared independence in 1991. war started and lasted for years and millions died. Then Western counties intervened. NATO bombed Yugoslavia, and he eventually stepped down as state leader in 2000.

  Soon after this, Serbia’s new government, led by Zoran Djindjic, arrested him and sent him to face justice at the Yugoslav was crimes tribunal in the Hague.

  1. where did Milosevic die?

  A in a basement

  B in prison

  C in a small room

  D in his own country

  2. Which of the following is NOT true of the young Milosevic?

  A he dressed in a pretty old-fashioned way

  B he was not interested in sports

  C he was an ordinary person

  D he was extremely ambitious

  3. All of the following persons in one way or another changed his fate expect

  A. Mira

  B His parents

  C Zoran Djindjic

  D The director of Serbian TV

  4. Why was Milosevic sent to Kosovo in 1989?

  A to handle economic issues

  B to drive Albanians back to their own counties

  C to remove the Serbian’s fears that they were discriminated against

  D to launch an attack against his political enemies

  5. What happed in 1991?

  A Yugoslavia broke up

  B Western counties intervened

  C NATO bombed Yugoslavia

  D Milosevic was arrested

  标准答案: B,D,B,C,A

  解析:1. Milosevic(米洛舍维奇)’s Death

  1. B。 解析:问题问“米洛舍维奇在哪里去世的?”该题是细节题,问题问及米洛舍维奇的去世, 因此关注文章开头部分涉及到米洛舍维奇去世的句子(方法:利用问题句中的细节词die及其相关词(death, dead(死的, 废弃了的,完全地), pass away(去世))作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句)。

  提示:文章后面的细节题一般按照文章的发展顺序涉及。

  Former(以前的, 从前的) Yugoslav (南斯拉夫的)leader(领导人) Slobodan (史洛波登)Milosevic was found (被发现)dead last(最近的, 最后的,持续) Saturday(星期天) in his cell(单身牢房)at the Hague(海牙)-based (位于...的,以...为基础的)International(国际的) Criminal (犯罪的)Tribunal(法庭)for the former Yugoslavia.

  答案相关句在文章开头的第一句:该句说“米洛舍维奇在位于海牙的前南斯拉夫国际刑事法庭的牢房里去世”。因此B是答案。

  2.D. 解析:问题问“有关年轻的米洛舍维奇的事情下列哪个说法不正确?”该问题也是细节题,因此顺着上一题的位置放下查找答案相关句(方法:利用问题句中的细节信息词young Milosevic作为答案线索词):

  (第2段) Born (出生的)in provincial(省的) Pozarevac in 1941, he was the second son of a priest(牧师) and a school teacher(教师). Both of his parents died when he was still a young adult. The young Milosevic was “untypical” (与C一致), says Slavoljub Djukic, his unofficial(非官方的) biographer(传记作者). He was “not interested in sports(与B一致), and avoided(避免) excursions(游览,短途旅行)and used to (过去常常)come to school dressed in the old-fashioned way(与A一致)– white shirt and tie.” One of (一个)his friends(朋友) said, he could “imagine him as (把...想象成...)a station-master (车站站长) or punctilious(拘泥于细节的,一丝不苟的) civil(公民的) servant(仆人)(公务员)”.

  (第3段)Indeed(确实是) that is exactly(正好, 精确地) what he might have become(本来可能成为), had he not married Mira(虚拟语气(=if he hadn‘t married Mira):假设他当时没有与Mira结婚的话). She was widely(广泛地) believed(认为, 相信) to be his driving force(推动力).

  第3段的答案相关句说“人们普遍认为Mira是米洛舍维奇的推动力, 如果米洛舍维奇当时没有和Mira结婚的话, 他可能就是一个一丝不苟的公务员而已”, 根据这句话的内容推断出米洛舍维奇本人很可能并不是一个很有抱负的人, 因此D是答案。

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  3.解析:该题问“下列列举的人中除了谁以外, 其他的人都以这样那样的方式改变了他(米洛舍维奇)的命运? ”。 该题又是细节题,借助被选项的特点(都是特征词),分别利用每个被选项中的人名作为答案线索在文章中查找相对应的答案相关句:

  Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic was found dead last Saturday in his cell at the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The 64-year-old had been on trial there since February 2002.

  Born in provincial Pozarevac in 1941, he was the second son of a priest and a school teacher. Both of(两个) his parents died when he was still(仍然, 更, 静止的) a young adult(成年人). The young Milosevic was “untypical”, says Slavoljub Djukic, his unofficial biographer. He was “not interested in sports, and avoided excursions and used to come to school dressed in the old-fashioned way – white shirt and tie.” One of his friends said, he could “imagine him as a station-master or punctilious civil servant”.

  Indeed that is exactly what he might have become, had he not married Mira. She was widely believed to be his driving force.

  At university and beyond he did well. He worked for various firms and was a communist party member. By 1986 he was head of Sebia’s Committer. But still he had not yet really been noticed.

