2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(一)

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2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(一)

   第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  He was a very cute boy but now he seems to have no interest in anything.

  A) clever B) honest

  C) brave D) dull

  标准答案:a

  2、 Data from Voyager II have presented astronomers with a puzzle about why our outermost planet exists.

  A) problem B) mystery

  C) question D) point

  标准答案:b

  3、 The film originated from a short story.

  A) resulted B)derived

  C) heard D)made

  标准答案:b

  4、 After supper we usually take a stroll around the park for about an hour.

  A) walk B) rest

  C) bath D) breath

  标准答案:a

  5、 This is a subject that has now moved into the political domain.

  A) extent B) zone

  C) area D) competition

  标准答案:c

  6、 She is noted for her generous contribution for the relief of the poor.

  A) charged B) accused

  C) famous D) responsible

  标准答案:c

  7、 He rolled up his trouser leg to exhibit his wounded knee.

  A) spread B) open

  C) show D) examine

  标准答案:c

  8、 8. You startled me when you shouted.

  A) threatened B) frightened

  C) interrupted D) troubled

  标准答案:b

  9、 It is said the houses along this street will soon be demolished.

  A)pulled down B) pulled up

  C) pulled off D) pulled in

  标准答案:a

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  10、 She tried to probe my mind and discover what I was thinking.

  A) solved B) explored

  C) involved D) exploded

  标准答案:b

  11、 The parents have to restrain their daughter from running out into the street.

  A)disallow B) reduce

  C) prevent D) confine

  标准答案:c

  12、 He expressed concern that the ship might be in distress.

  A) despair B) difficulties

  C) need D) danger

  标准答案:d

  13、 13.Hundreds of buildings were wrecked by the earthquake.

  A) shaken B) fallen

  C) damaged D) trembled

  标准答案:c

  14、 Thick clouds obscured the stars from view.

  A)darkened B) held

  C) blackened D)prevent

  标准答案:d

  15、 The river was contaminated with waste.

  A) blackened B) polluted

  C) widened D) mixed

  标准答案:b

  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

  Marriage advertisements in India

  Every Sunday morning millions of Indians settle down with a cup of tea and special weekend issues of their newspapers, just as Americans do. But here, with the marriage season approaching, many of them quickly to a Sunday feature that is particularly Indian-the-columns of marriage advertisements in which young people look for husbands and wives. This is relatively modern change in the age-old custom of the arranged marriage. The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that coming to this traditional society. For example, although women are still described in terms of appearance, or skill in “the wifely arts,” information about her earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. This reflects the arrival in India of the working wife.

  Divorce, which used to be almost unheard of in India, is sometimes now mentioned in the advertisements as in the case of a woman whose advertisement in New Delhi newspaper explained that had been “the innocent party” when her marriage broke up.

  Because the custom of the dowry(marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say “no dowry” , or “simple marriage”, which means the same thing. However, the fathers of many bridegrooms still require it.

  In a land where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a “wheat-color” complexion or that a man be “tall, fair and handsome”.

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  Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes, mostly in cities. Many of them receive dozens of answers. “There’s nothing embarrassing about it,” explained a Calcutta businessman advertising a son-in-law. “It’s just another way of broadening the contacts and increase the possibility of doing the contacts and increasing the possibilities of doing the best one for one’s daughter.”

  Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants.

  One recent Sunday in Madras, for example, a Punjabi engineer living in San Francisco advertised for a “beautiful slim bride with lovely features knowing music and dance.” And a man whose advertisement said that he held an American immigration permit was able to say, only girls from rich, well-connected families need apply.

