2017年职称英语等级考试综合C级模拟试题(四)

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2017年职称英语等级考试综合C级模拟试题(四)

  一、单选题

  (词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分) 。下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。)

  1、

  第一部分:下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  First editions of certain popular books cannot be obtained for love or money.

  A) at any place

  B) at any price

  C) in any language

  D) in any country

  标准答案: c

  2、

  In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.

  A) confuses

  B) excites

  C) scares

  D) distributes

  标准答案: b

  3、

  Many fine cooks insist on ingredients(成分) of the highest quality.

  A) demand

  B) rely on

  C) prepare for

  D) create

  标准答案: a

  4、

  The company recommended that a new petrol station(should) be built here.

  A) ordered

  B) insisted

  C) suggested

  D) demanded

  标准答案: c

  5、

  It hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.

  A) sincere

  B) hard

  C) strict

  D) tight

  标准答案: b

  6、

  The house stands as steady as a rock(稳如磐石) in the wind.

  A) continuous

  B) quick

  C) firm

  D) exceptional

  标准答案: c

  7、

  You must shine your shoes.

  A) lighten

  B) clean

  C) wash

  D) polish

  标准答案: d

  8、

  We shall take the treasure away to a safe place.

  A) clean

  B) pretty

  C) distant

  D) secure

  标准答案: d

  9、

  Long before the concert began, big crowds of pop fans had assembled in the stadium.

  A) concentrated

  B) resembled

  C) gathered

  D) disappear

  标准答案: c

  10、

  The immense change of the city astonished every member of the conference.

  A) surprised

  B) interested

  C) bored

  D) excited

  标准答案: a

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  11、

  It's impolite to cut in when two persons are holding a conversation.

  A) to stand in between

  B) to talk loudly

  C) to sit in between

  D) to interrupt

  标准答案: d

  12、

  The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.

  A) develop

  B) disappear

  C) locate

  D) renew

  标准答案: b

  13、

  While serving in the Senate in the early 1970's Barbara Jordan supported legislation to ban discrimination and to deal with environment problems.

  A) list

  B) forbid

  C) handle

  D)investigate

  标准答案: b

  14、

  She has proved that she can be relied on in a crisis.

  A) lived on

  B)depended on

  C)lived off

  D)believed in

  标准答案: b

  15、

  A beautiful woman attended to me in that store yesterday.

  A) waited on

  B) talked to

  C) spoke to

  D) stayed with

  标准答案: a

  二、匹配题

  ()

  16、

  二、阅读判断(7分)

  Smoking

  Since 1939, numerous studies have been conducted to determine whether smoking is a health hazard. The trend of the evidence has been consistent and indicates that there is a serious health risk. Research teams have conducted studies that show beyond all reasonable doubt that tobacco smoking is associated with a shortened life expectancy.

  Cigarette smoking is believed by most research workers in this field to be an important factor in the development of cancer of the lungs and cancer of the throat and is believed to be related to cancer of some other organs of the body. Male cigarette smokers have a higher death rate from heart disease than non-smoking males. Female smokers are thought to be less affected because they do not breathe in the smoke so deeply.

  Apart from statistics, it might be helpful to look at what tobacco does to the human body. Smoke is a mixture of gases, vaporized chemicals, minute particles of ash and other solids. There is also nicotine, which is powerful poison, and black tar. As smoke is breathed in, all those components from deposits on the membranes of the lungs. One point of concentration is where the air tube and bronchus divides. Most lung cancer begins at this point.

  Filters and low tar tobacco are claimed to make smoking to some extent safer, but they can only slightly reduce, not eliminate the hazards.

  1. It is easy to determine whether smoking is hazardous.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. Smoking reduces ones life expectancy.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3. Smoking may induce lung cancer.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. There is evidence that smoking is responsible for breast cancer.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案: B,A,A,C

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  17、

  5. Male smokers have a lower death rate from heart disease than female smokers

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. Nicotine is poisonous.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. Filters and low tar tobacco make smoking safer.

  A. Right B.Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案: B,A,B

  18、

  三、概括大意完成句子(8分)

  Earthuqake

  1 Every year earthquakes are responsible for a large number of deaths and a vast amount of destruction in various parts of the world. most of these damaging earthquakes occur either in a narrow belt which surrounds the Pacific Ocean or in a line which extends from Burma to the Alps in Europe. Some of the destruction is directly caused by the quake itself. An example of this is the collapse of buildings as a result of the quake itself. Other damage results from landslides or major fires which are initiated by the quake.