  It was Kosovo that gave him his chance. An autonomous province of Serbia, Kosovo was home to an Albanian majority and a Serbian minority. In 1989, he was sent there to calm fears of Serbians who felt they were discriminated against. But instead he played the nationalist card and became their champion. In so doing, he changed into a ruthless and determined man. At home with Mira he plotted the downfall of his political enemies. Conspiring with(与...谋划) the director of Serbian TV, he mounted(建立, 设置) a modern (现代的)media(媒体)campaign (活动, 战役) which aimed to(致力于) get him the most power(权力) in the country.

  He was elected Serbian president in 1990. In 1997, he became president of Yugoslavia. The rest of the story is well-known: his nationalist card caused Yugoslavia’s other ethnic groups to fight for their own rights, power and lands. Yugoslavia broke up when four of the six republics declared independence in 1991. war started and lasted for years and millions died. Then Western counties intervened. NATO bombed Yugoslavia, and he eventually stepped down as state leader in 2000.

  Soon after this, Serbia(塞尔维亚)’s new government(政府), led by(由...带领) Zoran Djindjic, arrested(逮捕) him and sent(送, 邮寄, 使处于(某种状态)) him to face(面对) justice (审判, 正义)at the Yugoslav(南斯拉夫的) war(战争) crimes(罪行) tribunal(审判法庭) in the Hague(海牙).

  涉及到Mira 的答案相关句说“Mira被认为是米洛舍维奇的推动力”, 因此Mira 对米洛舍维奇的命运有影响作用;与Zoran Djindjic相关的答案相关句说“在Zoran Djindjic的带领下,塞尔维亚的新政府逮捕了米洛舍维奇”, 因此Zoran Djindjic影响着米洛舍维奇的命运; 与The director of Serbian TV相关的答案相关句说“Serbian 电视台的主任与米洛舍维奇共同密谋发起了致力于帮助米洛舍维奇获得在那个国家里自大权利的现代媒体运动”, 显然Serbian 电视台的主任也影响着米洛舍维奇的命运, 因此答案为B(他的父母)。

  4.C. 解析:问题问“为什么米洛舍维奇在1989年被派到科索沃?”,该题也是细节题,利用问题句中的特征结构(Kosovo(科索沃)和 in 1989)作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:

  (第5段)It was Kosovo that gave(给) him his chance(机会). An autonomous (自治的)province(省) of Serbia(塞尔维亚), Kosovo was home to(是...的家园)an Albanian(阿尔巴尼亚人) majority(大多数人) and a Serbian(塞尔维亚) minority(少数人). In 1989, he was sent there to calm(平息,平静的) fears(恐惧) of Serbians (塞尔维亚)who felt(认为, 感觉) they were discriminated against(被歧视). But instead(代替) he played(玩,扮演, 播放 ) the nationalist(民族主义者) card (卡片, 纸牌)and became their champion(冠军, 拥护者). In so doing, he changed into a ruthless and determined man. At home with Mira he plotted the downfall of his political enemies. Conspiring with the director of Serbian TV, he mounted a modern media which aimed to get him the most power in the country.

  第5段中的第三句是直接答案相关句(两个线索结构都出现了), 该句说“1989年, 他被派到那里(科索沃)去平息塞尔维亚人的恐惧感, 塞尔维亚人认为自己受到了歧视”,显然该句内容与C一致,因此C是答案。

  5.A. 解析:问题句问“1991年发生了什么事情?”该题也是细节题,借助题干中的特征结构(in 1991)作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句(顺着上一题的答案位置往下找):

  (倒数第2段) He was elected Serbian president in 1990. In 1997, he became president of Yugoslavia. The rest of the story is well-known: his nationalist card caused Yugoslavia’s other ethnic groups to fight for their own rights, power and lands. Yugoslavia(南斯拉夫) broke up (分裂)when four of the six republics(共和国) declared(宣布) independence(独立) in 1991. War (战争)started (开始, 爆发)and lasted(持续) for years and millions(数百万) died(死亡). Then Western counties intervened. NATO bombed Yugoslavia, and he eventually stepped down as state leader in 2000.

  答案相关句说“随着6个共和国中的4个共和国宣布独立,南斯拉夫变得四分五裂”, 该句内容与A一致。

  21、

  第2篇

  Kobe Bryant

  After 10 seasons wearing the No. 8 on his back, Kobe Bryant will become No 24 next season. The reason for the surprising decision by the Los Angeles Lakers super guard last week has become a hot topic for debate.

  Bryant wore No at when he was in early high school, but he changed to No 33 in his senior year. He switched to No 8 when he was selected by the Lakers in 1996, and has been not changed since.

  Bryant has refused to explain the decision until the end of the play-offs. So guessing Bryant’s motive has become a popular game among NBA fans and newspaper columnists.

  There are all kinds of speculations. Many say that Bryant wants to leave the past behind and have a fresh start. He has often been criticized for playing to benefit himself and not the team as a whole. Others say that he may be trying to compare himself to Michael Jordan. Jordan was famous for his No 23 jersey. Some, such as NBC Sport columnist Michael Ventre, argue that it is “all about money”. Bryant will make more money by selling new jersey to his fans.

  Some speculations are more about fun. For example, there is an opinion that Kobe is actually just a dihard fan of the popular TV drama “24”.