  1. In Marriage advertisements in India women are only introduced in terms of appearance or their skill in being a good wife.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. India’s society is changing.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3. The word “dowry” in the third paragraph means marriage payment.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. In India people with light skin and good feature are preferable.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案:B,A,A,C

  解  析:1. B. India是文章主题词,所以不用India作为答案线索(因为文章主题词会在文章中反复出现),利用问题句中的细节信息词Marriage advertisements和appearance and their skill作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:For example, although women are still described in terms of appearance, or skill in “the wifely arts,” information about her earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. 答案相关句说“尽管广告依然描述妇女的外貌或妇女的贤惠, 关于妇女赚钱能力的介绍也在越来越多的婚姻广告上出现了”, 显然答案相关句的内容与问题句(印度的婚姻广告只介绍妇女的外貌或妇女的贤惠)内容不一致。

  2. A. 这道题是主旨题。文章第一段倒数第3句直接反映文章主题:The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that coming to this traditional society. 该句说“每周公布的数以千计的广告反映出这个传统的社会正发生着变化”。

  3. A. 利用dowry作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:Because the custom of the dowry(marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say “no dowry” , or “simple marriage”, which means the same thing.答案相关句中marriage payment放在括号中出现在dowry, 充当其同位语结构, 对其进行解释, 因此dowry的含义就是“marriage payment(彩礼钱)”。

  4. C. 利用细节结构“light skin”和“good feature”作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:In a land(国家, 指印度) where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a “wheat-color” complexion or that a man be “tall, fair and handsome”.答案相关句说“在印度, 人们喜好浅亮肤色”,但并没有说“喜欢美丽的容貌”, 因此问题句中有部分信息没有在文章中出现。

  17、 5. The word “one” in “A person who has one can get what he wants” refers to good attraction.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. Advertisements are only read by a small group of people of high social status.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. In India there is a high divorce rate.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  标准答案:B,B,C

  解  析:5. B. 首先找到“A person who has one can get what he wants”所在的上下文: Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants. 划线句说“有了一个…的人能得到他想要的”,结合前句话的内容,one 应该指前句中的permit to live abroad(在国外居住地许可证)。

  6. B. 利用问题句中含有修饰结构的短语people of high social status作为答案线索,在第5段中找到答案相关句:Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes(与people of high social status呼应), mostly in cities. 答案相关句说“上层社会中很多人都会急切地读这些广告” , 因此问题句的内容与答案相关句的内容不一致。

  7. C. 文章中没有提到印度的离婚率

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  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Is There a Way to Keep the Britain′s Economy Growing?

  1 In today′s knowledge economy, nations survive on the things they do best.Japanese design electronics while Germens export engineering techniques.The French serve,the best food and Americans make computers.

  2 Britain specializes in the gift of talking.The nation doesn′t manufacture much of anything.But it has lawyers,stylists and business consultants who earn their living from talk talk and more talk.The World Foundation think tank says the UK′s four iconic jobs today are not scientists,engineers,teachers and nurses.Instead,they′re hairdressers, celebrities, management consultants and managers.But can all this talking keep the British economy going? The British government thinks it can.

  3 Although the country′s trade deficit was more than £ 60 billion in 2006,UK′s largest in the postwar period,officials say the country has nothing to worry about.In fact,Britain does have a world-class pharmaceutical industry‚and it still makes a small sum from selling arms abroad.It also trades services-accountancy,insurance,banking and advertising.The government believes Britain is on the cutting edge of the knowledge economy.After all,me country of Shakespeare and Wordsworth has a literary tradition of which to be proud.Rock‘n’roll is an English language medium,and there are billions to be made by their cutting-edge bands.In other words,the creative economy has plenty of strength to carry the British economy.

  4 However, creative industries account for only about 4 percent of UK′s exports of goods and services.The industries are finding it hard to make a profit,according to a report of the National Endowment for Science,Technology and the Arts The report shows only 38 percent of British companies were engaged in "innovation activities",3 percentage points below the EU average and well below Germany(61 percent)and Sweden(47 percent).