  2 These are about a million quakes a year. Fortunately, however, not all of them are destructive. The intensity of an earthquake is measured on the Richter Scale, which goes from 0 upward. The highest scale recorded to date is 8.9. major damage generally occurs from quakes ranging upward from 6.0.

  3 The actual cause of the quake itself is the breaking of rocks at or below the earths surface. This is produced by pressure which scientists believe may be due to a number of reasons, two of which are the expansion and contraction of the earths crust and continental drift.

  4 In order to limit the damage and to prevent some of the suffering resulting from earthquakes, scientists are working on ways to enable accurate prediction. Special instruments are used to help people record, for example, shaking of the earth. Scientists are trying to find methods that will enable them to indicate the exact time, location and size of an earthquake.

  5 Certain phenomena have been observed which are believed to be the signs of imminent earthquakes. These include strange behaviors of some animals, the changes in the content of mineral water, etc. The magnetic properties of rocks may also display special pattern before earthquakes happen.

  标准答案: C,D,A,E

  19、

  5. Not all damage during an earthquake is caused by ____________.

  6. Not all earthquakes are strong enough to cause ___________.

  7. Scientists have been working hard to warn people of ____________.

  8. Earthquakes can be predicted by observing ______________.

  A. the quake itself

  B. accurate prediction

  C. damage of property and loss of lives

  D. a possible earthquake

  E. the unusual behaviors of some animals

  F. the strong behaviors of human beings

  标准答案: A,C,D,E

  20、

  四、阅读理解(45分)

  New York -- the melting pot

  Recently the Department of Planning of New York issued a report which laid bare a full scale of change of the city. In 1970, 18 percent of the city’s population was foreign-born. By 1995, the figure had risen to 33 percent, and another 20 percent were the US-born offsprings of immigrants. So immigrants and their children now form a majority of the city’s population.

  Who are these New Yorkers? Why do they come here? Where are they form? (OK, time to drop the “they”. I’m one of them.) The last question at least is easy to answer: we come from everywhere . In the list of the top 20 source nations of those sending immigrants to New York between 1990 and 1994 are six countries in Asia, five in the Caribbean, four in Latin America, three in Europe, plus Israel and the former Soviet Union. And when we immigrants get here we roll up our sleeves. “If you’re not ready to work when you get to New York,” says a friend of mine, “you’d better hit the road.”

  The mayor of New York once said, “Immigration continues to shape the unique character and drive the economic engine of New York City.” He believes that immigrants are at the heart of what makes New York great. In Europe, by contrast, it is much more common to hear politicians worry about the loss of “unity” that immigration brings to their societies. In the quarter century since 1970, the United States admitted about 12.5 million legal immigrants, and has absorbed them into its social structures with an ease beyond the imagination of other nations. Since these immigrants are purposeful and hard working, they will help America to make a fresh start in the next century.

  练习:

  1.The report issued by the Department of Planning of New York

  A. put forward ways to control New York’s population.

  B. concerned itself with the growth of New York’s population.

  C. studied the structure of New York’s population.

  D. suggested ways to increase New York’s population.

  2. According to the second paragraph, which of the following is true of the immigrants in New York?

  A. One can not find his place in New York unless he is ready to work.

  B. They found life in New York harder than in their own countries.

  C. Most of them have difficulty finding jobs.

  D. One can live on welfare if he does not want to work.

  3. The mayor of New York considers immigration to be

  A. a big problem in the management of the city.

  B. a push needed to develop the city.

  C. a cause of disintegration of the city’s social structure.

  D. an obstacle to the development of the city.

  4. Where are the New Yorkers from?

  A. Asia.

  B. Europe.

  C. All over the world.

  D. Latin America.

  5. What is the author’s attitude towards immigration to New York?

  A. Negative.

  B. Worried.

  C. Indifferent.

  D. Positive.

  标准答案: C,A,B,C,D

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  21、

  Egypt felled by famine

  Even ancient Egypts mighty pyramid builders were powerless in the face of the famine that helped bring down their civilian around 2180BC. Now evidence gleaned from mud deposited by the River Nile suggests that a shift in climate thousands of kilometers to the south was ultimately to blem -- and the same or worse could happen today.