  All this talk has turned the number changed into a major issue. It seems that there is a lot of fuss over something that should be pretty simple.

  Jersey numbers have their own special significance in American sports, especially basketball. Players choose their number when they join a team and they usually stick with that number for the rest of their career. When a great player retires, his team will honor him by retiring his number.

  To some extent, the jersey is the player, and the player is jersey. Thus, when you see the famous No 23 for the Chicago Bulls, you immediately think about Michael Jordan. A No 32 Miami Heats jersey recalls the image of Shaquille O’ Neal, and the Houston rockets’ No 11 belongs only to Yao Ming.

  Lots of stories are behind players’ jersey number selections. Jordan said that he choose No 23 because it was roughly half of 45. Jordan’s elder brother wore the No 45 in college. Yao Ming once revealed that the No 11 stands for two people in love – meaning him and his girlfriend Ye Li.

  1. Which team has Bryant played for?

  A. the Los Angels Lakers

  B. The Houston rockets.

  C. The Chicago Bulls

  D. The Miami Heats

  2. How long has Bryant Wore No 8?

  A. for two years and a half

  B. for ten years

  C. since he entered high school

  D. since he left high school.

  3. Which of the following is NOT a speculation about Bryant’s motive to change his number?

  A. he wants to leave his past behind and have a fresh start

  B. he wants to compare himself to Jordan

  C. he wants to earn more money

  D. he wants to show that he is man of great importance

  4. Why did Jordan choose No 23?

  A. because that number would make him famous

  B. because that number will make you miss him

  C. because that number was related to the number his brother once wore

  D. because that number was easy to remember

  5. What does the number Yao Ming chose stand for?

  A. two long legs

  B. two long arms

  C. two tall people in love

  D. tow big countries

  标准答案: A,B,D,C,C

  解析:第2篇

  Kobe Bryant (科比. 布莱恩特)

  1.A. 问题问“Bryant一直是为哪个队打比赛?”, 被选项都是专有名词(特征词), 分别利用它们作为答案线索, 在文章中查找与它们分别对应的相关句,进行一一判断:

  (第1段)After 10 seasons wearing the No. 8 on his back, Kobe Bryant will become No 24 next season. The reason for (…的原因)the surprising (令人吃惊的)decision by (由…作出的决定)the Los Angeles Lakers super guard last week (上周)has become a hot topic for (…的话题)debate.

  第1段最后一句中出现了the Los Angels Lakers, 该句说“洛杉矶盐胡人队的这位超级后卫作出的这个决定, 让人吃惊, 而造成其决定的原因成为了人们讨论的一个热点话题。 ”从该句中可知, Bryant现在是在为洛杉矶盐胡人队打比赛。

  (第2段)Bryant wore No at when he was in early high school, but he changed to No 33 in his senior year. He switched to (转变成)No 8 when he was selected by (被…挑选)the Lakers in 1996, and has been not changed(改变) since(后来,自从, 既然 ).

  第2段的最后一句中再次出现the Los Angels Lakers, 该句说“1996年他被洛杉矶盐胡人队选为队员后, 他的球衣变成了8号, 从那以后他的球衣号就再也没有变过。”根据该句内容可知, Bryant从1996年以后一直是为洛杉矶盐胡人队打比赛。 因此A是答案。

  2.B. 问题问“Bryant穿8号球衣穿了多久?”利用题干中的特征词No 8作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第1段)After 10 seasons wearing the No. 8 on his back, Kobe Bryant will become No 24 next season. The reason for the surprising decision by the Los Angeles Lakers super guard last week has become a hot topic for debate.

  (第2段)Bryant wore No at when he was in early high school, but he changed to No 33 in his senior year. He switched to No 8 when he was selected by the Lakers in 1996, and has been not changed since.

  第1段中的答案相关句说“Bryant穿8号球衣穿了10个赛季”, 第2段中的答案相关句说“1996年他被洛杉矶盐胡人队选为队员后, 他的球衣变成了8号, 从那以后他的球衣号就再也没有变过。”可见Bryant穿8号球衣穿了10个赛季(也就是10年), 因此B是答案。

  3.D. 问题问“下列哪项不是对Bryant改变他球衣号码动机的推测?”,被选项中分别出现了细节信息及特征词语(Jordan), 分别利用它们作为答案线索结构, 在文章中查找对应的答案相关句, 可以首先对选项B进行判断(包含特征词Jordan):

  After 10 seasons wearing the No. 8 on his back, Kobe Bryant will become No 24 next season. The reason for the surprising decision by the Los Angeles Lakers super guard last week has become a hot topic for debate.

  Bryant wore No at when he was in early high school, but he changed to No 33 in his senior year. He switched to No 8 when he was selected by the Lakers in 1996, and has been not changed since.

  Bryant has refused to explain the decision until the end of the play-offs. So guessing Bryant’s motive has become a popular game among NBA fans and newspaper columnists.