  5 In fact,it might be better to call Britain a “servant”economy-there are at least 4 million people“in service”.The majority of the population are employed by the rich to cook,clean, and take care of their children.Many graduates are even doing menial jobs for which they do not need a degree.Most employment growth has been,and will continue to be,at the low-skill end of the service sector-in shops,bars,hotels,domestic service and in nursing and care homes.

  1.Paragraph 2___

  2.Paragraph 3___

  3.Paragraph 4___

  4.Paragraph 5___

  A Growth of Economy

  B “Servant” Economy

  C Strength of the Creative Economy

  D Weakness of the Creative Economy

  E Gift of talking

  F Export of Talking Machines

  标准答案:E,C,D,B

  解  析:1.E. talk 这个词也在段落中多次出现, 出现了5次, 而且几乎在贯穿整个段落出现, 因此是段落主题词, 因此E或F可能是答案。 段首句及段尾句均与E相关, 意义一致, 因此E是答案。从段落具体内容上看:第二段的第一个句子说“英国的特长是有说话的天赋”。接下来就是具体说明说话天赋在经济中的表现方面。当然,作者最后对这些说话行业能否保持英国经济的运转提出了疑问。但是其主题思想仍然是在讲说话天赋。

  2.C . 段尾句是该段主题句。该段说:英国是著名作家Shakespeare和Wordsworth的故乡,他们以及英国的摇滚乐团创造了大量的精神财富,也为英国赚得了大量的钱,显示了创造性经济的力量。由此也可看出C是答案。

  提示:段落主题词出现的句子可能是段落主题句或直接与段落主题相关。

  3.D. 第四段的第二个句子是段落主题句(权威机构的观点),该句讲述“创造行业的弱点, 很难盈利”, 因此D是答案。

  提示:通常出现在段落开头部分或结尾部分的权威机构/权威人士的观点/发言/研究发现往往直接揭示段落主题。

  4.B. 第四段的第一个句子是主题句:In fact,it might be better to call Britain a “servant” economy-there are at least 4 million people“in service”.该句说“实际上,把英国的经济叫做服务经济更恰当一些一因为至少有四百万人在做服务性工作”。因此选B。

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  19、 5.Every country has its own way.__.

  6.The British government doesn't seem__.

  7.The creative industries find it difficult__.

  8.Many graduates are employed__.

  A to find jobs

  B to do low-skill lobs

  C to feed its people

  D to handle disputes

  E to make a profit

  F to worry about the British economy

  标准答案:C,F,E,B

  解  析:5.C. 该题的答案相关句在第一段:In today′s knowledge(知识) economy, nations survive(生存, 幸存) on(依靠) the things(事情) they do best.该句说:在今天的知识经济时代,各个国家生存于自己的强项。因此选to feed its people 养活自己的人民。

  6.The British government(政府) doesn't seem(似乎)__.

  6.F. 利用问题句中的特征词British government 作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:(第二段的最后两句话)But can all this talking(谈论) keep the British economy going? The British government thinks it can. 但是,所有这么说话能让英国的经济运转吗?英国政府认为是可以的。由此可推断出:英国政府好像并不担心英国的经济。所以F是对的。

  7.E. 这个问题直接涉及第4段段落主题句:The industries are finding it hard to make a profit,according to a report of the National Endowment for Science,Technology and the Arts.根据国家科学、技术和艺术捐赠委员会的一份报告,这些创造性行业在获得利润上很困难。

  8.B . 利用问题句中涉及修饰结构的细节信息词many graduates(许多毕业生)作为答案线索, 在文章第五段中找到答案相关句:Many graduates are even doing menial(仆人的) jobs for(对于) which they do not need a degree(学位).许多毕业生甚至在做不需要学位的仆人的活。仆人的活是属于低技术的活,因此B是正确的。

  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇 The best way to reduce your weight

  You hear this:“No Wonder you are fat.An you ever do is eat.”You feel sad:“I skip my breakfast and supper.I run every morning and evening.What else can I do?”Basically you can do nothing.Your genes,not your life habits,determine your weight and your body constantly tries to maintain it.