  The ancient Egyptians depended on the Niles annual floods to irrigate their crops. But any change in climate that pushed the African monsoons southwards out of Ethiopia would have diminished these floods.

  Dwindling rains in the Ethiopian highlands would have meant fewer plants to establish the soil. When rain did fall it would have washed large amounts of soil into the Blue Nile and into Egypt, along with sediment from the White Nile.

  The Blue Nile mud has a different isotope signature from that of the White Nile. So by analyzing isotope differences in mud deposited in the Nile Delta, Michael Krom of leeds University worked out what proportion of sediment came from each branch of the river.

  Krom reasons that during periods of drought, the amount of the Blue Nile mud in the river would be relatively high. He found that one of these periods, from 4,500 to 4,200 years ago, immediately predates the fall of the Egypts Old Kingdom.

  The weakened waters would have been catastrophic for the Egyptians. Changes that affect food supply dont have to be very large to have a ripple effect in societies, says Bill Ryan of the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory in New York.

  Similar events today could be even more devastating, says team member Daniel Stanley, a geoarchaeologist from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.. Anything humans do to shift the climate belts would have an even worse effect along the Nile system because the populations have increased dramatically.

  1. Why does the author mention pyramid builders?

  A. because they once worked miracles.

  B. because they were well-built

  C. because they were actually very weak

  D. because even they were unable to rescue their civilization

  2. Which of the following factors was ultimately responsible for the fall of the civilization of ancient Egypt?

  A. Change of climate

  B. famine

  C. food

  D. population growth

  3. Which of the following statements is true?

  A. The White Nile is the trunk of the River Nile

  B. The White Nile is the trunk of the Blue Bile

  C. The White Nile a branch of the Blue Nile

  D. The White Nile and the Blue Nile are branches of the River Nile

  4. According to Krom, Egypts Old Kingdom fell

  A. immediately after a period of drought

  B. immediately after a period of flood

  C. just before a drought struck

  D. just before a flood struck

  5. The word devastating in the last paragraph could be best replaced by

  A. frustrating

  B. damaging

  C. defeating

  D. worrying

  标准答案: D,A,D,A,B

  22、

  spacing in animals

  Flight Distance

  Any observant person has noticed that a wild animal will allow a man or other potential enemy to approach only up to a given distance before it flees. “Flight distance” is the terms used for this interspecies spacing. As a general rule, there is a positive relationship between the size of an animal and its flight distance—the large the animal, the greater the distance it must keep between itself and the enemy. An antelope will flee when the enemy is as much as five hundred yards away. The wall lizard’s flight distance, on the other hand is about six feet. Flight is the basic means of survival for mobile creatures.

  Critical Distance

  Critical distance apparently is present wherever and whenever there is a flight reaction. Critical distance includes the narrow zone separating flight distance from attack distance. A lion in a zoo will flee from an approaching man until it meets a barrier that it cannot overcome. If the man continues the approach, he soon penetrates the lions critical distance, at which point the cornered lion reverses direction and begins slowly to stalk the man.

  Social Distance

  Social animals need to stay in touch with each other. Loss of contact with the group can be fatal for a variety of reasons including exposure to enemies. Social distance is not simply the distance at which an animal will lose contact with his group -- that is, the distance at which it can no longer see, hear, or smell the group -- it is rather a psychological distance, one at which the animal apparently begins to feel anxious when he exceeds its limits. We can think of it as a hidden band that contains the group.

  Social distance varies from species to species. It is quite short -- apparently only a few yards -- among some animals, and quite long among others.

  Social distance is not always rigidly fixed but is determined in part by the situation. When the young of apes and humans are mobile but not yet under control of the mothers voice, social distance may be the length of her reach. This is readily observed among the baboons(狒狒) in a zoo. When the baby approaches a certain point, the mother reaches out to seize the end of its tail and pull it back to her. When added control is needed because of danger, social distance shrinks. To show this in man, one has only to watch a family with a number of small children holding hands as they cross a busy street.