  (第4段)There are all kinds of(各种各样的) speculations. Many say that Bryant wants to leave the past behind and have a fresh start(与选项A一致). He has often been criticized for playing to benefit himself and not the team as a whole. Others(其他人) say that he may be trying to compare himself to Michael Jordan. Jordan was famous for (因…而出名)his No 23 jersey(运动衫). (与选项B内容一致)Some, such as(例如) NBC Sport columnist (专栏作家)Michael Ventre, argue(主张认为) that it is “all about money”. Bryant will make more money by selling new jersey(球衣) to his fans(球迷) (与选项C一致).

  第4段中的倒数第3句(其他人说他可能正试图把自己与迈克尔, 乔丹进行比较)与选项B内容一致, 因此B不是答案。 而该段段首句说“有各种各样的推测” , 因此该段内容应该与人们的推测有关。 因此该段就应该是答案相关段。 选项A和C都在该段中有呼应得内容, 因此只有D没有被提到。

  4.C. 问题问“乔丹为什么选择23号球衣?”利用题干中的特征词Jordan和No 23作为答案线索,在文章中找到答案相关句:

  (第4段) There are all kinds of speculations. Many say that Bryant wants to leave the past behind and have a fresh start. He has often been criticized for playing to benefit himself and not the team as a whole. Others say that he may be trying to compare himself to Michael Jordan. Jordan was famous for (因为…而出名)his No 23 jersey(运动衫). Some, such as NBC Sport columnist Michael Ventre, argue that it is “all about money”. Bryant will make more money by selling new jersey to his fans. (该段中的答案相关句没有解释乔丹选择13号球衣的原因)

  Some speculations are more about fun. For example, there is an opinion that Kobe is actually just a dihard fan of the popular TV drama “24”.

  All this talk has turned the number changed into a major issue. It seems that there is a lot of fuss over something that should be pretty simple.

  Jersey numbers have their own special significance in American sports, especially basketball. Players choose their number when they join a team and they usually stick with that number for the rest of their career. When a great player retires, his team will honor him by retiring his number.

  To some extent, the jersey is the player, and the player is jersey. Thus, when you see the famous No 23 for the Chicago Bulls(芝加哥公牛队), you immediately think about(想起, 考虑) Michael Jordan. A No 32 Miami Heats jersey recalls the image of Shaquille O’ Neal, and the Houston rockets’ No 11 belongs only to Yao Ming.(该段的答案相关句只是说“当你看到芝加哥公牛队的著名23号时,你会立刻想起迈克尔. 乔丹”, 没有解释乔丹选择23号球衣的原因)

  (最后一段)Lots of stories are behind players’ jersey number selections. Jordan said that he choose No 23 because it was roughly(大致, 粗略地) half(一半) of 45. Jordan’s elder brother(大哥) wore the No 45 in college(学院). Yao Ming once revealed that the No 11 stands for two people in love – meaning him and his girlfriend Ye Li.

  该段中的答案相关句说“乔丹说他选择23号球衣是因为23大致是45的一半, 而他的大哥在大学里穿的是45号球衣”。显然该句内容与选项C(这个数字与他哥哥曾经穿的球衣号有关)内容一致。

  5.解析:问题问“姚明选择的数字所代表的意义是什么? ”利用问题句中的特征词Yao Ming 作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (倒数第2段)To some extent, the jersey is the player, and the player is jersey. Thus, when you see the famous No 23 for the Chicago Bulls, you immediately think about Michael Jordan. A No 32 Miami Heats (迈阿密. 热火) jersey recalls(使回忆起) the image(映像,肖像,图像) of Shaquille O’ Neal(沙奎尔. 奥尼尔), and the Houston rockets(休士顿火箭队) ’ No 11 belongs only to(属于) Yao Ming.

  (倒数第1段)Lots of stories are behind players’ jersey number selections. Jordan said that he choose No 23 because it was roughly half of 45. Jordan’s elder brother wore the No 45 in college. Yao Ming once (曾经)revealed (揭示(球衣数字的秘密))that the No 11 stands for (代表)two people in love(相爱的) – meaning(意思是指, 想要, 关系重大) him and his girlfriend Ye Li.

  文章最后一句是该题的真正答案相关句,该句说“姚明曾经揭示了11号球衣数字的秘密, 他说11代表两个相爱的人 – 他和他的女朋友叶莉。 ”

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  22、

  第3篇

  Hurricane(飓风) Katrina(克特里娜)

  A hurricane is fiercely powerful, rotating form of tropical storm that can be 124 to 1,240 miles in diameter. The term hurricane is derived from Hurican, the name of a native American storm god. Hurricanes are typical of a calm central region of low pressure between 12 to 60 miles in diameter, known as the eye. They occur in tropical regions. Over its lifetime, one of these storms can release as much energy as 10,000 nuclear bombs.

  The seed for hurricane formation is a cluster of thunderstorms over warm tropical waters. Hurricanes can only form and be fed when the sea-surface temperature exceeds 27 C and the surrounding atmosphere is calm. These requirements are met between June and November in the northern hemisphere.

  Under these conditions, large quantities of water evaporate and condense into clouds and rain – releasing heat in the process. It is this heat energy, combined with the rotation of the Earth, that drives a hurricane.

