2017年职称英语等级考试综合AB级模拟试题(四)

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2017年职称英语等级考试综合AB级模拟试题(四)

  一、单选题

  (词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分) 。下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。)

  1、

  Sally likes to tease her brother about his girl friends.

  A) charm

  B) laugh at

  C) criticize

  D) respect

  标准答案: b

  2、

  America’s emphasis on the importance of education for everyone has spurred scientific research.

  A) encouraged

  B) endangered

  C) endorsed

  D) enlarged

  标准答案: a

  3、

  You have to follow the guide whose sole interest is to cover all spots according to his strict schedule.

  A) obvious

  B) simple

  C) only

  D) assumed

  标准答案: c

  4、

  In 1861 it seemed inevitable that the Southern states would break away from the Union.

  A) strange

  B) certain

  C) inconsistent

  D) proper

  标准答案: b

  5、

  Techniques to harness the energy of the sun are being developed.

  A) convert

  B) store

  C) utilize

  D)receive

  标准答案: c

  6、

  First editions of certain popular books cannot be obtained for love or money.

  A) at any place

  B) at any price

  C) in any language

  D) in any country

  标准答案: c

  7、

  In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.

  A) confuses

  B) excites

  C) scares

  D) diverts

  标准答案: b

  8、

  Sulfur has occasionally been found in the earth in an almost pure state.

  A) regularly

  B) accidentally

  C) sometimes

  D) successfully

  标准答案: b

  9、

  Many fine cooks insist on ingredients(成分) of the highest quality.

  A) demand

  B) rely on

  C) prepare for

  D) create

  标准答案: a

  10、

  The company recommended that a new petrol station(should) be built here.

  A) ordered

  B) insisted

  C) suggested

  D) demanded

  标准答案: c

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  11、

  It hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.

  A) sincere

  B) hard

  C) strict

  D) tight

  标准答案: b

  12、

  They agreed to settle the dispute by peaceful means.

  A) solve

  B)determine

  C) untie

  D)complet

  标准答案: a

  13、

  The police contended that the difficulties they faced were too severe.

  A) argued

  B) predicted

  C) said

  D) suggested

  标准答案: a

  14、

  He expressed concern that the ship might be in distress.

  A) despair

  B) difficulty

  C)need

  D)danger

  标准答案: d

  15、

  The most pressing problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.

  A)puzzling

  B) difficult

  C) terrifying

  D) urgent

  标准答案: d

  二、匹配题

  ()

  16、

  二、阅读判断(7分)

  plants and mankind

  Botany, the study of plants, occupies a peculiar position in the history of human knowledge. We don’t know what our Stone Age ancestors knew about plants, but from what we can observe of preindustrialial societies that still exist, a detailed learning of plants and their properties must be extremely ancient. They have always been enormously important to the welfare of people, not only for food, but also for clothing, weapons, tools, dyes, Medicines, shelter, and many other purposes. Tribes living today in the jungle of the Amazon recognize hundreds of plants and know many properties of each. To them botany has no name and is probably not even recognized as a special branch of “knowledge” at all.

  Unfortunately, the more industrialized we become the farther away we move from direct contact with plants. And the less distinct our knowledge of botany grows. Yet everyone comes unconsciously on an amazing amount of botanical knowledge, and few people will fail to recognize a rose, an apple, or an orchid. When our Neolithic ancestors, living in the Middle East about 10,000years ago, discovered that certain grasses could be harvested and their seeds planted for richer yields the next season, the first great step in a new association of plants and humans was taken. Grains were discovered and from them flowed the marvel of agriculture: cultivated crops. From then on, humans would increasingly take their living from the controlled production of a few plants, rather than getting a little here and a little there from many varieties that grew wild and the accumulated knowledge of tens of thousands of years of experience and intimacy with plants in the wild would begin to fade away.