  Albert Stunkard of the University of Pennsylvania found from experiments that,“80 percent of the Children of two obese parents become obese,as compared with no more than 14 percent of the offspring of two parents of normal weight.”

  How can obese people become normal or even thin through dieting? Well,dieting can be effective.but the health costs are tremendous.Jules Hirsch,a research physician at Rockefeller University, did a study of eight fat people.They were given a liquid formula providing 600 calories a day1.After more than 10 weeks,the subjects lost 45kg on average.But after leaving the hospital,they all regained.The results were surprising:by metabolic measurement,fat people who lost large amounts of weight seemed like they were starving.They had psychiatric problems. They dreamed of food or breaking their diet2.They were anxious and depressed;some were suicidal.They hid food in their rooms.Researchers warn that it is possible that weight reduction doesn't result in normal weight,but in an abnormal state resembling that of starved non-obese people.

  Thin people,however, suffer from the opposite:They have to make a great effort to gain weight.Ethan Sims,of the University of Vermont,got prisoners to volunteer to gain weight.In four to six months,they ate as much as they could.They succeeded in increasing their weight by 20 to 25 percent. But months after the study ended,they were back to normal weight and stayed there.

  This did not mean that people are completely without hope in controlling their weight.It means that those who tend to be fat will have to constantly battle their genetic inheritance if they want to significantly lower their weight.

  The findings also provide evidence for something scientists thought was true-each person has a comfortable weight range3.The range might be as much as 9kg.Someone might weigh 60-69 kg without too much effort But going above of below the natural weight range is difficult. The body resists by feeling hungry or full and changing the metabolism to push the weight back to the range it seeks.

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  词汇:

  obese adj.肥胖的

  metabolic adj.新陈代谢的

  psychiatric adj.精神病的

  注释:

  1. They were given a liquid formula providing 600 calories a day.他们被给予一种流食配方,每天提供600热卡。

  2. They dreamed of food or breaking their diet.他们梦中吃食品,或是不是只吃规定的食品。

  3. The findings also provide evidence for something scientists thought was true-each person has a comfortable weight range.结论还证实了科学家认为是正确的一点,即每个人的体重有一个适当的幅度。

  练习:

  1. What determines your weight?

  A)Your working manner.

  B)Your eating habit.

  C)Your life style.

  D)Your genes.

  2.What did Jules Hirsch do in his study?

  A)He let the eight fat people skip supper.

  B)He let the eight fat people skip breakfast.

  C)He let the eight fat people run every mornin8 and evening.

  D)He gave the eight fat people a liquid formula providing 600 calories a day.

  3.What happened to the eight fat people after they left the hospital?

  A)They went mad.

  B)They killed themselves.

  C)They were back to normal weight.

  D)They attempted suicide

  4.What did Ethan Sims make his subjects do?

  A)Battle their genetic inheritance.

  B)Increase their weight.

  C)Stay at home.

  D)Lower their weight.

  5. What did scientists think was true?

  A)Each person has a fixed weight range.

  B)Each person has a weight range of 9 kg.

  C)Each person wants to control his weight.

  D)Each person wants to eat to his heart's content.

  标准答案:D,D,C,B,A

  解  析:1.D. 细节题。利用被选项中的细节信息结构(A:working manner; B: eating habit; C: life style; D: genes)共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

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  You hear this:“No Wonder you are fat.An you ever do is eat(选项B中eating的家族词汇).”You feel sad:“I skip my breakfast and supper.I run every morning and evening.What else can I do?”Basically you can do nothing. Your genes(基因),not your life habits(习惯),determine your weight(问题句中的核心结构) and your body constantly (不断地,经常地)tries to maintain(保持,维修, 主张) it.