  When the warm column of air from the sea surface first begins to rise, it causes an area of low pressure. This in turn creates wind as air is drawn into the area. This spinning wind drags up more moisture-laden air from the sea surface in a process that swells the storm. Cold air falls back to the ocean surface through the eye and on the outside of the storm.

  Initially, when wind speeds reach 23 miles per hour, those mild, wet and grey weather systems are known as depressions. Hurricane Katrina formed in this way over the south-eastern Bahamas on 23 August 2005. Katrina has had a devastating impact on the Gulf Coast of the US, leaving a disaster zone of 90,000 square miles in its wake – almost the size of the UK. Thousands have been killed or injured and more half a million people have been misplaced in a humanitarian crisis of a scale not seen in the US since the great depression. The cost of the damage may top $ 100 billion.

  1. what is the eye of a hurricane?

  A. a native American storm god

  B a rotating form of tropical storm that can be 124 to 1240 miles in diameter.

  C a calm central region of low pressure between 12 to 60 miles in diameter

  D a storm that can release as much energy as 10,000 nuclear bombs

  2. Which of the following is NOT the “requirements”mentioned in the second paragraph?

  A the tropical waters are warm and calm

  B the sea-surface temperature exceeds 27 C

  C there are thunderstorms over warm tropical waters

  D the atmosphere surrounding the sea is calm

  3. which of the following is the best explanation of the word “drive”in the third paragraph?

  A to guide, control, or direct

  B to force to go through or push in/ hammer in

  C to supply the motive force or power and cause to function

  D to force to move in a particular direction

  4. what does the warm air mentioned in the fourth paragraph produce when it is rising from the sea surface?

  A high pressure

  B low pressure

  C wind

  D cold air

  5. What is NOT true of Hurricane Katrina according to the last paragraph?

  A the area affected is almost the size of the UK

  B it left a disaster zone of 90,000 square miles

  C half a million people are forced to leave the area

  D the humanitarian crisis is as serious as that of the great depression

  标准答案: C,A,C,B,D

  解析:第3篇

  Hurricane(飓风) Katrina(克特里娜)

  1.C. 解析:问题问“什么是飓风的眼睛?”, 问题句中出现了细节词(eye), 利用该词作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第一段)A hurricane is fiercely powerful, rotating form of tropical storm that can be 124 to 1,240 miles in diameter. The term hurricane is derived from Hurican, the name of a native American storm god. Hurricanes are typical of(..是...具有...的特征) a calm central region of low pressure between 12 to 60 miles in diameter, known as(被称为) the eye. They occur in tropical regions. Over its lifetime, one of these storms can release as much energy as 10,000 nuclear bombs.

  划线句(答案相关句)说“飓风的特征是一个平静的低压中心区, 直径在12英里到60英里之间, (这个低压区域)被称为飓风的眼睛”, 该句内容与C一致, 因此C是答案。

  2.A. 解析:问题问“下列哪个选项不是在第2段中提到的‘要求’?”被选项的特点是都涉及到细节信息结构, 所以分别利用被选项中的这些细节信息结构作为答案线索(A: tropical waters; B: sea-surface temperature, 27C; C: thunderstorms; D: atmosphere ), 在文章中查找与它们分别形成呼应的语句, 对被选项进行一一判断:

  The seed (种子,原因 ) for hurricane formation (形成, 构成)is a cluster of (一群)thunderstorms over warm tropical waters(与C一致). Hurricanes can only form and be fed(喂养) when the sea-surface temperature exceeds 27 C (与B一致)and the surrounding atmosphere is calm(于D一致). These requirements are met (被满足)between June and November in the northern(北方的, 北部的) hemisphere(半球).

  线索词出现的答案相关句分别于选项C,B和D呼应,而这些细节内容都与该段最后一句中的these requirements 呼应:它们属于“要求”,因此只有A没有提到。

  3.C. 解析:问题问“下列哪个选项最恰当地解释了第3段中drive 的含义?”首先找到第3段中的这个词:

  Under these conditions, large quantities of water evaporate and condense into clouds and rain – releasing heat in the process. It is this heat(热,温度, 加热) energy, combined with(与...组合) the rotation(旋转) of the Earth, that drives (驱使)a hurricane.

  答案相关句(drive 在文章中所在的句子)说“正是这种热量, 与地球的旋转共同作用, 驱动飓风”, 显然被选项C与drive在句子中的基本含义最接近:提供动力, 使(飓风)活动(驱动飓风)

  4.B. 解析:问题问“第4段中提到的暖流当它从海面升起时产生了什么?”利用问题句中的细节信息(warm air)作为答案线索, 在第4段中查找答案相关句:

  When the warm column(圆柱状,圆柱)of air from the sea surface first begins to (开始)rise, it causes(造成) an area of low pressure. This in turn creates wind as air is drawn into the area. This spinning wind drags up more moisture-laden air from the sea surface in a process that swells the storm. Cold air falls back to the ocean surface through the eye and on the outside of the storm.