  练习:

  1. Which of the following is the most appropriate definition of Flight Distance?

  A. Distance between animals of the same species before fleeing.

  B. Distance between large and small animals before fleeing.

  C. Distance between an animal and its enemy before fleeing.

  D. Distance between certain animal species before fleeing.

  2. If an animal’s critical distance is penetrated, it will

  A. begin to attack.

  B. try to hide.

  C. begin to jump.

  D. run away.

  3. According to the passage, social distance refers to

  A. physical distance.

  B. psychological distance.

  C. physiological distance.

  D. philosophical distance.

  4. Which of the following could best replace the word “band ” in “We can think of it as a hidden band that contains the group”(in Paragraph 3)?

  A. strip of land.

  B. distance.

  C. society.

  D. community.

  5. The example of the children holding hands when crossing the street in the last paragraph shows that

  A. social distance is not always needed.

  B. there is no social distance among small children.

  C. humans are different from animals in social distance.

  D. social distance is sometimes determined by outside factors.

  标准答案: C,A,B,A,D

  23、

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  五、补全短文(10分)

  Ludwig Van Beethoven

  Ludwig Van Beethoven, a major composer of the nineteenth century, overcame many personal problems to achieve artistic greatness.

  Born in Bonn, Germany, in 1770, he first studied music with the court organist, Gilles van der Eeden. His father was excessively strict and given to heavy drinking._________(1)__________Appointed deputy court organist to Christian Gottlob Neefe at a surprisingly early age in 1782, Beethoven also played the harpsichord and the viola. In 1792 he was sent to Vienna by his patron, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, to study music under Haydn.

  Beethoven remained unmarried.__________(2)_________ Continually plagued by ill health, he developed an ear infection which led to his tragic deafness in 1819.

  __________(3)____________He completed mature masterpieces of great musical depth: three piano sonatas, four string quartets, the Missa Solemnis, and the 9th Symphony. He died in 1827._______(4)________

  Noting that Beethoven often flew into fits of rage, Goethe once said of him,” I am astonished by his talent, but he is unfortunately an altogether untamed personality._________(5)________

  A In spite of this handicap, however, he continued to write music.

  B Because of irregular payments from his publishers and erratic support from his patrons, he was troubled by financial worries throughout his adult life.

  C His life was marked by a passionate dedication to independence.

  D When his mother died, Beethoven, then a young man, was named guardian of his two younger brothers.

  E Although Beethoven’s personality may have been untamed, his music shows great discipline and control, and this is how we remember his best.

  F today his music is still being played all over the world.

  标准答案: D,B,A,C,E

  24、

  六、完成填空(15分):

  cultural differences

  People from different cultures sometimes do things that make each other uncomfortable, sometimes without realizing it, Most Americans 1 out of the country and have very 2

  Experience with it foreigners. But they are usually spontaneous, friendly and open, enjoy __3__ new people, having guests and bringing people together formally or informally.They tend to use first names 4 most situations and speak freely about themselves. So of you American hosts do something that 5 you uncomfortable, try to let them know how you feel. Most people will 6 your honesty and try not to make you uncomfortable again. And you’ll all 7 something about another culture!

  Many travelers find 8 easier to meet people in the U.S than in other countries. They may just come up and introduce themselves or even invite you over 9 they really know you. Sometimes Americans are said to be 10 . Perhaps it seems so, but they are probably just 11 a good time. Just like anywhere else, it takes time to become real friends 12 people in the U.S..

  If and when you 13 American friends, they will probably 14 introducing you to their friends and family, and if they seem proud 15 you, it’s probably because they are, Relax and enjoy it!

  练习:

  1. A) have never been B)have been never

  C) has never been D) has been never

  2. A) a little. B) little C) much D) a great deal

  3. A) meet B) to meet C) meeting D)to have met

  4. A) on B) among C) within D) in

  5. A) makes B) make C) made D) making

  标准答案: A,B,C,D,A

  25、

  6. A) praise B) honor C) appreciate D) confirm

  7. A) pick . B) select C) learn D) study

  8. A) this B) it C) them D) /

  9. A) when. B) if C) after D) before

  10. A) superficially friend. B) superficial friend C) superficially friendly D) superficial friendly

  标准答案: C,C,B,D,C

  26、

  11. A) having. B) taking C) making D) killing

  12. A) get along with B) among C) to D) in

  13. A) get along with B) get rid of C) stay away from D) stay with

  14. A) hate. B)forbid C) avoid D) enjoy

  15. A) to know B)knowing C) know D) having known

  标准答案: A,A,D,D,A

  .

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