  答案相关句说:你的基因而不是你的生活习惯决定了你的体重,因此你的身体总是试图保持它。因此D是答案。

  2. D。 细节题。利用问题句中的特征词(Jules Hirsch), 被选项中的共有结构(eight fat people)及被选相中的一些细节信息词及特征结构(A: supper; B: breakfast; C: every morning and evening; D: liquid formula, 600 calories )共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  How can obese people become normal or even thin through dieting? Well,dieting can be effective, but the health costs are tremendous.Jules Hirsch,a research(研究) physician(医生)at Rockefeller University, did a study(研究) of eight fat people. They were given (被给)a liquid formula (流食配方)providing 600 calories a day1. After more than(超过) 10 weeks,the subjects(研究对象) lost 45kg on average(平均).But after leaving the hospital,they all regained.The results were surprising:by metabolic measurement,fat people who lost large amounts of weight seemed like they were starving.They had psychiatric problems. They dreamed of food or breaking their diet2.They were anxious and depressed;some were suicidal.They hid food in their rooms.Researchers warn that it is possible that weight reduction doesn't result in normal weight,but in an abnormal state resembling that of starved non-obese people.

  答案相关句说“八个肥胖者被给予一种流食配方,每天提供600热卡”,因此D是答案。

  3.C. 细节题。 利用问题句中的细节信息结构(eight fat people, hospital)及被选项中的细节信息结构(C:normal weight; D: suicide)共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第3段) How can obese people become normal or even thin through dieting? Well,dieting can be effective.but the health costs are tremendous.(第2题答案相关句)Jules Hirsch,a research physician at Rockefeller University, did a study of eight fat people.They were given a liquid formula providing 600 calories a day1.After more than (超过)10 weeks,the subjects(研究对象, 主题,学科, 受...影响的) lost(失去, 输(比赛)) 45kg (4.5公斤???)on average(平均).(第4句)But after leaving the hospital,they all regained(恢复).The results were surprising:by metabolic measurement,fat people who lost large amounts of weight seemed like they were starving.They had psychiatric problems. They dreamed of food or breaking their diet2.They were anxious and depressed;some were suicidal(是选项D中的细节信息词的家族词汇).They hid food in their rooms.Researchers warn that it is possible that weight reduction doesn't result in normal weight(选项C中的细节信息词),but in an abnormal state resembling that of starved non-obese people.

  (第4段) Thin people,however, suffer from the opposite:They have to make a great effort to gain weight.Ethan Sims,of the University of Vermont,got (说服)prisoners(犯人) to volunteer to (自愿...)gain weight(增肥, 体重增加) .In four to six months,they ate as much as they could.They succeeded in increasing their weight by 20 to 25 percent. But(但是) months after the study ended(结束),they were back to(恢复到) normal(正常的) weight and stayed停留在那里 there.

  根据第3段中答案相关句的内容判断:这八个肥胖者出院后都恢复到了正常的体重。

  4.B. 细节题。 利用问题句中的特征词(Ethan Sims)及被选项中的细节信息结构(A:genetic(遗传的) inheritance; B:Increase (增加)their weight; C:Stay(逗留,保持) at home; D:Lower(降低) their weight)共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第4段)Thin people,however, suffer from the opposite:They have to make a great effort to gain weight.Ethan Sims(问题句中的特征词),of the University of Vermont,got(说服,使, 变成, 获得) prisoners(犯人) to volunteer to (自愿)gain weight(与选项B中的细节信息结构呼应).In four to six months,they ate as much as they could(尽可能地...).They succeeded in (成功地)increasing their weight(与选项B中的细节信息结构呼应) by(了) 20 to 25 percent. But months after the study ended,they were back to normal weight and stayed there.

  (第5段)This did not mean that people are completely without hope in controlling their weight.It means that those who tend to be fat will have to constantly battle their genetic inheritance (选项A中的细节信息结构)if they want to significantly lower their weight(与选项D中的细节信息结构呼应).