  第4段第1句就是答案相关句,该局说“当来自海面的温暖的圆柱状气流开始上升时,它造成了低压区域”, 因此B是答案。

  5.D. 解析:问题问“根据最后一段,下列哪个说法与飓风卡特里娜的实际情况不一致?”, 被选项D(人道主义危机所带来的危害性与经济大萧条的危害性一样严重)与文章主题(飓风)偏差较大, 因此D可能是答案。

  Initially, when wind speeds reach 23 miles per hour, those mild, wet and grey weather systems are known as depressions. Hurricane Katrina formed in this way over the south-eastern Bahamas on 23 August 2005. Katrina has had a devastating(破坏性的) impact on (对...产生影响)the Gulf Coast(海湾沿岸) of the US, leaving(留下) a disaster zone of 90,000 square miles in its wake (在...之后)– almost the size of the UK. (该句说“飓风卡特里娜对海湾沿岸造成了破坏性的影响,飓风结束后留下了面积为9万平方英里的灾难区, 这几乎与英国的面积一样大”, 该句内容与与A和B一致)Thousands have been killed or injured and more half a million people have been misplaced (被迫离开)in a humanitarian crisis of a scale(规模,比例, 刻度, 等级) not seen (被看见得)in the US since the great depression.(该句提到“50万人被迫离开”, 这与C一致) The cost of the damage(损失) may top(超过, 最高的,头等的, 顶部) $ 100 billion.

  根据上面的分析, 只有D的内容与文章中相关内容不一致。

  23、

  第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  Why do people shrink?

  Did you ever see the movie Honey, I shrunk the kids? It's about a wacky dad (who's also a scientist) who accidentally shrinks his kids with his homemade miniaturizing invention. Oops! ____1____.

  For older people, shrinking isn't that dramatic or sudden at all. It takes place over years and may add up to only one inch or so off of their adult height (maybe a little more, maybe less), and this kind of shrinking can't be magically reversed, although there are things that can be done to stop it or slow it down. ___2___.

  There are a few reasons. As people get older, they generally lose some muscle and fat from their bodies as part of the natural aging process. Gravity (the force that keeps your feet on the ground) take hold, and the bones in the spine, called vertebrae, may break down or degenerate, and start to collapse into one another. ___3___. But perhaps the most common reason why some older people shrink is because of osteoporosis.

  Osteoporosis occurs when too much spongy bone tissue (which is found inside of most bones) is broken down and not enough new bone material is made. ___4___. Bones become smaller and weaker and can easily break if someone with osteoporosis is injured. Older people --especially women, who generally have smaller and lighter bones to begin with -- are more likely to develop osteoporosis. As years go by, a person with osteoporosis shrinks a little bit.

  Did you know that every day you do a shrinking act? You aren't as tall at the end of the day as you are at the beginning. That's because as the day goes on, water in the disks of the spine gets compressed (squeezed) due to gravity, making you just a tiny bit shorter. Don't worry, though. ___5___.

  A. They end up pressing closer together, which makes a person lose a little height and become shorter.

  B. Once you get a good night's rest, your body recovers, and the next morning, you're standing tall again.

  C. Over time, bone is said to be lost because it's not being replaced.

  D. Luckily, there are things that people can do to prevent shrinking.

  E. The kids spend the rest of the movie as tiny people who are barely visible while trying to get back to their normal size.

  F. But why does shrinking happen at all?

  1 ------  请选择 E F 2 ------  请选择 E F 3 ------  请选择 E F

  4 ------  请选择 E F 5 ------  请选择 E F

  标准答案: E,F,A,C,B

  本题分数: 10.00 分,你答题的情况为 错误 所以你的得分为 .00 分

  解析:1. E. 分析:段落中句意的特点:空格前面的内容讲述电影情节,所以E的出现就很自然了。在用词上kids连续使用(呼应)

  2. F. 分析:在段落中利用核心结构进行跳读,发现空格前句说“。。尽管人们能做一些事情来阻止“缩小”或减缓“缩小””,比较备选项,发现F合适:F提出问题来总结该段,引起下文。

  3. A. 分析: 空格前面具体讲述“地球引力对人体骨架的影响”,接着继续谈到“这种影响最终的结果”是很自然的。在用词呼应上:one another与A中的they 呼应。

  4. C. 分析:空格前后句中都在提到“bone”或与“bone”相关的内容,所以C出现的可能性最大。

  5. B.分析:作为文章的最后一句,该句往往具有总结性。对比剩下的选项,不难发现B合适:在句意上(好好休息一晚上后,你恢复了体力,站起来时就会还象以前那么高)解释前句句意“尽管这样,也不用担心”

  24、

  第6部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Hitchhiking

  When I was in my teens and 20s, hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers __ me all over Europe, North America, Asia and Southern Africa. Some of the lift -givers became friends, many provided hospitality __2__ the road. Not only did you find out much more about a country than __3__ traveling by train or plane, but there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture. It has books and songs about it. So what has happened to __4__? A few years ago, I asked the same question about hitchhiking a column in a newspaper. __5__ of people (人)from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking. “If there is a hitchhiker’s __6__ it must be Iran,” came one reply.