  1.It is logical that a detailed learning of plants and their properties must be extremely ancient.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2.People cannot survive without plants.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3.Tribes living today in the jungle of the Amazon teach botany to their children at school.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4.Our direct contact with plants grows with the process of industrialization.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案: A,A,B,B

  17、

  5.Today people usually acquire a large amount of botanical knowledge from textbooks.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6.People living in the Middle East first learned to grow plants for food about 10,000years ago.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7.Once mankind began farming, they no longer had to get food from many varieties that grew wild.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案: A,A,B

  18、

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  三、概括大意完成句子(8分)

  architecture

  1 Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. The best buildings are often so well constructed that they outlast their original use. They then survive not only as beautiful objects, but as documents of the history of cultures. These achievements are never wholly the work of individuals. Architecture is a social art.

  2 The renaissance brought about an entirely new age, not only in philosophy and literature but in the visual arts as well. In architechitecture, the principles and styles of ancient until the 20th century.

  3 Many kinds of stone are used as building materials. Stone and marble were chosen for important monuments because they are not burnable and can be expected to endure. Stone architecture was often blended with stone sculpture. The use of stone has declined, however, because a number of other materials are more adaptable to industrial use.

  4 The complexity of modern life calls for a variety of buildings. More people live in mass housing and go to work in large office buildings; they spend their income in large shopping centers, send their children to many different kinds of schools, and when they are sick they go to specialized hospitals and clinics. All these different types of buildings accumulated experiences needed by their designers.

  5 By the middle of the 20th century, modern architecture, which was influenced by new technology and mass production, was dealing with, increasingly complex social needs. Important characteristics of modern architectural works are expanses of glass and the use of reinforced concrete, Advances in elevator technology, air conditioning, and electric lighting have all had important effects.

  练习:

  1. Paragraph 2

  2. Paragraph 3

  3. Paragraph 4

  4. Paragraph 5

  A Building Materials

  B Need of Greater Building Varieties in Modern Life

  C Restoration of Ancient Civilizations

  D Evolution in Style

  E Factors Affecting Modern Architecture

  F A Social Art

  标准答案: C,A,B,E

  19、

  5. Some buildings are so well constructed that they are not only useful

  6. Ancient Greek and Roman architectural styles, which were restored during renaissance, were still influential

  7. As modern life becomes more complex, people have to put up many different kinds of buildings

  8. The use of new building materials and the introduction of such new technology as the elevator and the air-conditioner have played an important role

  A to meet their needs

  B but also beautiful to look at

  C in the development of modern architecture

  D to design more buildings

  E even in the 20th century

  F to outlast their original use

  标准答案: B,E,A,C

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  20、

  四、阅读理解(45分)

  the Cherokee nation

  Long before the white man came to America, the land belonged to the American Indian nations. The nation of the Cherokees lived in what is now the southeastern part of the United States.

  After the white man came, the Cherokees copied many of their ways. One Cherokee named Sequoyah saw how important reading and writing was to the white man. He decided to invent a way to write down the spoken Cherokee language. He began by making word pictures. For each word he drew a picture. But that proved impossible -- there were just too many words. Then he took the 85 sounds that made up the language. Using his own imagination and an English spelling book, Sequoyah invented a sign for each sound. His alphabet proved amazingly easy to learn. Before long, many Cherokees knew how to read and write in their own language. By 1828, they were even printing their own newspaper.

  In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed a law. It allowed the government to remove Indians from their lands. The Cherokees refused to go. They had lived on their lands for centuries. It belonged to them. Why should they go to a strange land far beyond the Mississippi River?

  The army was sent to drive the Cherokees out. Soldiers surrounded their villages and marched them at gunpoint into the western territory. The sick, the old and the small children went in carts, along with their belongings. The rest of the people marched on foot or rode on horseback. It was November, yet many of them still wore their summer clothes. Cold and hungry, the Cherokees were quickly exhausted by the hardships of the journey. Many dropped dead and were buried by the roadside. When the last group arrived in their new home in March 1839, more than 4,000had died. It was indeed a march of death.

  1. The Cherokee Nation used to live

  A) on the American continent.

  B) in the southeastern part of the US.

  C) beyond the Mississippi River.

  D) in the western territory.