  第4段中的答案相关句说:让犯人自愿增加体重。可见B是正确的答案。

  5.A. 细节题。 利用问题句中的细节信息词(Scientists)和备选项A和备选项B中的共有词(weight range)共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第4段)Thin people,however, suffer from the opposite:They have to make a great effort to gain weight.(第4题答案相关句)Ethan Sims,of the University of Vermont,got prisoners to volunteer to gain weight.In four to six months,they ate as much as they could.They succeeded in increasing their weight by 20 to 25 percent. But months after the study ended,they were back to normal weight and stayed there.

  This did not mean that people are completely without hope in controlling their weight.It means that those who tend to be fat will have to constantly battle their genetic inheritance if they want to significantly lower their weight.

  The findings (发现)also provide(提供) evidence(证据, 迹象)for something scientists (科学家)thought was true (正确的, 真实的, 忠诚的) --- each person has a comfortable(舒适的) weight range .The range might be as much as(大约)9kg. Someone might weigh 60-69 kg without too much effort. But going above of below the natural weight range is difficult. The body resists by feeling hungry or full and changing the metabolism to push the weight back to the range it seeks.

  答案相关句(最后一段的第一句话)说:结论还证实了科学家认为是正确的一点,即每个人的体重有大约9公斤的一个固定范围.因此A是答案。

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  第2篇  A Tale of Scottish Rural Life

  Lewis Grassic Gibbon's Sunset Song(1932)was voted “the best Scottish novel of au time'’ by Scottish’s reading public in 20051 Once considered shocking for its frank description of aspects of the lives of Scotland’s poor rural farmers,it has been adapted for stage,film.TV and radio in recent decades.

  The novel is set on the fictional estate of Kinraddie,in the farming country of the Scottish northwest in the years up to and beyond World War I.At its heart is the story of Chris,who is both part of the community and a little outside it.

  Grassic Gibbon gives us the most detailed and intimate account of the life of his heroine. We watch her grow through a childhood dominated by her cruel but hard-working father; experience tragedy(her mother's Suicide and murder of her twin children);and learn about her feelings as she grows into woman.We see her marry, lose her husband, then marry again.Chris has seemed so convincing a figure to some female readers that they cannot believe that she is the creation of a man2 .

  But it would be misleading to suggest that this book is just about Chris.It is truly a novel of a place and its people.Its opening section tells of Kinraddie’s long history, in a language that imitates the place′ s changing patterns of speech and writing.

  The story itself is amazingly null of characters and incidents.It is told from Chris′ point of view but also from that of the gossiping community, a community where everybody knows everybody else's business and nothing is ever forgotten.

  Sunset Song has a social theme too.It is concerned with what Grassic Gibbon perceives as the destruction of traditional Scottish rural life first by modernization and then by World War 1, Gibbon tried hard to show how certain characters resist the war.Despite this.the war takes the young men away,a number of them to their deaths. In particular it takes away Chrisˊ husband, Evan Tavenda]e.The war finally kills Evan,but not in the way his widow is told.In fact,the Germans aren′t responsible for his death,but his own side.He is Shot because he is said to have run away from a battle.

  If the hovel is about the end of one way of life it also looks ahead.It is a “Sunset Song” but is concerned too with the new Kinraddie,indeed of the new European world.Grassic Gibbon went on to publish two other novels about the place that continue its story.

  注释:

  1.Lewis Grassic Gibbon's Sunset Song(1932)was voted “the best Scottish novel of all time” by Scottish’s reading public in 2005.Lewis Grassic Gibbon 的《日落歌》(1932年)在2005年被苏格兰读书界投票为“所有时代中的最佳的小说”。

  2.Chris has seemed so convincing a figure to some female readers that they cannot believe that she is the creation of a man.在一些女读者看来,Chris这个人物写得非常令人信服,因此不能相信她是由一个男人创作出来的。

  1.What is Sunset Song mainly about?

  A)The First World War.