  Rural Ireland was recommended as a friendly place for hitching, __7__ was Quebec, Canada – “if you don’t mind being berated for not speaking French”. But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world, the __8__ feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed. With so much news about crime in the media, people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we __9__ to be so wary both to hitch and to give a lift? In Poland in 1960s, __10__ a Polish woman who e-mailed me, “the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker’s Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for divers, so each time a driver __11__ (who had picked)up somebody, he or she received a coupon.

  At the end of the season, __12__ who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes. Everybody was hitchhiking then. ” Surely this is a good idea for society? Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down __13__ between strangers. It would help fight __14__ warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuel. It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant__15__ in geography, history, politics and sociology.

  1. A. made B. took C. traveled D. crossed

  2.A. in B. over C. at D. on

  3. A. when B. after C. before D. if

  4.A. the books B. them C. it D. the songs

  5. A. Hundreds B. Hundred C. Thousand D. Dozen

  标准答案: B,D,A,C,A

  解析:Hitchhiking(免费搭车旅行)

  When(在…时候) I was in my teens(十多岁) and 20s, hitchhiking was a main(主要的) form (形式)of long-distance(长途) transport(运输). The kindness (善良)or curiosity(好奇) of strangers(陌生人) __ me all over(遍及) Europe(欧洲), North America(北美), Asia(亚洲) and Southern Africa(南非).

  1. B. made(制造, 使成为, 产生, 获得, 构成) B. took (带走, 取, 抓, 占领)C. traveled(旅行) D. crossed(使交叉, 横渡,越过)

  Some of the lift-givers(搭载的司机) became(变成) friends(朋友), many provided(提供) hospitality(好客,盛情) __2__ the road.

  2.A. in B. over C. at D. on

  On the street/road在道路上

  (倒装)Not only (不仅)did you find out (发现,想出)much more about a country (国家)than __3__ traveling by train(乘火车) or plane(乘飞机), but there was (有)that element (成分, 元素)of excitement about (对…的兴奋)where(在哪里) you would finish up(结束, 完成) that night.

  3. A. when B. after (在…之后) C. before(在…之前) D. if (如果)

  空格后面出现动名词结构, 因此首先排除D(if 后不能直接跟动名词结构, if可以形成一些固定搭配的省略结构, 如: if not, if so, if possible等)。When, before, after都可用作介词,其后面都可以带名词性的结构作宾语, 空格所在的局部结构说“同…乘坐飞机或火车旅行相比, 你能了解到更多”, 结合文章主题“hitchhiking/搭便车旅游”, 该句很可能是把“搭便车旅游”和“乘火车或飞机旅行”进行比较, 显然when(当…的时候)放入句子中句意最通顺。

  Hitchhiking featured(作为…的特征) importantly in Western(西方的) culture(文化). It has books(书籍) and songs(歌曲) about it. So what has happened(发生) to __4__?

  4.A. the books B. them C. it D. the songs

  空格所在的句子的前面一句中既出现了books, 又出现了songs, 借助推理判断:如果A是答案, 则D也应该是答案, 因此这两个选项彼此排除掉;剩下的选项都是代词, 因此确认该题考点 – 考察代词指代内容,再次借助推理:如果B(them)是答案, 则them 指代前句中的books and songs,因此空格所在句子的句意为“这些书籍和歌曲发生了什么? ”下文中并没有再提到“books and songs”, 提到的还是hitchhiking(搭便车旅游), 因此B不正确, 答案为C(it指代前文中的hitchhiking, 并与后文中的hitchhiking呼应)。

  A few years ago(以前), I asked(询问, 要求) the same question (问题)about hitching(搭乘) in a column(专栏, 柱状物) in a newspaper(报纸). __5__ of people (人)from all over the world (全世界)responded with (以…做出回应)their view (观点)on the state(状态, 情况) of hitchhiking.

  5. A. Hundreds B. Hundred C. Thousand D. Dozen(一打,十二个)

  hundreds of…数以百计的

  thousands of….数以千计的

  hundreds of thousands of 几十万, 无数的

  millions of…数以百万计的

  dozens of…许多的

  “If there is (有)a hitchhiker’s __6__ it must be Iran(伊朗),” came one reply(回复,答复).

www.59wj.com

  25、

  6. A. sky B. space C. map D. heaven

  7. A. like B. as C. for D. since

  8. A. big B. large C. general D. little

  9. A. have to B. must C. should D. need

  10. A. according to B. owing to C. due to D. with respect to

  标准答案: D,B,C,D,A

  解析:6. A. sky(天空) B. space(空间) C. map(地图) D. heaven(天堂)

  Rural(向下的) Ireland(爱尔兰) was recommended as (被推荐作为)a friendly (友好的)place for(适合于) hitching, __7__ was Quebec(魁北克), Canada – “if you don’t mind(介意) being berated (严厉指责)for (因为)not speaking(讲, 说) French(法语)”.