  2. One of the ways that Sequoyah copied from the white man is the way of

  A) writing down the spoken language.

  B) making word pictures.

  C) teaching his people reading.

  D) printing their own newspaper.

  3. A law was passed in 1830 to

  A) allow the Cherokees to stay where they were.

  B) send the army to help the Cherokees.

  C) force the Cherokees to move westward.

  D) forbid the Cherokees to read their newspaper.

  4. When the Cherokees began to leave their lands,

  A) they went in carts.

  B) they went on horseback.

  C) they marched on foot.

  D) all of the above.

  5. Many Cherokees died on their way to their new home mainly because

  A) they were not willing to go there.

  B) the government did not provide transportation.

  C) they did not have enough food and clothes.

  D) the journey was long and boring.

  标准答案: B,A,C,D,C

  21、

  Star quality

  标准答案: C,D,D,A,B

  22、

  The business of wedding

  Every couple who goes to the altar believes that they will make that trip only once in their lives. They want the day to be perfect, and they are asking for much more than good weather. they want the most beautiful clothes, the freshest flowers. Moreover, her family who will foot the bill is not in any mood to economize.

  A quick look at any bride magazine will reveal that plenty of attractive goods and services compete for a share of the wedding budget. Besides the obvious choices of rings, dresses, flowers, and photographs, there are the less apparent expenses: a lavish cake, a rehearsal dinner, a receptions, music for both the ceremony and the reception, tips, and even napkins and matchbooks printed with the couple’s names and the wedding date.

  As the arrangements are generally complicated, there are plenty of services that can ea hired to help with the planning and execution of the every aspect of the wedding: planning the photographs, selecting the wedding rings, choosing the flowers, picking the honeymoon spot, and so on. One magazine lists over 350such pamphlets published of course by businesses who have something to offer. Considering that weddings do more than 12billion dollars worth of business annually in the US alone, such activity isn’t surprising.

  What is surprising is that no one company dominates the industry. It seems that when people plan for a day as special to them as a wedding, they resist standardization. They turn instead to the small local suppliers known to them or to their friends. Family members or friends often serve as photographers, caterers and musicians. This not only helps bring the wedding cost down, but makes it more personal.

  What about the couple that doesn’t want to take in this billion-dollar industry? They can go to city hall and get married for less than the price of a hamburger.

  练习:

  1. What does the expression“this billion-dollar industry”refer to ?

  A) The budgets of weddings.

  B) The business of weddings.

  C) The planning and execution of weddings.

  D) The high wedding expense.

  2. Which of the following is not mentioned?

  A) The wedding budget.

  B) The wedding breakfast.

  C) The wedding date.

  D) The wedding cost.

  3. Not a single company can dominate the industry because

  A) People resist standardization.

  B) Parents want to reduce the wedding cost

  C) Many couples can’t afford more than the price of a hamburger.

  D) Family members are surprised at the complicated arrangements.

  4. Which of the following can best replace the phrase “foot the bill”in the first paragraph?

  A) play football

  B) bring the bill

  C) approve the bill

  D) pay the bill

  5. The writer’s attitude towards the annual 12-billion-dollar business of wedding appears to be

  A. positive.

  B. negative.

  C. indifferent.

  D. objective.

  标准答案: B,B,A,D,D

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  23、

  五、补全短文(10分)

  happy birthday to you

  The main problem in discussing American popular culture is also one of its main characteristics: it won’t stay American. No matter what it is, whether it is films, food and fashion, music, casual sports or slang, it’s soon at home elsewhere in the world. There are several theories why American popular culture has had this appeal.

  One theory is that it has been “advertised” and marketed through American films, popular music, and more recently, television. ________1____ They are ,after all, in competition with those produced by other countries.

  Another theory, probably a more common one, is that American popular culture is internationally associated with something called “the spirit of America.” ____2____

  The final theory is less complex: American popular culture is popular because a lot of people in the world like it.