  B)The beauty of the sunset.

  C)The new European world.

  D)The lives of rural Scottish farmers.

  2.Which statement is NOT true of Chris?

  A)She is the heroine of Sunset Song.

  B)She had a miserable childhood.

  C)She is the creation of a mall.

  D)She married only once.

  3.What is the opening section of the novel mainly concerned with?

  A、The climate of Kinraddie.

  B)The history of Kinraddie.

  C)The geography of Kinraddie.

  D)The language spoken in Kinraddie.

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  4.Who are responsible for Evan's death, according to Chris?

  A)The Germans.

  B)The French army.

  C)The British troops.

  D)The Russian soldiers.

  5.The word sunset occurring in the title of the novel most probably means

  A)the end of the heroine's life.

  B)the end of one's life.

  C)the end of traditional life.

  D)the end of the day.

  标准答案:D,D,B,A,C

  解  析:1. D 问题问的是《日落歌》主要讲的是什么?选项A说的是:第一次世界大战。选项B说的是:日落之美。选项C说的是:新欧洲世界。选项D说的是:苏格兰农夫的生活。选项D是正确的,相关的信息可在第一段中找到。

  2. D 问题问:哪个陈述对Chris是不符的?选项A说的是:她是《日落歌》中的女主人公。选项B说的是:她的童年很苦。选项C说的是:她是由一个男人创作出来的。选项D说的是:她只结过一次婚。D不对。第三段有这么一句话:We see her marry, lose her husband, then marry again.我们看见她结婚,失去丈夫,后来又结婚。

  3. B 问题问的是:小说的开头部分主要说了些什么?选项A说的是:Kinraddie的气候。选项B说的是:Kinraddie的历史。选项C说的是:Kinraddie的地理。选项D说的是:Kinraddie说的语言。看看下面这句话:Its opening section tells of Kinraddie's long history, in a language that imitates the place's changing patterns of speech and writing。小说的开头部分讲述了Kinraddie的悠久历史,讲述时模仿了该地方变化着的口头语和书面语的表达方式。可以看出,B是对的。

  4. A 问题问的是:根据Chris,谁杀死了Evan?选项A说的是:德国人。选项B说的是:法国军队。选项C说的是:英国部队。选项D说的是:俄罗斯士兵。B是正确的。倒数第二段有这么两句话:The war finally kills Evan.but not in the way his widow is told.In fact,the Germans aren't responsible for his death,but his own side.战争最后杀死了Evan,但不是他的寡妇说的那样。事实上,德国人没有杀他,是他自己一边的人杀的。

  5. C 问题问的是:小说题目中sunset这个词的意思很可能是哪一个意思?选项A说的是:女主人公生命的结束。选项B说的是:一个人生命的结束。选项C说的是:传统生活方式的结束。选项D说的是:一天的结束。正确答案是C。最后一段的第一句话是这么说的:If the novel is about the end of one way oflife it also looks ahead.如果小说是关于一种生活方式的结束,那么它同时也是朝前看的。

  第3篇  Where Have All the Bees Gone?

  Scientists who study insects have a real mystery on their hands. All across the country, honeybees are leaving their hives and never returning. Researchers call this phenomenon colony-collapse1 disorder. According to surveys of beekeepers across the country, 25 to 40 percent of the honeybees in the United States have vanished from their hives since last fall. So far, no one can explain why.

  Colony collapse is a serious concern because bees play an important role in the production of about one-third of the foods we eat. As they feed, honeybees spread pollen from flower to flower. Without this process, a plant can’t produce seeds or fruits.

  Now, a group of scientists and beekeepers have teamed up to try to figure out what’s causing the alarming collapse of so many colonies. By sharing their expertise in honeybee behavior, health, and nutrition, team members hope to find out what’s contributing to the decline and to prevent bee disappearances in the future.