  7. A. like(喜欢,象) B. as(与…一样, 作为,因为, 当…的时候) C. for(因为, 对于, 适合与,为了) D. since(自从, 以后, 既然)

  空格处的词语需要在它所在的从句中充当句子主语,因此首先排除C和D(它们在句子中只能充当状语)

  该题考查一个习惯搭配结构:as is/was/ does/did/has + sb./…也一样

  因此B是答案。 该句说“爱尔兰的乡村被推荐作为适合搭车旅行的地方, 加拿大的魁北克也是这样(也被推荐作为适合搭车旅行的地方)”。

  But while (虽然)hitchhiking was clearly (明显地)still alive(活着的, 仍然存在的) and well (健康的,良好的, 满意地, 从分地)in many parts(地方, 部分) of the world, the __8__ feeling(感觉) was that throughout(遍及) much of the west(西方,西方的) it was doomed (灭亡)

  8. A. big(大的, 重大的) B. large(大的,巨大的) C. general (通常的,概括的, 全面的) D. little(很少的, 短暂的, 很少, 少许)

  被选项中能与feeling 搭配的词只有general (通常的)

  With(因为, 用,与…一致) so much news(新闻) about crime(犯罪) in the media(媒体), people assumed(认为,假定) that anyone(任何人) on the open(开阔的, 营业的, 坦率的) road without the money for(为了) even a bus ticket(票) must present(造成,介绍, 赠送, 礼物, 现在的) a danger(危险). But do we __9__ to be so wary(谨慎的) both to hitch and to give a lift(让他人免费搭车)?

  9. A. have to B. must C. should D. need

  空格后出现了不定式符号to, 被选项中能出现不定式符号的只有D (need to do…/需要…)

  In Poland(波兰) in 1960s, __10__ a Polish woman(妇女) who e-mailed(发电子邮件l) me, “the authorities(权威机构, 权威) introduced(介绍, 引进) the Hitchhiker’s Booklet(小册子).

  10. A. according to (根据)B. owing to(由于)

  C. due to (由于) D. with respect to (至于, 关于)

  B和C是词义接近的介词短语结构, 含义均为“因为”, 因此相互排除掉。 A(根据, 根据…的说法)放入空格中句意通顺((根据)一个波兰妇女通过email告诉我“政府推出了搭便车旅行者使用的小册子”), 因此A是答案。

  The booklet contained(包括,包含 ) coupons(优惠券) for divers(司机), so each time (每次)a driver __11__ up somebody(某人, 重要人物), he or she received(收到,接见,遭到) a coupon(优惠券).

  26、

  11. A. sent B. picked C. collected D. helped

  12. A. passengers B. hikers C. drivers D. strangers

  13. A. fences B. barriers C. gaps D. walls

  14. A. global B. world C. entire D. whole

  15. A. discussions B. debates C. consultations D. lessons

  标准答案: B,C,B,A,D

  解析:11. A. sent(送, 寄, 发送) B. picked(摘, 挑选) C. collected(收集,聚集) D. helped(帮助)

  能与up搭配使用的只有A和B, 文章主题涉及“免费搭车”, 因此推测B是答案(“pick up somebody/在路上搭人”与文章主题呼应)。

  send up v. 使上升,使升高, 长出

  pick up: 在路上搭(人), 接(人), 捡起, 使恢复精神, 加速

  提示:被选项中的词语直接或间接与文章主题呼应, 则该被选项通常就应该是答案。

  At the end of (在…结束的时候)the season(季节), __12__ who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with (被奖励了…)various(各种各样的) prizes(奖品, 奖金). Everybody(每个人) was hitchhiking then(那时, 那么, 然后). ”

  12. A. passengers (乘客) B. hikers C. drivers D. strangers(陌生人)

  根据空格后面的定语从句(搭乘徒步旅行者人数最多的…), 判断C(司机)是答案。

  Surely (的确, 安全地)this is a good(好的) idea for society(社会, 协会)? Hitchhiking would increase(增加) respect (尊敬)by breaking down(毁掉, 停顿) __13__ between strangers(陌生人).

  13. A. fences B. barriers C. gaps D. walls

  空格所在的局部结构说“推倒陌生人之间的….”, gap(差距, 裂口) 不能被“推倒”, 因此首先排除C; 该句说“免费搭车旅行能通过推倒陌生人之间的…而增加(他们之间的相互)尊重”, 相比A(栅栏)和D(墙壁), B(障碍)能用于指各种有形和无形“障碍/阻碍”, 放入空格中更合适。

  It would help(帮助) fight(战胜) __14__ warming by cutting down on (减少)fuel(燃料, 提供燃料) consumption(消耗) as hitchhikers would be using(使用) existing(现存的) fuel(燃料).

  14. A. global (全球的) B. world(世界) C. entire(整个的,全部的) D. whole(完整的, 全部的)

  Global warming(全球变暖)是习惯搭配结构。

  It would also improve(改善, 改进) educational (教育的)standards(水平, 标准) by delivering (递送, 陈述, 发表)instant (立即的,方便的)__15__ in geography(地理), history(历史), politics(政治) and sociology(社会学).

  15. A. discussions(讨论) B. debates(争论, 辩论) C. consultations(咨询) D. lessons (课程)

  deliver a lesson (讲课)是习惯搭配结构

  类似:deliver a lecture /作讲座

  have a discussion/ a debate 讨论

  .

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