  Regardless of why it spreads, American popular culture is usually quite rapidly adopted and then adapted in many other countries. _______3______ “Happpy Birthday to You,” for instance , is such an everyday song that its source, its American copyright, so to speak, is not remembered. Black leather jackets worn by many heroes in American movies could be found , a generation later, on all those young men who wanted to make this manly-look their own.

  Two areas where this continuing process is most clearly seen are clothing and music. Some people can still remember a time when T-shirts, jogging clothes, tennis shoes, denim jackets, and blue jeans were not common daily wear everywhere. Only twenty years ago, it was possible to spot an American in Paris by his or her clothes. No longer so: those bright colors, checkered jackets and trousers, hats and socks which were once made fun of in cartoons are back again in Paris as the latest fashion. ______4_______

  The situation with American popular music is more complex because in the beginning, when it was still clearly American , it was often strongly resisted. Jazz was once thought to be a great danger to youth and their morals, and was actually outlawed in several countries. Today, while still showing its rather American roots, it has become so well established. Rock ‘n’ roll and all its variations, country & western music, all have more or less similar histories. They were first resisted, often in American as well, as being “low-class,” and then as “a danger to our nation’s youth.” _______5_______ And then the music became accepted and was extended and developed, and exported back to the U.S..

  练习:

  A.As a result, its American origins and roots are often quickly forgotten.

  B. But this theory fails to explain why American films, music, and television programs are so popular in themselves.

  C. American in origin, informal clothing has become the world’s first truly universal style.

  D. The BBC,for example, banned rock and roll until 1962.

  E. American food has become popular around the world too.

  F. This spirit is variously described as being young and free, optimistic and cnfedent, informal and disrespectful.

  标准答案: B,F,A,C,D

  24、

  六、完型填空(15分):

  Vibrating rubber cellphones could be the next big thing in mobile communications. They allow people to communicate by squishing the phone to transmit 1 along with their spoken words. According to a research team at the MIT Media Lab in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the idea will make 2 more fun.

  Many mobile phones can already be made to vibrate 3 ring when you do not want people to know you are getting a call. But these vibrations, 4 by a motor spinning an eccentric weight inside the device, are too crude for subtle communication, says Angela Chang of the lab’s Tangible Media Group. “they’ re 5 on or off,” she says.

  But when you grip Chang’s prototype latex cellphone, your fingers and thumb wrap around five 6 speakers. They vibrate 7 your skin around 250 times per second. Beneath these speakers sit pressure sensors, so you can transmit vibration as well as 8 it. When you squeeze with a finger, a vibration signal is transmitted 9 your caller’s corresponding finger. Its 10 depends on how hard you squeeze.

  She says that within a few minutes of being given 11 the phones, students were using the vibration feature to add emphasis to what they were saying or to interrupt the other speaker. Over time, people even began to transmit their 12 kind of ad hoc “Morse code”. Which they would repeat back to show they were following what the other person was saying. “It was pretty easy to communicate, though we didn’t specifically pre-arrange 13,” says David Milovich, one of the students who tried out the device.

  Chang thinks “vibralanguages” could 14 for the same reason as texting: sometimes people want to communicate something 15 everyone nearby knowing what they’re saying. “And imagine actually being able to shake someone’s hand when you close a business deal,” she says.

  练习:

  1. A)voices B)messages C)vibrations D)feelings

  2. A) phoning B)talking C)working D)texting

  3. A) as much as B)as well as C)in spite of D)instead of

  4. A)being caused B)caused C)to be caused D)having caused

  5. A)never B)seldom C)either D)neither

  标准答案: C,A,D,B,C

  25、

  6. A)tiny B)large C)loud D)low

  7. A)against B)above C)over D)on

  8. A)using B)hearing C)receiving D)feeling

  9. A)for B)with C)from D)to

  10 A)strength B)loudness C)speed D)rhythm

  标准答案: A,A,C,D,A

  26、

  11 A)students B)them C)--- D)her

  12 A)own B)unique C)other D)different

  13 A)codes B)systems C)wave bands D)call time

  14 A)make out B)go without C)give in D)take off

  15 A)with B)without C)for D)against

  标准答案: C,A,A,D,B

  .

     

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