  It could be that disease is causing the disappearance of the bees. To explore that possibility, Jay Evans, a researcher at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bee Research Laboratory2, examines bees taken from colonies that are collapsing. “We know what s healthy bee should look like on the inside, and we can look for physical signs of disease,” he says. And bees from collapsing colonies don’t look very healthy. “Their stomachs are worn down, compared to the stomachs of healthy bees,” Evans says. It may be that a parasite is damaging the bees’ digestive organs. Their immune systems may not be working as they should. Moreover, they have high levels of bacteria inside their bodies.

  Another cause of colony-collapse disorder may be certain chemicals that farmers apply to kill unwanted insects on crops, says Jerry Hayes, chief bee inspector for the Florida Department of Agriculture3. Some studies, he says, suggest that a certain type of insecticide affects the honeybee’s nervous system (which includes the brain) and memory. “It seems like honeybees are going out and getting confused about where to go and what to do,” he says.

  If it turns out that a disease is contributing to colony collapse, bees’ genes could explain why some colonies have collapsed and others have not. In any group of bees there are many different kinds of genes. The more different genes a group has, the higher the group’s genetic diversity. So far scientists haven’t determined the role of genetic diversity in colony collapse, but it’s a promising theory, says Evans.

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  词汇:

  注释:

  1. colony-collapse:群体瘫痪。Colony有“殖民地”的意思,在此意为: a group of the same kind of animals, plants, or one-celled organisms living or growing together. 一群生活或生长在一起的同种动物、植物或单细胞有机体。

  2. the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bee Research Laboratory:美国农业部蜜蜂研究实验室。

  3. the Florida Department of Agriculture:佛罗里达农业局。佛罗里达是美国东南部的一个州,濒临大西洋和墨西哥湾。

  练习:

  1. What is the mystery that researchers find hard to explain?

  A) Honeybees are flying all across the country.

  B) 25-40 percent of the honeybees in the US have died.

  C) Honeybees are leaving their hives and do not return.

  D) Honeybee hives are in disorder.

  2. Why are researchers seriously concerned with the phenomenon of colony-collapse disorder?

  A) Because honeybees produce one-third of the foods we eat

  B) Because honeybees feed on flowers.

  C) Because honeybees eat seeds of flowers.

  D) Both B and C.

  3. What are the possible causes of colony-collapse disorder given by the scientists?

  A) Worsening environment.

  B) Disease and chemicals.

  C) Dwindling number of flowers around.

  D) Changes in genes’ structures.

  4. According to the fifth paragraph, which of the following about bees’ genes is true?

  A) Bees’ genes allow them to expand their colonies.

  B) Bees genes help keep them in their hives.

  C) Bees genes make them fly from flower to flower.

  D) Bees genes could explain the collapse of some colonies.

  5. What explanation is given by Jerry Hayes to the phenomenon?

  A) Farmers apply certain chemicals to kill unwanted bees.

  B)The insecticide destroys the honeybee’s nervous system.

  C)The insecticide affects the honeybee’s memory.

  D) All of the above.

  标准答案:C,A,B,D,D

  解  析:1. C 短文第一段的第一句和最后一句告诉我们,昆虫学加家正面临一个不可解释的谜。第二句解释了这个谜,给出了答案。

  2. A 短文第二段的第一句提供了答案。蜜蜂传播花粉能使植物结果,因此为人类提供食物。

  3. B 第四的开头是It could be that disease is causing the disappearance of the bees. 第五段的开头是Another cause of colony-collapse disorder may be certain chemicals that …,这是科学家给出的两个可能造成这种现象的原因。

  4. D 第五段的句子:bees’ genes could explain why some colonies have collapsed and others have not。这是选择D的依据。选项A、B、C的内容文章中都没有出现,所以不是答案。

  5. D 第五段描述了另一个可能的原因,即,农夫使用的杀虫剂可能破坏了蜜蜂的神经系统和记忆。所以D是正确选择。

  .
       
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